En İyi Uyarlama Senaryo Akademi Ödülü

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En İyi Uyarlama Senaryo Akademi Ödül, ABD'nin en seçkin sinema ödülleri olan Akademi Ödülleri'nden biridir. Ödül, her sene başka bir kaynaktan (roman, oyun, kısa hikâye ya da başka bir film olabilir) uyarlanan en iyi senaryonun yazarına verilir. Bu standarda göre bütün devam filmleri otomatik olarak uyarlama kabul edilir.

Kazananlar ve adaylar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

1920'ler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
Seventh Heaven Benjamin Glazer
Glorious Betsy Anthony Coldeway
The Jazz Singer Alfred A. Cohn
The Patriot Hanns Kräly
The Cop Elliott J. Clawson
In Old Arizona Tom Barry
The Last of Mrs. Cheyney Hanns Kräly
The Leatherneck Elliott J. Clawson
Our Dancing Daughters Josephine Lovett
Sal of Singapore Elliott J. Clawson
Skyscraper Elliott J. Clawson
The Valiant Tom Barry
A Woman of Affairs Bess Meredyth
Wonder of Women Bess Meredyth

1930'lar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
The Big House Frances Marion
All Quiet on the Western Front Maxwell Anderson (adaptation/dialogue)
George Abbott (screenplay)
Del Andrews (adaptation)
Disraeli Julien Josephson
The Divorcee John Meehan
Street of Chance Howard Estabrook
Cimarron Howard Estabrook
The Criminal Code Seton I. Miller
Fred Niblo, Jr.
Holiday Horace Jackson
Little Caesar Francis Edward Faragoh (screen version/dialogue)
Robert N. Lee (continuity)
Skippy Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Sam Mintz
Bad Girl Edwin J. Burke
Arrowsmith Sidney Howard
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Percy Heath
Samuel Hoffenstein
Little Women Victor Heerman
Sarah Y. Mason
Lady for a Day Robert Riskin
State Fair Paul Green
Sonya Levien
It Happened One Night Robert Riskin
The Thin Man Albert Hackett
Frances Goodrich
Viva Villa! Ben Hecht
The Informer Dudley Nichols (declined)
The Lives of a Bengal Lancer Waldemar Young (screenplay)
John L. Balderston (screenplay)
Achmed Abdullah (screenplay)
Grover Jones (adaptation)
William Slavens McNutt (adaptation)
Mutiny on the Bounty Talbot Jennings
Jules Furthman
Carey Wilson
Captain Blood (write-in candidate) (3rd) Casey Robinson
The Story of Louis Pasteur Pierre Collings
Sheridan Gibney
After the Thin Man Frances Goodrich
Albert Hackett
Dodsworth Sidney Howard
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town Robert Riskin
My Man Godfrey Morrie Ryskind
Eric Hatch
The Life of Emile Zola Heinz Herald
Geza Herczeg
Norman Reilly Raine
The Awful Truth Viña Delmar
Captains Courageous Marc Connelly
John Lee Mahin
Dale Van Every
Stage Door Morrie Ryskind
Anthony Veiller
A Star Is Born Dorothy Parker
Alan Campbell
Robert Carson
Pygmalion Ian Dalrymple
Cecil Lewis (scenario)
W. P. Lipscomb (scenario)
George Bernard Shaw (scenario and dialogue)
Boys Town John Meehan
Dore Schary
The Citadel Ian Dalrymple
Frank Wead
Elizabeth Hill
Four Daughters Lenore J. Coffee
Julius J. Epstein
You Can't Take It with You Robert Riskin
Gone with the Wind Sidney Howard (posthumous win)
Goodbye, Mr. Chips R. C. Sherriff
Claudine West
Eric Maschwitz
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Sidney Buchman
Ninotchka Charles Brackett
Billy Wilder
Walter Reisch
Wuthering Heights Charles MacArthur
Ben Hecht

1940'lar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
The Philadelphia Story Donald Ogden Stewart
The Grapes of Wrath Nunnally Johnson
Kitty Foyle: The Natural History of a Woman Dalton Trumbo
The Long Voyage Home Dudley Nichols
Rebecca Robert E. Sherwood
Joan Harrison
Here Comes Mr. Jordan Sidney Buchman
Seton I. Miller
Hold Back the Dawn Charles Brackett
Billy Wilder
How Green Was My Valley Philip Dunne
The Little Foxes Lillian Hellman
The Maltese Falcon John Huston
Mrs. Miniver George Froeschel
James Hilton
Claudine West
Arthur Wimperis
49th Parallel Rodney Ackland
Emeric Pressburger
The Pride of the Yankees Herman J. Mankiewicz
Jo Swerling
Random Harvest George Froeschel
Claudine West
Arthur Wimperis
The Talk of the Town Sidney Buchman
Irwin Shaw
Casablanca Philip G. Epstein
Julius J. Epstein
Howard Koch
Holy Matrimony Nunnally Johnson
The More the Merrier Richard Flournoy
Lewis R. Foster
Frank Ross
Robert Russell
The Song of Bernadette George Seaton
Watch on the Rhine Dashiell Hammett
Going My Way Frank Butler
Frank Cavett
Double Indemnity Billy Wilder
Raymond Chandler
Gaslight John Van Druten
Walter Reisch
John L. Balderston
Laura Jay Dratler
Samuel Hoffenstein
Betty Reinhardt
Meet Me in St. Louis Irving Brecher
Fred F. Finklehoffe
The Lost Weekend Charles Brackett
Billy Wilder
Mildred Pierce Ranald MacDougall
Pride of the Marines Albert Maltz
Story of G.I. Joe Leopold Atlas
Guy Endore
Philip Stevenson
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn Frank Davis
Tess Slesinger (posthumous nomination)
The Best Years of Our Lives Robert Sherwood
Anna and the King of Siam Sally Benson
Talbot Jennings
Brief Encounter Anthony Havelock-Allan
David Lean
Ronald Neame
The Killers Anthony Veiller
Rome, Open City Sergio Amidei
Federico Fellini
Miracle on 34th Street George Seaton
Boomerang Sally Benson
Talbot Jennings
Crossfire John Paxton
Gentleman's Agreement Moss Hart
Great Expectations David Lean
Ronald Neame
Anthony Havelock-Allan
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre John Huston
A Foreign Affair Charles Brackett
Billy Wilder
Richard L. Breen
Johnny Belinda Irma von Cube
Allen Vincent
The Search Richard Schweizer
David Wechsler
The Snake Pit Frank Partos
Millen Brand
A Letter to Three Wives Joseph L. Mankiewicz
All the King's Men Robert Rossen
The Bicycle Thief Cesare Zavattini
Champion Carl Foreman
The Fallen Idol Graham Greene

1950'ler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
All About Eve Joseph L. Mankiewicz
The Asphalt Jungle Ben Maddow
John Huston
Born Yesterday Albert Mannheimer
Broken Arrow Albert Maltz (front: Michael Blankfort)
Father of the Bride Frances Goodrich
Albert Hackett
A Place in the Sun Harry Brown
Michael Wilson
The African Queen James Agee
John Huston
Detective Story Robert Wyler
Philip Yordan
La Ronde Jacques Natanson
Max Ophüls
A Streetcar Named Desire Tennessee Williams
The Bad and the Beautiful Charles Schnee
5 Fingers Michael Wilson
High Noon Carl Foreman
The Man in the White Suit John Dighton
Roger MacDougall
Alexander Mackendrick
The Quiet Man Frank S. Nugent
From Here to Eternity Daniel Taradash
The Cruel Sea Eric Ambler
Lili Helen Deutsch
Roman Holiday Ian McLellan Hunter
John Dighton
Shane A.B. Guthrie Jr.
The Country Girl George Seaton
The Caine Mutiny Stanley Roberts
Rear Window John Michael Hayes
Sabrina Billy Wilder
Samuel Taylor
Ernest Lehman
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Albert Hackett
Frances Goodrich
Dorothy Kingsley
Marty Paddy Chayefsky
Bad Day at Black Rock Millard Kaufman
Blackboard Jungle Richard Brooks
East of Eden Paul Osborn
Love Me or Leave Me Daniel Fuchs
Isobel Lennart
Around the World in 80 Days John Farrow
S. J. Perelman
James Poe
Baby Doll Tennessee Williams
Friendly Persuasion Michael Wilson (withdrawn from final ballot)[6]
Giant Fred Guiol
Ivan Moffat
Lust for Life Norman Corwin
The Bridge on the River Kwai Pierre Boulle
Carl Foreman (front: Pierre Boulle)
Michael Wilson (front: Pierre Boulle)[8][9]
Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison John Huston
John Lee Mahin
Peyton Place John Michael Hayes
Sayonara Paul Osborn
12 Angry Men Reginald Rose
Gigi Alan Jay Lerner
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Richard Brooks
James Poe
The Horse's Mouth Alec Guinness
I Want to Live! Nelson Gidding
Don Mankiewicz
Separate Tables John Gay
Terence Rattigan
Room at the Top Neil Paterson
Anatomy of a Murder Wendell Mayes
Ben-Hur Karl Tunberg
The Nun's Story Robert Anderson
Some Like It Hot Billy Wilder
I. A. L. Diamond

1960'lar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
Elmer Gantry Richard Brooks
Inherit the Wind Nedrick Young (front: Nathan E. Douglas)[10]
Harold Jacob Smith
Sons and Lovers Gavin Lambert
T. E. B. Clarke
The Sundowners Isobel Lennart
Tunes of Glory James Kennaway
Judgment at Nuremberg Abby Mann
Breakfast at Tiffany's George Axelrod
The Guns of Navarone Carl Foreman
The Hustler Sydney Carroll
Robert Rossen
West Side Story Ernest Lehman
To Kill a Mockingbird Horton Foote
David and Lisa Eleanor Perry
Lawrence of Arabia Robert Bolt
Michael Wilson (not on original ballot)[11]
Lolita Vladimir Nabokov
The Miracle Worker William Gibson
Tom Jones John Osborne
Captain Newman, M.D. Richard L. Breen
Henry Ephron
Phoebe Ephron
Hud Irving Ravetch
Harriet Frank, Jr.
Lilies of the Field James Poe
Sundays and Cybele Serge Bourguignon (scenario/dialogue)
Antoine Tudal (scenario)
Becket Edward Anhalt
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb Stanley Kubrick
Terry Southern
Peter George
Mary Poppins Bill Walsh
Don DaGradi
My Fair Lady Alan Jay Lerner
Zorba the Greek Michael Cacoyannis
Doctor Zhivago Robert Bolt
Cat Ballou Walter Newman
Frank R. Pierson
The Collector Stanley Mann
John Kohn
Ship of Fools Abby Mann
A Thousand Clowns Herb Gardner
A Man for All Seasons Robert Bolt
Alfie Bill Naughton
The Professionals Richard Brooks
The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming William Rose
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Ernest Lehman
In the Heat of the Night Stirling Silliphant
Cool Hand Luke Donn Pearce
Frank R. Pierson
The Graduate Calder Willingham
Buck Henry
In Cold Blood Richard Brooks
Ulysses Joseph Strick
Fred Haines
The Lion in Winter James Goldman
The Odd Couple Neil Simon
Oliver! Vernon Harris
Rachel, Rachel Stewart Stern
Rosemary's Baby Roman Polanski
Midnight Cowboy Waldo Salt
Anne of the Thousand Days John Hale (writer)
Bridget Boland (writer)
Richard Sokolove (adaptation)
Goodbye, Columbus Arnold Schulman
They Shoot Horses, Don't They? James Poe
Robert E. Thompson
Z Jorge Semprún

1970'ler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
MASH Ring Lardner Jr.
Airport George Seaton
I Never Sang for My Father Robert Anderson
Lovers and Other Strangers Joseph Bologna
David Zelag Goodman
Renée Taylor
Women in Love Larry Kramer
The French Connection Ernest Tidyman
A Clockwork Orange Stanley Kubrick
The Conformist Bernardo Bertolucci
The Garden of the Finzi Continis Ugo Pirro
Vittorio Bonicelli
The Last Picture Show Larry McMurtry
Peter Bogdanovich
The Godfather Mario Puzo
Francis Ford Coppola
Cabaret Jay Presson Allen
The Emigrants Bengt Forslund
Jan Troell
Pete 'n' Tillie Julius J. Epstein
Sounder Lonne Elder III
The Exorcist William Peter Blatty
The Last Detail Robert Towne
The Paper Chase James Bridges
Paper Moon Alvin Sargent
Serpico Waldo Salt
Norman Wexler
The Godfather Part II Francis Ford Coppola
Mario Puzo
The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz Lionel Chetwynd (adaptation)
Mordecai Richler (novel)
Lenny Julian Barry
Murder on the Orient Express Paul Dehn
Young Frankenstein Gene Wilder
Mel Brooks
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Bo Goldman
Laurence Hauben
Barry Lyndon Stanley Kubrick
The Man Who Would Be King John Huston
Gladys Hill
Profumo di donna Ruggero Maccari
Dino Risi
The Sunshine Boys Neil Simon
All the President's Men William Goldman
Bound for Glory Robert Getchell
Fellini's Casanova Federico Fellini
Bernardino Zapponi
The Seven-Per-Cent Solution Nicholas Meyer
Voyage of the Damned David Butler
Steve Shagan
Julia Alvin Sargent
Equus Peter Shaffer
I Never Promised You a Rose Garden Gavin Lambert
Lewis John Carlino
Oh, God! Larry Gelbart
That Obscure Object of Desire Luis Buñuel (scenario)
Jean-Claude Carrière (collaboration)
Midnight Express Oliver Stone
Bloodbrothers Walter Newman
California Suite Neil Simon
Heaven Can Wait Elaine May
Warren Beatty
Same Time, Next Year Bernard Slade
Kramer vs. Kramer Robert Benton
Apocalypse Now John Milius
Francis Ford Coppola
La Cage aux folles Marcello Danon
Edouard Molinaro
Jean Poiret
Francis Veber
A Little Romance Allan Burns
Norma Rae Harriet Frank, Jr.
Irving Ravetch

1980'ler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
Ordinary People Alvin Sargent
Breaker Morant Jonathan Hardy
David Stevens
Bruce Beresford
Coal Miner's Daughter Tom Rickman
The Elephant Man Christopher De Vore
Eric Bergren
David Lynch
The Stunt Man Lawrence B. Marcus (screenplay)
Richard Rush (adaptation)
On Golden Pond Ernest Thompson
The French Lieutenant's Woman Harold Pinter
Pennies from Heaven Dennis Potter
Prince of the City Jay Presson Allen
Sidney Lumet
Ragtime Michael Weller
Missing Costa-Gavras
Donald E. Stewart
Das Boot Wolfgang Petersen
Sophie's Choice Alan J. Pakula
The Verdict David Mamet
Victor/Victoria Blake Edwards
Terms of Endearment James L. Brooks
Betrayal Harold Pinter
The Dresser Ronald Harwood
Educating Rita Willy Russell
Reuben, Reuben Julius J. Epstein
Amadeus Peter Shaffer
Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes P.H. Vazak[14]
Michael Austin
The Killing Fields Bruce Robinson
A Passage to India David Lean
A Soldier's Story Charles Fuller
Out of Africa Kurt Luedtke
The Color Purple Menno Meyjes
Kiss of the Spider Woman Leonard Schrader
Prizzi's Honor Richard Condon
Janet Roach
The Trip to Bountiful Horton Foote
A Room with a View Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Children of a Lesser God Hesper Anderson
Mark Medoff
The Color of Money Richard Price
Crimes of the Heart Beth Henley
Stand by Me Raynold Gideon
Bruce A. Evans
The Last Emperor Bernardo Bertolucci
Mark Peploe
The Dead Tony Huston
Fatal Attraction James Dearden
Full Metal Jacket Gustav Hasford
Michael Herr
Stanley Kubrick
My Life as a Dog Brasse Brännström
Per Berglund
Lasse Hallström
Reidar Jönsson
Dangerous Liaisons Christopher Hampton
The Accidental Tourist Frank Galati
Lawrence Kasdan
Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey Anna Hamilton Phelan (story/screenplay)
Tab Murphy (story)
Little Dorrit Christine Edzard
The Unbearable Lightness of Being Jean-Claude Carrière
Philip Kaufman
Driving Miss Daisy Alfred Uhry
Born on the Fourth of July Ron Kovic
Oliver Stone
Enemies, A Love Story Paul Mazursky
Roger L. Simon
Field of Dreams Phil Alden Robinson
My Left Foot Shane Connaughton
Jim Sheridan

1990'lar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
Dances with Wolves Michael Blake
Awakenings Steven Zaillian
Goodfellas Nicholas Pileggi
Martin Scorsese
The Grifters Donald E. Westlake
Reversal of Fortune Nicholas Kazan
The Silence of the Lambs Ted Tally
Europa Europa Agnieszka Holland
Fried Green Tomatoes Fannie Flagg
Carol Sobieski (posthumous nomination)
JFK Oliver Stone
Zachary Sklar
The Prince of Tides Pat Conroy
Becky Johnston
Howards End Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Enchanted April Peter Barnes
The Player Michael Tolkin
A River Runs Through It Richard Friedenberg
Scent of a Woman Bo Goldman
Schindler's List Steven Zaillian
The Age of Innocence Jay Cocks
Martin Scorsese
In the Name of the Father Terry George
Jim Sheridan
The Remains of the Day Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Shadowlands William Nicholson
Forrest Gump Eric Roth
The Madness of King George Alan Bennett
Nobody's Fool Robert Benton
Quiz Show Paul Attanasio
The Shawshank Redemption Frank Darabont
Sense and Sensibility Emma Thompson
Apollo 13 William Broyles, Jr.
Al Reinert
Babe George Miller
Chris Noonan
Leaving Las Vegas Mike Figgis
Il Postino Anna Pavignano (screenplay)
Michael Radford (screenplay)
Furio Scarpelli (story/screenplay)
Giacomo Scarpelli (story/screenplay)
Massimo Troisi (screenplay) (posthumous nomination)
Sling Blade Billy Bob Thornton
The Crucible Arthur Miller
The English Patient Anthony Minghella
Hamlet Kenneth Branagh
Trainspotting John Hodge
L.A. Confidential Curtis Hanson
Brian Helgeland
Donnie Brasco Paul Attanasio
The Sweet Hereafter Atom Egoyan
Wag the Dog Hilary Henkin
David Mamet
The Wings of the Dove Hossein Amini
Gods and Monsters Bill Condon
Out of Sight Scott Frank
Primary Colors Elaine May
A Simple Plan Scott Smith
The Thin Red Line Terrence Malick
The Cider House Rules John Irving
Election Alexander Payne
Jim Taylor
The Green Mile Frank Darabont
The Insider Michael Mann
Eric Roth
The Talented Mr. Ripley Anthony Minghella

2000'ler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
Traffic Stephen Gaghan
Chocolat Robert Nelson Jacobs
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Hui-Ling Wang
James Schamus
Kuo Jung Tsai
O Brother, Where Art Thou? Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
Wonder Boys Steve Kloves
A Beautiful Mind Akiva Goldsman
Ghost World Daniel Clowes
Terry Zwigoff
In the Bedroom Todd Field
Rob Festinger
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Fran Walsh
Philippa Boyens
Peter Jackson
Shrek Ted Elliott
Terry Rossio
Joe Stillman
Roger S. H. Schulman
The Pianist Ronald Harwood
About a Boy Peter Hedges
Chris Weitz
Paul Weitz
Adaptation. Charlie Kaufman
Donald Kaufman
Chicago Bill Condon
The Hours David Hare
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Fran Walsh
Philippa Boyens
Peter Jackson
American Splendor Shari Springer Berman
Robert Pulcini
City of God Bráulio Mantovani
Mystic River Brian Helgeland
Seabiscuit Gary Ross
Sideways Alexander Payne
Jim Taylor
Before Sunset Richard Linklater (story/screenplay)
Kim Krizan (story)
Julie Delpy (screenplay)
Ethan Hawke (screenplay)
Finding Neverland David Magee
Million Dollar Baby Paul Haggis
The Motorcycle Diaries José Rivera
Brokeback Mountain Larry McMurtry
Diana Ossana
Capote Dan Futterman
The Constant Gardener Jeffrey Caine
A History of Violence Josh Olson
Munich Tony Kushner
Eric Roth
The Departed William Monahan
Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan Sacha Baron Cohen (story/screenplay)
Peter Baynham (story/screenplay)
Anthony Hines (story/screenplay)
Dan Mazer (screenplay)
Todd Phillips (story)
Children of Men Alfonso Cuarón
Timothy J. Sexton
David Arata
Mark Fergus
Hawk Ostby
Little Children Todd Field
Tom Perrotta
Notes on a Scandal Patrick Marber
No Country for Old Men Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
Atonement Christopher Hampton
Away from Her Sarah Polley
The Diving Bell and the Butterfly Ronald Harwood
There Will Be Blood Paul Thomas Anderson
Slumdog Millionaire Simon Beaufoy
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Eric Roth (story/screenplay)
Robin Swicord (story)
Doubt John Patrick Shanley
Frost/Nixon Peter Morgan
The Reader David Hare
Precious: Based on the Novel "Push" by Sapphire Geoffrey Fletcher
District 9 Neill Blomkamp
Terri Tatchell
An Education Nick Hornby
In the Loop Jesse Armstrong
Simon Blackwell
Armando Iannucci
Tony Roche
Up in the Air Jason Reitman
Sheldon Turner

2010'lar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Yıl Film Senarist
The Social Network Aaron Sorkin
127 Hours Danny Boyle
Simon Beaufoy
Toy Story 3 Michael Arndt (screenplay)
John Lasseter (story)
Andrew Stanton (story)
Lee Unkrich (story)
True Grit Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
Winter's Bone Debra Granik
Anne Rosellini
The Descendants Alexander Payne
Nat Faxon
Jim Rash
Hugo John Logan
The Ides of March George Clooney
Grant Heslov
Beau Willimon
Moneyball Steven Zaillian (screenplay)
Aaron Sorkin (screenplay)
Stan Chervin (story)
Köstebek Bridget O'Connor (posthumous nomination)
Peter Straughan
Argo Chris Terrio
Beasts of the Southern Wild Lucy Alibar
Benh Zeitlin
Life of Pi David Magee
Lincoln Tony Kushner
Silver Linings Playbook David O. Russell
12 Years a Slave John Ridley
Before Midnight Richard Linklater
Julie Delpy
Ethan Hawke
Captain Phillips Billy Ray
Philomena Steve Coogan
Jeff Pope
The Wolf of Wall Street Terence Winter
The Imitation Game Graham Moore
American Sniper Jason Hall
Inherent Vice Paul Thomas Anderson
The Theory of Everything Anthony McCarten
Whiplash Damien Chazelle
Büyük Açık Adam McKay
Charles Randolph
Brooklyn Nick Hornby
Carol Phyllis Nagy
Marslı Drew Goddard
Gizli Dünya Emma Donoghue

Dış bağlantılar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Award entitled Best Writing, Adaptation
  2. ^ a b In the 2nd and 3rd years there was only a single writing award for Writing Achievement with no distinction between original works and adaptations.
  3. ^ For the 1930/31 production year the award was again subdivided, and this one was once again Best Writing, Adaptation.
  4. ^ Award renamed Best Writing, Screenplay
  5. ^ Award entitled Best Screenplay—Adapted
  6. ^ Early in 1956, the name of screenwriter Michael Wilson – a former Oscar winner – had been deleted from the credits of Friendly Persuasion by Allied Artists, the film's distributor, based on a 1952 agreement between the Screen Writers Guild and various production companies. That agreement gave the studios the right to omit from the screen the name of any individual who had failed to clear himself before a duly constituted legislative committee of U.S. Congress if accused of Communist affiliations, as was the case with Wilson at the time. The Academy, in the awkward position of possible conferring its highest honor on someone whose name had been omitted from screen credit, revised its bylaws at a special February 6, 1957, meeting. That revision, in essence, allowed that in such cases, the achievement itself could be eligible for nomination, but the specific writer would not be. This bylaw was repealed by the Academy as "unworkable" on January 12, 1959. This nomination was not included on the final ballot.
  7. ^ Award entitled Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
  8. ^ Kaynak hatası: Geçersiz <ref> etiketi; oscars1 isimli refler için metin temin edilmemiş (Bkz: Kaynak gösterme)
  9. ^ Though Pierre Boulle received official screen credit, it was commonly known that blacklisted writers Carl Foreman and Michael Wilson wrote the screenplay based on Boulle's novel (translated from the original French). The Board of Governors, on December 11, 1984, voted posthumous Oscars to Wilson and Foreman. It was widely reported that Boulle was surprised, as well as many others, by the nomination, especially since Boulle did not speak (or write) English.
  10. ^ Upon request of his widow and upon recommendation of the Writers Branch Executive Committee, the Board of Governors voted to restore the name of Nedrick Young to the nomination presented to Nathan E. Douglas, which was Mr. Young's pseudonym during the blacklisting period.
  11. ^ Originally the nomination was solely for Robert Bolt, as Wilson was blacklisted at the time. His name was officially added to the nomination in 1995.
  12. ^ Award entitled Screenplay Adapted From Other Material
  13. ^ Award entitled Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
  14. ^ P.H. Vazak is a pseudonym for Robert Towne who was dissatisfied with the film.
  15. ^ Award entitled Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published
  16. ^ Award entitled Best Adapted Screenplay