Rock am Ring ve Rock im Park

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Rock am Ring ve Rock im Park
Prodigy-rock-am-ring-2009.jpg
Yer Rock am Ring: Nürburgring, Nürburg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Rock im Park: Zeppelinfeld, Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany

Etkin yıllar 1985-günümüz
Tarz Rock ve Metal

Rock am Ring ve Rock im Park festivalleri, her yıl Almanya'da düzenlenen iki eşzamanlı rock müzik festivalidir. Rock am Ring, Nürburgring yarış pistinde gerçekleşirken, Rock im Park Nürnberg'deki Zeppelinfeld'de gerçekleşmektedir.

İçerik olarak ağırlıklı rock ve metal grupları performans sergiler. Nadiren pop ve rap sanatçıları da sahne alır.

Neredeyse aynı kadroları paylaşan iki festival genellikle tek bir etkinlik olarak kabul edilir. Üç günlük etkinlik boyunca tüm sanatçılar bir gün Nürburgring'de ve bir gün Nürnberg'de sahne alır. Bazen bir grubun/sanatçının yalnızca festivallerden birinde sahne aldığı küçük istisnalar da olur. (Genellikle Rock am Ring ana festival görevi görür)

Birleşik olarak Rock im Park ve Rock am Ring, Almanya'da düzenlenen en büyük müzik festivalleridir. 2007 toplamda 150.000 kişinin katılmasıyla festival kendi seyirci rekorunu kırdı. Biletler genellikle duyurulduğu ilk gün tükenir.[1]

Tarihçe[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Center Stage 2013, Alman rapçi Cro performans sergiliyor
Festival sitesi Rock am Ring 2017
Festival sitesi Rock am Ring 2017
Festival sitesi Rock am Ring 2017

Rock am Ring, başlangıçta Nürburgring motor sporları kompleksinde 1985'te yarış pistinin daha yeni ve daha kısa bir versiyonunun açılışını kutlayan bir kerelik bir festival olarak planlanmıştı, ancak ticari başarısı nedeniyle (75.000 izleyici katılımı) yıllık bir etkinlik haline getirilme kararı alındı. Ancak, 1988 etkinliğine katılımda bir düşüşten sonra, festival iki yıllığına ara verildi. 1991'de festival yeni bir konseptle geri döndü: tanınmış sanatçıların yanı sıra etkinlik organizatörleri daha az bilinen gelecek vaat eden grupları da halka sunmaya başladı. 1993 yılında Rock im Park ilk kez Viyana'da gerçekleşti. 1994 etkinliği için, Rock im Park kullanılmayan Münih-Riem havaalanına taşındı ve ertesi yıl 1995 ve 1996 etkinliği için ise Münih Olympiastadion'a konserler gerçekleşti. 1997'de Rock im Park, Nürnberg'deki Frankenstadion'a taşındı ve stadyum 2006 Futbol Dünya Kupası için yenilendiğinden, 2004'te stadyum kullanılamayana kadar burada kaldı. 2004 yılından bu yana mekan, Luitpoldhain'e taşınan 2006 festivali dışında Rock im Park'ın düzenlendiği mevcut Zeppellinfeld'e tekrar taşındı.

2007 festivali, aynı anda zıplayan büyük bedenlerin etkilerini test etmek için bir bilim deneyinde kullanıldı. Deney verileri, tüm Çin popülasyonunun uyum içinde sıçraması durumunda sonucu hesaplamak için kullanıldı. Deney, teorik olaydan önemli bir sonuç çıkmayacağı sonucuna vardı.[2]

Rock am Ring'in 29. yılının ardından, Nürburgring'in yeni sahibi sözleşmenin uzatılmamasına karar verdi. Festival, 2015 ve 2016'da başka bir yerde (Mendig Hava Üssü/Vulkaneifel) devam etti ve 2017'de Nürburgring'e döndü.[3]

Mekanlar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

mekan geçmişi
Yıl Rock am Ring Rock im Park
1985 Nürburgring, Nürburg
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991 Nürburgring, Nürburg
1992
1993 Viyana'da Kaya
Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Viyana
1994 Rock im Riem
Flughafen München Riem, Münih
1995 Rock im Riem
Olimpiyat Stadı, Münih
1996
1997 Frankenstadion, Nürnberg
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004 Zeppelinfeld, Nürnberg
2005
2006 Luitpoldarena, Nürnberg
2007 Zeppelinfeld, Nürnberg
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015 Mendig Hava Üssü, Mendig
2016
2017 Nürburgring, Nürburg
2018
2019
2020

Geçmiş tarihler ve ana gruplar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Date Bands[4] attendance (RaR) attendance (RiP)
25–26 May

1985
U2, Joe Cocker, Foreigner, Marius Müller-Westernhagen, Marillion, Chris de Burgh, Rick Springfield, Gianna Nannini, The Alarm, Lone Justice, Immaculate Fools, REO Speedwagon, Saga, Mink DeVille, Russ Ballard, Night Ranger, Huey Lewis and the News, Shakatak 75,000 -
14–15 June

1986
Simple Minds headlining The Cure, INXS, James Taylor, Simply Red, Echo & the Bunnymen, Talk Talk, The Bangles, Cock Robin, Feargal Sharkey, and The Waterboys. 50,000 -
6–7 June

1987
David Bowie, Eurythmics, Udo Lindenberg, UB40 60,000 -
11–12 June

1988
Marius Müller-Westernhagen, Fleetwood Mac, Chris Rea, Imperiet 30,000 -
28–30 June

1991
INXS, Toto, Sting, The Sisters of Mercy, The Jeremy Days 51,000 -
5–7 June

1992
Marillion, Saga, Bryan Adams, Elton John, Pearl Jam, The Cult, Tori Amos, Héroes del Silencio 42,000 -
29–30 May

1993
INXS, Faith No More, Brian May, Robert Plant, Héroes del Silencio, Melissa Etheridge, Def Leppard, Danzig, The Black Crowes, Leonard Cohen, Hothouse Flowers, The Jayhawks, World Party, Ugly Kid Joe 50,000 -
21–23 May

1994
Aerosmith, Peter Gabriel, Clawfinger, Nina Hagen, Radiohead, Therapy?, Rage Against the Machine, The Smashing Pumpkins 70,000 -
3–4 June

1995
Van Halen, Bon Jovi, Megadeth, Bad Religion, Otto Waalkes, Pretenders 70,000 -
24–26 May

1996
Rage Against the Machine, Bryan Adams, Dave Matthews Band, Herbert Grönemeyer, Die Toten Hosen, Sting, Fugees, Alanis Morissette, Héroes del Silencio, Bush, Mike + The Mechanics, Sepultura, Rancid, Paradise Lost 75,000 -
16–18 May

1997
Soraya, Kiss, Aerosmith, Die Ärzte, Supertramp, Texas, Neneh Cherry, Faith No More 70,000 40,000
29–31 May

1998
Bob Dylan, Genesis, Ozzy Osbourne, Rammstein, BAP, The Prodigy, Bad Religion, Therapy?, The Smashing Pumpkins, Soulflower 58,000 not specified
21–23 May

1999
Metallica, Bryan Adams, Alanis Morissette, Xavier Naidoo, Kid Rock, Robbie Williams, Faithless, Skunk Anansie, Placebo, Travis, Garbage. 63,000 30,000
9–11 June

2000
Oasis, Pearl Jam, Slipknot, Die Toten Hosen, Sting, Eurythmics, Korn, Rage Against the Machine 75,000 40,000
1–3 June

2001
Blackmail, HIM, A-ha, Anastacia, Limp Bizkit, Linkin Park, Papa Roach, Radiohead, Alanis Morissette, Kid Rock, Godsmack, OutKast, Reamonn, Hed PE, Mudvayne, Sammy Deluxe 65,000 50,000
17–19 May

2002
Lenny Kravitz, Carlos Santana, Faithless, Neil Young, Jamiroquai, Wyclef Jean, P.O.D., Drowning Pool, Ozzy Osbourne, Alien Ant Farm, System of a Down, Natalie Merchant, Bad Religion, Muse, Fettes Brot 50,000 40,000
6–8 June

2003
Iron Maiden, Metallica, Placebo (substituting for Linkin Park as a result of Chester Bennington being hospitalized with an abdominal parasite infection), Audioslave, Evanescence, Apocalyptica, Marilyn Manson, Deftones, Queens of the Stone Age, Zwan, The Cardigans, Maná, Molotov, Lifehouse, The Donnas, Murderdolls, Reamonn, Silverchair, The Hives, The Dandy Warhols, Die Happy, blackmail, MIA., Joachim Deutschland, Whyte Seeds, Stone Sour, Clawfinger Emil Bulls, Dave Gahan, Stereophonics, Badly Drawn Boy, Turin Brakes, Tomte, The Ark, Saybia, Surrogat, Disturbed, Boysetsfire, Moby, Beginner, ASD (Afrob & Samy Deluxe), Patrice, Saïan Supa Crew, Deichkind, Kool Savas, Creutzfeld & Jakob, Rolf Stahlhofen 75,000 40,000
4–6 June

2004
Red Hot Chili Peppers, Muse, Nickelback, Evanescence, Die Toten Hosen, Faithless, Bad Religion, Moloko, Avril Lavigne, Wir sind Helden, Judas Priest (Rock im Park only), Linkin Park (Rock am Ring only), Lostprophets, Motörhead, Sportfreunde Stiller, The Rasmus, Seeed, Korn, 3 Doors Down, Lagwagon, H-Blockx, Dover, Machine Head 65,000 40,000
3–5 June

2005
headliners Iron Maiden, R.E.M., HIM, Wir sind Helden, Mudvayne, Melody Club, Green Day, Incubus, The Hives, Slayer, Marilyn Manson, 3 Doors Down, Helmet, Billy Idol, Velvet Revolver, Feeder, The Prodigy, The Chemical Brothers, Slipknot, Mötley Crüe, Fettes Brot, Mando Diao, Subway to Sally, Apocalyptica, Die Toten Hosen, Wednesday 13, Dir En Grey, Avenged Sevenfold, Kagerou, Maroon 5, Papa Roach, Within Temptation, Weezer, Black Raven, Garbage. 70,000 45,000
2–4 June

2006
headliners Guns N' Roses, Kaizers Orchestra, Korn and Metallica, Angels & Airwaves, Trivium, Alter Bridge, Avenged Sevenfold, Cradle of Filth, Depeche Mode, The Darkness, Placebo, Morrissey, Franz Ferdinand, Deftones, Editors, Bela B., Nelly Furtado, Sportfreunde Stiller, Kaiser Chiefs, Tool, Jamiroquai, Dir En Grey, Atreyu, In Flames, Opeth, Bloodhound Gang, Kagerou, Danko Jones, Bullet for My Valentine, Alice in Chains, Stone Sour, Point Blank, The Zutons, Strapping Young Lad, She Wants Revenge, Lacuna Coil 80,000 49,000
1–3 June

2007
headliners Linkin Park, Papa Roach, The Smashing Pumpkins, Die Ärzte and Slayer, Evanescence, Korn, The White Stripes, Velvet Revolver, Thirty Seconds to Mars, Muse, Beatsteaks, Billy Talent, Mando Diao, Wir sind Helden, Dave Matthews Band (withdrew from the event), The Hives, Arctic Monkeys, My Chemical Romance, Kaiser Chiefs, Jan Delay & Disko No. 1, M.I.A., The Kooks, Wolfmother, Stone Sour, Amy Winehouse (withdrew from the event), As I Lay Dying, Bloodsimple, Breed 77, The Cat Empire, Chimaira, The Cribs, Fair to Midland, Disco Ensemble, Enter Shikari, The Fratellis, Funeral for a Friend, Ghosts, Gogol Bordello, Good Charlotte, The Higher, Hinder, Killswitch Engage, Lamb of God, Little Man Tate, Machine Head, Maxïmo Park, McQueen, Megadeth, Mr. Hudson & The Library, Paolo Nutini, Papa Roach (canceled Rock im Park performance due to vocal problems), Razorlight, Scissor Sisters, Silverstein, The Sounds, Sugarplum Fairy, Tele, Type O Negative, Under the Influence of Giants, The Used, Zoot Woman, Aiden, Miasma, Charlotte Hatherley, DevilDriver, Down Below, DragonForce, Finley, Gallows, Groove Armada, Head Automatica, In This Moment, Kilian, Lez Zeppelin, The Long Blondes (Rock im Park only), Lost Alone, Mutemath, Ohrbooten, One Fine Day, Paramore, Pohlmann, Revolverheld, Saosin, Smoke Blow, Sunrise Avenue, Turbostaat, The Last Exit to Anywhere 82,000

for the first time sold out in advance sale
60,000
6–8 June

2008
headliners Die Toten Hosen, Rage Against the Machine, Metallica; also HIM, The Prodigy, Incubus, Sportfreunde Stiller, The Verve, The Offspring, Motörhead, Queens of the Stone Age, Eagles of Death Metal, Fettes Brot, Culcha Candela, The Fratellis, Serj Tankian, Bullet for My Valentine, Babyshambles, Nightwish, Lostprophets, In Flames, Kate Nash, Kid Rock, Alter Bridge, Simple Plan, Madsen, Dimmu Borgir, Bad Religion, Justice, Disturbed, 36 Crazyfists, Rooney, Stereophonics, Manic Street Preachers, Airbourne, Saxon, Pendulum, Danko Jones more than

85,000

sold out in advance sale
75,000
5–7 June

2009
headliners Marilyn Manson, Billy Talent, Limp Bizkit, Placebo, The Killers, Korn, Slipknot, Mando Diao; also 2raumwohnung, Alexisonfire, All That Remains, ...And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead, Basement Jaxx, Biffy Clyro, Black Stone Cherry, Bloc Party, Bring Me the Horizon, Chester French, Chris Cornell, Dir En Grey, DragonForce, Dredg, Enter Shikari, Esser, Expatriate, Flogging Molly, Gallows, Guano Apes, Ich Bin Bunt, Jan Delay & Disko No. 1, Juliette Lewis, Kettcar, Kilians, Killswitch Engage, Kitty, Daisy & Lewis, Little Man Tate, Machine Head, Madina Lake, Madness, M.I.A., Middle Class Rut, New Found Glory, Pain, Papa Roach, Peter Bjorn and John, Phoenix, Peter Fox, Polarkreis 18, Razorlight, Reamonn, Scouting for Girls, Selig, Sevendust, Shinedown, Steadlür, Sugarplum Fairy, The All-American Rejects, The Crave, The Gaslight Anthem, The Kooks, The Prodigy, The Rifles, The Soundtrack of Our Lives, The Script, The Subways, Tomte, Trivium, Volbeat, White Lies 80,000

sold out in advance sale
60,000
3–6 June

2010
headliners Rammstein, Muse, Rage Against the Machine, Kiss, HIM, Thirty Seconds to Mars; also A Day to Remember, Airbourne, Alice in Chains, Alkaline Trio, As I Lay Dying, Bad Religion, Broilers, Bullet for My Valentine, Cancer Bats, Carpark North, Crime in Stereo, Crystal Castles, Cypress Hill, Das Actionteam, Delphic, Die Sterne, Disco Ensemble, Dizzee Rascal, Dommin, Editors, Donots, Ellie Goulding, Eyes of Solace, Fertig, Los!, Five Finger Death Punch, Foals, Gentleman, Gogol Bordello, Gossip, H-Blockx, Halestorm, HammerFall, Heaven Shall Burn, Jan Delay & Disko No. 1, Jay-Z, Kamelot, Kasabian, Katatonia, Kate Nash, Kiss, Lamb of God, Lazer, Lissie, Motörhead, Muse, OneRepublic, Pendulum, Rage Against the Machine, Rise Against, Rock Rotten's 9mm Assi Rock'n'Roll, Roman Fischer, Slash, Slayer, Sportfreunde Stiller (unplugged), Stone Sour, Sweethead, Taking Dawn, Taylor Hawkins and the Coattail Riders, The Cribs, The Damned Things, The Hives, The New Black, The Sounds, The Storm, Them Crooked Vultures, Tocotronic, Turbostaat, Volbeat, We Are the Fallen, Whitechapel, WhoMadeWho, Year Long Disaster, You Me at Six, Zebrahead 86,500

sold out in advance sale
60,500
3–5 June

2011
headliners System of a Down, Coldplay, Kings of Leon; also In Flames, Mando Diao, Avenged Sevenfold, Bring Me the Horizon; Beatsteaks, The Gaslight Anthem, Volbeat, Hurts, The BossHoss, Jazzkantine 84,000 55,200
1–3 June

2012
headliners Linkin Park, Metallica, Die Toten Hosen; also Evanescence, Soundgarden, Tenacious D, Billy Talent, Machine Head, Marilyn Manson, Trivium, The Offspring, Kasabian, Skrillex, Gossip, Gojira, Killswitch Engage 86,500

sold out in advance sale
76,000
7–9 June

2013
headliners Green Day, Volbeat, Thirty Seconds to Mars; also The Killers, The Prodigy, Seeed, Fettes Brot, Korn, Limp Bizkit, Paramore, Bullet for My Valentine, Hurts, Bad Religion, Phoenix, Stone Sour, The Bosshoss, Bring Me the Horizon, Tocotronic, Biffy Clyro, Papa Roach, Love and Death 87,000

sold out in advance sale
72,000
5–8 June

2014
headliners Linkin Park, Metallica, Iron Maiden, Kings of Leon; also The Offspring, Nine Inch Nails, Queens of the Stone Age, Avenged Sevenfold, Die Fantastischen Vier, Fall Out Boy, Slayer, Rob Zombie, Anthrax, Trivium, Gogol Bordello more than 80,000 70,000
5–7 June

2015
headliners Foo Fighters, Die Toten Hosen, Slipknot, The Prodigy; also A Day to Remember, Asking Alexandria, Bad Religion, Bastille, Body Count Feat. Ice-T, Eagles of Death Metal, Enter Shikari, Godsmack, Hollywood Undead, In Flames, Interpol, Lamb of God, Marilyn Manson, Motörhead, Papa Roach, Parkway Drive, Pop Evil, Rise Against, Royal Republic, Skindred, Slash, Three Days Grace, Yellowcard, Zebrahead more than 90,000 75,000
3–5 June

2016
headliners Red Hot Chili Peppers, Black Sabbath, Volbeat; also Amon Amarth, Architects, Billy Talent, Breaking Benjamin, Bullet for My Valentine, Deftones, Disturbed, Heaven Shall Burn, Killswitch Engage, Panic! at the Disco, Major Lazer, Of Mice & Men, Shinedown, Tenacious D 92,500

sold out in advance sale and attendance record
70,000
2–4 June

2017
headliners Rammstein, Die Toten Hosen, System of a down; also Airbourne, Alter Bridge, Beartooth, Five Finger Death Punch, Frank Carter & The Rattlesnakes, Gojira, In Flames, Macklemore & Ryan Lewis, Pierce the Veil, Prophets of Rage, Simple Plan, Skindred, Sum 41 87,000

sold out in advance sale
88,500
1–3 June

2018

headliners Foo Fighters, Thirty Seconds to Mars, Gorillaz, Muse; also Asking Alexandria, Avenged Sevenfold, Babymetal, Bad Religion, Bullet for My Valentine, Ego Kill Talent, Enter Shikari, Good Charlotte, Hollywood Undead, Jonathan Davis, Marilyn Manson, Meshuggah, Nothing But Thieves, Nothing More, Parkway Drive, Rise Against, Shinedown, Snow Patrol, Stone Sour
7–9 June

2019

headliners Slipknot, Die Antwoord, Die Ärzte, Tool, Slayer, Tenacious D, The Smashing Pumpkins, Bring Me the Horizon, Dropkick Murphys, Sabaton, Bastille, The 1975, The BossHoss, Alligatoah, SDP, Amon Amarth, Architects, Foals
5–7 June

2020

headliners System of a Down, Green Day, Volbeat, Deftones, Billy Talent, Korn, Broilers, Disturbed, The Offspring, Weezer, Bilderbuch, Wanda, Alan Walker, Heaven Shall Burn, Yungblud, Powerwolf, Of Mice & Men, Motionless in White, August Burns Red

2021 festivali[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

10 Mart 2021'de 2021 festivali COVID-19 pandemisi nedeniyle bir kez daha iptal edildi.[5]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Robertson, Joel (17 November 2014). TOP 13: Rock and Metal Festivals in Europe 25 Nisan 2016 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi. festicket.com. Retrieved on 18 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Rock Festival as Human Experiment (dead link as of 2011-11-25)". blog.sciam.com. 13 Temmuz 2007 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. 
  3. ^ "Rock am Ring zurück zum Nürburgring". 5 Aralık 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. 
  4. ^ "History - Rock am Ring 2017". Rock am Ring. 27 Şubat 2022 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 16 Şubat 2022. 
  5. ^ "Ring & Park 2021 cancelled". Rock am Ring. 10 Mart 2021. 18 Mart 2021 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 8 Nisan 2021.