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Bu, ateist yahut agnostik görüşteki tanınmış nonteist kimselerin bir listesidir.

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  1. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  2. ^ Howard Pollack (1999). Aaron Copland:: The Life and Work of an Uncommon Man. University of Illinois Press. p. 28. ISBN 9780252069000. Arnold Dobrin similarly reported, "Aaron Copland has not followed the religion of his parents. He is an agnostic but one who is deeply aware of the grandeur and mystery of the universe."
  3. ^ "Aaron Copland - Freedom from Religion Foundation". 14 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  4. ^ Dina Kraft (14 Mart 2013). "'Repairing the world' was Aaron Swartz's calling". Haaretz. 23 Mart 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 23 Mart 2013. And although the young technologist and activist grew up to call himself an atheist, the values he grew up with appeared foundational. 
  5. ^ Abdul Rashid Dostum
  6. ^ "'He brings a humanness to (science) that's very refreshing'". Rediff On The News. 22 Ekim 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 31 Ekim 2014. Although he is an atheist, Dr Ashtekar says, his attitude toward work is from the Hindu religious text, the Bhagavad Gita. 
  7. ^ "Celebrity Apprentice: why atheist Adam Carolla picked a Catholic charity". 29 Şubat 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  8. ^ {{|watch?v=1JUfWlf2xNY|başlık=AVTM shares Catholic-Atheist liberty hug with Tom Woods|yayıncı=Youtube|tarih=July 1, 2012|erişimtarihi=May 26, 2013}}
  9. ^ "Food for The Eagle By Adam Savage". 19 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  10. ^ "Adrianne Curry - Celebrity Atheist List". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  11. ^ "Atheist Alain de Botton challenges Hitchens' assertion that 'religion poisons everything'". 11 Mart 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  12. ^ "Alan Cumming - Celebrity Atheist List". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  13. ^ "The question of the origin of the matter in the universe is no longer thought to be beyond the range of science — everything can be created from nothing...it is fair to say that the universe is the ultimate free lunch." Alan Guth, The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins (1998). q:Atheism
  14. ^ "Biblical scholar Jacques Berlinerblau points out, in an interesting recent book, The Secular Bible: Why Nonbelievers Must Take Religion Seriously (2005), that most contemporary atheists and agnostics — myself included, I must confess — are astoundingly ignorant of the details of the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament and the Qur'an. (not to mention the Bhagavad Gita and the Tripitaka, one could add)...When all is said and done, I see no reason to amend my judgment that the existence of the Jewish, Christian, Islamic or Hindu gods is about as plausible, given the currently available evidence, as the existence of Zeus or Thor." - Alan Sokal, Beyond the Hoax: Science, Philosophy and Culture (2008).
  15. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Alan Turing". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i Şablon:Citar web
  17. ^ Naukowe, Łódzkie (2003). Bulletin de la Société des sciences et des lettres de Łódź: Série, Recherches sur les déformations, Volumes 39–42. Société des sciences et des lettres de Łódź. p. 162. "Michelson's biographers stress, that our hero was not conspicuous by religiousness. His father was a free-thinker and Michelson grew up in non-religious family and have no opportunity to acknowledge the believe of his forebears. He was agnostic through his whole life and only for the short period he was a member of the 21st lodge in Washington."
  18. ^ John D. Barrow (2002). The Book of Nothing: Vacuums, Voids, and the Latest Ideas About the Origins of the Universe. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-375-72609-5. "Morley was deeply religious. His original training had been in theology and he only turned to chemistry, a self-taught hobby, when he was unable to enter the ministry. Michelson, by contrast, was a religious agnostic."
  19. ^ 1984; Dorothy Michelson Livingston; One Pass Productions; Cinema Guild. The Master of Light: A Biography of Albert A. Michelson. University of Chicago Press. p. 106. "On the religious question, Michelson disagreed with both these men. He had renounced any belief that moral issues were at stake in..."
  20. ^ "Camus, Albert [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]". 20 Ekim 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  21. ^ "The atheist existentialists, such as (...) Camus (...)" David Layton (2012). The Humanism of Doctor Who: A Critical Study in Science Fiction and Philosophy 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. McFarland, pg. 333
  22. ^ "Foi, é claro, uma mentira o que você leu sobre minhas convicções religiosas, uma mentira que está sendo sistematicamente repetida. Eu não acredito em um deus pessoal e nunca neguei isso; ao contrário, expressei claramente. Se existe algo em mim que pode ser chamado de religioso, esse algo é a minha admiração ilimitada pela estrutura do mundo até onde a ciência nos pode revelá-lo". Carta a um ateu (24 de Março de 1954), em Albert Einstein, The Human Side: New Glimpses From His Archives (1979), de Helen Dukas e Banesh Hoffmann, página 43.
  23. ^ "Disse repetidamente que, em minha opinião, a idéia de um deus pessoal é infantil. Você pode me chamar de agnóstico (...)". Carta a Guy H. Raner Jr. (28 de Setembro de 1949), de um artigo de Michael R. Gilmore na revista Skeptic, vol. 5. nº 2 (1997).
  24. ^ "Minha posição a respeito de Deus é a de um agnóstico. Estou convencido de que uma consciência vívida da importância primária de princípios morais para a melhoria e o enobrecimento da vida não precisa da idéia de um legislador, especialmente um legislador que trabalha na base da recompensa e da punição". Carta a M. Berkowitz, 25 de Outubro de 1950, disponível no Einstein Archive 59–215. Citada em The New Quotable Einstein (2000), de Alice Calaprice. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, p. 216.
  25. ^ "Albert Einstein - Celebrity Atheist List". 19 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  26. ^ "Albert Ellis - Celebrity Atheist List". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  27. ^ Nielsen, Stevan Lars & Ellis, Albert. (1994). "A discussion with Albert Ellis: Reason, emotion and religion", Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 13(4), Win 1994. pp. 327-341
  28. ^ Harold Bloom, ed. (2003). Aldous Huxley. Infobase Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7910-7040-6. As late as 1962 he wrote to Reid Gardner, “I remain an agnostic who aspires to be a gnostic” (Letters 935).
  29. ^ "Alejandro Amenábar - Celebrity Atheist List". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  30. ^ "However, while Buñuel’s attacks on religion are primarily confined to Catholicism, Jodorowsky not only violates but de-centres Western religious traditions by creating a hybrid amalgamation of Western, non-Western and occult beliefs. A self-described “atheist mystic”, he has claimed to hate religion (for it “is killing the planet”), but he loves mysticism and occult practices like alchemy." David Church, Senses of Cinema, February 13, 2007. [1] 3 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  31. ^ "Atheist Attacks Godless Constitution". 20 Mayıs 2010 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  32. ^ facts about Alexander Lukashenko - True Knowledge
  33. ^ "Theories of the Origin and Early Evolution of Life". 8 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  34. ^ "SEARCHING FOR THE ORIGIN OF LIFE - Chapter 2: MAKING LIFE'S MOLECULES". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  35. ^ Neil Schlager; Josh Lauer (2000). Science and its times: understanding the social significance of scientific discovery (İngilizce) (illustrated bas.). Gale Group. s. 112. ISBN 978-0-7876-3939-6. Erişim tarihi: 11 Nisan 2012. Alexander Oparin (1894-1980), an atheist, suggested that natural chemical reactions produced biological molecules that came together to form the first living thing. 
  36. ^ In his introduction to the Sunshine screenplay (Faber and Faber 2007), Garland writes: "Aside from being a love letter to its antecedents, I wrote Sunshine as a film about atheism. A crew is en route to a God-like entity: the Sun. The Sun is larger and more powerful than we can imagine. The Sun gave us life, and can take it away. It is nurturing, in that it provides the means of our survival, but also terrifying and hostile [...] Ultimately, even the most rational crew member is overwhelmed by his sense of wonder and, as he falls into the star, he believes he is touching the face of God. But he isn't. The Sun is God-like, but not God. Not a conscious being. Not a divine architect. And the crew member is only doing what man has always done: making an awestruck category error when confronted with our small place within the vast and neutral scheme of things. The director, Danny Boyle, who is not atheistic in the way that I am, felt differently. He believed that the crew actually were meeting God. I didn't see this as a major problem, because the difference in our approach wasn't in conflict with the way in which the story would be told."
  37. ^ David Burns (2013). The Life and Death of the Radical Historical Jesus. Oxford University Press. p. 97. ISBN 9780199929504. "Alexander Berkman was a self-declared atheist attempting to lift the stultifying fog of the gods from the mind of humankind."
  38. ^ "Impelling Forces". Sasha and Emma: The Anarchist Odyssey of Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman. Harvard University Press. 2012. ISBN 9780674067677. "Berkman, an atheist, refused to be sworn in."
  39. ^ "Although Hurley's ecumenical links stopped short of the Communist Party, Alec Erwin, today's South African Minister of Trade and Industry, recalled their friendship in anti-apartheid days, though Erwin was an atheist and "he knew of my support for the Communist cause"." Randolph Vigne, 'Obituary: Archbishop Denis Hurley, Progressive South African Prelate', The Independent (London), February 25, 2004, Pg. 34.
  40. ^ "He had remained steadfast in agnosticism and therefore, as Mabel took comfort in remarking, "he never denied God." Neither did he affirm God. He and Mabel occasionally attended Presbyterian services and sometimes Episcopalian, at which Mabel could follow the prayer book. Since otherwise she depended on Bell's interpreting, their church goings were rare; but their children attended Presbyterian services regularly. In 1901 Bell came across a Unitarian pamphlet and found its theology congenially undogmatic. "I have always considered myself as an Agnostic," he wrote Mabel, "but I have now discovered that I am a Unitarian Agnostic."" Bruce, Robert V (1973). Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude. Cornell University Press, pg. 490
  41. ^ "Alec, a skeptical Scot whose family never attended church, gently informed her that he believed "[m]en should be judged not by their religious beliefs but by their lives." He respected Mabel's beliefs, but he himself couldn't accept the notion of life after death: "Concerning Death and Immortality, Salvation, Faith and all the other points of theoretical religion, I know absolutely nothing and can frame no beliefs whatsoever." Mabel quietly accepted Alec's agnosticism, although she firmly informed him, "It is so glorious and comforting to know there is something after this—that everything does not end with this world."" Gray, Charlotte (2006). Reluctant Genius: The Passionate Life and Inventive Mind of Alexander Graham Bell. Harper Collins Publishers Ltd., pg. 151
  42. ^ "Alex Kapranos - Celebrity Atheist List". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  43. ^ "Alexander McQueen - Celebrity Atheist List". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  44. ^ "Worse than Wilders. But No Death Threats". 3 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  45. ^ "20th Century - Investigating Atheism". 3 Eylül 2008 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  46. ^ "An analysis of the atheists near-death experiences". 29 Nisan 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  47. ^ "Alfred Kinsey - Celebrity Atheist List". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  48. ^ "Kinsey was also shown to be an atheist who loathed religion and its constraints on sex." 'Kinsey' critics ready 14 Şubat 2006 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Cheryl Wetzstein, The Washington Times. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
  49. ^ Michael Evlanoff; Marjorie Fluor (1969). Alfred Nobel, the loneliest millionaire. W. Ritchie Press. p. 88. "He declared himself an agnostic in his youth, an atheist later, but at the same time, bestowed generous sums to the church..."
  50. ^ Alfred Russel Wallace. My Life. A record of events and opinions. Elibron.com. p. 358. ISBN 9781402184291. "I soon became intimate with him, and we were for some years joint investigators of spiritualistic phenomena. He was, like myself at that time, an agnostic, well educated, and of a more positive character than myself."
  51. ^ "Most of the Socialist Party members were also in favor of assimilation, and Tarski's political allegiance was socialist at the time. So, along with its being a practical move, becoming more Polish than Jewish was an ideological statement and was approved by many, though not all, of his colleagues. As to why Tarski, a professed atheist, converted, that just came with the territory and was part of the package: if you were going to be Polish then you had to say you were Catholic." Anita Burdman Feferman, Solomon Feferman, Alfred Tarski: Life and Logic (2004), page 39.
  52. ^ "Protagonista de nova série da Globo, Alinne Moraes fala sobre ateísmo". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  53. ^ Álvares de Azevedo: O Homem do Desejo, por José Emílio Major Neto. Apresentação ao livro Lira dos vinte anos e poesias diversas 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Atelie Editorial, 1999. Página 28.
  54. ^ "Amber Heard will be heard". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  55. ^ "André Breton - Celebrity Atheist List". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  56. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  57. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  58. ^ "Of course, Markov, an atheist and eventual excommunicate of the Church quarreled endlessly with his equally outspoken counterpart Nekrasov. The disputes between Markov and Nekrasov were not limited to mathematics and religion, they quarreled over political and philosophical issues as well." Gely P. Basharin, Amy N. Langville, Valeriy A. Naumov, The Life and Work of A. A. Markov 18 Aralık 2012 tarihinde at Archive-It sitesinde arşivlendi, page 6.
  59. ^ Loren R. Graham, Jean-Michel Kantor (2009). Naming Infinity: A True Story of Religious Mysticism and Mathematical Creativity (İngilizce). Harvard University Press. s. 69. ISBN 978-0-674-03293-4. Erişim tarihi: 22 Nisan 2012. Markov (1856–1922), on the other hand, was an atheist and a strong critic of the Orthodox Church and the tsarist government (Nekrasov exaggeratedly called him a Marxist). 
  60. ^ Gennady Gorelik, Antonina W. Bouis (2005). The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist's Path to Freedom (İngilizce). Oxford University Press. s. 356. ISBN 9780195156201. Erişim tarihi: 14 Ağustos 2012. Apparently Sakharov did not need to delve any deeper into it for a long time, remaining a totally nonmilitant atheist with an open heart. 
  61. ^ Gennadiĭ Efimovich Gorelik, Antonina W. Bouis (2005). The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist's Path to Freedom (İngilizce). Oxford University Press. s. 158. ISBN 9780195156201. Erişim tarihi: 27 Mayıs 2012. Sakharov was not invited to this seminar. Like most of the physicists of his generation, he was an atheist. 
  62. ^ Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford, (Ed.) (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Violence, Homicide, and War (İngilizce). Oxford University Press. s. 465. ISBN 9780199738403. Erişim tarihi: 14 Ağustos 2012. The Soviet dissident most responsible for defeating communism, Andrei Sakharov, was an atheist. 
  63. ^ "Obituary: Andrew Huxley". The Economist. June 16, 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2013. He did not even mind the master's duty of officiating in chapel, since he was, he explained, not atheist but agnostic (a word usefully invented by his grandfather), and was “very conscious that there is no scientific explanation for the fact that we are conscious.”
  64. ^ "Andy Partridge - Celebrity Atheist List". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  65. ^ On his website's FAQ section 3 Şubat 2014 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. Andy said: "I guess because of my look in the November 2006 YouTube videos, many people came to assume that I am Muslim. Well, I am not Muslim. I am actually an atheist. As a side note, I believe in anyone's right to believe in what they want and kindly ask the same. So please don't message me trying to convert me to the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster or anything else"
  66. ^ "Andy Richter - Celebrity Atheist List". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  67. ^ "Andy Rooney - Celebrity Atheist List". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  68. ^ "Andy Serkis on Being an Atheist Parent". 11 Nisan 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  69. ^ "Arch Enemy's Angela Gossow Talks Atheism, Veganism, And More In Interview With Maximum Rock". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  70. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". 26 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  71. ^ "Ani DiFranco - Celebrity Atheist List". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  72. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  73. ^ Philip S. Taylor (2007). Anton Rubinstein: A Life in Music. Indiana University Press. p. 280. ISBN 9780253116758. "In the ecclesiastical and religious sense I am an atheist, but I am convinced that it would be a misfortune if people had no religion, no church, no God."
  74. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Anton Chekhov". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  75. ^ "Artaud’s theories are phrased in a strongly poetical language that betrays an acute awareness of modernity’s disenchanted life-world, but, at the same time, is obsessed with reviving the supernatural. His profoundly atheist religiosity (if we may call it so) obviously presents great problems to scholarship." Thomas Crombez: Dismemberment in Drama/Dismemberment of Drama - Chapter Two - The Dismembered Body in Antonin Artaud’s Surrealist Plays. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [2] 1 Ocak 2014 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.[3] 3 Eylül 2013 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  76. ^ "Antonio Abujamra grava CD astrológico". 10 Ocak 2017 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 23 Mart 2020. 
  77. ^ ""A vida é sua, estrague-a como quiser", aconselhava Abujamra ao filho". 15 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  78. ^ "Antonio Banderas - Celebrity Atheist List". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  79. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  80. ^ "The Atheist Conservative: » Antonio Gramsci". 4 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  81. ^ Hamalian, Leo (1980). As others see us: the Armenian image in literature. New York: Ararat Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0933706170. "Aram Khachaturian ... Besides his being an atheist, his Armenian descent..."
  82. ^ Volkov, Solomon. "Они сократили целых 4 такта моей музыки!!!". Novoye Vremya (in Russian) (Yerevan). Archived from the original on 22 August 2014. По поводу поездки в Рим композитор отметил: "Я — атеист, но являюсь сыном народа, первым в истории официально принявшим христианство, и потому посещение Ватикана было моим долгом".
  83. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  84. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Aristophanes". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  85. ^ "Arnaldo Jabor, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  86. ^ Eu não gostava do papa João Paulo II 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., por Arnaldo Jabor. Transcrito do jornal O Globo. Acesso em 21/08/2015.
  87. ^ "Denjoy was an atheist, but tolerant of others' religious views; he was very interested in philosophical, psychological, and social issues." "Denjoy, Arnaud", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 17, p.219. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  88. ^ "Arthur C. Clarke - Celebrity Atheist List". 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  89. ^ Golgotha Pres (2011). The Life and Times of Arthur Conan Doyle. BookCaps Study Guides. ISBN 9781621070276. In time, he would reject the Catholic religion and become an agnostic.
  90. ^ "NNDB: Arthur Conan Doyle". 12 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  91. ^ "ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE - A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL STUDY". 15 Haziran 2010 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  92. ^ "They became correspondents and, surprisingly since Tansley was an avowed atheist, friends." - Peter G. Ayres, Shaping Ecology: The Life of Arthur Tansley, page 139.
  93. ^ "Arthur Miller - Celebrity Atheist List". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  94. ^ "Arthur Schopenhauer - Celebrity Atheist List". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  95. ^ "Although Schopenhauer was an atheist, he realized that his philosophy of denial had been part of several great religions; for example, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism." B. R. Hergenhahn (2009). An Introduction to the History of Psychology (6ª ed.). Cengage Learning, pg. 216
  96. ^ "A more accurate statement might be that for a German – rather than a French or British writer of that time – Schopenhauer was an honest and open atheist." David A. Leeming, Kathryn Madden, Stanton Marlan, ed. (2009). Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion, Volume 2. Springer. p. 824
  97. ^ "For Kant, the mathematical sublime, as seen for example in the starry heavens, suggests to imagination the infinite, which in turn leads by subtle turns of contemplation to the concept of God. Schopenhauer's atheism will have none of this, and he rightly observes that despite adopting Kant's distinction between the dynamical and mathematical sublime, his theory of the sublime, making reference to the struggles and sufferings of struggles and sufferings of Will, is unlike Kant's." Dale Jacquette, ed. (2007). Schopenhauer, Philosophy and the Arts. Cambridge University Press. p. 22
  98. ^ "Arundhati Roy - Celebrity Atheist List". 3 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  99. ^ "Asia Carrera - Celebrity Atheist List". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  100. ^ Russell, Colin (2003). Edward Frankland: Chemistry, Controversy and Conspiracy in Victorian England. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-54581-5. "It may be noticed in passing that the connection once made between Kolbe's cautious attitude to molecular structure and his alleged agnosticism in religion now seems thoroughly misplaced. Kolbe, son of a Lutheran pastor and apparently sharing his faith, is in sharp contrast to his rivals who were 'younger upper-middle class urban liberals and agnostics, such as Kekule'."
  101. ^ "NNDB: Friedrich August Kekulé". 9 Kasım 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  102. ^ "(...) the only thing we have in common with those so designated is that we do not believe in God." John Stuart Mill, Auguste Comte. [The Correspondence of John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte https://books.google.com.br/books?id=4JE5pl6it7gC&pg=PA320&lpg=PA320&dq=auguste+comte+atheist&source=bl&ots=1Szuvd22gb&sig=2eUBeMcme0YlWA4TuMTZdoLMZDo&hl=pt-BR&sa=X&ved=0CFsQ6AEwCGoVChMIuPL-sJ7yxgIVAhaQCh3gVQyx#v=onepage&q=auguste%20comte%20atheist&f=false 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.], Transaction Publishers, p. 320.
  103. ^ "Despite his atheism, Comte was concerned with moral regeneration and the establishment of a spiritual power." Mary Pickering, 'Auguste Comte and the Saint-Simonians', French Historical Studies Vol. 18, No. 1 (Spring 1993), pp. 211-236.
  104. ^ "But tragically, Comte's "remarkable clearness and extent of vision as to natural things" was coupled with a "total blindness in regard to all that pertains to man's spiritual nature and relations." His "astonishing philosophic power" served only to increase the "plausibility" of a dangerous infidelity. Comte was, once unmasked, a "blank, avowed, unblushing Atheist." [...] Some of the Reformed writers were careful enough to note that technically Comte was not an atheist since he never denied the existence of God, merely his comprehensibility. Practically, however, this made little difference. It only pointed to the skepticism and nescience at the core of his positivism. The epistemological issues dominated the criticism of Comte. Quickly, his atheism was traced to his sensual psychology (or "sensualistic psychology", as Robert Dabney preferred to say)." Charles D. Cashdollar, 'Auguste Comte and the American Reformed Theologians', Journal of the History of Ideas Vol. 39, No. 1 (January–March 1978), pp. 61-79.
  105. ^ "Auguste Comte - University of Hawaii". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  106. ^ O OTIMISMO NA POESIA DE AUGUSTO DOS ANJOS (periodicos.urca.br/ojs/index.php/MigREN/article/download/556/54), Verucci Domingos de Almeida (UEPB), p. 117. "Para Torres (1994, p 54), “Augusto dos Anjos, que, segundo parece não cria em Deus”, e isso pode ser notado através do eu-lírico dos seus versos. Comungando com o pensamento de Torres, também para Houaiss (1976, p. 163) Augusto dos Anjos é “ostensivamente um ateu – pelo menos em sua poesia."
  107. ^ "As Razões da Angústia de Augusto dos Anjos". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  108. ^ [4]
  109. ^ "Ayaan Hirsi Ali | 2012 Global Atheist Convention". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  110. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Ayn Rand". 26 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  111. ^ Vídeo "Ayn Rand - Faith vs Reason", disponível no YouTube.
  112. ^ Obama, Barack. "My Spiritual Journey". TIME. 2 Mayıs 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Eylül 2008. 
  113. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". 27 Haziran 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  114. ^ Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus, HarperSanFrancisco. 2005. ISBN 0-06-073817-0
  115. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Béla Bartók". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  116. ^ "BBC 'scared' of Islam jokes, says Elton". 8 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  117. ^ "Brothers divided for the most extreme reasons". 6 Ekim 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  118. ^ "His life partner, Peter Pears, would describe Britten as “an agnostic with a great love for Jesus Christ." Benjamin Britten (1913 – 1976).
  119. ^ Andrew Ford (2011). Illegal Harmonies: Music in the Modern Age (3 ed.). Black Inc. p. 77. ISBN 9781921870217. In place of the Frenchman's unquestioning faith, for example, there was Britten's agnosticism; and in contrast to the uxorious Messiaen, Britten was a homosexual: this, at a time when homosexual practices were still illegal in the United Kingdom.
  120. ^ Jeremy Begbie, Steven R. Guthrie, ed. (2011). Resonant witness: conversations between music and theology. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 192–193. ISBN 9780802862778. I have already cited British composers whom one might describe as “mystical agnostics,”yet it is striking that these (with the arguable exceptions of Vaughan Williams and Benjamin Britten), are scarcely to be counted among the major innovators in twentieth-century music.
  121. ^ Mervyn Cooke (1996). Britten: War Requiem. Cambridge University Press. p. 16. ISBN 9780521446334. From the Tribunal's subsequent report we learn (intriguingly) that Britten also declared 'I do not believe in the Divinity of Christ, but I think his teaching is sound and his example should be followed.'
  122. ^ Bertolt Brecht's Communist Writings: The Poetry and Politics of Disillusion 14 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. Acesso em 13 de agosto de 2015.
  123. ^ Russell said: "As a philosopher, if I were speaking to a purely philosophic audience I should say that I ought to describe myself as an Agnostic, because I do not think that there is a conclusive argument by which one prove that there is not a God. On the other hand, if I am to convey the right impression to the ordinary man in the street I think I ought to say that I am an Atheist... None of us would seriously consider the possibility that all the gods of Homer really exist, and yet if you were to set to work to give a logical demonstration that Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, and the rest of them did not exist you would find it an awful job. You could not get such proof. Therefore, in regard to the Olympic gods, speaking to a purely philosophical audience, I would say that I am an Agnostic. But speaking popularly, I think that all of us would say in regard to those gods that we were Atheists. In regard to the Christian God, I should, I think, take exactly the same line." Am I an Agnostic or an Atheist?, from Last Philosophical Testament 1943–1968, (1997) Routledge ISBN 0-415-09409-7. Russell was chosen by LOOK magazine to speak for agnostics in their well-known series explaining the religions of the U.S., and authored the essay "What Is An Agnostic?" which appeared 3 November 1953 in that magazine
  124. ^ "Bertrand Russell Society Archives: Was Bertrand Russell An Atheist or Was He Really an Agnostic?". 26 Temmuz 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  125. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Bertrand Russell". 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  126. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  127. ^ "PIERS MORGAN TONIGHT Transcripts". 5 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  128. ^ "Bill Maher explains his 'apatheism,' apathetic atheism". 30 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  129. ^ "Connolly has tackled drama before, notably in the film Mrs Brown, with Dame Judi Dench, but he's never portrayed anyone like Father Joe, who is psychic and possibly deranged. "I was brought up as a Catholic," Connolly says. "Aye, I have a cousin who is a nun and another cousin who is a missionary priest in Pakistan." He pauses and smiles. "And I am an atheist." " Elaine Lipworth interviewing Connolly, 'No laughing matter', Independent (Dublin), 1 August 2008 (accessed 1 August 2008).
  130. ^ Vídeo "Bill Maher and Billy Crystal Talking About Religion", disponível no YouTube.
  131. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 24 Mayıs 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  132. ^ Vídeo "ABBA Björn on Atheism and Religion", disponível no YouTube.
  133. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  134. ^ "Freedom from Religion Foundation". 30 Nisan 2011 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 30 Nisan 2011. 
  135. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  136. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  137. ^ No documentário "Oh My God", de 2009, Geldof é perguntado sobre Deus e revela seu ateísmo.
  138. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Bob Hoskins". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  139. ^ a b Doug Renselle. "A Review of Amy Wallace's The Prodigy". Quantonics, Inc. 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 20 Haziran 2012. Rabid atheist by age six. (His father, Boris, was too, but intensely studied great religious works.) 
  140. ^ a b c d e f Şablon:Citar web
  141. ^ '"We're dealing with religious zealots. I mean, they're so far behind the equal as it is and it's not like they...no one's ever coming up to us, as individuals, and asking about our individual viewpoints, because in our band, believe it or not, though I am a staunch atheist, there are variation on that theme that go through our band" Bad Religion Talk 'True North' and Religious Views (Part 1 of 2)]
  142. ^ Kendall, Paul (14 Mart 2010). "Professor Brian Cox: bringing the solar system to your living room". The Daily Telegraph. Londra. 10 Mart 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  143. ^ "Dr. Brian Cox (science consultant) - Sunshine - Interview". Sci-fi-online.com. 27 Ağustos 2007. 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 3 Haziran 2012. 
  144. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 26 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  145. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Brian Greene". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  146. ^ "It [her non-fiction book Black Ship to Hell (1962)] endeavoured to formulate a morality based on reason rather than religion—Brophy described herself as 'a natural, logical and happy atheist' (King of a Rainy Country, afterword, 276)." Peter Parker: 'Brophy, Brigid Antonia [married name Brigid Antonia Levey, Lady Levey] (1929–1995)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, May 2006 [5] (accessed April 29, 2008).
  147. ^ Vídeo "Bruce Lee - American Freethinker!", disponível no YouTube.
  148. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  149. ^ "Within a year I had gone to Miss Graves to tell her that I no longer believed in God. 'I know,' she said, 'I have been through that myself.' But her strategy misfired: I never went through it." B.F. Skinner, pp. 387-413, E.G. Boring and G. Lindzey's A History of Psychology in Autobiography (Vol. 5), New York: Appleton Century-Crofts, 1967.
  150. ^ "A self-described atheist, Lancaster had turned down the role in the remake of Ben-Hur (1959) played by Charlton Heston, but followed in Heston's footsteps when he played the title role in Moses the Lawgiver [...]. When a reporter asked him if he was following in Heston's sandal-clad steps, Lancaster replied, "If Charlton was trapped in Biblical films, it was his own fault - he accepted the limitation." Though Lancaster claimed he was an atheist, some of his friends doubted him." Biography for Burt Lancaster, The Internet Movie Database (accessed June 9, 2008).
  151. ^ Vídeo "Caetano se declara ateu no Domingão do Faustão, 31-07-2011", disponível no YouTube.
  152. ^ "Não existem ateus na Bahia". 11 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  153. ^ a b Şablon:Citar web
  154. ^ "Caetano Veloso, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  155. ^ a b "Sem fé nem Deus". 6 Ekim 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  156. ^ "Museu Casa de Portinari reabre com novidades e programação especial". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  157. ^ "Frases da semana". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  158. ^ "Camila Pitanga, ateia famosa". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  159. ^ Vídeo "Camila Pitanga fala como e ser Atéia", disponível no YouTube.
  160. ^ Richard Benefield, ed. (2003). Motets for One Voice: The Organ-accompanied Solo Motet in Nineteenth-century France, Volume 36. A-R Editions, Inc. p. xx. ISBN 9780895795274. "An avowed atheist, Saint-Saëns's uncompromisingly rigid standards and austere musical tastes, as well as his outspoken views on church music, often placed him at odds with the clergy."
  161. ^ Brian Rees (1999). Camille Saint-Saëns: a life 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Chatto & Windus. p. 73. ISBN 9781856197731. "Baumann constantly emphasises the spiritual content of Saint-Saëns's music despite the composer's emphatic atheist views of later years."
  162. ^ Classic Cat: Biography of Camille Saint-Saëns 30 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  163. ^ "...he always remained true to his own concepts and ideals and did not dissimulate. His open designation of himself as "atheist" in "Who's Who in America" and his opposition to the invasion of the Soviet Union by the Allies..." H J Muller, 'Dr. Calvin B. Bridges', Nature 143, 191-192 (04 Feb 1939).
  164. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Carl Sagan". 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  165. ^ "Famed scientist Carl Sagan was also a renowned sceptic and agnostic who during his life refused to believe in anything unless there was physical evidence to support it." "Unbeliever's Quest" by Jerry Adler, in Newsweek, 31 March 1997.
  166. ^ Vídeo "O Deus de Carlos Drummond de Andrade", disponível no YouTube.
  167. ^ Vídeo "O ateismo de Drummond", disponível no YouTube.
  168. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  169. ^ Şablon:Citar web[ölü/kırık bağlantı]
  170. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  171. ^ "Biógrafo rejeita tese de traição a Marighella". 30 Ekim 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 23 Mart 2020. 
  172. ^ "'Marighella' resgata protagonista da luta armada esquecido pela história oficial". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  173. ^ "Só para provocar - Entrevista com Cássia Eller". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  174. ^ "Cássia Eller, ateia famosa". 24 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  175. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  176. ^ Bir televizyon programında bizzat kendi beyanı (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zALMPfp0C6I 28 Eylül 2014 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.)
  177. ^ "Canal Ciência: Biografia de Cesar Lattes". 7 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  178. ^ Andrea Rondini. (2001). Cosa da pazzi: Cesare Lombroso e la letteratura. Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali. p. 33.
  179. ^ "Cesare Lombroso - Freethought Almanac". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  180. ^ "Cesare Lombroso and his Influence on Criminology". 13 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  181. ^ "The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry Cesare Lombroso (1835–1907), p. 145". 24 Ekim 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  182. ^ "Bodies that Tell": Physiognomy, Criminology, Race and Gender in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-century Italian Literature and Opera, ProQuest, 2009, p. 5.
  183. ^ Bradlaugh, Charles (2004). Encyclopedia of World Biography. Erişim tarihi: 28 Mart 2015. 
  184. ^ "For those who believe in God, most of the big questions are answered. But for those of us who can't readily accept the God formula, the big answers don't remain stone-written. We adjust to new conditions and discoveries. We are pliable. Love need not be a command or faith a dictum. I am my own God. We are here to unlearn the teachings of the church, state and our education system. We are here to drink beer. We are here to kill war. We are here to laugh at the odds and live our lives so well that Death will tremble to take us."--Charles Bukowski, Life (magazine), December 1988, quoted from James A. Haught, ed, 2000 Years of Disbelief.
  185. ^ "Celeb Atheist: Charlie Chaplin". 21 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  186. ^ "(...) um agnóstico seria a descrição mais correta de meu estado de espírito." - Em uma carta a John Fordyce 5 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., 1879.
  187. ^ "Não posso fingir saber sobre esses problemas abstrusos. O mistério do começo de todas as coisas é insolúvel por nós; e eu, pessoalmente, contento-me em permanecer um agnóstico." - The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, volume I, capítulo VIII: "Religião", página 313 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  188. ^ "I am so sorry to hear of Asher's passing. I will miss his scientific insight and advice, but even more his humor and stuborn integrity. I remember when one of his colleagues complained about Asher's always rejecting his manuscript when they were sent to him to referee. Asher said in effect, "You should thank me. I am only trying to protect your reputation." He often pretended to consult me, a fellow atheist, on matters of religious protocol. As we waited in line to eat the hors d'oeuvres at a conference in Evanston, he said, "There is a prayer Jews traditionally say when they do something new that they have never done before. I am about to eat a new kind of non-Kosher food. Do you think I should say the prayer?" My wife and grown children, who are visiting us this new year, and remember Asher from when we all lived in Cambridge 20 years ago, join me in sending you our condolences for this sudden loss of an irrepressible and irreplaceable person. Please convey our feelings especially to your mother at this difficult time. " Charles H. Bennett's letter written to the family of Israeli physicist, Asher Peres, A selection of the many letters of condolence sent to the Peres family during January 2005 26 Kasım 2011 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi..
  189. ^ ""Chico Anysio se declara ateu e é ofendido por crentes."". 25 Haziran 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  190. ^ ""Deus ? Que Deus ?"". 25 Mart 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  191. ^ Chico Buarque declara voto para presidência e diz que não acredita em Deus
  192. ^ Chico Buarque, na Brazuca: "Podendo, vou até os 95" 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. "Eu não tenho crença. Eu fui criado na Igreja Católica, fui educado em colégio de padre. Eu simplesmente perdi a fé. Mas não faço disso uma bandeira. Eu sou ateu como o meu tipo sanguíneo é esse."
  193. ^ Atlantseglaren från Bromma vill tänja gränsen mot rymden 16 Ekim 2007 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Dagens Nyheter, December 10, 2006.
  194. ^ Tom Siegfried (28 Haziran 2013). "When the atom went quantum - Bohr's revolutionary atomic theory turns 100". Society for Science & the Public 2000. 27 Ağustos 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 1 Temmuz 2013. As for standard religion, though, Bohr was unsympathetic. His mother was a nonpracticing Jew, his father an atheist Lutheran. 
  195. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Christopher Hitchens". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  196. ^ a b c "Preview: The Four Horsemen of New Atheism reunited". 10 Nisan 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  197. ^ "That Old Time Religion: Was 16th-Century Writer Christopher Marlowe an Atheist — and Was He Murdered For It?". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  198. ^ Christopher Marlowe and the Golden Age of England 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Michael J. Kelly. The Marlowe Society Research Journal - Volume 05 - 2008.
  199. ^ Atheism in “Doctor Faustus” by Christopher Marlowe 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Nicole Smith, 2011.
  200. ^ "NNDB: Christopher Marlowe". 21 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  201. ^ "Considero a religião como um brinquedo infantil, e acho que o único pecado é a ignorância". Trecho de sua peça O Judeu de Malta, de 1589 ou 1590.
  202. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Christopher Reeve". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  203. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Zhuangzi". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  204. ^ "Clarice Falcão se apresenta em SP e comenta a polêmica envolvendo vídeo sobre Jesus: "sou ateia"". 26 Aralık 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  205. ^ "Clarice Falcão, ateia famosa". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  206. ^ "In college, after reading material from American Atheists, he became, in his words, 'a pretty hard core atheist.'" Clark Adams: 1969–2007 27 Eylül 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., American Humanist Association News Flash, May 24, 2007 (Accessed April 14, 2008)
  207. ^ John G. Simmons (2002). Doctors and Discoveries: Lives That Created Today's Medicine. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-618-15276-6. "Upon his death on February 10, 1878, Bernard received a state funeral - the first French scientist to be so honored. The procession ended at Pere Lachaise cemetery, and Gustave Flaubert described it later with a touch of irony as 'religious and very beautiful'. Bernard was an agnostic."
  208. ^ a b c "Napoleon replies: "How comes it, then, that Laplace was an atheist? At the Institute neither he nor Monge, nor Berthollet, nor Lagrange believed in God. But they did not like to say so." Baron Gaspard Gourgaud, Talks of Napoleon at St. Helena with General Baron Gourgaud (1904), página 274.
  209. ^ ""Personally, I've never been confronted with the question of God," says one such politely indifferent atheist, Dr. Claude Lévi-Strauss, professor of social anthropology at the Collège de France." Theology: Toward a Hidden God 27 Kasım 2013 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Time.com.
  210. ^ "Much closer to Monet's own atheism and pessimism is Schopenhauer, already introduced to the impressionist circle in the criticism of Theodore Duret in the 1870s and whose influence in France was at its peak in 1886, the year of The World as Will and Idea." Steven Z. Levine, Claude Monet, Monet, Narcissus, and self-reflection: the modernist myth of the self (1994), página 66.
  211. ^ "Then Monet took the end of his brush and drew some long straight strokes in the wet pigment across her chest. It's not clear, and probably not consciously intended by the atheist Claude Monet, but somehow the suggestion of a Cross lies there on her body." Ruth Butler, Hidden in the shadow of the master: the model-wives of Cézanne, Monet, and Rodin (2008), página 202.
  212. ^ "Shannon described himself as an atheist and was outwardly apolitical." William Poundstone, Fortune's Formula, Hill and Wang: New York (2005), page 18.
  213. ^ Wolfram Eberhard (1986). A Dictionary of Chinese Symbols: Hidden Symbols in Chinese Life and Thought. Psychology Press. p. 82. ISBN 9780415002288. "Confucius was an agnostic, but he did not deny the existence of supernatural beings."
  214. ^ John Hersey (1986). The call. Penguin Books. p. 208. ISBN 9780140086959. "The second, Confucius, was a humanist, an agnostic, and a supreme realist."
  215. ^ Lee Dian Rainey (2010). Confucius & Confucianism: The Essentials. John Wiley & Sons. p. 62. ISBN 9781405188418. "Others have read what Confucius said about ritual and the supernatural and concluded that Confucius was an agnostic and not at all interested in the religious side of life."
  216. ^ Religious Studies and Comparative Methodology: The Case for Reciprocal Illumination 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Arvind Sharma, SUNY Press, 2012, p. 122.
  217. ^ Steve Kroft asked Venter on CBS' Sixty Minutes, 21 November 2010: "Do you believe in God?" Venter replied, "No. The universe is far more wonderful."
  218. ^ "Critias and Atheism". 15 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  219. ^ Citação (em inglês) de Sexto Empírico 10 Eylül 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., disponível originalmente em George H Smith, Why Atheism? (2000) p. 175-6.
  220. ^ "Minister Turned Atheist". 26 Mayıs 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mayıs 2012. 
  221. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Daniel Dennett". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  222. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Daniel Radcliffe". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  223. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  224. ^ Hermenêutica da sexta lança: Darcy Ribeiro e a identidade religiosa dos brasileiros 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Moisés Abdon Coppe, 2014, p. 77, 78 e 79.
  225. ^ Vídeo "Paulo Freire fala de Socialismo e Teologia da Libertação", disponível no YouTube.
  226. ^ Um fórum para debater com Deus
  227. ^ Dario Fo, Il paese dei mezaràt, Feltrinelli, Milano, 2004.
  228. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: David Attenborough". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  229. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: David Cross". 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  230. ^ ""Atheism and Religion"". 30 Temmuz 2017 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  231. ^ "First of all, I do not believe in the supernatural, so I take it for granted that consciousness has a material explanation. I also do not believe in insoluble problems, therefore I believe that this explanation is accessible in principle to reason, and that one day we will understand consciousness just as we today understand what life is, whereas once this was a deep mystery." David Deutsch in an interview with Philosophy Now magazine, Philosophy Now, December/January 2001 issue.
  232. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  233. ^ Constance Reid (1996). Hilbert (2 ed.). Springer. p. 92. ISBN 9780387946740. Perhaps the guests would be discussing Galileo's trial and someone would blame Galileo for failing to stand up for his convictions. "But he was not an idiot," Hilbert would object. "Only an idiot could believe that scientific truth needs martyrdom — that may be necessary in religion, but scientific results prove themselves in time."
  234. ^ "Mathematics is a presuppositionless science. To found it I do not need God, as does Kronecker, or the assumption of a special faculty of our understanding attuned to the principle of mathematical induction, as does Poincaré, or the primal intuition of Brouwer, or, finally, as do Russell and Whitehead, axioms of infinity, reducibility, or completeness, which in fact are actual, contentual assumptions that cannot be compensated for by consistency proofs." David Hilbert, Die Grundlagen der Mathematik, Hilbert's program, 22C:096, University of Iowa.
  235. ^ "Also, when someone blamed Galileo for not standing up for his convictions Hilbert became quite irate and said, “But he was not an idiot. Only an idiot could believe that scientific truth needs martyrdom; that may be necessary in religion, but scientific results prove themselves in due time." Anton Z. Capri, Quips, quotes, and quanta: an anecdotal history of physics (2007), page 135.
  236. ^ "NNDB: David Hilbert". 18 Temmuz 2017 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  237. ^ "Hume did not believe in the God of standard theism ... but he did not rule out all concepts of deity". O'Connor, David (2013). Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Hume on Religion. Routledge Philosophy GuideBooks. Routledge, p. 11. ISBN 9781134634095.
  238. ^ Suzuki, David (1987). Metamorphosis: States in a Life (İngilizce). Stoddart. ISBN 978-0-7737-2139-5. As a life-long atheist, I have dreaded, not the process of dying, but the terrible consequence of not being forever after. 
  239. ^ "Encontrados manuscritos inéditos de Décio Pignatari". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  240. ^ a b c "Ancient Atheists, BBC.co.uk". 13 Kasım 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  241. ^ Nietzsche and the Philology of the Future 7 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., James I. Porter, Stanford University Press, 2000, p. 321.
  242. ^ "Denis Diderot - British Humanist Association". 10 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  243. ^ "Denis Diderot - Freedom from Religion Foundation". 13 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  244. ^ a b "The Secular Outlook: In Defense of Moral and Political Secularism, Paul Cliteur, página 21". 12 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 10 Ekim 2015. 
  245. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  246. ^ "...my father [Derek] was a British Atheist... from a rather well known Sephardic Jewish family..." de Solla Price, Mark (9 Aralık 2007). "Are you Jewish?". 30 Nisan 2008 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 1 Ağustos 2008. 
  247. ^ "[Religion] is not an easy subject to deal with, but as zoologists we must do our best to observe what actually happens rather than listen to what is supposed to be happening. If we do this, we are forced to the conclusion that, in a behavioural sense, religious activities consist of the coming together of large groups of people to perform repeated and prolonged submissive displays to appease a dominant individual. The dominant individual takes many forms in different cultures, but always has the common factor of immense power. [...] If these submissive actions are successful, the dominant individual is appeased. [...] The dominant individual is usually, but not always, referred to as a god. Since none of these gods exist in a tangible form, why have they been invented? To find the answer to this we have to go right back to our ancestral origins." Desmond Morris, The Naked Ape, p.178-179, Jonathan Cape, 1967.
  248. ^ "Man's evolution as a neotenous ape has put him in a similar position to the dog's. He becomes sexually mature and yet he still needs a parent — a super-parent, one as impressive to him as a man must be to a dog. The answer was to invent a god — either a female super-parent in the shape of a Mother Goddess, or a male god in the shape of God the Father, or perhaps even a whole family of gods. Like real parents they would both protect, punish and be obeyed. [...] These — the houses of the gods — the temples, the churches and the cathedrals — are buildings apparently made for giants, and a space visitor would be surprised to find on closer examination that these giants are never at home. Their followers repeatedly visit them and bow down before them, but they themselves are invisible. Only their bell-like cries can be heard across the land. Man is indeed an imaginative species." Desmond Morris, The Pocket Guide to Manwatching, p.234-236 Triad Paperbacks, 1982.
  249. ^ a b c d "Famous atheists". 11 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  250. ^ a b c Atheism in France, 1650-1729: Volume I: The Orthodox Sources of Disbelief, Volume 1, Alan Charles Kors, Princeton University Press, 2014, p. 191.
  251. ^ "Entrevista no Roda-Vida". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  252. ^ "Mayra Dias Gomes homenageia pai, Dias Gomes". 10 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  253. ^ "Viúva de Dias Gomes fará participação em Saramandaia". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  254. ^ Philip Stein, Siqueiros: His Life and Works (International Publishers Co, 1994), ISBN 0-7178-0706-1, p. 176. "I am an atheist and I consider religions to be a form of collective neurosis. I am not an enemy of the Catholics, as I am not an enemy of the tuberculars, the myopic or the paralytics; you cannot be an enemy of the sick, only their good friend in order to help them cure themselves."
  255. ^ "'Restart faz Fresno parecer Dostoievski', diz Dinho Ouro Preto". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  256. ^ "Diogo Mainardi, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  257. ^ Vídeo "Diogo Mainardi ex-colunista da Veja fala que é Ateu mas acredita na Igreja. É um trouxa!", disponível no YouTube.
  258. ^ 'Sade, Marquis de.' Encyclopædia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online (acesso em 1 de Agosto de 2008).
  259. ^ "Smithsonian: Who Was the Marquis de Sade?". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  260. ^ "I am a radical Atheist..." Adams in an interview by American Atheists [6].
  261. ^ "Intolerância religiosa". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  262. ^ a b c d e Şablon:Citar web
  263. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Dmitri Shostakovich". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  264. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Eddie Izzard". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  265. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 26 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  266. ^ Caio Prado Júnior: o sentido da revolução 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Lincoln Secco, Boitempo Editorial, p. 59. "(...) na ocasião da morte do velho militante anarquista Edgard Leuenroth, foi Caio Prado Júnior quem impediu que o esquife fosse levado à capela do cemitério de Campo Grande (...) Afinal, o falecido era ateu."
  267. ^ Celebrity Atheist 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  268. ^ "It can hardly have been due to any reluctance on Newton's part to becoming too closely involved with Halley, the well-known atheist." Derek Gjertsen, The Newton Handbook (1986), page 250.
  269. ^ Altruistic Behavior: An Inquiry Into Motivation 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Paul S. Penner. Rodopi, 1995, p. 5.
  270. ^ Creative Brainstorms: The Relationship Between Madness and Genius 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Russell R. Monroe. Ardent Media, 1992, p. 85.
  271. ^ Edvard Munch, Arne Eggum (1978). Edvard Munch: symbols & images, Volume 1978, Part 2. National Gallery of Art. p. 237. "But Munch was not completely averse to every form of religion; one might rather say that throughout his life he remained a thoughtful agnostic."
  272. ^ "The Religious Affiliation of Painter Edvard Munch". 12 Kasım 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  273. ^ "In religious matters he was an atheist." A.G. MacGregor: "Bailey, Edward Battersby", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 1 p. 393. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  274. ^ Gale E. Christianson (1996). Edwin Hubble: Mariner of the Nebulae. University of Chicago Press. p. 183. ISBN 9780226105215. One morning, while driving north with Grace after the failed eclipse expedition of 1923, he broached Whitehead's idea of a God who might have chosen from a great many possibilities to make a different universe, but He made this one. By contemplating the universe, one might approximate some idea of its Creator. As time passed, however, he seemed even less certain: "We do not know why we are born into the world, but we can try to find out what sort of a world it is — at least in its physical aspects." His life was dedicated to science and the objective world of phenomena. The world of pure values is one which science cannot enter, and science is unconcerned with the transcendent, however compelling a private revelation or individual moment of ecstasy. He pulled no punches when a deeply depressed friend asked him about his belief: "The whole thing is so much bigger than I am, and I can't understand it, so I just trust myself to it; and forget about it."
  275. ^ Tom Bezzi (2000). Hubble Time. iUniverse. p. 93. ISBN 9780595142477. John terribly depressed, and asked Edwin about his belief. Edwin said, "The whole thing is so much bigger than I am, and I can't understand it, so I just trust myself to it, and forget about it." It was not his nature to speculate. Theories, in his opinion, were appropriate cocktail conversation. He was essentially an observer, and as he said in The Realm (J the Nebulae: “Not until the empirical resources are exhausted, need we pass on to the dreamy realms of speculation.” Edwin never exhausted those empirical resources. "I am an observer, not a theoretical man," he attested, and a lightly spoken word in a lecture or in a letter showed that observation was his choice.
  276. ^ "Ellen Page on Freeheld and Why She Came Out: 'I Was Just Depressed'". 14 Eylül 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  277. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  278. ^ "Antinatalism & Gnosticism in Cioran". 27 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  279. ^ "Emil Cioran: pessimismo, contradições e apatia". 10 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  280. ^ Michel Meulders (2010). "5: Helmholtz and the Understanding of Nature". Laurence Garey (Ed.). Helmholtz: From Enlightenment to Neuroscience (İngilizce). MIT Press. s. 74. ISBN 9780262014489. Erişim tarihi: 5 Mayıs 2013. Du Bois-Reymond was a self-proclaimed atheist but more through intimate conviction than logical necessity. 
  281. ^ "Shortly after his traditional Jewish confirmation at the age of thirteen, Durkheim, under the influence of a Catholic woman teacher, had a shortlived mystical experience that led to an interest in Catholicism. But soon afterwards he turned away from all religious involvement, though emphatically not from interest in religious phenomena, and became an agnostic." Masters of Sociological Thought: Ideas in Historical and Social Context, 2nd Ed., Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1977: 143-144
  282. ^ Emile Durkheim: Critical Assessments of Leading Sociologists, Volume 4 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. W. S. F. Pickering, Taylor & Francis, 2001, p. 5.
  283. ^ EMILE DURKHEIM (1858-1917) 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., John Rex, JASHM.
  284. ^ Emile Durkheim: An Introduction to Four Major Works 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Robert Alun Jones, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, Inc., 1986. Pp. 82-114.
  285. ^ Evenhuis, Anthony (1998). Messiah Or Antichrist?: A Study of the Messianic Myth in the Work of Zola. University of Delaware Press. ISBN 978-0-87413-634-0. "Given Émile Zola's reputation as an agnostic and a radical thinker, he has often been avoided by scholars with a religious background."
  286. ^ August and Marie Krogh: Lives in Science 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Bodil Schmidt-Nielsen. Springer, 2013, p. 38.
  287. ^ "Emile Zola - Freedom from Religion Foundation". 13 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  288. ^ David Klinghoffer. "'Darwin Would Put God Out of Business'". Beliefnet, Inc. 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 21 Mayıs 2013. The author is Emile Zuckerkandl of Stanford University. Prof. Zuckerkandl ferociously attacks ID and any belief in a designer, God, or other "superghost". 
  289. ^ Emma Goldman (February 1916). "The Philosophy of Atheism 3 Şubat 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.".
  290. ^ Warren Allen Smith (2000). Who's who in hell: a handbook and international directory for humanists, freethinkers, naturalists, rationalists, and non-theists. Barricade Books. p. 339. ISBN 9781569801581. He explicitly denied anthropomorphic deity: "None of the gods has formed the world, nor has any man; it has always been."
  291. ^ Orlando Jay Smith (1902). Eternalism: a theory of infinite justice. Houghton, Mifflin and company. Empedocles: None of the gods has formed the world, nor has any man; it has always been.
  292. ^ E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936, BRILL, 1987, p. 93.
  293. ^ "Enrico Fermi's attitude to the church eventually became one of indifference, and he remained an agnostic all his adult life." Emilio Segre, Enrico Fermi: Physicist (1995), page 5.
  294. ^ a b "Both Enrico and Leo were agnostics." Nina Byers, Fermi and Szilard 3 Şubat 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  295. ^ "Epicurus taught that the soul is also made of material objects, and so when the body dies the soul dies with it. There is no afterlife. Epicurus thought that gods might exist, but if they did, they did not have anything to do with human beings." Ancient Atheists, BBC.co.uk 13 Kasım 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi..
  296. ^ "Revista Trip - Erasmo Carlos". 19 Eylül 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  297. ^ "Once, filming in Italy with the American director John Huston and a US army crew, Ambler and his colleagues were shelled so fiercely that his unconscious 'played a nasty trick on him' (Ambler, Here Lies, 208). A confirmed atheist, he heard himself saying, 'Into thy hands I commend my spirit.' " Michael Barber: 'Ambler, Eric Clifford (1909–1998)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, January 2007 [7] 24 Eylül 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. (accessed April 29, 2008).
  298. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Eric Idle". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  299. ^ Liberdade e compromisso : “O Tempo e o Vento” de Erico Verissimo 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., EDIPUCRS, p. 97.
  300. ^ "About the same time he stopped observing Jewish religious rituals and rejected a cause he had once embraced, Zionism. He "just didn't want to participate in any division of the human race, whether religious or political," he explained decades later (Wershba, p. 12), by which time he was a confirmed atheist." Keay Davidson: "Fromm, Erich Pinchas", American National Biography Online, Feb. 2000 (accessed April 28, 2008) [8].
  301. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Ernest Hemingway". 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  302. ^ "Hollowverse: The religion and political views of Ernest Hemingway". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  303. ^ "Ernesto "Che" Guevara, an atheist, has been reborn a saint in the desolate Bolivian village where he was captured and executed nearly 37 years ago." [9] 21 Kasım 2007 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  304. ^ A Ditadura Derrotada, Elio Gaspari, p. 361 e 362. "Luterano por hábito familiar, o general era um agnóstico discreto e anticlerical assumido. Acreditava quando muito na existência de uma força criadora do universo, a qual, no entanto, seria um ente da física, não uma divindade. Nunca se dirigira ao sobrenatural. Entendia as religiões como sacrários de princípios. Lembrava-se dos padres de Bento Gonçalves ameaçando com o inferno quem entrasse em templo protestante, da professora primária ensinando que a Santa Madre era a Igreja “única e verdadeira”. Em condições normais, Geisel era anticlerical por agnóstico. Com uma Igreja na oposição, à sua esquerda, por convicção."
  305. ^ R. S. Cohen; Raymond J. Seeger (1975). Ernst Mach, Physicist and Philosopher (İngilizce). Springer. s. 158. ISBN 978-90-277-0016-2. And Mach, in personal conviction, was a socialist and an atheist. 
  306. ^ Gregory Scott Charak (2007). Between Soul and Precision: Ernst Mach's Biological Empiricism and the Social Democratic Philosophy of Science. ProQuest. s. 94. ISBN 9780549129738. Both make explicit claims against the pseudo-problems generated by materialism, and although Mach the atheist would have no gripe with “irreligion” per se, as a pacifist and a socialist he was indeed an ardent proponent of “peace. 
  307. ^ Helge Kragh (2004). Matter And Spirit In The Universe: Scientific And Religious Preludes To Modern Cosmology (İngilizce). OECD Publishing. s. 55. ISBN 9781860944697. Erişim tarihi: 4 Eylül 2012. The Austrian positivist physicist and philosopher Ernst Mach was nominally a Catholic, but in reality he was an atheist and strongly opposed to Christian doctrines. 
  308. ^ "An appreciation of biologist Ernst Mayr (1904-2005)". Wsws.org. 3 Mayıs 2005. 27 Nisan 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 3 Haziran 2012. 
  309. ^ Walter J. Moore (1994). A Life of Erwin Schrödinger (İngilizce). Cambridge University Press. ss. 289-290. ISBN 9780521469340. Erişim tarihi: 11 Ağustos 2012. In one respect, however, he is not a romantic: he does not idealize the person of the beloved, his highest praise is to consider her his equal. "When you feel your own equal in the body of a beautiful woman, just as ready to forget the world for you as you for her - oh my good Lord - who can describe what happiness then. You can live it, now and again - you cannot speak of it." Of course, he does speak of it, and almost always with religious imagery. Yet at this time he also wrote, "By the way, I never realized that to be nonbelieving, to be an atheist, was a thing to be proud of. It went without saying as it were." And in another place at about this same time: "Our creed is indeed a queer creed. You others, Christians (and similar people), consider our ethics much inferior, indeed abominable. There is that little difference. We adhere to ours in practice, you don't." Whatever problems they may have had in their love affair, the pangs of conscience were not among them. Sheila was as much an unbeliever as Erwin, but in a less complex, more realistic way. She was never entirely convinced by his vedantic theology. 
  310. ^ Andrea Diem-Lane. Spooky Physics. MSAC Philosophy Group. s. 42. ISBN 9781565430808. In terms of religion, Schrodinger fits in the atheist camp. He even lost a marriage proposal to his love, Felicie Krauss, not only due to his social status but his lack of religious affiliation. He was known as a freethinker who did not believe in god. But interestingly Schrodinger had a deep connection to Hinduism, Buddhism, and Eastern philosophy in general. Erwin studied numerous books on Eastern thought as well as the Hindu scriptures. He was enthralled with Vedanta thought and connected ideas of oneness and unity of mind with his research on quantum physics, specifically wave mechanics. 
  311. ^ Moore, Walter (1994). A Life of Erwin Schrödinger (İngilizce). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-46934-0. Schopenhauer often called himself an atheist, as did Schrodinger, and if Buddhism and Vedanta can be truly described as atheistic religions, both the philosopher and his scientific disciple were indeed atheists. They both rejected the idea of a "personal God," and Schopenhauer thought that "pantheism is only a euphemism for atheism." 
  312. ^ Moore, Walter (1989). Schrödinger: Life and Thought (İngilizce). ISBN 0-521-43767-9. He rejected traditional religious beliefs (Jewish, Christian, and Islamic) not on the basis of any reasoned argument, nor even with an expression of emotional antipathy, for he loved to use religious expressions and metaphors, but simply by saying that they are naive. 
  313. ^ Walter J. Moore (1992). Schrödinger: Life and Thought (İngilizce). Cambridge University Press. s. 4. ISBN 9780521437677. Erişim tarihi: 24 Eylül 2012. He claimed to be an atheist, but he always used religious symbolism and believed his scientific work was an approach to the godhead. 
  314. ^ "Erwin Schrodinger" (PDF). 3 Mayıs 2014 tarihinde kaynağından (PDF) arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 22 Haziran 2012. He claimed to be an atheist, but he used religious symbolism and believed that his scientific work was 'an approach to God'. 
  315. ^ Publishing, Rh (1995). Eugène Delacroix. Gramercy Books. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-517-12403-1. "Although he was an essentially atheist painter, Delacroix managed to endow the sacred subjects with a profound sense of religion that sprung from his sincere love for all aspects of life, even the most elusive and mysterious."
  316. ^ "O'Neill, an agnostic and an anarchist, maintained little hope in religion or politics and saw institutions not serving to preserve liberty but standing in the way of the birth of true freedom." John P. Diggins, Eugene O'Neill's America: desire under democracy (2007), page 130.
  317. ^ "Eugene O'Neill". 8 Aralık 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  318. ^ Eugene Paul Wigner, Andrew Szanton (1992). Andrew Szanton (Ed.). The Recollections of Eugene P. Wigner As Told to Andrew Szanton (İngilizce). Basic Books. ss. 60-61. ISBN 9780306443268. Erişim tarihi: 24 Eylül 2012. Neither did I want to be a clergyman. I liked a good sermon. But religion tells people how to behave and that I could never do. Clergymen also had to assume and advocate the presence of God, and proofs of God's existence seemed to me quite unsatisfactory. People claimed that He had made our earth. Well, how had He made it? With an earth-making machine? Someone once asked Saint Augustine, "What did the Lord do before he created the world?" And Saint Augustine is said to have answered, "He created Hell for people who ask such questions." A retort perhaps made in jest, but I knew of none better. I saw that I could not know anything of God directly, that His presence was a matter of belief, I did not have that belief, and preaching without belief is repulsive. So I could not be a clergyman, however many people might gain salvation. And my parents never pressed the point. 
  319. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Euhemerus". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  320. ^ "'No Brasil não há bons roteiristas', diz Fábio Porchat". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  321. ^ "Humor de Porchat detona o dogmatismo de religiões cristãs". 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  322. ^ ""Sou agnóstico com tendência fortemente ateísta. Apenas não digo categoricamente que "Deus não existe", pois não há como provar"". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  323. ^ "Alonso: "No tengo ninguna relación con Dios"". 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  324. ^ Obra Poética e em Prosa, vol. 3, org. António Quadros e Dalila Pereira da Costa, Porto: Lello & Irmão, 1986, p. 1428.
  325. ^ Mensagem: poemas esotéricos: edição crítica 6 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Fernando Pessoa, Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica, 1996, p. 494.
  326. ^ ""Haja ou não deuses, deles somos servos."". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  327. ^ "O campo é onde não estamos". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  328. ^ "UMA ANÁLISE DE UM INÉDITO DE FERNANDO PESSOA". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  329. ^ "Ferreira Gullar, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  330. ^ Francis Crick, What Mad Pursuit: a Personal View of Scientific Discovery, Basic Books reprint edition, 1990, ISBN 0-465-09138-5, p. 145.
  331. ^ "How I Got Inclined Towards Atheism". Positiveatheism.org. 23 Şubat 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 3 Haziran 2012. 
  332. ^ Mark Steyn identify Crick as an atheist. See:The Twentieth-Century Darwin 9 Temmuz 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. by Mark Steyn, published in The Atlantic Monthly, October 2004.
  333. ^ "Francis Crick was an evangelical atheist."Francis Crick's Legacy for Neuroscience: Between the α and the Ω 10 Şubat 2009 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  334. ^ "Instead, it is interlaced with descriptions of Crick’s vacations, parties and assertions of atheism — occasionally colorful stuff that drains the intellectual drama from the codebreaking."Genome Human 11 Haziran 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  335. ^ "There is Crick the mentor, Crick the atheist, Crick the free-thinker, and Crick the playful."Entertaining Dr Crick
  336. ^ Crick, 86, said: "The god hypothesis is rather discredited." Do our genes reveal the hand of God? 4 Haziran 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  337. ^ "The publication of Darwin’s ‘‘Origin of Species’’ totally transformed his intellectual life, giving him a sense of evolutionary process without which much of his later work would have been unimaginable. Galton became a ‘‘religious agnostic’’, recognising the social value of religion but not its transcendental basis." Robert Peel, Sir Francis Galton FRS (1822-1911) - The Legacy of His Ideas -.
  338. ^ The Darwin Effect: It's influence on Nazism, Eugenics, Racism, Communism, Capitalism & Sexism 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Jerry Bergman. New Leaf Publishing Group, 2014, p. 127.
  339. ^ a b Victorian Britain (Routledge Revivals): An Encyclopedia 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Sally Mitchell. Routledge, 2012, p. 10.
  340. ^ a b Voices of Victorian England: Contemporary Accounts of Daily Life 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., John A. Wagner. ABC-CLIO, 2014, p. 78.
  341. ^ "After retirement, he remained politically active, defending Andrei Sakharov, and was President of the French Atheists' Union." D S Bell, 'Obituary: Francis Perrin', The Independent (London), July 18, 1992, Pg. 44.
  342. ^ "The same Arago who spent his time criticizing unfounded myths now peddled them. Arago the atheist now spoke of souls." Theresa Levitt, The shadow of enlightenment: optical and political transparency in France, 1789-1848, page 105.
  343. ^ Thomas Steven Molnar (1980). Theists and Atheists: A Typology of Non-belief (İngilizce). Walter de Gruyter. s. 59. ISBN 9789027977885. The biologist Francois Jacob (who shared the Nobel Prize with Jacques Monod) admits that he is an atheist, but he finds, parallel to the material nature of the universe, another aspect — in man — which is not reductible to the first. 
  344. ^ Eric Michael Mazur (2011). Encyclopedia of Religion and Film. ABC-CLIO. p. 438. ISBN 9780313330728. "Yet Truffaut, an atheist, was not stumping for God with these conservative attacks."
  345. ^ David Sterritt (1999). The Films of Jean-Luc Godard: Seeing the Invisible. Cambridge University Press. p. 17. ISBN 9780521589710. "One way of understanding Godard's approach is to contrast it with that of François Truffaut, one of his most respected New Wave colleagues. As a self-described atheist, Truffaut took special pleasure in the materiality of cinema, noting that no photographic image can be obtained without real, physical light making direct contact with a real, physical object in the immediate presence of the camera."
  346. ^ When describing a total solar eclipse, Close wrote: "It was simultaneously ghastly, beautiful, supernatural. Even for a 21st century atheist, the vision was such that I thought, "If there is a heaven, this is what its entrance is like." The heavenly vision demanded music by Mozart; instead we had the crickets." Frank Close, 'Dark side of the moon', The Guardian, August 9, 2001, Guardian Online Pages, Pg. 8.
  347. ^ K. C. Cole (2012). Something Incredibly Wonderful Happens: Frank Oppenheimer and His Astonishing Exploratorium (İngilizce). University of Chicago Press. ss. 104-105. ISBN 9780226113470. Erişim tarihi: 18 Ağustos 2012. For the locals, it was as if aliens had landed. "The normal folks were wearing tight jeans and cowboy hats, and here was a rancher who didn't wear a hat," said Pete Richards, who lived on one of the neighboring ranches at the time. “He was skinnier than a rail, he was really hyper. Both he and Jackie swore like sailors. And they were atheists!”. 
  348. ^ "His tolerance and good humour enabled him to disagree strongly without giving or taking offence, for example with his brother Michael Ramsey whose ordination (he went on to become archbishop of Canterbury) Ramsey, as a militant atheist, naturally regretted." D. H. Mellor, 'Ramsey, Frank Plumpton (1903–1930)' 24 Ocak 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edition, October 2005 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  349. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  350. ^ John Golley (2010). Jet: Frank Whittle and the Invention of the Jet Engine (İngilizce). Eloy Gutierrez. s. 34. ISBN 9781907472008. Erişim tarihi: 30 Mayıs 2012. Although he had occasionally cut Church Parade, he had once held very strong religious beliefs, but these had eroded to such an extent that he had come to regard himself as an atheist. "By degrees", he said "I was forced to the conclusion that my beliefs were inconsistent with scientific teaching. Once the seeds of doubt were sown the whole structure of my former religious beliefs rapidly collapsed, and I swung to the other extreme". 
  351. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 15 Haziran 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  352. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Franz Kafka". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  353. ^ Elizabeth Norman McKay (1996). Franz Schubert: a biography. Clarendon Press. p. 308. ISBN 978-0-19-816523-1. "...quite what he expected: no doubt on account of both his agnosticism and his lack of money or sure prospects..."
  354. ^ Jane Gregory (2005). "Fighting for space". Fred Hoyle's Universe (İngilizce). Oxford University Press. s. 143. ISBN 9780191578465. Erişim tarihi: 11 Nisan 2013. According to Hoyle: "I am an atheist, but as far as blowing up the world in a nuclear war goes, I tell them not to worry." 
  355. ^ "Irène Joliot-Curie". Making the Modern World. 17 Mart 1956. 5 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 3 Haziran 2012. 
  356. ^ "Raised in a completely nonreligious family, Joliot never attended any church and was a thoroughgoing atheist all his life." Perrin, Francis: "Joliot, Frédéric", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 7 p. 151. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  357. ^ "In the Mass of Life (1904–05) Delius testified to his atheism. With Cassirer's assistance, he selected the words from Nietzsche's prose-poem Also sprach Zarathustra [...] In music that touches extreme poles of physical energy and rapt contemplation, Delius celebrates the human 'Will' and the 'Individual', and the 'Eternal Recurrence of Nature'." Diana McVeagh, 'Delius, Frederick Theodor Albert (1862–1934)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed 2 May 2008).
  358. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Frida Kahlo". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  359. ^ "Friedrich Engels - Freedom from Religion Foundation". 14 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  360. ^ "FRIEDRICH ENGELS - The European Graduate School". 19 Temmuz 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  361. ^ "Frederick Engels: life of a revolutionary". 14 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  362. ^ "Though Hayek was a self-professed agnostic, we show that his treatment of individual liberty was more consistent with a Judeo-Christian worldview than with that of his naturalist peers and postmodernist successors." Kenneth G. Elzinga, Matthew R. Givens, Christianity and Hayek (2009), page 53.
  363. ^ Alan O. Ebenstein (2003). Hayek's journey: the mind of Friedrich Hayek. Palgrave Macmillan Limited. p. 224. ISBN 9781403960382. He apparently composed the conclusion of the work on page 140, Hayek's "final word." Emphasis on Hayek's agnostic religious views was not as prominent in Hayek's own versions of "The Fatal Conceit".
  364. ^ A Gaia Ciência, aforismos 108, 125 e 343
  365. ^ "The atheist existentialists, such as Nietzsche (...)" David Layton (2012). The Humanism of Doctor Who: A Critical Study in Science Fiction and Philosophy 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. McFarland, pg. 333
  366. ^ Tom Gunning, British Film Institute (2000). The films of Fritz Lang: allegories of vision and modernity. British Film Institute. p. 7. ISBN 9780851707426. Lang, however, immediately cautions Prokosh, 'Jerry, don't forget, the gods have not created men, man has created the gods.' This is more than a simple statement of Feuerbach-like humanism or atheism.
  367. ^ Patrick Mcgilligan (1998). Fritz Lang: The Nature of the Beast. St. Martin's Press. p. 477. ISBN 9780312194543. In the final years of his life, Lang had written, in German, a 20- to 30-page short story called "The Wandering Jew." It was "a kind of fable about a Wandering Jew," according to Pierre Rissient. After Lang's death, Rissient asked Latte [Fritz Lang's third wife] if he might arrange for its publication. "No," she replied, "because Fritz would want to be known as an atheist."
  368. ^ Mark Kermode (2013). Hatchet Job: Love Movies, Hate Critics. Pan Macmillan. pp. 25–26. ISBN 9781447230526. The Austrian-born film-maker Fritz Lang once commented that, although he was an atheist, he supported religious education because 'if you do not teach religion, how can you teach ethics?'
  369. ^ "[Müller] was an atheist..." Review of Müller's biography 4 Haziran 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., by James Mallet, Quarterly Review of Biology 79:196 (2004). Retrieved July 2, 2007.
  370. ^ Oliver Knill (14 Temmuz 1998). "Supernovae, an alpine climb and space travel". 14 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 21 Haziran 2013. Zwicky has dealt critically with religion during his whole life. (Source: "Everybody a genius"). In a diary entry of 1971, he writes "To base the unexplainabilty and the immense wonder of nature onto an other miracle God is unnecessary and not acceptable for any serious thinker". 
  371. ^ Swiss-American Historical Society (2006). Newsletter, Volumes 42-43. The Society. s. 17. 6 Haziran 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. Zwicky has dealt critically with religion during his whole life. A 1971 diary entry states: "To base the inexplainabilty and the immense wonder of nature upon another miracle, God, is unnecessary and not acceptable for any serious thinker." According to one story, Zwicky once discussed the beginning of the universe with a priest. The priest, quoting Scriptures, stated that the universe had started with "and there is light." Zwicky replied that he would buy this, if instead God had said "and there is electronmagnetism". 
  372. ^ William C. Lubenow (1998). The Cambridge Apostles, 1820-1914: Liberalism, Imagination, and Friendship in British Intellectual and Professional Life. Cambridge University Press. p. 405. ISBN 978-0-521-57213-2. "G.E. Moore was another agnostic Apostle. After an intense religious phase as a boy, Moore came to call himself an infidel..."
  373. ^ Émile Vuillermoz, Steven Smolian (1969). Gabriel Fauré. Chilton Book Co. p. 74. "We have just said that Faure was not a religious man. He was incapable of intolerance or sectarianism, but his agnosticism was complete."
  374. ^ Richard L. Smith, Caroline Potter, ed. (2006). French music since Berlioz. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 174. ISBN 9780754602828. "The resolutely agnostic Gabriel Fauré (1845–1924) was certainly one of its greatest alumni."
  375. ^ "Celebrity Atheists". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  376. ^ "Yet, sailing to Egypt, he had lain on deck, asking his scientists whether the planets were inhabited, how old the Earth was, and whether it would perish by fire or by flood. Many, like his friend Gaspard Monge, the first man to liquefy a gas, were atheists." Vincent Cronin, The View from Planet Earth: Man looks at the Cosmos 25 Ocak 2021 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., page 164.
  377. ^ Laure Junot Abrantès (1881). Memoirs of Napoleon, His Court and Family, Volume 2. D. Appleton. s. 276. 
  378. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 1 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  379. ^ "Well, I'm a Jewish-Buddhist-Atheist, I guess." Pogrebin, Abigail (2005). Stars of David: Prominent Jews Talk About Being Jewish. New York: Broadway. pp. 91–99. ISBN 978-0-7679-1612-7.
  380. ^ Archibald Henderson. George Bernard Shaw: His Life And Works, a Critical Biography. Kessinger Publishing, 2004. p. 135. ISBN 9781417961771. "It was at the Shelley Society's first large meeting that Shaw startled London by announcing himself as, " like Shelley, a Socialist, an atheist, and a vegetarian."
  381. ^ Dayananda Pathak. George Bernard Shaw, His Religion & Values. Mittal Publications, 1985. p. 19. "Shaw explains what atheism really meant in his time. Belief in God in his time meant belief in the old tribal idol "I preferred to call myself an atheist", writes Shaw, "because belief in God then meant belief in the old tribal idol called Jehovah, and I would not, by calling myself an agnostic, pretend that I did not know whether it existed or not." He also adds: "I still, when I am dealing with old fashioned Fundamentalists, tell them that as I do not believe in this idol of theirs they may as well write me off as, for their purpose, I am an atheist."
  382. ^ G. K. Chesterton. George Bernard Shaw. Echo Library, 2008. p. 21. ISBN 9781406890204. "I was," he writes, "wholly unmoved by their eloquence; and felt bound to inform the public that I was, on the whole, an atheist."
  383. ^ George Carlin (2001). Napalm & Silly Putty. Hyperion. p. 254. ISBN 9780521842709. And there is no God. None, not one, never was. No God. Sorry.
  384. ^ "That's because there is no Humpty-Dumpty, and there is no God. None, not one, never was. No God." George Carlin Show (1999). George Carlin: You Are All Diseased (DVD). MPI Home Video.
  385. ^ "No. No, there's no God, but there might be some sort of an organizing intelligence, and I think to understand it is way beyond our ability. It's certainly not a judgmental entity. It's certainly not paternalistic and all these qualities that have been attributed to God." Thompson, Thompson (Sep 6, 2000). "Is There a God?". The A.V. Club. 31 de Maio de 2013.
  386. ^ ANDERSON: "What, uh, one thing I’m fascinated with is, of course, George Gamow left the university in ’59 [1956], and Edward Teller had left in 1946 [1945] and went to the University of Chicago. But do you have any recollections of maybe some of the, anything between Dr. Marvin and Dr. Gamow, as far as, just before he left and went to Colorado?" NAESER: "Ah, no, I don’t know of any. I know Gamow made no, never did hide the fact that he was an atheist, but whether that came into the picture, I don’t know. But the story around the university was that Gamow and Mrs. Gamow were divorced, but they were in the same social circles some of the time, he thought it was better to get out of Washington. That’s why he went to Ohio State." The George Washington University and Foggy Bottom Historical Encyclopedia, Gamow, George and Edward Teller 13 Haziran 2010 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., October 23, 1996.
  387. ^ Grote Reber. "The Big Bang Is Bunk" (PDF). 21st Century Science Associates. s. 44. 8 Mayıs 2016 tarihinde kaynağından (PDF) arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 28 Mayıs 2012. After the initial mathematical work on relativity the ory had been done, the Big Bang theory itself was invented by a Belgian priest, Georges lemaitre, im proved upon by an avowed atheist, George Gamow, and is now all but universally accepted by those who hold advanced degrees in astronomy and the physical sciences, despite its obvious absurdity. 
  388. ^ Simon Singh (2010). [[Big Bang (book)|Big Bang]] (İngilizce). HarperCollins UK. ISBN 9780007375509. Erişim tarihi: 18 Ağustos 2012. Surprisingly, the atheist George Gamow enjoyed the Papal attention given to his field of research.  URL–vikibağı karışıklığı (yardım)
  389. ^ Jane Gregory (2005). "Fighting for space". Fred Hoyle's Universe (İngilizce). Oxford University Press. s. 71. ISBN 9780191578465. Erişim tarihi: 11 Nisan 2013. Gamow was, like Hoyle, an atheist, but he was familiar with organized religion: his grandfather was the Metropolitan, the senior bishop, of Odessa Cathedral. 
  390. ^ * Life and letters of George Jacob Holyoake by Joseph McCabe, pp 201, 221* A history of atheism in Britain: from Hobbes to Russell, by David Berman, pp 212-213
  391. ^ Holyoake was the last person in England to be imprisoned (in 1842) for being an atheist.Meek, James (2 Şubat 2000). "Free fall". Religion in the UK: special report. The Guardian. 30 Nisan 2007 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 20 Nisan 2007. 
  392. ^ He coined the term "secularism" in 1846.Feldman, Noah (2005). Divided by God. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, pg. 113
  393. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: George Orwell". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  394. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: George Santayana". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  395. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  396. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  397. ^ "The Pearl Fishers - Georges Bizet". Virginia Opera. 23 Nisan 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 19 Nisan 2012. At the end of the first year he was asked to submit a religious work as his required composition. As a self-described atheist, Bizet felt uneasy and hypocritical writing a religious piece. Instead, he submitted a comic opera. Publicly, the committee accepted, acknowledging his musical talent. 
  398. ^ Martin Cooper (1938). Georges Bizet. Oxford University Press. s. 48. ISBN 0781294908. As the second part of his letter shows, he was too much of an artist—too firm a believer in the mysteriousness of the greatest things in the world—to be an atheist: and like the Voltaire of whom he wrote from Rome so admiringly, it is the church that he attacks rather than religion, although like Voltaire he does not always manage to keep the distinction clear in his writing. 
  399. ^ Georges Braque: A Life 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Alex Danchev. Arcade, 2005, p.98.
  400. ^ "The Religious Affiliation of Celebrated French Painter Georges Braque". 8 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  401. ^ "Georges Charpak". NNDB.com. 23 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 17 Temmuz 2012. 
  402. ^ Ivan Lins, História do positivismo no Brasil, 2a. edição, São Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional, 1967, pgs. 208-212.
  403. ^ Jornal O Globo, 25 de fevereiro de 1996, seção "O País", página 3, na reportagem "Os segredos de Alzira Vargas": "Embora se declarasse agnóstico, alguns santinhos que deixou numa carteira gasta de dinheiro, antes de cometer suicídio e que foram recolhidos para o acervo de Alzira revelam que Getúlio tinha fé."
  404. ^ Luz, escuridão e penumbra: o Governo Vargas e a Igreja Católica 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., p. 291. "Era um agnóstico. Um homem da tradição positivista (...)"
  405. ^ "Brazilian pop star Gil tours U.S." 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  406. ^ "Entrevista no Roda-Viva". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  407. ^ "gil ressignificado". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  408. ^ "Política, raça e religião no Brasil, segundo Caetano e Gil". 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  409. ^ "Deleuze's atheist philosophy of immanence is an artistic (or criative) power at work on theology" Deleuze and Religion 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Mary Bryden (2002). Routledge, p. 157.
  410. ^ "Deleuze's atheist critique is powerful (...)" Iconoclastic Theology: Gilles Deleuze and the Secretion of Atheism 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. F. LeRon Shults (2014). Edinburgh University Press, p. 103.
  411. ^ Everything You Know About God Is Wrong: The Disinformation Guide to Religion 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Russ Kick, Red Wheel Weiser, 2007.
  412. ^ "Some say God is living there [in space]. I was looking around very attentively, but I did not see anyone there. I did not detect either angels or gods. ... I don't believe in God. I believe in man-his strength, his possibilities, his reason." Gherman Titov, comments made at World Fair, Seattle, Washington, May 6, 1962, reported in The Seattle Daily Times, May 7, 1962, p. 2.
  413. ^ "Hardy... was a stringent atheist..." Hit Play on Ramanujan 16 Ekim 2007 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., by Lisa Drostova, East Bay Express, April 30, 2003. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  414. ^ "The first Bombe to be delivered was named Agnus by Turing: a joke that atheist Hardy might have made..." Alan Turing — a Cambridge Scientific Mind 16 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., by Andrew Hodges, Cambridge Scientific Minds (Cambridge University Press, 2002) Retrieved July 2, 2007.
  415. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Gore Vidal". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  416. ^ Vídeo "Gore Vidal - That's why I'm an atheist not an agnostic", disponível no YouTube.
  417. ^ "Coleção Folha - Grandes Escritores Brasileiros - Biografia de Graciliano Ramos". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  418. ^ "Autorretrato, de Graciliano Ramos". 7 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  419. ^ "Apesar de Greene depois opôs-se a ser chamado de "escritor católico", ele se tornou célebre por empregar temas religiosos em suas obras, elogiado pelos críticos católicos durante a sua vida pela forma poderosa em que seus romances exploração dos temas do pecado, a condenação, o mal, e o perdão divino. Mas o relacionamento de Greene com a igreja nunca foi fácil, e ele foi muitas vezes crítico da religião. Em seus últimos anos ele começou a se referir a si mesmo como um 'católico ateu' (Shelden, 6)." Michael Shelden: 'Greene, (Henry) Graham (1904–1991)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, January 2006 [10] 5 Ekim 2013 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. (accessed May 1, 2008).
  420. ^ "Eu não gosto de piedade religiosa convencional. Estou mais à vontade com o catolicismo de países católicos. Eu sempre achei difícil acreditar em Deus. Eu suponho que eu agora chamo a mim mesmo um ateu Católico." Graham Greene, interviewed by VS Pritchett, Saturday Review: Graham Greene into the light', The Times, March 18, 1978; pg. 6; Issue 60260; col A.
  421. ^ a b "Barnes Music Festival: About Holst". 16 Şubat 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  422. ^ "Gustav Holst". 4 Aralık 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  423. ^ Jonathan Frankel (1991). Studies in Contemporary Jewry : Volume VII: Jews and Messianism in the Modern Era: Metaphor and Meaning: Volume VII: Jews and Messianism in the Modern Era: Metaphor and Meaning (İngilizce). Oxford University Press. s. 353. ISBN 9780195361988. Erişim tarihi: 8 Mayıs 2013. 
  424. ^ Warren Allen Smith (2002). Celebrities in Hell. chelCpress. pp. 76–77. ISBN 9781569802144. He was born a Jew but has been described as a life-long agnostic. At one point he converted to Catholicism, purely for the purpose of obtaining a job that he coveted – director of the Court Opera of Vienna. It was unthinkable for a Jew to hold such a prestigious position, hence the utilitarian conversion to the state religion.
  425. ^ "It is particularly poor salesmanship for Ms. Raabe to cite Mahler's supposed conversion from Judaism to Catholicism. In both law and common understanding, a choice made under duress is discounted as lacking in free will. Mahler converted as a mere formality under compulsion of a bigoted law that barred Jews from directorship of the Vienna Hofoper. Mahler himself joked about the conversion with his Jewish friends, and, no doubt, would view with bitter amusement the obtuseness of Ms. Raabe's understanding of the cruel choice forced on him: either convert to Christianity or forfeit the professional post for which you are supremely destined. When Mahler was asked why he never composed a Mass, he answered bluntly that he could never, with any degree of artistic or spiritual integrity, voice the Credo. He was a confirmed agnostic, a doubter and seeker, never a soul at rest or at peace." Joel Martel, MAHLER AND RELIGION; Forced to Be Christian, New York Times.
  426. ^ Stuart Feder (2004). "Mahler at Midnight". Gustav Mahler: A Life in Crisis. Yale University Press. pp. 63–64. ISBN 9780300103403. Mahler had followed the common path of assimilationist Jews, particularly those who were German-speaking and university-educated: toward a dignified job, a position in the community, and a respectable income. Besides the fact that anti-Semitism was rife in Vienna, the post Mahler sought was a government position and normally open only to those who declared themselves to belong to the state religion, Catholicism. Mahler's superior, the intendant of the opera, reported directly to the emperor. Like the many Jews who were candidates for lesser government jobs, Mahler was officially baptized on 23 February 1897. His appointment arrived soon after.
  427. ^ Norman Lebrecht (2010). Why Mahler?: How One Man and Ten Symphonies Changed Our World. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 84. ISBN 9780375423819. In January 1897 Mahler is told that "under present circumstances it is impossible to engage a Jew for Vienna." "Everywhere", he bemoans, "the fact that I am a Jew has at the last moment proved an insurmountable obstacle." But he does not despair, having made arrangements to remedy his deficiency. On February 23, 1897, at Hamburgs Little Michael Church, Gustav Mahler is baptized into the Roman Catholic faith. He is the most reluctant, the most resentful, of converts. "I had to go through it,” he tells Walter. "This action,” he informs Karpath, "which I took out of self-preservation, and which I was fully prepared to take, cost me a great deal." He tells a Hamburg writer: “I've changed my coat.” There is no false piety here, no pretense. Mahler is letting it be known for the record that he is a forced convert, one whose Jewish pride is undiminished, his essence unchanged. “An artist who is a Jew,” he tells a critic, "has to achieve twice as much as one who is not, just as a swimmer with short arms has to make double efforts." After the act of conversion he never attends Mass, never goes to confession, never crosses himself. The only time he ever enters a church for a religious purpose is to get married.
  428. ^ John Bowden (2005). John Bowden, John Stephen Bowden, ed. Christianity: the complete guide. Continuum. p. 813. ISBN 9780826459374. "Gustav Mahler (1860–1911) was more of an agnostic than a believer, but the symphonies which he wrote are deeply spiritual works."
  429. ^ Barrie Kosky (2008). On Ecstasy. Melbourne Univ. Publishing. p. 39. ISBN 9780522855340. Mahler's ambivalent Jewish-Christian Nietzschean agnostic personality found a living, breathing, sweating counterpart in Bernstein's muscles, bones and flesh. Otto Klemperer (1986). Martin J. Anderson, ed. Klemperer on Music: Shavings from a Musician's Workbench. London: Toccata Press. pp. 133–147. Mahler was a thoroughgoing child of the nineteenth century, an adherent of Nietzsche, and typically irreligious. For all that, he was – as all his compositions testify – devout in the highest sense, though his piety was not to be found in any church prayer-book.
  430. ^ Kenneth Lafave (2002). "Mahler, Gustav". Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved June 29, 2013. From the beginning, Mahler declared that his music was not for his own time but for the future. An agnostic, he apparently saw long-term success as a real-world equivalent of immortality. "Mahler was a thoroughgoing child of the nineteenth century, an adherent of Nietzsche, and typically irreligious," the conductor Otto Klemperer recalled in his memoirs, adding that, in his music, Mahler evinced a "piety . . . not to be found in any church prayer-book." This appraisal is confirmed by the story of Mahler's conversion to Catholicism in 1897. Although his family was Jewish, Mahler was not observant, and when conversion was required in order to qualify as music director of the Vienna Court Opera—the most prestigious post in Europe—he swiftly acquiesced to baptism and confirmation, though he never again attended mass. Once on the podium, however, Mahler brought a renewed spirituality to many works, including Beethoven's Fidelio, which he almost single-handedly rescued from a reputation for tawdriness.
  431. ^ Henry-Louis de La Grange (1995). "May–August 1906". Gustav Mahler: Volume 3. Vienna: Triumph and Disillusion (1904–1907). Oxford University Press. p. 455. ISBN 9780193151604. His pantheistic beliefs made him see the manifestations of God's will everywhere, and sensed its 'miracles and secrets ... and contemplated them with the deep respect and touching astonishment of a child'.
  432. ^ "The study of medicine also contributed to a loss of religious faith and to becoming atheist." Michael Heidelberger, Nature from within: Gustav Theodor Fechner and his psychophysical worldview, page 21.
  433. ^ H. P. Lovecraft Letter to Robert E. Howard (August 16, 1932), in Selected Letters 1932–1934 (Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House, 1976), p.57. " All I say is that I think it is damned unlikely that anything like a central cosmic will, a spirit world, or an eternal survival of personality exist. They are the most preposterous and unjustified of all the guesses which can be made about the universe, and I am not enough of a hairsplitter to pretend that I don't regard them as arrant and negligible moonshine. In theory I am an agnostic, but pending the appearance of radical evidence I must be classed, practically and provisionally, as an atheist."
  434. ^ Denis Brian (2001). The Voice Of Genius: Conversations With Nobel Scientists And Other Luminaries (İngilizce). Basic Books. s. 117. ISBN 9780738204475. Erişim tarihi: 22 Eylül 2012. Bethe: "I am an atheist." 
  435. ^ Michael Martin (2007). The Cambridge Companion to Atheism (İngilizce). Cambridge University Press. s. 310. ISBN 9780521842709. Erişim tarihi: 31 Mayıs 2012. Among celebrity atheists with much biographical data, we find leading psychologists and psychoanalysts. We could provide a long list, including...Hans Jürgen Eysenck... 
  436. ^ R. L. Wysong (1976). "5: Origin of Proteins". The Creation-evolution Controversy (implications, Methodology and Survey of Evidence): Toward a Rational Solution (İngilizce). Wysong Institute. s. 75. ISBN 9780918112026. Erişim tarihi: 18 Temmuz 2012. Recently, at a seminar, Harold Urey, the noted scientist who won a Nobel prize for his experiments on the origin of life.... ...Dr. Urey, a somewhat outspoken confirmed atheist and evolutionist, answered:... 
  437. ^ "Harold C. Urey". NNDB.com. 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 18 Temmuz 2012. 
  438. ^ Harold Kroto claims to have four "religions": humanism, atheism, amnesty-internationalism and humourism.[11] 9 Ocak 2010 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  439. ^ O Big Bang místico
  440. ^ A máquina do mundo repensada 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Haroldo de Campos.
  441. ^ "Funções e disfunções da máquina do mundo". 7 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  442. ^ "The Woman Who Thought Like a Man". 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  443. ^ "Harriet Martineau (1802 - 1876)". 7 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  444. ^ "Harriet Martineau (1802–1876), from Unitarianism to Agnosticism". 1 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  445. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  446. ^ "NNDB: Hector Berlioz". 17 Ağustos 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  447. ^ "Hector Berlioz - Freedom from Religion Foundation". 14 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  448. ^ Henri Matisse: Modernist Against the Grain, Catherine Bock-Weiss, página 147. "Natural enough, since he was surrounded by priests and nuns during his later illnesses and while working on the Venice Chapel, even though he remained a convinced atheist."
  449. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Henri Poincaré". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  450. ^ Kenneth McLeish, Stephen Mulrine (2005). Ibsen: Three Plays. Nick Hern Books. p. xxvi. ISBN 9781854598462. "Sternly atheist, unswervingly rationalist, he allows religion no part in the events of Hedda Gabler. When characters do invoke God (Tesman; Mrs Elvsted; Miss Tesman) it is a superficial, conventional way of talking, to add emphasis to otherwise bland remarks - and Ibsen the ironist takes it one step further when he makes Brack invoke, for the same purpose, not the deity but the devil."
  451. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Henry Fonda". 28 Ocak 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  452. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Helen Mirren". 28 Ocak 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  453. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  454. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Heraclitus". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  455. ^ Vijay Tankha (2006). "Heraclitus of Ephesus". Ancient Greek Philosophy: Thales to Gorgias. Pearson Education India. p. 71. ISBN 9788177589399. "By equating god with nature, Heraclitus could be regarded as a pantheist — everything is god."
  456. ^ "Outside the field of scientific research, he was known for his outspoken atheism: belief in God, he once declared, is not only incompatible with good science, but is "damaging to the wellbeing of the human race." " The Telegraph. [12] 26 Aralık 2018 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  457. ^ "Herbert José de Sousa (Betinho), ateu famoso". 24 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  458. ^ "Two years ago, Betinho developed Aids. He died, weighing just over six stone, of complications of hepatitis C, which he had also caught from contaminated blood. Although he was an atheist, the theologian Leonardo Boff has suggested that the Pope should canonise Betinho during his visit to Brazil in October. He said that "it would be a prophetic act if he were declared the saint of the poor, the patron saint of citizenship"." Sue Branford and Jan Rocha, 'Obituary: Herbert De Souza: Saintly Champion of the Poor', The Guardian, August 19, 1997, Pg. 15.
  459. ^ Kroemer, Herbert. "Herbert Kroemer - Science Video Interview". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. Interviewer: "You have no belief in a afterlife?" Kroemer: "That's correct." Interviewer: "...You don't see the evidence of a designer?" Kroemer: "No, I don't." Interviewer: "Could you say more about it?" Kroemer: "I think it's just wishful thinking." 
  460. ^ Hunter Crowther-Heyck (2005). Herbert A. Simon: The Bounds of Reason in Modern America (İngilizce). JHU Press. s. 22. ISBN 9780801880254. His secular, scientific values came well before he was old enough to make such calculating career decisions. For example, while still in middle school, Simon wrote a letter to the editor of the Milwaukee Journal defending the civil liberties of atheists, and by high school he was "certain" that he was "religiously an atheist," a conviction that never wavered. 
  461. ^ Julie A. Reuben (1996). The Making of the Modern University: Intellectual Transformation and the Marginalization of Morality. University of Chicago Press. p. 54. ISBN 9780226710204. "Herbert Spencer, the agnostic whose ideas were best known in the United States, did not deny the existence of God."
  462. ^ "Since his childhood in Vienna Bondi had been an atheist, developing from an early age a view on religion that associated it with repression and intolerance. This view, which he shared with Hoyle, never left him. On several occasions he spoke out on behalf of freethinking, so-called, and became early on active in British atheist or "humanist" circles. From 1982 to 1999, he was president of the British Humanist Association, and he also served as president of the Rationalist Press Association of United Kingdom." Helge Kragh: "Bondi, Hermann", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 19 p. 343. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. Accessed via Gale Virtual Reference Library 27 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. April 29, 2008.
  463. ^ In a letter to the Guardian, Jane Wynne Willson, Vice-President of the British Humanist Association, added to his obituary: "Also president of the Rationalist Press Association from 1982 until his death, and with a particular interest in Indian rationalism, Hermann was a strong supporter of the Atheist Centre in Andhra Pradesh. He and his wife Christine visited the centre a number of times, and the hall in the science museum there bears his name. When presented with a prestigious international award, he divided a large sum of money between the Atheist Centre and women's health projects in Mumbai." Obituary letter: Hermann Bondi 9 Haziran 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Guardian, September 23, 2005 (accessed April 29, 2008).
  464. ^ "Muller, who through Unitarianism had become an enthusiastic pantheist, was converted both to atheism and to socialism." Hermann Joseph Muller. 1890–1967, G. Pontecorvo, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 14, Nov., 1968 (Nov., 1968), pp. 348-389 (Quote from p. 353) Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  465. ^ Joseph McCabe (1945). A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Freethinkers. Haldeman-Julius Publications. Retrieved 30 June 2012. He was equally distinguished in physics and physiology and was the discoverer of the law of the conservatism of energy. Although he was the most eminent and most honored of German scientists, he was all his life an outspoken agnostic.
  466. ^ Paul Hertz, Moritz Schlick, Malcolm F. Lowe, Robert Sonné Cohen, Yehúda Elkana, ed. (1977). Epistemological Writings: The Paul Hertz/Moritz Schlick Centenary Edition of 1921 with Notes and Commentary by the Editors. Springer. p. xxv. ISBN 9789027705822. Lenin found Helmholtz to be inconsistent, at one place a materialist about human knowledge, at another place agnostic and sceptic, and at yet other place a Kantian idealist, in sum a 'shame-faced materialist'.
  467. ^ "Herson Capri:"Continuo ateu, exatamente como era antes"". 10 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  468. ^ Joseph McCabe (1950). A rationalist encyclopaedia: a book of reference on religion, philosophy, ethics, and science (2 bas.). Watts. s. 384. He was a member of the firm of Vickers' Sons and Maxim. Maxim was an aggressive Atheist (personal knowledge) and the compiler (with the present writer) of the collection of strong criticisms of religion... 
  469. ^ The Freethinker, Volume 92. G.W. Foote. 1972. s. 45. Now Maxim really way a militant atheist! 
  470. ^ "Celebrity Atheis". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  471. ^ "Everett was a life-long atheist, but he did not let that stand in his way as St. John's was well-regarded academically and socially." Peter Byrne, The Many Worlds of Hugh Everett III: Multiple Universes, Mutual Assured Destruction, and the Meltdown of a Nuclear Family (2010), page 29.
  472. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Hugh Laurie". 29 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  473. ^ Steven G. Krantz (2002). Mathematical Apocrypha: Stories and Anecdotes of Mathematicians and the Mathematical (İngilizce). Mathematical Association of America. s. 202. ISBN 9780883855393. ...Steinhaus answered that, "God is always present." It should be noted that Steinhaus was an outspoken atheist. 
  474. ^ "I'm an evangelical atheist so I'm not into supernatural effects - I hated The Exorcist - but John Carpenter's remake of The Thing is different." 'I was a brain-eating zombie... As the scary season descends [...] famous horror experts choose their most terrifying screen experiences', Daily Telegraph, October 30, 2004, Arts Pg. 04.
  475. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Ian McKellen". 21 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  476. ^ Gregory E. Pence (1998). Who's Afraid of Human Cloning? (İngilizce). Rowman & Littlefield. s. 9. ISBN 978-0-8476-8782-4. Ian Wilmut is a regular guy. ...Although not a believer in God himself, he believes in ethics. 
  477. ^ Zbigniew Skowron, ed. (2001). Lutoslawski Studies. Oxford University Press. pp. 122-123. ISBN 9780198166603. "In accordance with his atheist views, Xenakis emphasizes the finality of death as the ultimate event of human life, and this is probably why wild shrieks and moans punctuate his score."
  478. ^ Iliescu, Mihu. Beyond the modern-postmodern cleavage: Xenakis’ mythical thinking, p. 4. "On the other hand, Xenakis is a non religious modern man who regards himself as an atheist. He does not conceive of repeating in any way the work of anyone else, be it a god."
  479. ^ "Man is one, indivisible, and total. He thinks with his belly and feels with his mind. I would like to propose what, to my mind, covers the term "music":...7. It is a mystical (but atheistic) asceticism..." Iannis Xenakis, Formalized music: thought and mathematics in composition (1992), page 181.
  480. ^ "While this sounds skeptical, Kant is only agnostic about our knowledge of metaphysical objects such as God. And, as noted above, Kant's agnosticism leads to the conclusion that we can neither affirm nor deny claims made by traditional metaphysics." Andrew Fiala, J. M. D. Meiklejohn, Critique of Pure Reason – Introduction, page xi.
  481. ^ Edward J. Verstraete (2008). Ed Hindson; Ergun Caner, eds. The Popular Encyclopedia of Apologetics: Surveying the Evidence for the Truth of Christianity. Harvest House Publishers. p. 82. ISBN 9780736920841. "It is in this sense that modern atheism rests heavily upon the skepticism of David Hume and the agnosticism of Immanuel Kant."
  482. ^ Norman L. Geisler; Frank Turek (2004). "Kant's Agnosticism: Should We Be Agnostic About It?". I Don't Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist. Crossway. pp. 59–60. ISBN 9781581345612.
  483. ^ Norman L. Geisler, Paul K. Hoffman, ed. (2006). "The Agnosticism of Immanuel Kant". Why I Am a Christian: Leading Thinkers Explain Why They Believe. Baker Books. p. 45. ISBN 9780801067129.
  484. ^ Gary D. Badcock (1997). Light of Truth and Fire of Love: A Theology of the Holy Spirit. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 113. ISBN 9780802842886. "Kant has no interest in prayer or worship, and is in fact agnostic when it comes to such classical theological questions as the doctrine of God or of the Holy Spirit."
  485. ^ Frank K. Flinn (2007). Encyclopedia of Catholicism. Infobase Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 9780816075652. "Following Locke, the classic agnostic claims not to accept more propositions than are warranted by empirical evidence. In this sense an agnostic appeals to Immanuel Kant (1724–1804), who claims in his Critique of Pure Reason that since God, freedom, immortality, and the soul can be both proved and disproved by theoretical reason, we ought to suspend judgement about them."
  486. ^ "It was to her grandfather, a convinced freethinker, that Irène owed her atheism, later politically expressed as anticlericalism." Joliot-Curie, Irène. 26 Aralık 2018 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2008. Encyclopedia.com. 17 Mar. 2012.
  487. ^ Denis Brian. The Curies: A Biography of the Most Controversial Family in Science (İngilizce). Wiley. s. 389. ISBN 9780471273912. There were no prayers: Irene was deeply atheist. 
  488. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Isaac Asimov". 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  489. ^ "Political Autobiography of a Young Man" e "Objective Biographical Notice", ensaios autobiográficos disponíveis em Hermit in Paris, p. 133 e 162.
  490. ^ "Ivan Lessa, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  491. ^ "Ivan Lessa: Eles voltaram, graças a Zeus!". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  492. ^ Vitaliĭ Lazarevich Ginzburg (2005). About Science, Myself and Others (İngilizce). CRC Press. s. 253. ISBN 9780750309929. Erişim tarihi: 22 Kasım 2012. Nowadays, when we are facing manifestations of religious and. more often, pseudoreligious feelings, it is appropriate to mention that Igor Evgenevich was a convinced and unreserved atheist. 
  493. ^ Евгений Львович Фейнберг (1987). Reminiscences about I.E. Tamm. Nauka. s. 82. Tamm's circumspect humorous reply: "Generally speaking, I am an atheist but may I give the answer next time?" 
  494. ^ Evgeniĭ Lʹvovich Feĭnberg, A. V. Leonidov (2011). Physicists: Epoch and Personalities (İngilizce) (2 bas.). World Scientific. s. 86. ISBN 9789812834164. Erişim tarihi: 22 Kasım 2012. 
  495. ^ "There is no clear record that he was professionally restricted in Russia because of his lineage, but he sympathized with the problem his Jewish colleagues suffered owing to Russian anti-Semitism; his personal religious commitment was to atheism, although he received strict Christian religious training at home." Alfred I. Tauber, Leon Chernyak, Metchnikoff and the origins of immunology: from metaphor to theory, page 5.
  496. ^ "When asked if he was religious, Pavlov smiled and replied: 'Listen, good fellow, in regard to [claims of] my religiosity, my belief in God, my church attendance, there is no truth in it; it is sheer fantasy. I was a seminarian, and like the majority of seminarians, I became an unbeliever, an atheist in my school years.'" George Windholz, "Pavlov's Religious Orientation", Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 25, no. 3 (Sept. 1986), pp. 320–27.
  497. ^ Leonard Schapiro, Turgenev, His Life and Times (New York: Random, 1978), p. 214. "Turgenev was not a determined atheist; there is ample evidence which shows that he was an agnostic who would have been happy to embrace the consolations of religion, but was, except perhaps on some rare occasions, unable to do so."
  498. ^ Edgar Lehrman, Turgenev's Letters (New York: Knopf, 1961), p. xi."Sometimes Turgenev's attitude toward literature makes us wonder whether, for him, literature was not a surrogate religion - something in which he could believe unhesitatingly, unreservedly, and enthusiastically, something that somehow would make man in general and Turgenev in particular a little happier."" Harold Bloom, Ivan Turgenev, pages 95-96.
  499. ^ "JBS Haldane - Dublin City University". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  500. ^ Haldane, J. B. S., Fact and Faith. London: London, Watts & Co., 1934.
  501. ^ Welch, Frances. "All Praise and Glory to the Mind of Man". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. Ballard confesses to being an atheist, but adds: "that said, I'm extremely interested in religion... I see religion as a key to all sorts of mysteries that surround the human consciousness." 
  502. ^ "Jack Black Will Do Anything To Get Into Hebrew School". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  503. ^ "Jack Black: On Music, Mayhem And Murder". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  504. ^ Stewart Gabel (2012). Jack London: a Man in Search of Meaning: A Jungian Perspective. AuthorHouse. p. 14. ISBN 9781477283332. When he was tramping, arrested and jailed for one month for vagrancy at about 19 years of age, he listed “atheist” as his religion on the necessary forms (Kershaw, 1997).
  505. ^ "NNDB: Jack Nicholson". 29 Şubat 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  506. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Jack Nicholson". 22 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  507. ^ Istva ́n Hargittai, Magdolna Hargittai (2006). Candid Science VI: More Conversations with Famous Scientists (İngilizce). Imperial College Press. s. 749. ISBN 9781860948855. Erişim tarihi: 13 Temmuz 2013. Jack Steinberger: "I'm now a bit anti-Jewish since my last visit to the synagogue, but my atheism does not necessarily reject religion." 
  508. ^ {{title=Jacob Appelbaum (Part 1/2) Digital Anti-Repression Workshop - April 26, 2012,;-" for me, as an atheist, bisexual, Jew, I'm gonna go on, uh - oh and Emma Goldman is one of my great heroes and I really think that anarchism is a fantastic principle by which to fashion a utopian society even if we can't get there."}}
  509. ^ Chris Tinker (2005). Georges Brassens And Jacques Brel: Personal And Social Narratives In Post-war Chanson. Liverpool University Press. p. 36. ISBN 9780853237686. "Brel himself asserts that he is an atheist: 'Je ne crois pas en Dieu et je n'y croirai jamais', and he describes such a belief as a 'fetish', 'plus un besoin qu'une realite'." For him, all ideologies are a 'maniere elegante de tricher'."
  510. ^ "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Jacques Derrida (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities 15 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  511. ^ Martin Hägglund (2008). Radical Atheism: Derrida and the Time of Life 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Stanford University Press
  512. ^ "So when I say “I rightly pass as an atheist” I know that because of everything that I’ve done so far, say in terms of deconstruction and so on and so forth, I’ve given a number of signs of my being a non-believer in God in a certain way, an atheist. And nevertheless, although I confirm that it is right to say “I’m an atheist”, I can’t say myself “I am an atheist” as a position, see “I am” or “I know what I am”: “I am this, and nothing else and I’m identifying myself as an atheist.” I would never say… this would sound obscene: “I am.” I wouldn’t say “I am an atheist” or I wouldn’t say “I am a believer” either." Jacques Derrida On ‘Atheism’ and ‘Belief’ (excerto de uma entrevista do filósofo em Toronto em 2002) 23 Temmuz 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  513. ^ Shaposhnikova, T. O. (1999). Jacques Hadamard: A Universal Mathematician (İngilizce). American Mathematical Soc. ss. 33-34. ISBN 978-0-8218-1923-4. In 1924, Hadamard recounted his meetings with Hermite: "...When Hermite loved to direct to me remarks such as: "He who strays from the paths traced by Providence crashes." These were the words of a profoundly religious man, but an atheist like me understood them very well, especially when he added at other times: "In mathematics, our role is more that of servant than master."" 
  514. ^ Michael Martin (2007). The Cambridge Companion to Atheism (İngilizce). Cambridge University Press. s. 310. ISBN 9780521842709. Erişim tarihi: 31 Mayıs 2012. Among celebrity atheists with much biographical data, we find leading psychologists and psychoanalysts. We could provide a long list, including...Jacques Lacan... 
  515. ^ "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Jacques Lacan (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities 15 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  516. ^ "In his final chapter de Duve turns to the meaning of life, and considers the ideas of two contrasting Frenchmen: a priest, Teilhard de Chardin, and an existentialist and atheist, Jacques Monod." Peaks, Dust, & Dappled Spots 26 Aralık 2018 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., by Richard Lubbock, Books in Canada: The Canadian Review of Books. Retrieved July 2, 2007.
  517. ^ Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich (2004). R.A. Sunyaev (Ed.). Zeldovich: Reminiscences (İngilizce). CRC Press. s. 69. ISBN 9780415287906. Erişim tarihi: 14 Ağustos 2012. I think that you know me well enough: I am an absolute atheist, and all days of the week are completely the same to me. 
  518. ^ B. L. Altshuler (1991). Andrei Sakharov: Facets of a Life (İngilizce). Atlantica Séguier Frontières. s. 599. ISBN 9782863320969. Erişim tarihi: 14 Ağustos 2012. Speaking about religion, Yakov Borisovich could say unambiguously, "I'm an absolute atheist". 
  519. ^ "Rather than tackle Baldwin's atheist stance, Malcolm found a point of departure on the question of identity, stating that he was "proud to be a black man."" Herb Boyd, Baldwin's Harlem: a biography of James Baldwin (2008), page 75.
  520. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: James Cameron". 29 Temmuz 2010 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  521. ^ Andrew Brown (1997). The neutron and the bomb: a biography of Sir James Chadwick. Oxford University Press. s. 362. ISBN 9780198539926. He was a lifelong atheist and felt no need to develop religious faith as he approached the end of his life.  Tarih değerini gözden geçirin: |erişimtarihi= (yardım);
  522. ^ "James Franck was born in Hamburg, the son of a Jewish banker. ...As he said, science was his God and nature his religion. He did not insist that his daughters attend religious instruction classes (Religionsunterricht) in school. But he was very proud of his Jewish heritage..." David Nachmansohn, German-Jewish pioneers in science, 1900-1933: highlights in atomic physics, chemistry, and biochemistry, page 62.
  523. ^ "Freedom from Religion Foundation - Historian Sir James George Frazer (1854)". 7 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  524. ^ "Neither Joyce's agnosticism nor his sexual libertinism were known to his mentors at Belvedere and he remained to the end a Prefect of the Sodality of Mary." Bruce Stewart, James Joyce (2007), page 14.
  525. ^ "NNDB: James Mill". 27 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  526. ^ "Finding, therefore, no halting place in Deism, he remained in a state of perplexity, until, doubtless after many struggles, he yielded to the conviction, that, concerning the origin of things nothing whatever can be known. This is the only correct statement of his opinion; for dogmatic atheism he looked upon as absurd; as most of those, whom the world has considered Atheists, have always done. These particulars are important, because they show that my father's rejection of all that is called religious belief, was not, as many might suppose, primarily a matter of logic and evidence: the grounds of it were moral, still more than intellectual. He found it impossible to believe that a world so full of evil was the work of an Author combining infinite power with perfect goodness and righteousness." Autobiografia de John Stuart Mill 5 Haziran 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., filho de James Mill, 1873.
  527. ^ The Correspondence of John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Transaction Publishers, p. xiii.
  528. ^ "James Purefoy is a sadistic serial killer in 'The Following'". 18 Ağustos 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  529. ^ Randi wrote: "...I am a concerned, forthright, declared, atheist." Our Stance on Atheism 10 Temmuz 2009 tarihinde Portuguese Web Archive sitesinde arşivlendi, Swift: Online Newsletter of the JREF, August 5, 2005. (Accessed June 1, 2007)
  530. ^ Watson is identified as an atheist by his acquaintance, Rabbi Marc Gellman. Trying to Understand Angry Atheists: Why do nonbelievers seem to be threatened by the idea of God? 1 Mayıs 2006 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., by Rabbi Marc Gellman, Newsweek, April 28, 2006. Retrieved November 11, 2006.
  531. ^ When asked by a student if he believed in God, Watson replied "Oh, no. Absolutely not... The biggest advantage to believing in God is you don't have to understand anything, no physics, no biology. I wanted to understand." JoAnne Viviano (19 Ekim 2007). "Nobel Prize-winning scientist wows some, worries others". The Vindicator. 28 Haziran 2006 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 19 Ekim 2007. 
  532. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  533. ^ "Jaques Wagner, teorizando sobre a seca sazonal que, há séculos, assola o Nordeste". 15 Nisan 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  534. ^ Sims, Chris (December 3, 2012). "War Rocket Ajax #138: Jason Aaron Talks 'Thor: God Of Thunder'" 25 Ağustos 2013 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Comics Alliance.
  535. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Javier Bardem". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  536. ^ George William Foote, (Ed.) (1887). Progress: a monthly magazine of advanced thought, Volume 7. Progressive Publishing Co. s. 127. DELAMBRE (Jean Baptiste Joseph), French astronomer, born at Amiens, 19 Sept. 1749, studied under Lalande and became, like his master, an Atheist. 
  537. ^ Bernard Valeur, Jean-Claude Brochon (2001). New Trends in Fluorescence Spectroscopy: Applications to Chemical and Life Sciences (İngilizce). Springer. s. 17. ISBN 978-3-540-67779-6. Erişim tarihi: 8 Mayıs 2012. Jean and Francis Perrin held similar political and philosophical ideas. Both were socialists and atheists. 
  538. ^ "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as Jean Baudrillard (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities 15 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  539. ^ "As an atheist, Baudrillard took no interest in Kierkegaard's theological work (...)" Jon Bartley Stewart (2011). Kierkegaard's Influence on the Social Sciences 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., pg. 9
  540. ^ "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Jean-François Lyotard." Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities 15 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  541. ^ Nick Land (2002). The Thirst for Annihilation: Georges Bataille and Virulent Nihilism 8 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Routledge, pg. 12
  542. ^ Jonathan Israel (2011). Democratic Enlightenment: Philosophy, Revolution, and Human Rights 1750-1790 (İngilizce). Oxford University Press. s. 115. ISBN 978-0-19-954820-0. Erişim tarihi: 11 Nisan 2012. D'Alembert, though privately an atheist and materialist, presented the respectable public face of 'la philosophie' in the French capital while remaining henceforth uninterruptedly aligned with Voltaire. 
  543. ^ James E. Force, Richard Henry Popkin (1990). James E. Force, Richard Henry Popkin (Ed.). Essays on the Context, Nature, and Influence of Isaac Newton's Theology (İngilizce). Springer. s. 167. ISBN 9780792305835. Erişim tarihi: 10 Temmuz 2012. Unlike the French and English deists, and unlike the scientific atheists such as Diderot, d'Alembert, and d'Holbach,... 
  544. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Jean d'Alembert". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  545. ^ "It is a scene I won’t forget in a hurry: Jean-Marie Lehn, French winner of the Nobel prize in chemistry, defending his atheism at a packed public conference at the new Alexandria Library in Egypt." Ehsan Masood, ProspectMagazine.co.uk, Islam’s reformers 25 Ekim 2014 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., 22nd July 2006.
  546. ^ Buckingham, Will; at alli (diversos colaboradores) - O Livro da Filosofia - Editora Globo - São Paulo, SP - 2011 - ISBN 978-85-250-4986-5 : Jean-Paul Sartre
  547. ^ "The atheist existentialists, such as (...) Sartre (...)" David Layton (2012). The Humanism of Doctor Who: A Critical Study in Science Fiction and Philosophy 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. McFarland, pg. 333
  548. ^ James E. Crimmins (1986). Bentham on Religion: Atheism and the Secular Society 7 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 95. Retrieved 4 May 2013. Bentham was an atheist and in no sense of the word could he be described as a theologian.
  549. ^ Ana Marta González, ed. (2012). Contemporary Perspectives on Natural Law: Natural Law As a Limiting Concept. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 81. ISBN 9781409485667. "In sum, with Hume's agnosticism and Bentham's atheism, the fundamental voluntarist thesis about the gulf between the divine and the human mind reaches new depths, and this serves to reinforce and radicalize the rejection, begun by Pufendorf, of Grotian rights-theory as the appropriate means of formulating the conventionalist theory of the moral life."
  550. ^ James E. Crimmins (1990). Secular Utilitarianism: Social Science and the Critique of Religion in the Thought of Jeremy Bentham. Clarendon Press. p. 283. ISBN 9780198277415. "Making allowance for Adams's cautious phrasing, this is a concise statement of Bentham's secular positivism, but it is also important to note the conviction with which Bentham held his atheism."
  551. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 26 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  552. ^ "He studied at the Jesuit College in Lyon and at this stage he nearly decided to join the Jesuit Order. In fact it was his parents who encouraged him to continue his education by going to Paris to study law, which he did. It is somewhat ironical that Lalande, who would later become renowned as an atheist, should have come so close to becoming a Jesuit." J J O'Connor and E F Robertson, Joseph-Jérôme Lefrançais de Lalande 17 Temmuz 2010 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi..
  553. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  554. ^ "O Melhores da Ciência e Tecnologia". 26 Şubat 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  555. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 29 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  556. ^ "Como a doença influenciou a obra final do poeta João Cabral". 10 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  557. ^ Poeta João Cabral de Melo Neto é enterrado no Rio
  558. ^ "Jornal de Poesia - João Cabral de Melo Neto". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  559. ^ "Though an atheist, Cabral had a deep, atavistic fear of the devil. When his wife died in 1986, he placed an emblem of Our Lady of Carmen around her neck, saying, in his mocking way, that this would make sure that she went directly to heaven, without being stopped at customs." 'Joao Cabral: His poetry voiced the sufferings of Brazil's poor', The Guardian, October 18, 1999, Leader Pages; p. 18.
  560. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Joaquin Phoenix". 26 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  561. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Jodie Foster". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  562. ^ Gregory A. Kimble, Michael Wertheimer, Charlotte White. Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Psychology Press, 2013, p. 175. "Watson's outspoken atheism repelled many in Greensville."
  563. ^ Michael Martin. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Cambridge University Press, 2006, p. 310. "Among celebrity atheists with much biographical data, we find leading psychologists and psychoanalysts. We could provide a long list, including (...) John B. Watson (...)"
  564. ^ Dan Barker (2011). The Good Atheist: Living a Purpose-Filled Life Without God (İngilizce). Ulysses Press. s. 170. ISBN 9781569758465. Erişim tarihi: 15 Haziran 2012. An essayist who popularized the American romantic view of nature, Burroughs wrote, “When I look up at the starry heavens at night and reflect upon what is it that I really see there, I am constrained to say, 'There is no God.'" In his 1910 journal, he wrote: "Joy in the universe, and keen curiosity about it all-that has been my religion." 
  565. ^ ""Having a reasonable grounding in statistics and probability and no belief in luck, fate, karma, or god(s), the only casino game that interests me is blackjack," he wrote in a .plan file." - John D. Carmack, David Kushner, Masters of Doom: How two guys created an Empire and transformed Pop Culture (2003).
  566. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: John Carpenter". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  567. ^ "Conway propped up the pillow behind his head and grinned. "I like showing off. When I make a new discovery, and I really like telling people about it. I guess I'm not so much a mathematician as a teacher. In America, kids aren't supposed to like mathematics. It's so sad.' Conway sat up suddenly. 'Most people think that mathematics is cold. But it's not at all! For me, the whole damn thing is sensual and exciting. I like what it looks like, and I get a hell of a lot more pleasure out of math than most people do out of art!' He relaxed slightly, and he lowered his voice. 'I feel like an artist. I like beautiful things - they're there already; man doesn't have to create it. I don't believe in God, but I believe that nature is unbelievably subtle and clever. In physics, for instance, the real answer to a problem is usually so subtle and surprising that it wasn't even considered in the first place. That the speed of light is a constant - impossible! Nobody even thought about it. And quantum mechanics is even worse, but it's so beautiful, and it works!"", John Horton Conway in an interview with Charles Seife, The Sciences (1994).
  568. ^ "The Bernals were originally Sephardic Jews who came to Ireland in 1840 from Spain via Amsterdam and London. They converted to Catholicism and John was Jesuit-educated. John enthusiastically supported the Easter Rising and, as a boy, he organised a Society for Perpetual Adoration. He moved away from religion as an adult, becoming an atheist." William Reville, John Desmond Bernal – The Sage 25 Ekim 2014 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi..
  569. ^ A. G. Rud, Jim Garrison, Lynda Stone, ed. (2009). Dewey at One Hundred Fifty. Purdue University Press. p. 22. ISBN 9781557535504. With respect to his personal beliefs, Dewey wrote to Max Otto that “I feel the gods are pretty dead, tho I suppose I ought to know that however, to be somewhat more philosophical in the matter, if atheism means simply not being a theist, then of course I'm an atheist. But the popular if not the etymological significance of the word is much wider. ...Although he described himself as an atheist in one sense of the term, it is also clear that Dewey was opposed to militant atheism for the same reason that he was opposed to supernaturalism: he thought both positions dogmatic.
  570. ^ "John Dewey's Dunces". 26 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  571. ^ "John Dewey redefines God for humanists and atheists". 27 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  572. ^ Sylvia Nasar (2011). "Chapter 17: Bad Boys". A Beautiful Mind (İngilizce). Simon and Schuster. s. 143. ISBN 9781439126493. Erişim tarihi: 24 Ocak 2013. In this circle, Nash learned to make a virtue of necessity, styling himself self-consciously as a "free thinker." He announced that he was an atheist. 
  573. ^ Sylvia Nasar (1999). A Beautiful Mind: A Biography of John Forbes Nash, Jr., Winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, 1994. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780684853703. Erişim tarihi: 12 Ağustos 2012. Nash, by then an atheist, balked at a Catholic ceremony. He would have been happy to get married in city hall. 
  574. ^ "Keats shared Hunt's dislike of institutionalized Christianity, parsons, and the Christian belief in man's innate corruption, but, as an unassertive agnostic, held well short of Shelley's avowed atheism." John Barnard, John Keats, pages 38-39.
  575. ^ Keats, Hermeticism, and the Secret Societies, Jennifer N. Wunder, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. 2003, p. 11.
  576. ^ "I'm an atheist and I certainly don't believe or care about Satan or Jesus". Stated in a radio interview on BBC 5, 29 Oct 2010.
  577. ^ The Film Programme, BBC Radio 4, November 4th, 2011: "When people say that they're not afraid of this or not afraid of that, to me that's very much like people saying I don't like opera, I don't like ballet, or I don't like the theatre. What I've learnt is that means they've never seen a good one, that's all it means. You know, I'm an atheist, but when I saw the Exorcist I was really frightened because of the skill of William Friedkin and what's called the suspension of disbelief".
  578. ^ "In these years Leslie was an unsuccessful candidate for the chairs of natural philosophy at the universities of St Andrews and Glasgow respectively. He failed at the former because he was then an extreme whig and an atheist who deplored the Erastianism of many of the Scottish clergy." Jack Morrell, 'Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832)' 24 Eylül 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  579. ^ John Logie Baird, Television Pioneer 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., R. W. Burns, 2000. IET, p. 10.
  580. ^ Lubenow, William C (1998). The Cambridge Apostles, 1820–1914. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-57213-4.
  581. ^ Skidelsky, Robert (1 January 1994). John Maynard Keynes: Volume 1: Hopes Betrayed 1883–1920. Penguin Books. p. 86. ISBN 014023554X. "He was never able to take religion seriously, regarding it as a strange aberration of the human mind."
  582. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: John Malkovich". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  583. ^ From a Humanist News interview in Autumn 2001: Interviewer: What is your attitude to religion now? JMS: Ever since reading (J. B. S. Haldane's book) Possible Worlds I have been an atheist, and a semi-conscious atheist before that. I think there are two views you can have about religion. You can be tolerant of it and say, I don't believe in this but I don't mind if other people do, or you can say, I not only don't believe in it but I think it is dangerous and damaging for other people to believe in it and they should be persuaded that they are mistaken. I fluctuate between the two. I am tolerant because religious institutions facilitate some very important work that would not get done otherwise, but then I look around and see what an incredible amount of damage religion is doing. [13] 13 Haziran 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  584. ^ "Responding to Richard Dawkins's pestering his fellow atheists to "come out", I mention that I am indeed an atheist. To count oneself as an atheist one need not claim to have a proof that no gods exist. One need merely think that the evidence on the god question is in about the same state as the evidence on the werewolf question." [14] 4 Ekim 2013 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  585. ^ Jackson J. Benson (1984). The true adventures of John Steinbeck, writer: a biography. Viking Press. p. 248. ISBN 9780670166855. "Ricketts did not convert his friend to a religious point of view — Steinbeck remained an agnostic and, essentially, a materialist — but Ricketts's religious acceptance did tend to work on his friend, ..."
  586. ^ "Biographile: 9 John Steinbeck Quotes for the Pure at Heart". 23 Eylül 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  587. ^ "enotes: John Steinbeck Biography". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  588. ^ John Ellis, D. Amati (2000). "Biographical notes on John Bell". Quantum Reflections (İngilizce). Cambridge University Press. s. xi. ISBN 9780521630085. Erişim tarihi: 28 Mayıs 2012. By now, he was also a 'Protestant Atheist', which he remained all his life. 
  589. ^ "(...) the only thing we have in common with those so designated is that we do not believe in God." John Stuart Mill, Auguste Comte. 'The Correspondence of John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte', Transaction Publishers, p. 320.
  590. ^ Henry R. West (2004). An Introduction to Mill's Utilitarian Ethics. Cambridge University Press. p. 22. ISBN 9780521535410. Mill had no religious instruction as a child, growing up an atheist.
  591. ^ Linda C. Raeder (2002). "Spirit of the Age". John Stuart Mill and the Religion of Humanity. University of Missouri Press. p. 65. ISBN 9780826263278. Comte welcomed the prospect of being attacked publicly for his irreligion, he said, as this would permit him to clarify the nonatheistic nature of his and Mill's “atheism”.
  592. ^ "Autobiografia de John Stuart Mill, 1873". 5 Haziran 2008 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  593. ^ {{|last=Sulston|first=John|başlık=Another 50 Renowned Academics Speaking About God|erişimtarihi=8 April 2012|alıntı=I believe atheism makes coherent sense.}}
  594. ^ Robert Dransfield, Don Dransfield (2003). Key Ideas in Economics. Nelson Thornes. p. 124. ISBN 9780748770816. He was brought up in a Hungary in which anti-Semitism was commonplace, but the family were not overly religious, and for most of his adult years von Neumann held agnostic beliefs.
  595. ^ William Poundstone (1993). Prisoner's Dilemma. Random House Digital, Inc. ISBN 9780385415804. Of this deathbed conversion, Morgenstern told Heims, "He was of course completely agnostic all his life, and then he suddenly turned Catholic—it doesn't agree with anything whatsoever in his attitude, outlook and thinking when he was healthy." The conversion did not give von Neumann much peace. Until the end he remained terrified of death, Strittmatter recalled.
  596. ^ Abraham Pais (2006). J. Robert Oppenheimer: A Life. Oxford University Press. p. 109. ISBN 9780195166736. He had been completely agnostic for as long as I had known him. As far as I could see this act did not agree with the attitudes and thoughts he had harbored for nearly all his life. On February 8, 1957, Johnny died in the Hospital, at age 53.
  597. ^ Paul Malmont (2011). [[The Astounding, the Amazing, and the Unknown]]: A Novel (İngilizce). Simon and Schuster. s. 34. ISBN 978-1-4391-6893-6. Erişim tarihi: 6 Mayıs 2012. For, even though John W. Campbell was an avowed atheist, when the most powerful ed at Street & Smith lost his temper, he put the fear of God into others.  URL–vikibağı karışıklığı (yardım)
  598. ^ "BRAHMS THE FREETHINKER". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  599. ^ "He continued, in high theological mode. Brahms was not about to put up with that sort of thing. He was a humanist and an agnostic, and his Requiem was going to express that, Reinthaler or no." Swafford, Jan, 2012, Johannes Brahms: A biography, Random House Digital, 2012, ISBN 9780307809896, p. 327.
  600. ^ Sams, Eric (2000). The Songs of Johannes Brahms. Yale University Press. p. 326. ISBN 9780300079623. But the thought of bright nearness brings back the face-to-face music of 'Von Angesicht zu Angesichte', which is as close as the agnostic Brahms ever came to a communion with deity. As the pious aria ends, the humanist moral returns.
  601. ^ Larry King Special: Johnny Depp - Larry King Live - Transmitido em 16 de outube de 2011 às 20:00 ET; CNN. Transcrição disponível no endereço eletrônico: http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1110/16/lkl.01.html 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. . Entrevista disponível na mais famosa videoteca da rede sob título: "Johnny Depp interview with Larry King". Excerto: "KING: Do you have faith? DEPP: I have faith in my kids. ... Faith in terms of religion, I don't -- religion is not my specialty, you know."
  602. ^ "On the liner notes of a 1992 single, "Cruel," he included, "Where is God? I see no evidence of God. God is probably Barry Manilow."" Warren Allen Smith, Celebrities in Hell, p. 74.
  603. ^ "Religions are technologies that are evolved over millennia to do this and many religions are very effective in doing this. I'm an atheist, I don't believe that gods actually exist, but I part company with the New Atheists because I believe that religion is an adaptation that generally works quite well to suppress selfishness, to create moral communities, to help people work together, trust each other and collaborate towards common ends." Jonathan Haidt, Interview with Jonathan Haidt 6 Aralık 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Vox Popoli November 19, 2007 (accessed April 14, 2008).
  604. ^ "Prominent Russians: Zhores Alferov". RT.com. 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 21 Nisan 2012. In public life the scientist is a strong supporter of communism, an atheist strongly objecting to advancement of religious education in Russia, and proponent of science and knowledge as the means to see a better future. 
  605. ^ "Zhores I. Alferov". NNDB.com. 24 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 21 Nisan 2012. 
  606. ^ Amado is described as an "ateu convicto", or "convinced atheist". Cynara Menezes (8 Ağustos 2001). "Velório de Jorge Amado foi discreto" (Portekizce). Folha de S. Paulo. 6 Haziran 2011 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 24 Kasım 2007. 
  607. ^ a b "Carta Capital: Não existem ateus na Bahia". 11 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  608. ^ "Borges, a Blind Writer With Insight". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  609. ^ "#BBCtrending: Wishing for someone else's president". 22 Kasım 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  610. ^ "Papa recebe José Mujica e diz que uruguaio é um 'homem sábio'". 24 Aralık 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  611. ^ "Ateu, presidente do Uruguai organiza missa pela saúde de Chávez". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  612. ^ "Deus não existe fora da cabeça das pessoas". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  613. ^ Vídeo "Saramago é questionado se a doença havia mudado a sua percepção de Deus; veja sabatina da Folha", disponível no YouTube.
  614. ^ Vídeo "Onde está Deus? - José Saramago", disponível no YouTube.
  615. ^ "Ator José Wilker (1947-2014) foi um ateu assumido". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  616. ^ "Fui educado por padres pedófilos". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  617. ^ "Joseph Campbell". 5 Eylül 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  618. ^ "Remembering a Master Mythologist". 12 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  619. ^ Did Joseph Campbell consider himself an atheist or an agnostic?
  620. ^ Joseph Mazzini Wheeler (1889). A biographical dictionary of freethinkers of all ages and nations. Progressive publishing company. s. 232. Erişim tarihi: 20 Mayıs 2013. Montgolfier (Michel Joseph), aeronaut. b. Aug. 1740. He was the first to ascend in an air balloon, 5 June 1783. A friend of Delambre and La Lalande, he was on the testimony of this last an atheist. Died 26 June 1810. 
  621. ^ Warren Allen Smith (2000). Who's who in hell: a handbook and international directory for humanists, freethinkers, naturalists, rationalists, and non-theists (İngilizce). Barricade Books. s. 762. ISBN 9781569801581. Erişim tarihi: 20 Mayıs 2013. Also that year, a Montgolfier balloon sailed over Paris in the first manned free balloon flight. Montgolfier served the Revolution with zeal and was much honored. Lalande, who knew him well, wrote that Montgolfier was an atheist. 
  622. ^ "In religious matters Lagrange was, if anything at all, agnostic." Eric Temple Bell, Men of Mathematics (1986).
  623. ^ a b "Lagrange and Laplace, though of Catholic parentage, were agnostics." Morris Kline, Mathematics and the Search for Knowledge (1986), página 214.
  624. ^ ""Deixem Jesus em paz", pede Juca Kfouri". 14 Mayıs 2010 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  625. ^ Mathew Philips. "Tragedy and Opportunity: The parents of slain journalist Danny Pearl have devoted their lives to improving Muslim-Jewish relations". 1 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 12 Temmuz 2013. I turned secular at the age of 11, by divine revelation. [Laughs.] I was standing on the roof of the house my father built, looking down on the street and suddenly it became very clear to me that there is no God. 
  626. ^ "'I don't believe in God,' says Australia's first female PM". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  627. ^ "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Julia Kristeva (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities 15 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  628. ^ "Philosopher and Atheist Julia Kristeva Addresses Assisi". 23 Eylül 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  629. ^ "Religion, atheism, and the crisis of meaning in Julia Kristeva's critique of modernity". 24 Eylül 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  630. ^ "'Mystic Atheism': Julia Kristeva's Negative Theology". 29 Ağustos 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  631. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  632. ^ "Despite his atheism Huxley could appreciate Teilhard de Chardin's vision of evolution, and like his grandfather T. H. Huxley he believed progress could be described in biological terms." Robert Olby, 'Huxley, Sir Julian Sorell (1887–1975)' 24 Ocak 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edition, May 2007 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  633. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Julianne Moore". 26 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  634. ^ "Although he became an atheist early in life and resented the strict upbringing of his parents’ religion, he identified with Jewish culture and joined several international fights against anti-Semitism." Craver, Carl F: "Axelrod, Julius", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 19 p. 122. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  635. ^ "In Europe, God Is (Not) Dead". 8 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  636. ^ "The Church Is Under Siege. But Habermas, the Atheist, Is Coming to its Defense". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  637. ^ "Jürgen Habermas, who as a prominent intellectual and theorist advocates a strict methodological atheism." Perez, Celestino Jr. (2008). Juergen Habermas and Pope John Paul II on Faith, Reason, and Politics in the Modern World 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. ProQuest, p. viii
  638. ^ "'Tis the season tho reveal what atheists really want". 10 Ocak 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  639. ^ "Kari Byron interview". 13 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  640. ^ "Postagem em seu Twitter oficial". 4 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  641. ^ The Humanism of Doctor Who: A Critical Study in Science Fiction and Philosophy 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., David Layton. McFarland, 2012, p. 333.
  642. ^ Anthropology, Volume 5 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Darshan Singh Maini. Mittal Publications, 2000, p. 256.
  643. ^ Karl Jaspers: Politics and Metaphysics 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Chris Thornhill. Routledge, 2013, p. 120.
  644. ^ Crítica da Filosofia do Direito de Hegel, 1843.
  645. ^ "Referring to himself as an agnostic and an advocate of critical realism, Popper gained an early reputation as the chief exponent of the principle of falsification rather than verification." Karl Popper: philosopher of critical realism, by Joe Barnhart, The Humanist magazine, July–August 1996.
  646. ^ Karl Popper - The Formative Years, 1902-1945: Politics and Philosophy in Interwar Vienna 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Malachi Haim Hacohen, Cambridge University Press, 2002, p. 421.
  647. ^ Returning to Karl Popper: A reassessment of his politics and philosophy 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Alexander Naraniecki, Rodopi, 2014, p. 17.
  648. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Katharine Hepburn". 4 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  649. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Keanu Reeves". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  650. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Keira Knightley". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  651. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Kevin Bacon". 19 Kasım 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  652. ^ "Freedom from Religion Foundation - Kevin Bacon". 7 Kasım 2018 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  653. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Kevin Kline". 10 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  654. ^ "His son Martin, who led the ceremony, said: "His relationship with the Christian God was not entirely frictionless. In 1962 (the Russian poet) Yevtushenko asked him 'Are you an atheist?'. He replied: 'Well, yes - but it's more that I hate Him'." " John Ezard, 'Secular send-off for an 'old devil' who did not wans too much fuss over his funeral', The Guardian (London), October 23, 1996, p. 8.
  655. ^ Rory Carroll (21 Haziran 2013). "Kip Thorne: physicist studying time travel tapped for Hollywood film". Guardian News and Media Limited. 12 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 30 Ekim 2014. Thorne grew up in an academic, Mormon family in Utah but is now an atheist. "There are large numbers of my finest colleagues who are quite devout and believe in God, ranging from an abstract humanist God to a very concrete Catholic or Mormon God. There is no fundamental incompatibility between science and religion. I happen to not believe in God." 
  656. ^ Jane Smiley (2010). The Man Who Invented the Computer: The Biography of John Atanasoff, Digital Pioneer (İngilizce). Random House Digital, Inc. ISBN 9780385527132. Erişim tarihi: 24 Mayıs 2012. Like Alan Turing, Zuse was educated in a system that focused on a child's emotional and philosophical life as well as his intellectual life, and at the end of school, like Turing, Zuse found himself to be something of an outsider—to the disappointment of his very conventional parents, he no longer believed in God or religion. 
  657. ^ Konrad Zuse (1993). The Computer, My Life (İngilizce). Springer. ss. 12-13. ISBN 978-3-540-56453-9. Erişim tarihi: 25 Nisan 2012. The only problem was that the progressive spirit at our school did not always correspond to my parents' ideas. This was particularly true for religious instruction, which now and again seemed even to us pupils to be rather too enlightened. After the 'Abitur' my parents wanted to go to communion with me; is was a terrible disappointment to them when I wouldn't go. They had lived under the illusion that I was a good student when it came to religion, too, which wasn't the case. ...I remember a poem presented by a student, which made a great impression on me. The essence of the poem read, "Basically, you are always alone." I have forgotten the name of the poet, but have often experienced the truth of these words in later life." 
  658. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Lance Armstrong". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  659. ^ "A reader who has suffered me so far will have realised how much of my mental energy had been hitherto absorbed in a fruitless search for an intellectually compelling rationale to rescue some fragments from the wreckage of my family faith. The mood of liberation I experienced when I finally discarded the last remnant of theism was no less exhilarating than that of Bunyan's Pilgrim when the burden of sin fell from his back. [...] In retrospect, the final steps seem as sudden as they were painless. [...] As I looked upward [at the night sky], I realised that the sole prospect was limitless expanse of unthreatening and impersonal emptiness — but for unapproachable galaxies — of a universe without purpose of punishment or reward for a lately arrived animal species, free to make or mar its own destiny without help or hindrance from above." Lancelot Hogben, Lancelot Hogben: Scientific Humanist: An Unauthorised Autobiography, edited by Adrian and Ann Hogben. Merlin Press, 1998.
  660. ^ "It is ridiculous to describe that Laozi had started the Dao religion. In fact Laozi is much more sympathetic to atheism than even Greek philosophers in general. To the most, like Buddha and philosophers of Enlightenment, Laoism is agnostic about God." Chen Lee Sun, Laozi's Daodejing-From the Chinese Hermeneutical and the Western Philosophical Perspectives: The English and Chinese Translations Based on Laozi's Original Daoism (2011), page 119.
  661. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Laozi". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  662. ^ Encyclopedia of Chinese Philosophy 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Antonio S. Cua, Routledge, 2013, p. 300.
  663. ^ Religion and Ecological Sustainability in China 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., James Miller, Dan Smyer Yu, Peter van der Veer. Routledge, 2014.
  664. ^ Ingrams, Richard (12 Ağustos 2001). "Larry Adler: brilliant musician, formidable campaigner". The Observer. 24 Ocak 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. I was among friends and family who packed a chapel at Golders Green crematorium on Friday to hear more than two hours of tributes to Larry Adler. In accordance with Larry's wishes - he was an inveterate atheist who refused to recognise the supernatural in any shape or form - there were no religious observances. 
  665. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  666. ^ Laurent Schwartz (2001). A Mathematician Grappling With His Century (İngilizce). Springer. s. 193. ISBN 9783764360528. Erişim tarihi: 15 Şubat 2013. My parents were atheists, I was an atheist, I never really felt Jewish. 
  667. ^ "Fora da Record, autor Lauro César Muniz quer fazer filme sobre José Dirceu". 8 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  668. ^ Vídeo "ATEISMO - LAURO CESAR MUNIZ - RELIGIAO TRAZ ELEMENTOS NOCIVOS PARA A HUMANIDADE", disponível no YouTube.
  669. ^ "...I had the opportunity to participate in several exciting panel discussions at the World Science Festival in New York City. But the most dramatic encounter took place at the panel strangely titled 'Science, Faith and Religion.'... I ended up being one of two panelists labeled 'atheists.'..." God and Science Don't Mix: A scientist can be a believer. But professionally, at least, he can't act like one. 16 Eylül 2013 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Lawrence M. Krauss, The Wall Street Journal, page A15, 26 June 2009 (retrieved 22 May 2010). On the 21 June 2012 Colbert Report, the author of A Universe from Nothing: Why There is Something Rather than Nothing told Colbert: "There is no evidence for any deity.... You don't need him.... There's no need for God." The evolutions of the universe occur "without any supernatural shenanigans."
  670. ^ "Konder foi um ateu que via a religião com benevolência". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  671. ^ "Another aspect of this is that a scientific cosmology can contain no residue of the idea that the world was constructed by some being who is not a part of it. As the creatures who makes things, it is our most natural impulse to ask: When we come upon something beautifully or intricately structured, who made it? We must learn to give up this impulse if we are to do scientific cosmology. As there can, by definition, be nothing outside the universe, a scientific cosmology must be based on a conception that the universe made itself." Lee Smolin, What is the Future of Cosmology? 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., pbs.org.
  672. ^ William Lanouette, Bela A. Silard (1992). Genius in the shadows: a biography of Leo Szilard : the man behind the bomb. C. Scribner's Sons. p. 167. ISBN 9780684190112. "He is what he seems to be: an idealist devoted to the task. As his consciousness, however, is materialistic, leaning to experimenting, and agnostic, he fails to understand himself, same as the world..."
  673. ^ "Festinger, a professed atheist, was an original thinker and a restless, highly motivated individual with (in his words) "little tolerance for boredom". " Franz Samelson: "Festinger, Leon", American National Biography Online, Feb. 2000 (accessed April 28, 2008) [15] 20 Ağustos 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi..
  674. ^ Babu Gogineni (10 Temmuz 2012). "It's the Atheist Particle, actually". Postnoon News. 26 Aralık 2018 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 10 Temmuz 2012. Leon Lederman is himself an atheist and he regrets the term, and Peter Higgs who is an atheist too, has expressed his displeasure, but the damage has been done! 
  675. ^ In a review of Susskind's book The Cosmic Landscape: String Theory and the Illusion of Intelligent Design, Michael Duff writes that Susskind is "a card-carrying atheist." Life in a landscape of possibilities 6 Aralık 2005 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., December 2005. Retrieved May 30, 2007.
  676. ^ S. P. Rosenbaum, 'Woolf, Leonard Sidney (1880–1969)' 24 Eylül 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 (acesso em 13 de agosto de 2015).
  677. ^ "Mša glagolskaja". Acesso em 19/04/12. "During his adult life Janáček was an atheist and distanced himself from the church. Nevertheless religion features frequently in his work, not always in a positive light; as an emotional crutch (in the despairing pleas of the characters in Jenůfa or Kát’a Kabanová) or in a more humorous light (the alcoholic, lustful Priest in The Cunning Little Vixen). The composer once described organised religion as 'concentrated death[']."
  678. ^ Chisholm, Erik (2014). The operas of Leos Janacek: The Commonwealth and International Library: Music Division 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Elsevier, p. 51. "Janáček (...) was a militant atheist to the day of his death."
  679. ^ The Telegraph: Ivan Hewett’s Classic 50 No 49: Janáček – The Barn Owl Has Not Yet Flown 10 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  680. ^ Bachtrack: Slavonic, dramatic, overwhelming - Janáček's Glagolitic Mass at the Royal Festival Hall 6 Nisan 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  681. ^ British Choirs on the net: Glagolitic Mass - Leos Janáček (1854 - 1928) 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  682. ^ Atheism in France, 1650-1729, Volume I: The Orthodox Sources of Disbelief 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Alan Charles Kors, Princeton University Press, 2014.
  683. ^ Henry F. Schaefer (2003). Science and Christianity: Conflict Or Coherence? (İngilizce). The Apollos Trust. s. 9. ISBN 9780974297507. Erişim tarihi: 11 Ağustos 2012. I present here two examples of notable atheists. The first is Lev Landau, the most brilliant Soviet physicist of the twentieth century. 
  684. ^ "Listed as an atheist in NNDB.com." Lev Landau 2 Mart 2019 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., NNDB.com
  685. ^ "Morrerei um revolucionário proletário, um marxista, um materialista dialético e, consequentemente, um ateu irreconciliável." - Trotsky em seu testamento, 27 de fevereiro de 1940.
  686. ^ "I grew up in a Jewish family but I gave it all up at 16 when I prayed to God for something I really wanted and it didn't happen. I have been an atheist ever since. I believe in proof and I know of no evidence for the existence of God, but I am in no way hostile to religion provided it does not interfere in the lives of others or come into conflict with science." Easter special: I believe... 4 Haziran 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Independent on Sunday, April 16, 2006 (accessed April 18, 2008).
  687. ^ "Passionate and enthusiastic, Lily was converted to atheism, pacifism, and feminism by Georg von Gizycki, whom she married in 1893." 'Braun, Lily', Encyclopædia Britannica Online (accessed August 1, 2008).
  688. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  689. ^ a b "... I [Pauling] am not, however, militant in my atheism. The great English theoretical physicist Paul Dirac is a militant atheist. I suppose he is interested in arguing about the existence of God. I am not. It was once quipped that there is no God and Dirac is his prophet." Linus Pauling & Daisaku Ikeda (1992). A Lifeling Quest for Peace: A Dialogue. Jones & Bartlett. s. page 22. ISBN 0-86720-277-7. 
  690. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  691. ^ Ramesh Chopra (2005). Academic Dictionary Of Philosophy (İngilizce). Gyan Books. s. 143. ISBN 9788182052246. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mayıs 2012. Renowned French chemist. He was one of the greatest chemists in Europe at the time. He made innumerable discoveries in the science, and even the restored royalty made him a Peer of France, although he worked politically with the anti-clericals. He was closely associated with Arago and shared his atheism. 
  692. ^ Lubos Motl, http://motls.blogspot.com/2006/09/oriana-fallaci-force-of-reason.html 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  693. ^ The Mind of the Master Class: History and Faith in the Southern Slaveholders' Worldview, Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Eugene D. Genovese, Cambridge University Press, 2005, p. 774.
  694. ^ Norman Malcolm, G. H. Von Wright (2001). Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Memoir. Oxford University Press. pp. 59–60. ISBN 9780199247592. "I believe that Wittgenstein was prepared by his own character and experience to comprehend the idea of a judging and redeeming God. But any cosmological conception of a Deity, derived from the notions of cause or of infinity, would be repugnant to him. He was impatient with 'proofs' of the existence of God, and with attempts to give religion a rational foundation. ...I do not wish to give the impression that Wittgenstein accepted any religious faith — he certainly did not — or that he was a religious person. But I think that there was in him, in some sense, the possibility of religion. I believe that he looked on religion as a 'form of life' (to use an expression from the Investigations) in which he did not participate, but with which he was sympathetic and which greatly interested him. Those who did participate he respected — although here as elsewhere he had contempt for insincerity. I suspect that he regarded religious belief as based on qualities of character and will that he himself did not possess. Of Smythies and Anscombe, both of whom had become Roman Catholics, he once said to me: 'I could not possibly bring myself to believe all the things that they believe.' I think that in this remark he was not disparaging their belief. It was rather an observation about his own capacity."
  695. ^ William Child (2011). Wittgenstein. Taylor & Francis. p. 218. ISBN 9781136731372. "Was Wittgenstein religious? If we call him an agnostic, this must not be understood in the sense of the familiar polemical agnosticism that concentrates, and prides itself, on the argument that man could never know about these matters. The idea of a God in the sense of the Bible, the image of God as the creator of the world, hardly ever engaged Wittgenstein's attention. . ., but the notion of a last judgement was of profound concern to him."
  696. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Luis Buñuel". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  697. ^ "Luis Fernando Verissimo, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  698. ^ "Zuenir Ventura, Verissimo e Ziraldo inspiram musical sobre a velhice". 29 Ocak 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  699. ^ Conrad F. Goeringer (Haziran 2000). "The Murray O'Hair Family". American Atheists. 4 Şubat 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 13 Aralık 2006. 
  700. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  701. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  702. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". 11 Şubat 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  703. ^ Cabanne: "Do you believe in God?" Duchamp: "No, not at all." - Pierre Cabanne, Dialogues with Marcel Duchamp (1987), página 106.
  704. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Marcel Proust". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  705. ^ Robert K. Wilcox (2010). The Truth About the Shroud of Turin: Solving the Mystery (İngilizce). Regnery Gateway. s. 23. ISBN 9781596986008. Erişim tarihi: 1 Temmuz 2012. In 1902, Marcellin P. Berthelot, often called the founder of modern organic chemistry, was one of France's most celebrated scientists—if not the world's. He was permanent secretary of the French Academy, having succeeded the giant Louis Pasteur, the renowned microbiologist. Unlike Delage, an agnostic, Berthelot was an atheist—and militantly so. 
  706. ^ Thomas de Wesselow (2012). The Sign: The Shroud of Turin and the Secret of the Resurrection (İngilizce). Penguin. ISBN 9781101588550. Erişim tarihi: 1 Temmuz 2012. Although Delage made it clear that he did not regard Jesus as the resurrected Son of God, his paper upset the atheist members of the Academy, including its secretary, Marcellin Berthelot, who prevented its full publication in the Academy's bulletin. 
  707. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". 13 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  708. ^ Vídeo "O que é a vida para um ateu?", disponível no YouTube.
  709. ^ ""Eu não sei para que serve a Comissão da Verdade"". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  710. ^ "It was nice to be honoured but I like ‘Mark’ not ‘Sir Mark’. When one’s young, one’s brash and all-knowing; when one’s old, one realises how little one knows. You asked me earlier if I believed in God and the hereafter. I would tend to say no but when one dies one could well be surprised." Mark Oliphant from an interview in 1996., Sir Mark Oliphant - Reluctant Builder of the Atom Bomb 2 Aralık 2013 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi..
  711. ^ Haught, James A. (1996). 2,000 Years of Disbelief: Famous People with the Courage to Doubt (İngilizce). Prometheus Books. ss. 261-262. ISBN 1-57392-067-3. 
  712. ^ "Margaret Sanger (2000)". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  713. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Marie Curie". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  714. ^ "Unusually at such an early age, she became what T.H. Huxley had just invented a word for: agnostic." Robert William Reid (1974). Marie Curie 11 Haziran 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. New American Library, pg. 6
  715. ^ Sobre Mário Lago (O GLOBO) 5 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. "Como Mário Lago era ateu, o crucifixo que ornava o saguão foi retirado."
  716. ^ "UFCG: Biografia de Mario Lago". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  717. ^ "William Dean Howells and Mark Twain had much in common. They were agnostic but compassionate of the plight of man in an indifferent world..." Darrel Abel (2002), Classic Authors of the Gilded Age, iUniverse, ISBN 0-595-23497-6
  718. ^ "At the most, Mark Twain was a mild agnostic, usually he seems to have been an amused Deist. Yet, at this late date his own daughter has refused to allow his comments on religion to be published." Kenneth Rexroth, "Humor in a Tough Age;" 24 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. The Nation, 7 March 1959.
  719. ^ "Just How Much Do We Want to Share On Social Networks?". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  720. ^ Alef, Daniel. Mark Zuckerberg: The Face Behind Facebook and Social Networking, Titans of Fortune Publishing (2010)
  721. ^ Kirkpatrick, David (2010). The Facebook Effect: The Inside Story of the Company That Is Connecting the World. New York City: Simon & Schuster. pp. 20–21. ISBN 978-1-4391-0211-4.
  722. ^ Boggan, Steve (May 21, 2010). "The Billionaire Facebook Founder making a fortune from your secrets (though you probably don't know he's doing it)". Daily Mail (UK). Archived from the original on July 24, 2012.
  723. ^ I was Rosenbluth's last student, and collaborated with him on numerous research projects during and after my graduation. Near the end of his life, we more frequently discussed personal and political issues. On more than one occasion, he freely admitted to me that he was an atheist. Statement by J. Candy, 22 January 2009.
  724. ^ Rod Dreher (20 Nisan 2011). "Martin J. Rees Wins 2011 Templeton Prize". Templeton Report. 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 4 Ağustos 2013. As it turns out, Lord Rees is an atheist, though one who said in a recent interview that he is “not allergic to religion,” and that he enjoys participating in aesthetic and cultural activities of the Anglican church, in which he was raised. 
  725. ^ Leon M. Lederman, Judith A. Scheppler (2001). "Marvin Minsky: Mind Maker". Portraits of Great American Scientists (İngilizce). Prometheus Books. s. 74. ISBN 9781573929325. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2013. Another area where he "goes against the flow" is in his spiritual beliefs. As far as religion is concerned, he's a confirmed atheist. "I think it [religion] is a contagious mental disease. . . . The brain has a need to believe it knows a reason for things. 
  726. ^ "When we reflect on anything for long enough, we're likely to end up with what we sometimes call "basic" questions -- ones we can see no way at all to answer. For we have no perfect way to answer even this question: How can one tell when a question has been properly answered? What caused the universe, and why? What is the purpose of life? How can you tell which beliefs are true? How can you tell what is good? These questions seem different on the surface, but all of them share one quality that makes them impossible to answer: all of them are circular! You can never find a final cause, since you must always ask one question more: "What caused that cause?" You can never find any ultimate goal, since you're always obliged to ask, "Then what purpose does that serve?" Whenever you find out why something is good-or is true-you still have to ask what makes that reason good and true. No matter what you discover, at every step, these kinds of questions will always remain, because you have to challenge every answer with, "Why should I accept that answer?" Such circularities can only waste our time by forcing us to repeat, over and over and over again, "What good is Good?" and, "What god made God?" " Marvin Minsky. The Society of Mind.
  727. ^ Helen M. Buss, D. L. Macdonald, Anne McWhir (2001). Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Shelley: Writing Lives. Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press. p. 141. ISBN 9780889209435. Its implicit antagonist-reader and protagonist-editor are his Roman Catholic wife Mary Jane, and his troubled agnostic daughter, Mary Shelley:...
  728. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  729. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  730. ^ Lyz (22 Şubat 2010). "Matt Dillahunty". Secular Student Alliance. 18 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 3 Şubat 2012. 
  731. ^ He is also the founder and contributor of the counter-apologetics encyclopedia Iron Chariots and its subsidiary sites.Iron Chariots 29 Ocak 2021 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. - the counter-apologetics wiki.
  732. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Matt Groening". 23 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  733. ^ "Faith in God Is a Virulent Infection, Columnist Claims". 12 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  734. ^ "Anglicans and atheists, unite against intolerance". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  735. ^ "ATHEISTS AND ANGLICANS COULD UNITE AGAINST INTOLERANCE". 15 Eylül 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  736. ^ "Trey Parker and Matt Stone Talk About Why The Book of Mormon Isn't Actually Offensive, and the Future of South Park". 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  737. ^ Programa Nightline, ABC News, 25 de março de 2011: "I am an atheist, I live my life like I'm an atheist."
  738. ^ "Maurice Ravel: Religion". 5 Ocak 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  739. ^ "Plínio… presente!". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  740. ^ "...I'm an atheist..." Enough blasting Dennett and Dawkins, all right? 6 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., from Rationally Speaking, the blog of Massimo Pigliucci, October 30, 2006 (Accessed 15 Nisan 2008)
  741. ^ "Dr Perutz, said: "It is one thing for scientists to oppose creationism which is demonstrably false but quite another to make pronouncements which offend people's religious faith -- that is a form of tactlessness which merely brings science into disrepute. My view of religion and ethics is simple: even if we do not believe in God, we should try to live as though we did."" Kam Patel, Perutz rubbishes Popper and Kuhn 29 Ağustos 2012 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., 25 November 1994.
  742. ^ "Revista Tpm, Abril de 2009, p. 121". 19 Kasım 2018 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  743. ^ "Michael Palin on Christmas, religion and how to get rid of unwanted guests…". 7 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  744. ^ Why I am an atheist 28 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Visitado em 26/07/2015.
  745. ^ Smith, Michael. Michael Smith: Autobiography 1 Ağustos 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Nobel Prize.org. Retrieved February 3, 2007.
  746. ^ "If I were not a total atheist, I would be a monk...a good monk." David Macey (2004). Michel Foucault 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Reaktion Books, p. 130.
  747. ^ "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Michel Foucault (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities 15 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  748. ^ "Foucault was an acknowledged atheist." Michel Foucault, Jeremy Carrette (2013). Religion and Culture 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Routledge, pg. 15
  749. ^ TASSONE, Aldo, I film di Michelangelo Antonioni, p. 43.
  750. ^ Bergman, Antonioni and the Religiously Inclined
  751. ^ "Freedom from Religion Foundation". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  752. ^ a b "Is there a God?". 31 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  753. ^ "NNDB: Micky Dolenz". 11 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  754. ^ "Papo cabeça: A humanidade é dominada por três esquizofrênicos que ouviam vozes, olhavam para o céu e achavam que alguém estava falando com eles, afirma um dos maiores nomes da neurociência contemporânea". 31 Aralık 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  755. ^ "Miguel Nicolelis, ateu famoso". 1 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  756. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  757. ^ "Gorbachev a closet Christian?". 11 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 11 Mayıs 2008. 
  758. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  759. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Milton Friedman". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  760. ^ Asman, David (November 16, 2006). "'Your World' Interview With Economist Milton Friedman" 8 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Fox News. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
  761. ^ "Milton Santos chega aos Céus". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  762. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  763. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  764. ^ "Morgan Freeman on God, Satan, and How the Human Race Has 'Become A Parasite'". 29 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  765. ^ Düzel, Neşe (6 Şubat 2012). "Taha Akyol: Atatürk yargı bağımsızlığını reddediyor". taraf. 20 Mayıs 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 20 Mayıs 2014. 
  766. ^ "Din konusunda aydınlar üçkağıtçı". 16 Aralık 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 25 Mayıs 2014. 
  767. ^ Reşat Kasaba, "Atatürk", The Cambridge history of Turkey: Volume 4: Turkey in the Modern World, Cambridge University Press, 2008; 978-0-521-62096-3 p. 163. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  768. ^ Political Islam in Turkey by Gareth Jenkins, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, p. 84; 0230612458
  769. ^ Atheism, Brief Insights Series by Julian Baggini, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 2009; 1402768826, p. 106.
  770. ^ Islamism: A Documentary and Reference Guide, John Calvert John, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008; 0313338566, p. 19.
  771. ^ ...Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of the secular Turkish Republic. He said: "I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea..." The Antipodean Philosopher: Interviews on Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand, Graham Oppy, Lexington Books, 2011, 0739167936, p. 146.
  772. ^ Phil Zuckerman, John R. Shook, The Oxford Handbook of Secularism, Oxford University Press, 2017, 0199988455, p. 167.
  773. ^ Tariq Ramadan, Islam and the Arab Awakening, Oxford University Press, 2012, 0199933731, p. 76.
  774. ^ "Nando Reis, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  775. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Neil deGrasse Tyson". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  776. ^ Vídeo "Neil deGrasse Tyson: Atheist or Agnostic?", disponível no YouTube.
  777. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  778. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Niels Bohr". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  779. ^ Şablon:Citar livro
  780. ^ "Tesla insisted until his death that he was materialistic, rationalistic, and agnostic". Tuning in to nature: solar energy, infrared radiation, and the insect communication system 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Philip S. Callahan, Devin-Adair Co., 1975, p. 32.
  781. ^ "When he was a youth and his mind was in its most plastic and formative stage, he adopted, as we have seen, the then prevalent agnostic and materialistic view of life". Prodigal Genius: The Life of Nikola Tesla 3 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. John J. O'Neill, Cosimo, Inc., 2007, p. 314.
  782. ^ "It might as well be said that God has properties. He has not, but only attributes and these are of our own making." Nikola Tesla (September 11, 1932). Lawrence R. Spencer. ed. Alien Interview. New York Herald Tribune. p. 303. ISBN 9780615204604.
  783. ^ Deirdre Barrett (2010). Supernormal Stimuli: How Primal Urges Overran Their Evolutionary Purpose (İngilizce). W. W. Norton & Company. ss. 21-22. ISBN 978-0-393-06848-1. Erişim tarihi: 25 Nisan 2012. Tinbergen had never been a religious man. Wartime atrocities, however, had highlighted the absence of a deity for him while both sides invoked one aligned with themselves, and this turned him into a militant atheist. 
  784. ^ Venjamin Fedorovič Kagan (1957). N. Lobachevsky and His Contribution to Science. Foreign Languages Publishing House. s. 29. 
  785. ^ Bardi, Jason (2008). The Fifth Postulate: How Unraveling a Two Thousand Year Old Mystery Unraveled the Universe (İngilizce). John Wiley & Sons. s. 186. ISBN 978-0-470-46736-7. 
  786. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  787. ^ Abraham, Gerald, "Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay Andreyevich". In The New Grove Russian Masters 2 (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1986). ISBN 0-393-30103-6. Página 27.
  788. ^ Abraham, Gerald, Studies in Russian Music (London: William Reeves/The New Temple Press, 1936). Página 288.
  789. ^ Morrison, Simon, Russian Opera and the Symbolist Movement (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2002). ISBN 0-520-22943-6. Páginas 116–117 e 168–169.
  790. ^ Peter Pringle (2008). The Murder of Nikolai Vavilov: The Story of Stalin's Persecution of One of the Great Scientists of the Twentieth Century. Simon and Schuster. s. 137. ISBN 978-0-7432-6498-3. Despite his strict upbringing in the Orthodox Church, Vavilov had been an atheist from an early age. If he worshipped anything, it was science. 
  791. ^ James F. Lea (1979). Kazantzakis: the politics of salvation. University of Alabama Press. p. 180. ISBN 9780817370022. H. Kazantzakis, Nikos Kazantzakis, p. 433, relates how their marriage ceremony was moving "even for atheists like ourselves."
  792. ^ "Wise Geek: Who is Nikos Kazantzakis?". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  793. ^ Vídeo "Nilton Santos fala sobre religião", disponível no YouTube.
  794. ^ "Remarks on Religion: Noam Chomsky interviewed by various interviewers". 23 Eylül 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  795. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Noam Chomsky". 19 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  796. ^ "During sixty years from 1937 he also wrote over forty articles on the origins, distribution, and nature of life, taking the stance of a 'dogmatic atheist'." David F. Smith, 24 Ocak 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde [https://web.archive.org/web/20160124024704/http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/65890 arşivlendi. 'Pirie, Norman Wingate [Bill] (1907–1997)'], Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edition, October 2005 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  797. ^ "Uma memória silenciada: Idéias, lutas e desilusões na vida do revolucionário Octavio Brandão" (PDF). 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından (PDF) arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  798. ^ "All of which makes the Wingate Prize a matter of bemusement. "Yes, tell me," he says, frowning. "What is it, and why are they giving it to an old Jewish atheist who has unkind things to say about Zionism?" " Oliver Burkeman interviewing Sacks, 'Inside Story: Sacks appeal', The Guardian, May 10, 2002, Features Pages, Pg. 4.
  799. ^ Terrail, Patrick, A Taste of Hollywood: The Story of Ma Maison. New York: Lebhar-Friedman Books, 1999, p. 104-105. ISBN 9780867307672
  800. ^ Whaley, Barton, Orson Welles: The Man Who Was Magic. Lybrary.com, 2005, p. 12. ASIN B005HEHQ7E
  801. ^ "Velório de Niemeyer teve hino comunista e menções ao ateísmo". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  802. ^ "Ateu e com medo de avião, voou e teve missa". 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  803. ^ Carol Parikh (2008). The Unreal Life of Oscar Zariski (İngilizce). Springer. s. 5. ISBN 9780387094298. Erişim tarihi: 16 Ekim 2012. And yet it did, even though since moving into the boarding house he had become an atheist and most of his friends, including his best friend, were Russians. 
  804. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Pablo Neruda". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  805. ^ "...so the atheist Picasso no doubt delighted in reinventing its use for the secular Communist cause of 'Peace'." Neil Cox, The Picasso Book (2010), página 124.
  806. ^ "Despite insisting that he was an atheist, Picasso would never be able to disown his faith" John Richardson, A Life of Picasso: The Triumphant Years, 1917-1932, Volume 3, página 395.
  807. ^ "The grandson of a vicar on his father’s side, Blackett respected religious observances that were established social customs, but described himself as agnostic or atheist." Mary Jo Nye: "Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 19 p. 293. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  808. ^ "Dr. Paul Bert, the atheist Minister of Public Instruction, in M. Gambetta's Cabinet, made the next greatest sensation of the Congress." The Phrenological journal and science of health: incorporated with the Phrenological magazine, Volume 76, page 42.
  809. ^ "Paul Bettany: Playing Darwin with Creation". 16 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  810. ^ "Paul Broca (1824-80)". sciencemuseum.org.uk. 4 Ekim 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 12 Nisan 2012. He was a left-wing atheist who argued against African enslavement. 
  811. ^ Boyer, Paul. "A Path to Atheism". Freedom From Religion Foundation. Retrieved February 3, 2007.
  812. ^ Werner Heisenberg recollects a friendly conversation among young participants at the 1927 Solvay Conference about Einstein's and Planck's views on religion. Wolfgang Pauli, Heisenberg and Dirac took part in it. Among other things, Dirac said: "I cannot understand why we idle discussing religion. If we are honest — and as scientists honesty is our precise duty — we cannot help but admit that any religion is a pack of false statements, deprived of any real foundation. The very idea of God is a product of human imagination.[...] I do not recognize any religious myth, at least because they contradict one another.[...]" Pauli jokingly said: "Well, I'd say that also our friend Dirac has got a religion and the first commandment of this religion is: God does not exist and Paul Dirac is his prophet." Physics and Beyond: Encounters and Conversations. New York: Harper & Row. 1972. ISBN 0-06-131622-9. 
  813. ^ Helge Kragh (1990). Dirac: A Scientific Biography (İngilizce). Cambridge University Press. ss. 256-257. ISBN 9780521380898. Erişim tarihi: 15 Mart 2013. 
  814. ^ Sara Lippincott (30 Ağustos 2009). "The Strangest Man: The Hidden Life of Paul Dirac, Mystic of the Atom' by Graham Farmelo". Los Angeles Times. 24 Ocak 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 9 Haziran 2012. Dirac was contemptuous of philosophy and, as many scientists do, professed atheism. But it was a narrow sort, mainly dismissive of religious orthodoxy. In notes he wrote in 1933, he embraces another creed: "[T]his article of faith is that the human race will continue to live for ever and will develop and progress without limit . . . Living is worthwhile if one can contribute in some small way to this endless chain of progress." 
  815. ^ Helen Brown (23 Ocak 2009). "The Strangest Man: the Hidden Life of Paul Dirac by Graham Farmelo". The Telegraph. 26 Haziran 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 9 Haziran 2012. Dirac’s story ends with a whimper. As a young man he had joked that physicists were all washed up by 30 and as he aged his powers waned. The Cambridge physics department took away his parking space and an outraged Manci insisted he take up a fellowship at Florida State University. He died in 1984, aged 82. An atheist, he was buried under a gravestone chosen by Manci. It read “because God said it should be so”. 
  816. ^ H. B. G. Casimir (2010). Haphazard Reality: Half a Century of Science (İngilizce). Amsterdam University Press. s. 151. ISBN 9789089642004. Erişim tarihi: 9 Haziran 2012. Kramers was certainly not a dogmatic atheist like, for instance, Dirac in his younger years, whose attitude was summed up by Pauli in one famous sentence: "Our friend Dirac has a religion; and the main tenet of that religion is: 'There is no God and Dirac was his prophet. 
  817. ^ Ronald Clark (2011). Einstein: The Life and Times (İngilizce). Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781448202706. Erişim tarihi: 5 Ağustos 2012. That Einstein's attitude was the result more of muddle than agnostic scruple seems clear from a letter which he wrote less than two years later when Paul Ehrenfest ruled himself out from becoming Einstein's successor by roundly declaring himself an atheist. 
  818. ^ Thomas Levenson (2004). Einstein in Berlin (İngilizce). Random House of Canada. s. 172. ISBN 9780553378443. Erişim tarihi: 11 Ağustos 2012. The man he had hoped would succeed him in Prague, Paul Ehrenfest, refiased to compromise his true atheist's principles. Einstein scolded him. "Your refusal to acknowledge a religious affiliation" was just this side of "willful stupidity," he assured him, with the benefit of recent experience. Once he became a professor Ehrenfest could revert to unbelief. 
  819. ^ Colm Mulcahy (26 Mart 2013). "Centenary of Mathematician Paul Erdős -- Source of Bacon Number Concept". Huffington Post. 5 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 13 Nisan 2013. In his own words, "I'm not qualified to say whether or not God exists. I kind of doubt He does. Nevertheless, I'm always saying that the SF has this transfinite Book that contains the best proofs of all mathematical theorems, proofs that are elegant and perfect...You don't have to believe in God, but you should believe in the Book." (SF was his tongue- in-cheek reference to God as "the Supreme Fascist"). 
  820. ^ Jack Huberman (2008). Quotable Atheist: Ammunition for Nonbelievers, Political Junkies, Gadflies, and Those Generally Hell-Bound (İngilizce). Nation Books. s. 107. ISBN 9781568584195. Erişim tarihi: 13 Nisan 2013. I kind of doubt He [exists]. Nevertheless, I'm always saying that the SF [Supreme Fascist]-Erdos's customary name for G-d has this transfinite Book ... that contains the best proofs of all theorems, proofs that are elegant and perfect.... You don't have to believe in God, but you should believe in the Book. 
  821. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Paul Giamatti". 28 Ocak 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  822. ^ "Skepitc's Dictionary: Paul Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach". 27 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  823. ^ "Baron d'Holbach - British Humanist Association". 10 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  824. ^ "Paul-Henri Thiry (Baron) d'Holbach - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy". 11 Eylül 2018 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  825. ^ "It's not that these atheists [Julia Sweeney, Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Paul Boyer, Paul Kurtz] expect to rid America of religion." The New Atheists 10 Kasım 2010 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Betty Rollin (reporting), Bob Abernethy (anchor), Religion and Ethics Newsweekly (pbs.org), January 5, 2007 Episode no. 1019, (Accessed April 14, 2008)
  826. ^ "Paul MacCready, the inventor, defines it thus: "A secular humanist does not believe in God, and doesn't steal."" Paul Kurtz, Is Secular Humanism a Religion? 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi..
  827. ^ "I gradually slipped away from religion over several years and became an atheist or to be more philosophically correct, a sceptical agnostic." Nurse's autobiography at Nobelprize.org 21 Ağustos 2010 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  828. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  829. ^ "Paulo César Pereio, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  830. ^ "Vídeo da série "2 CHOPES COM"". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  831. ^ "Paulo Francis, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  832. ^ Vídeo "Por que sou ateu?", disponível no YouTube.
  833. ^ Vídeo "PEDRO BIAL SE DECLARA SER UM ATEU COVARDE", disponível no YouTube.
  834. ^ Steigerwald, Bill (24 Mayıs 2003). "Dear graduates: Work for freedom". Pittsburgh Tribune Review. 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 27 Mart 2007. 
  835. ^ His cars' license plates read "atheist", "nogod", and "godless".Wang, K.S. (1 Haziran 2009). "Celebrity Drive: Penn Jillette, Magician, Comedian, Host, Author". Motor Trend. 29 Haziran 2011 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 1 Temmuz 2009. 
  836. ^ a b Şablon:Citar web
  837. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Percy Bysshe Shelley". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  838. ^ "NNDB: Percy Bysshe Shelley". 7 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  839. ^ "Percy Williams Bridgman". NNDB.com. 23 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 24 Nisan 2012. He was raised in the Congregational Church, but faith in God clashed with his well-known analytical nature and he told his family as a young man that he could not in good conscience become a church member. 
  840. ^ Maila L. Walter (1990). Science and Cultural Crisis: An Intellectual Biography of Percy Williams Bridgman (1882-1961) (İngilizce). Stanford University Press. ss. 14-15. ISBN 978-0-8047-1796-0. Erişim tarihi: 24 Nisan 2012. Raymond Bridgman was extremely disappointed with his son's rejection of his religious views. Near the end of his life, however, he offered a conciliatory interpretation that allowed him to accept Percy's commitment to honesty and integrity as a moral equivalent to religion. 
  841. ^ Ray Monk (2013). Robert Oppenheimer: A Life Inside the Center (İngilizce). Random House LLC. ISBN 9780385504133. In many ways they were opposites; Kemble, the theorist, was a devout Christian, while Bridgman, the experimentalist, was a strident atheist. 
  842. ^ "... I believe that a reasonable case can be made for saying, not that we believe in God because He exists but rather that He exists because we believe in Him. [...] Considered as an element of the world, God has the same degree and kind of objective reality as do other products of mind. [...] I regret my disbelief in God and religious answers generally, for I believe it would give satisfaction and comfort to many in need of it if it possible to discover and propound good scientific and philosophic reasons to believe in God. [...] To abdicate from the rule of reason and substitute for it an authentication of belief by the intentness and degree of conviction with which we hold it can be perilous and destructive. [...] I am a rationalist—something of a period piece nowadays, I admit [...]" Peter Medawar, 'The Question of the Existence of God' in his book The Limits of Science (Harper and Row 1984).
  843. ^ "Celebrity Atheists: Peter Fonda". 10 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  844. ^ "Officially, the particle is called the Higgs boson, but its elusive nature and fundamental role in the creation of the universe led a prominent scientist to rename it the God particle. The name has stuck, but makes Higgs wince and raises the hackles of other theorists. "I wish he hadn't done it," he says. "I have to explain to people it was a joke. I'm an atheist, but I have an uneasy feeling that playing around with names like that could be unnecessarily offensive to people who are religious." Ian Sample, 'The God of Small Things', The Guardian, November 17, 2007, Weekend pages, Pg. 44.
  845. ^ Nobel Biography [16] 26 Aralık 2018 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi..
  846. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  847. ^ When asked by Rod Liddle in the documentary The Trouble with Atheism "Give me your views on the existence, or otherwise, of God", Peter Atkins replied "Well it's fairly straightforward: there isn't one. And there's no evidence for one, no reason to believe that there is one, and so I don't believe that there is one. And I think that it is rather foolish that people do think that there is one.""The Trouble with Atheism, UK Channel 4 TV". 2006-12-18.  Eksik ya da boş |seri= (yardım)
  848. ^ Philip W. Anderson (2011). "Imaginary Friend, Who Art in Heaven". More and Different: Notes from a Thoughtful Curmudgeon (İngilizce). World Scientific. s. 177. ISBN 9789814350129. Erişim tarihi: 11 Eylül 2012. We atheists can, as he does, argue that, with the modern revolution in attitudes toward homosexuals, we have become the only group that may not reveal itself in normal social discourse. 
  849. ^ "PIER PAOLO PASOLINI--THE ATHEIST WHO WAS OBSESSED WITH GOD". 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  850. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  851. ^ Joan Peyser (1976). Boulez: Composer, Conductor, Enigma (İngilizce). Schirmer Books. s. 7. ISBN 9780028717005. Erişim tarihi: 3 Mayıs 2013. A priest showed me around. At the chapel door he asked me if what he had been told was true: that Boulez no longer believed in God. I said it was and he replied, 'Then I won't show you the chapel where he prayed twice a day between the ages of six and sixteen'. 
  852. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Pierre Curie". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  853. ^ René Bösch (2007). Labyrinth of Digressions: Tristram Shandy as Perceived and Influenced by Sterne's Early Imitators (İngilizce). Rodopi. s. 265. ISBN 9789042022911. Erişim tarihi: 1 Temmuz 2012. Maupertuis was an atheist friend of La Mettrie. 
  854. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Pierre-Simon Laplace". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  855. ^ Vizetelly, Ernest Alfred (1911), Barcelona Outrages - The Empress Elizabeth and Luccheni 18 Haziran 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., The Anarchists: Their Faith and Their Record, Turnbull and Spears Printers, Edinburgh. Retrieved March 19, 2007.
  856. ^ Adrian Kuzminski (2008). Pyrrhonism: How the Ancient Greeks Reinvented Buddhism. Lexington Books. pp. 41–42. ISBN 9780739125069. "In particular, Flintoff notes the similarity between Pyrrho's agnosticism and suspension of judgment and the Buddha's refusal to countenance beliefs about the nature of things, including his insistence that such beliefs were to be neither affirmed nor denied."
  857. ^ Don E. Marietta (1998). Introduction to Ancient Philosophy. M.E. Sharpe. p. 162. ISBN 9780765602169. "Pyrrho advocated agnosticism and suspension of judgment about the nature of the world. His Skepticism also applied to matters of ethics; he held that nothing is just or honorable by its nature."
  858. ^ "[T]he noblest man, the one really greatest of them all was Prince Peter Kropotkin, a self-professed atheist and a great man of science."—Ely, Robert Erskine (October 10, 1941), New York World-Telegram.
  859. ^ Christopher Hitchens' (see in Section "Public Atheists") book The Portable Atheist, a collection of extracts of atheist texts, is dedicated to the memory of Levi "who had the moral fortitude to refuse false consolation even while enduring the 'selection' process in Auschwitz". The dedication then quotes Levi in The Drowned and the Saved, asserting, "I too entered the Lager as a nonbeliever, and as a nonbeliever I was liberated and have lived to this day."
  860. ^ "Protagoras (fl. 5th c. B.C.E.)". 2 Şubat 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  861. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  862. ^ "Here we have a man who, while at Cambridge, was 'a most determined atheist'--those were the words of his fellow-undergraduate Bertrand Russell--and who was dismissed at the age of 25 from his post as organist in a church at South Lambeth because he refused to take Communion. Later, according to his widow, he 'drifted into a cheerful agnosticism'." The Unknown Vaughan Williams, Michael Kennedy, Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association, Vol. 99. (1972–1973), pp. 31-41.
  863. ^ "The Life of Ralph Vaughan Williams". 31 Aralık 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  864. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 5 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  865. ^ Raul Seixas: A verdade do Universo 22 Temmuz 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Acesso em 17 de julho de 2015. "(...) eu sou cético, agnóstico..."
  866. ^ Raul Seixas: Um Produtor de Mestiçagens Musicais e Midiáticas 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Acesso em 17 de julho de 2015. "O repertório era complicado, minhas letras falavam de agnosticismo, essas coisas intelectuais."
  867. ^ Ateismo presente em legado de Raul Seixas 13 Ocak 2015 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. Acesso em 17 de julho de 2015. "O que posso chegar mais perto enquanto classificação é o agnosticismo".
  868. ^ LITERATURA E MEDICINA NA CONSTRUÇÃO DA SENSIBILIDADE BRASILEIRA OITOCENTISTA 7 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., Rodrigo Chagas Brasil, 2005, p. 23. "O ultra-republicano Raul Pompéia, ateu convicto e declarado inimigo da geração romântica (...)"
  869. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  870. ^ "In his mythic book The Singularity Is Near, Ray Kurzweil, serial inventor, technology enthusiast, and unabashed atheist, announces: "Evolution moves toward greater complexity, greater elegance, greater knowledge, greater intelligence, greater beauty, greater creativity, and greater levels of subtle attributes such as love. In every monotheistic tradition God is likewise described as all of these qualities, only without any limitation.... So evolution moves inexorably toward this conception of God, although never quite reaching this ideal."" - Kevin Kelly, What Technology Wants (2010).
  871. ^ Jacques Meuris (1994). René Magritte, 1898-1967. Benedikt Taschen. p. 70. ISBN 9783822805466. We shall not at this juncture risk analyzing an agnostic Magritte haunted perhaps by thoughts of ultimate destiny. "We behave as if there were no God" (Marien 1947).
  872. ^ "NNDB: René Magritte". 25 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  873. ^ "Magritte's Later Years Gallery". 14 Ocak 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  874. ^ "Ricardo Boechat, ateu famoso". 2 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  875. ^ "Celebrity Atheist: Richard Burton". 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  876. ^ "Biography of Richard Carrier". 10 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  877. ^ Şablon:Citar web
  878. ^ Denis Brian (2008). The Voice of Genius: Conversations with Nobel Scientists and Other Luminaries. Basic Books. s. 49. ISBN 9780465011391. Interviewer: Do you call yourself an agnostic or an atheist? Feynman: An atheist. Agnostic for me would be trying to weasel out and sound a little nicer than I am about this. 
  879. ^ Feynman was of Jewish birth, but described himself as "an avowed atheist" by his early youth in Freethought of the Day, Freedom From Religion Foundation, May 11, 2006.
  880. ^ "Having abandoned the tenets of Judaism at 13, he never wavered in his gentle atheism, nor in his determination to stay away from matters about which he had opinions but no expertise." John Morrish reviewing the collection of Feynman's letters Don't You Have Time to Think?, "Particle Physics: The Route to Pop Stardom", Independent on Sunday (London), July 24, 2005, p. 21.
  881. ^ Wright (1906) "Some three months before Sir Richard's death," writes Mr. P. P. Cautley, the Vice-Consul at Trieste, to me, "I was seated at Sir Richard's tea table with our clergy man, and the talk turning on religion, Sir Richard declared, 'I am an atheist, but I was brought up in the Church of England, and that is officially my church.'"
  882. ^ Leakey, Leakey (1983). One Life: An Autobiography, p. 38.
  883. ^ Ryan Shaffer, "Evolution, Humanism, and Conservation: The Humanist Interview with Richard Leakey" 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., The Humanist, 29 June 2012.
  884. ^ "Stallman's former personal ad". Stallman.org. 1 Nisan 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 3 Haziran 2012. 
  885. ^ "The Nobel Laureate Dr Richard Roberts will give a public lecture entitled A Bright Journey from Science to Atheism..." A bright journey to atheism, or a road that ignores all the signs? 12 Ekim 2012 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., The Irish Times, April 20, 2006. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  886. ^ "...Rich Roberts... delivered a public lecture on his Bright journey from Science to Atheism in April 2006." Events listing 14 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. on the website of Humani, The Humanist Association of Northern Ireland, Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  887. ^ Roberts versus God: No Contest 23 Temmuz 2011 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi., review of Roberts' talk A Bright Journey from Science to Atheism, written by Les Reid, and published on the Belfast Humanist Group 25 Ağustos 2009 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. website. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  888. ^ "Celebrity Atheist". 14 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 26 Mart 2016. 
  889. ^ DiGaetani, John Louis (2013). Richard Wagner: New Light on a Musical Life 9 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. McFarland, p. 94 e 184. "The tomb contains only the bodies of Wagner and his wife Cosima and is not adorned with any religious symbols as all. Clearly, this is the grave of an atheist, a believer in secular democracy."; "He got this from Wagner because Wagner too was an atheist who sometimes used religious themes, but ultimately to attack religion."
  890. ^ Glazer, Diana (2002). Richard Wagner - Wunderkind Or Monster? 3 Mart 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. "Nietzsche had known Wagner was a cynical atheist, and that what seemed like a conversion was due to Wagner's wife Cosima. Nietzsche also knew that among close friends Wagner was still cynical about his wife's beliefs."
  891. ^ Freethought Almanac - Richard Wagner (1813) 6 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.. "Wagner subscribed to the Atheistic views of German philosopher Karl Feuerbach, but had sentimental regard for Christian mythology. (...) Wagner wrote his most powerful music in his Ring years, when he was an Atheist."
  892. ^ Celebrity Atheist: Ricky Gervais
  893. ^ Ridley Scott: ‘Most Novelists Are Desperate to Do What I Do’
  894. ^ Costantino Ceoldo (31 Aralık 2012). "Homage to Rita Levi Montalcini". 18 Ekim 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 20 Temmuz 2013. Born and raised in a Sephardic Jewish family in which culture and love of learning were categorical imperatives, she abandoned religion and embraced atheism. 
  895. ^ Liberato Cardel