Yılanyastığıgiller

Vikipedi, özgür ansiklopedi
Araceae
Yaşadığı dönem aralığı: 115-0 Ma
Apsiyen-Günümüz[1] 
Arum flower.jpg
Bilimsel sınıflandırma Bu sınıflandırmayı düzenle
Âlem: Plantae
Klad: Tracheophyta
Klad: Angiosperms
Klad: Monocots
Takım: Alismatales
Familya: Araceae
Juss.[2][3]
Altfamilyalar

Yılanyastığıgiller (Araceae), Alismatales takımına ait bir familyadır. Yaklaşık 107 cins ve 3700 tür içerir.

Filogen[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Araceae filogenetik ağacı:[4]

Araceae

Gymnostachydoideae Bogner & Nicolson 1991

Orontioideae Brown ex Müller 1860

Lemnoideae

Pothoideae Engler 1876

Monsteroideae Engler 1876

Lasioideae Engler 1876

Zamioculcadoideae Bogner & Hesse 2005

Aroideae Arnott 1832

Cinsler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Cins
Yazar
Yıl
[N 1]
Sınıflandırma Tip tür Tür sayısı Dağılım
Gymnostachys
R.Br.[5]
1810 Gymnostachydoideae Gymnostachys anceps
R.Br.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Doğu Avustralya
Lysichiton
Schott[6]
1857 Orontioideae Lysichiton camtschatcensis
(L.) Schott
&0000000000000002.0000002
Orontium
L.[7]
1753 Orontioideae Orontium aquaticum
L.
&0000000000000001.0000001
Symplocarpus
Salisb. ex W.P.C.Barton[8]
1817 Orontioideae Symplocarpus foetidus
(L.) Salisb. ex W.P.C.Barton
&0000000000000005.0000005
Landoltia
Les & D.J.Crawford[9]
2000
("1999")
Lemnoideae Landoltia punctata
(G.Mey.) Les & D.J.Crawford
&0000000000000001.0000001 Güney ve Orta Amerika
Lemna
L.[7]
1753 Lemnoideae Lemna minor
L.
7001130000000000000c. 13 Kozmopolitan
Spirodela
Schleid.[10]
1839 Lemnoideae Spirodela polyrrhiza
(L.) Schleid.
&0000000000000003.0000003 Kozmopolitan
Wolffia
Horkel ex Schleid.[11]
1844 Lemnoideae Wolffia michelii
Schleid.
7001100000000000000ca. 10 Kozmopolitan
Wolffiella
(Hegelm.) Hegelm.[12]
1895
("1896")
Lemnoideae Wolffiella oblonga
(Phil.) Hegelm.
7001100000000000000ca. 10 Yeni Dünya, Afrika, Arap Yarımadası
Anthurium
Schott[13]
1829 Pothoideae Anthurium acaule
(Jacq.) Schott
70031000000000000001000+ Orta ve Güney Amerika, Karayipler
Pedicellarum
M.Hotta[14]
1976 Pothoideae Pedicellarum paiei
M.Hotta
&0000000000000001.0000001 Indomalaya
Pothoidium
Schott[15]
1857 Pothoideae Pothoidium lobbianum
Schott
&0000000000000001.0000001 Tayvan, Maluku Adaları, Sulawesi, Filipinler
Pothos
L.[7]
1753 Pothoideae Pothos scandens
L.
700155000000000000055+ Tropikal Asya ve Pasifik
Alloschemone
Schott[16]
1858 Monsteroideae Alloschemone poeppigiana
Schott
&0000000000000002.0000002 Bolivya ve Kuzey Brezilya
Amydrium
Schott[17]
1863 Monsteroideae Amydrium humile
Schott
&0000000000000005.0000005 Indochina - Yeni Gine
Anadendrum
Schott[18]
1857 Monsteroideae Anadendrum montanum[N 2]
Schott
&0000000000000012.00000012 Çin - Malezya
Epipremnum
Schott[18]
1857 Monsteroideae Epipremnum mirabile
Schott
7001150000000000000ca. 15 Asya - Pasifik Adaları
Heteropsis
Kunth[19]
1841 Monsteroideae Heteropsis salicifolia
Kunth
&0000000000000017.00000017 Kosta Rika - tropikal Güney Amerika
Holochlamys
Engl.[20]
1883
("1882")
Monsteroideae Holochlamys beccarii
(Engl.) Engl.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Yeni Gine
Monstera
Adans.[21]
1763 Monsteroideae Monstera adansonii
Schott
7001600000000000000ca. 60
Rhaphidophora
Hassk.[22]
1842 Monsteroideae Rhaphidophora pertusa
(Roxb.) Schott)
7002100000000000000ca. 100
Rhodospatha
Poepp.[23]
1845 Monsteroideae Rhodospatha latifolia
Poepp.
&0000000000000015.00000015
Scindapsus
Schott[24]
1832 Monsteroideae Scindapsus officinalis
(Roxb.) Schott
&0000000000000035.00000035
Spathiphyllum
Schott[24]
1832 Monsteroideae Spathiphyllum lanceifolium
(Jacq.) Schott
&0000000000000040.00000040 Malezya, Orta ve Güney Amerika
Stenospermation
Schott[16]
1858 Monsteroideae Stenospermation mathewsii
Schott
700150000000000000050+
Anaphyllopsis
A.Hay[25]
1989
("1988")
Lasioideae Anaphyllopsis americana
(Engler) A.Hay
&0000000000000003.0000003 Tropikal Güney Amerika
Anaphyllum
Schott[26]
1857 Lasioideae Anaphyllum wightii
Schott
&0000000000000002.0000002 Hindistan
Cyrtosperma
Griff.[27]
1851 Lasioideae Cyrtosperma lasioides[N 3]
Griff.
7001120000000000000ca. 12 Malezya ve Pasifik adaları
Dracontioides
Engl.[28]
1911 Lasioideae Dracontioides desciscens
Engl.
&0000000000000002.0000002 Doğu Brezilya
Dracontium
L.[7]
1753 Lasioideae Dracontium polyphyllum
L.
&0000000000000024.00000024 Neotropik
Lasia
Lour.[29]
1790 Lasioideae Lasia aculeata[N 4]
Lour.
&0000000000000002.0000002 Tropikal Asya - Yeni Gine
Lasimorpha
Schott[26]
1857 Lasioideae Lasimorpha senegalensis
Schott
&0000000000000001.0000001 Batı ve Orta-Batı Afrika
Podolasia
N.E.Br.[30]
1882 Lasioideae Podolasia stipitata
N.E.Br.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Malay Archipelago
Pycnospatha
Thorel ex Gagnep.[31]
1941 Lasioideae Pycnospatha palmata
Gagnep.
&0000000000000002.0000002 Indochina
Urospatha
Schott[32]
1853
("1857")[N 5]
Lasioideae Urospatha sagittifolia
(Rudge) Schott
700110000000000000010+ Orta ve Güney Amerika
Gonatopus
Hook.f. ex Engl.[33]
1879 Zamioculcadoideae Gonatopus boivinii
(Decne.) Engl.
&0000000000000005.0000005 Afrika
Zamioculcas
Schott[34]
Zamioculcadoideae Zamioculcas loddigesii
Schott
&0000000000000001.0000001 Tropikal Doğu
ve Güney Afrika.
Aglaodorum
Schott[16]
1858 Aglaodorum griffithii
(Schott) Schott
&0000000000000001.0000001 Sundaland, güney Indochina
Aglaonema
Schott[13]
1829 Aglaonema oblongifolium
Schott
7001400000000000000ca. 40 Güneydoğu Asya
Alocasia
(Schott) G.Don[35]
1839 Alocasia cucullata
(Lour.) G.Don
&0000000000000079.00000079 tropikal Asya - Avustralya
Amorphophallus
Blume ex Decne.[36]
1834 Amorphophallus campanulatus
Blume ex Decne.
7002200000000000000ca. 200 Paleotropikal
Ambrosina
Bassi[37]
1763 Ambrosina bassii
L.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Tunus, Cezayir, Korsika, Sardinya, Sicilya
Anchomanes
Schott[38]
1853 Anchomanes hookeri[N 6]
(Kunth) Schott
70007000000000000007 or 8 Tropikal Afrika
Anubias
Schott[39]
1857 Anubias afzelii
Schott
&0000000000000008.0000008 Batı Afrika
Apoballis
Schott[40]
2010 Apoballis neglecta[N 7]
Schott
&0000000000000012.00000012 Tayland - Malezya
Aridarum
Ridl.[41]
1913 Aridarum montanum
Ridl.
&0000000000000007.0000007 Borneo
Ariopsis
Nimmo[42]
1839 Ariopsis peltata
Nimmo
&0000000000000002.0000002
Arisaema
Mart.[43]
1831 Belirsiz 7002150000000000000ca. 150 Doğu ve Orta Afrika,
Asya ve doğu Kuzey Amerika
Arisarum
Mill.[44]
1754 Arisarum vulgare
Targ.Tozz.
&0000000000000003.0000003
Arophyton
Jum.[45]
1928 Arophyton tripartitum
Jum.
&0000000000000007.0000007 Kuzey Madagaskar
Arum
L.[7]
1753 Arum maculatum
L.
7001250000000000000ca. 25 Western Palearctic
Asterostigma
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.[46]
1845 Asterostigma langsdorffianum
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
&0000000000000007.0000007
Bakoa
P.C.Boyce & S.Y.Wong[47]
2008 Bakoa lucens
(Bogner) P.C.Boyce & S.Y.Wong
&0000000000000001.0000001 Borneo
Biarum
Schott[24]
1832 Biarum tenuifolium
(L.) Schott
7001230000000000000ca. 23 Akdeniz
Bognera
Mayo & Nicolson[48]
1984 Bognera recondita
(Madison) Mayo & Nicolson
&0000000000000001.0000001 Brezilya
Bucephalandra
Schott[16]
1858 Bucephalandra motleyana
Scott
&0000000000000005.0000005 Borneo
Caladium
Vent.[49]
1801
("1800")
Caladium bicolor
(Aiton Vent.)
&0000000000000007.0000007 Tropikal Güney Amerika
Calla
L.[7]
1753 Calla palustris
L.
&0000000000000001.0000001
Callopsis
Engl.[50]
1895 Callopsis volkensii
Endl.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Tanzanya ve Kenya
Carlephyton
Jum.[51]
1919 Carlephyton madagascariense
Jum.
&0000000000000003.0000003 Madagaskar
Cercestis
Schott[52]
1857 Cercestis afzelii
Schott
&0000000000000010.00000010 Tropikal Afrika
Chlorospatha
Engl.[53]
1878 Chlorospatha kolbii
Engl.
7001160000000000000ca. 16 Kosta Rika - Peru
Colletogyne
Buchet[54]
1939 Colletogyne perrieri
Buchet
&0000000000000001.0000001 Madagaskar
Colocasia
Schott[24]
1832 Colocasia antiquorum
Schott
7001250000000000000at least 25
Croatiella
E.G.Gonç.[55]
2005 Croatiella integrifolia
(Madison) E.G.Gonç.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Doğu Ekvator
Cryptocoryne
Fisch. ex Wydler[56]
1830 Cryptocoryne spiralis
(Retz.) Fisch. ex Wydler
700150000000000000050 to 60 Tropikal Asya ve Yeni Gine
Culcasia
P.Beauv.[57]
1803
("1805")
Culcasia scandens
P.Beauv.
7001300000000000000ca. 30 Afrika
Dieffenbachia
Schott[13]
1829 Dieffenbachia seguine
(Jacq.) Schott
&0000000000000056.00000056 Neotropik
Dracunculus
Mill.[44]
1754 Dracunculus vulgaris
Schott
&0000000000000003.0000003
Eminium
(Blume) Schott[34]
1856 Eminium spiculatum
(Blume) Schott
&0000000000000009.0000009 Türkiye ve Orta doğu - Orta Asya
Filarum
Nicolson[58]
1968 Filarum manserichense
Nicolson
&0000000000000001.0000001 Peru
Furtadoa
M. Hotta[59]
1981 Furtadoa sumatrensis
M.Hotta
&0000000000000002.0000002 Sumatra ve Malezya
Gearum
N.E.Br.[60]
1882 Gearum brasiliense
N.E.Br.
70002000000000000001 or 2 Batı Brezilya
Gorgonidium
Schott[17]
1864
("1863-1864")
Gorgonidium mirabile
Schott
&0000000000000008.0000008 Peru - Arjantin
Hapaline
Schott[16]
1858 Hapaline benthamiana
(Schott) Schott
&0000000000000008.0000008
Helicodiceros
Schott[61]
1855 Helicodiceros muscivorus
(L.f.) Engl.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Balearik adaları, Korsika, Sardinya
Hestia
S.Y.Wong & P.C.Boyce[62]
2010 Hestia longifolia
(Ridl.) S.Y.Wong & P.C.Boyce
&0000000000000001.0000001 Borneo
Homalomena
Schott[24]
1832 Homalomena cordata
Schott
700180000000000000080+ Tropikal Asya, Malezya,
Papuasya, Neotropiklerin bir kısmı
Incarum
E.G.Gonç.[55]
2005 Incarum pavonii
(Schott) E.G.Gonç.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Orta Andes
Jasarum
G.S.Bunting[63]
1977
("1975")
Jasarum steyermarkii
G.S.Bunting
&0000000000000001.0000001 Guyana ve Venezuela
Lagenandra
Dalzell[64]
1852 Lagenandra toxicaria
Dalzell
&0000000000000016.00000016 India, Bangladeş ve Sri Lanka
Lorenzia
E.G.Gonç.[65]
2012 Lorenzia umbrosa
E.G.Gonç.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Amapá, Brezilya
Mangonia
Schott[66]
1857 Mangonia tweedieana
Schott
&0000000000000002.0000002 güney Brezilya - Uruguay
Montrichardia
Crueg.[67]
1854 Montrichardia aculeatum[N 8]
(G.Mey.) Crueg.
70003000000000000002+1 fossil Neotropik
Nephthytis
Schott[68]
1857 Nephthytis afzellii
Schott
&0000000000000006.0000006 tropikal batı Afrika
Ooia
S.Y.Wong & P.C.Boyce[69]
2010 Ooia grabowskii
(Engl.) S.Y.Wong & P.C.Boyce
&0000000000000002.0000002 Borneo
Peltandra
Raf.[70]
1819 Peltandra undulata[N 9]
Schott
&0000000000000002.0000002
Philodendron
Schott[13]
1829 Philodendron grandifolium
(Jacq.) Schott
7002350000000000000at least 350 Tropikal Amerika
Philonotion
Schott[71]
1829 Philonotion spruceanum
(Schott
&0000000000000003.0000003 Neotropik
Phymatarum
M.Hotta[72]
1965 Phymatarum borneense]
M.Hotta
&0000000000000001.0000001 Borneo
Pinellia
Ten.[73]
1839 Pinellia tuberifera
Ten.
&0000000000000009.0000009 Doğu Asya
Piptospatha
N.E.Br.[74]
1879 Piptospatha insignis
N.E.Br.
&0000000000000012.00000012 Tayland - Borneo
Pistia
L.[7]
1753 Pistia stratiotes
L.
&0000000000000001.0000001
Protarum
Engl.[75]
1901 Protarum sechellarum
Engl.
&0000000000000001.0000001 Seychelles
Pseudohydrosme
Engl.[76]
1892
("1893")
Pseudrohydrosme gabunensis
&0000000000000002.0000002 Gabon
Remusatia
Schott[24]
1832 Remusatia vivipara
(Roxb.) Schott
&0000000000000004.0000004
Sauromatum
Schott[24]
1832 Sauromatum guttatum[N 10]
(Wall.) Schott
&0000000000000009.0000009
Scaphispatha
Brongn. ex Schott[77]
1860 Scaphispatha gracilis
Brongn. ex Schott
&0000000000000002.0000002 Bolivya ve Brezilya
Schismatoglottis
Zoll. & Moritzi[78]
1846 Schismatoglottis calyptrata
(Roxb.) Zoll. & Moritzi
7002100000000000000100-120
Schottarum
P.C.Boyce & S.Y.Wong[47]
2008 Schottarum sarikeense
(Bogner & M.Hotta) P.C.Boyce & S.Y.Wong
&0000000000000001.0000001 Borneo
Spathantheum
Schott[79]
1859 Spathantheum orbignyanum
Schott
&0000000000000002.0000002
Spathicarpa
Hook.[80]
1831 Spathicarpa hastifolia
Hook.
&0000000000000004.0000004
Steudnera
K.Koch[81]
1862 Steudnera colocasiifolia
K.Koch
&0000000000000010.00000010 Assam, Indochina
Stylochaeton
Lepr.[82]
1834 Stylochaeton hypogeum
Lepr.
7001200000000000000ca. 20 Afrika
Synandrospadix
Engl.[83]
1883 Synandrospadix vermitoxicus
(Griseb.) Engl.
&0000000000000001.0000001
Syngonium
Schott[13]
1829 Syngonium auritum
(L.) Schott
7001350000000000000ca. 35 Neotropik
Taccarum
Brongn.[84]
1858
("1857")
Taccarum weddellianum
Brongn.
&0000000000000006.0000006 Güney Amerika
Theriophonum
Blume[85]
1837
("1835")
Theriophonum crenatum[N 11]
(Wight) Schott
&0000000000000007.0000007
Typhonium
Schott[13]
1829 Typhonium trilobatum
(L.) Schott
7001500000000000000ca. 50
Typhonodorum
Schott[15]
1857 Typhonodorum lindleyanum
Schott
&0000000000000001.0000001 Madagaskar, Zanzibar,
Mauritius ve Comoros
Ulearum
Engl.[86]
1905
("1906")
Ulearum sagittatum
Engl.
&0000000000000002.0000002 Peru, Kuzey Brezilya
Xanthosoma
Schott[24]
1832 Xanthosoma sagittifolium
(L.) Schott
7001500000000000000ca. 50 Neotropik
Zantedeschia
Spreng.[87]
1826 Zantedeschia aethiopica
(L.) Spreng.
&0000000000000008.0000008 Güney Afrika
Zomicarpa
Schott[34]
1856 Zomicarpa pythonium
(Mart.) Schott
&0000000000000002.0000002 Kuzey-doğu Brezilya
Zomicarpella
N.E.Br.[88]
1881 Zomicarpella maculata
N.E.Br.
&0000000000000002.0000002 Kolombiya

Galeri[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Notlar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Yazının yayın tarihi farklı olduğunda, parantez içinde yazan ikinci yıl yazının yazıldığı tarihi gösterir. Bunun sebebi farklı tarihte dağıtılması veya kitabın birden fazla baskısı olduğunda daha sonradan birleştirilerek basım yapılması olabilir.
  2. ^ Bu tür Anadendrum microstachyum (de Vriese & Miq.) Backer & Alderw olarak biliniyor.
  3. ^ Cyrtosperma merkusii (Hassk.) Schott. olarak biliniyor.
  4. ^ Tür Lasia spinosa (L.) Thwaites olarak biliniyor.
  5. ^ İşin tamamlandığı yıl.
  6. ^ Bu tür Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl. sinonim olarak biliniyor
  7. ^ Apoballis rupestris (Zoll. & Moritzi ex Zoll.) S.Y.Wong & P.C.Boyce olarak biliniyor.
  8. ^ Türün doğru adı Montrichardia arborescens (L.) Schott
  9. ^ Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott sinonimi olarak biliniyor.
  10. ^ Sauromatum venosum (Dryand. ex Aiton) Kunth olarak biliniyor.
  11. ^ Theriophonum minutum olarak biliniyor (Willd.) Baill.

Dış bağlantılar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Sender, L.M., Doyle, J.A., Upchurch, J.R. Jr., Villanueva-Amadoz, U. and Diez J.B. 2019. Leaf and inflorescence evidence for near-basal Araceae and an unexpected diversity of other monocots from the late Early Cretaceous of Spain. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, vol. 17, p. 1093–1126.
  2. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2), ss. 105-121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x 
  3. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385. ISSN 0024-4074. 
  4. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001). "Araceae". Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. 13. Erişim tarihi: 30 Aralık 2017. 
  5. ^ Brown, Robert (1810). Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. Londra: R.Taylor. s. 337. 
  6. ^ Schott (1857). "Aroideae". Österreichisches Botanisches Wochenblatt. 7 (8): 61-62. doi:10.1007/BF02059440. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Linnaeus (1753). Species Plantarum (Latince). Stockholm: Laurentii Salvii. 
  8. ^ Barton, William P. C. (1817). Vegetable Materia Medica of the United States. 1. Carey & Sons=. s. 124. 
  9. ^ Les, Donald H.; Crawford, Daniel J. (1999). "Landoltia, a new genus of duckweed". Novon. 9 (4): 530-533. doi:10.2307/3392157. JSTOR 3392157. 
  10. ^ Schleiden, M.J. (1829). "Prodromus Monographiae Lemnacearum oder Conspectus Generum Atque Specierum". Linnaea (Almanca). 13: 385-392. 
  11. ^ Schleiden, M.J. (1844). "Prodromus Monographiae Lemnacearum oder Conspectus Generum Atque Specierum". Beitrage zur Botanik, Erste Band (Almanca). Wilh. Engelmann. ss. 229-236;233. 
  12. ^ Hegelmaier, F. (1896). "Systematische Übersicht der Lemnaceen". Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (Almanca). 21 (3): 268-305;303. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f Schott, H.W. (1829). "Für Liebhaber der Botanik" [For Botanical Amateurs]. Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst, Litteratur, Theater und Mode (Almanca). 1829 (3): 732, 779-780, 803, 828, 892, 1180, 1280. 
  14. ^ Hotta, Mitsuru (1976). "Notes on Bornean Plants III. : Pedicellarum and Heteroaridarum, two new genera of the aroids". Acta Phytotaxa et Geobotanica. 27 (3–4): 61-65. 
  15. ^ a b Schott, H. (1857). "Aroideae". Österreichisches Botanisches Wochenblatt. 7 (9): 69-70. doi:10.1007/BF02059776. 
  16. ^ a b c d e Schott, Heinrich Wilhelm (1858). Genera Aroidearum exposita (Latince). Viyana: Caroli Ueberreuter. 
  17. ^ a b Schott, H.W. (1863). "Araceae, pars prior, nova genera et species". Annales Musei Botanici Lugduno-Batavi. 1 (10): 122-131;221;278-286. 
  18. ^ a b Schott, H.M. (1857). "Aroideae Honkongense". Bonplandia (Almanca). 5 (3): 44-45. 
  19. ^ Kunth, Karl Sigismund (1841). Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum. 3. Stuttgart: J.G. Cott. s. 59. 
  20. ^ Beccari, Odoardo (1877). "Aracee Della Malesia e Della Papuasia Raccolte Da 0. Beccari". Malesia: raccolta di osservazioni botaniche intorno alie piante dell'arcipelago indo-malese e papuano publicata da Odoardo Beccari. 1. Genova: Instituto Sordo-Muti. s. 265. 
  21. ^ Adanson, M. (1763). Familles des plantes. 2. Paris: Vincent. s. 460. 
  22. ^ Hasskarl, J. K. (1842). "Plantarum genera et species novae aut reformatae javenses". Flora. 25 (2 suppl. 1): 1-16;11. 
  23. ^ Poeppig, Eduard (1845). Nova Genera ac Species Plantarum quas in Regno Chilensi Peruviano. 3. Leipzig: Friedrich Hofmeister. s. 91. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h Schott, Heinrich; Endlicher, Stephan (1832). Meletemata botanica (Latince). Viyana: C. Gerold. 
  25. ^ Hay, Alistair (1988). "Anaphyllopsis: A new neotropical genus of Araceae—Lasieae". Aroideana. 11 (2): 25-31. 
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