Alplerin çevresinde yer alan Tarihöncesi Kazık Evler

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Alplerin çevresinde yer alan Tarihöncesi Kazık Evler*
UNESCO Dünya Mirası

Pfahlbauten Unteruhldingen 2005 05.jpg
Ülke  Almanya,  Avusturya,  Fransa,  İsviçre,  İtalya, Slovenya
Tür Kültürel
Kriter iv, v
Referans 1363
Bölge** Avrupa ve Kuzey Amerika
Tescil bilgisi
Tescil 2011  (35. Oturum)
* Dünya Mirası resmî listesi.
** UNESCO resmî sınıflandırması.

Alplerin çevresinde yer alan Tarihöncesi Kazık Evler, M.Ö. 5000 — M.Ö. 500 yılları arasında Alplerde ve çevresindeki göllerin, nehirlerin veya sulak alanların kenarlarında inşa edilmiş bir dizi tarih öncesi kazık konut (veya yapay ev) yerleşimleridir. 2011 yılında UNESCO Dünya Mirasları listesi'ne Avusturya'da (5 bölge), Fransa'da (11), Almanya'da (18), İtalya'da (19), Slovenya'da (2) ve İsviçre'de (56) bulunan 111 site eklendi.[1] Ayrıca, bu Dünya Mirası alanı, Slovenya'da listelenen ilk kültürel dünya mirası oldu.[2]

Sadece bazı bölgelerde yürütülen kazılar, Alpin Avrupa'daki Neolitik Çağ ve Bronz Çağı boyunca tarih öncesi çağlardaki yaşam hakkında fikir veren ve toplulukların çevreleriyle nasıl etkileşime girdiğini ortaya koyan kanıtlar ortaya çıkarmıştır. Adaylığın belirttiği gibi yerleşimler, bölgedeki erken dönem tarım toplumlarının incelenmesinde en önemli kaynaklardan birini oluşturan son derece iyi korunmuş ve kültürel açıdan zengin arkeolojik alanların eşsiz bir bileşimidir.[1]

Popüler inancın aksine, evler su üzerinde değil, bataklık topraklarında inşa edildi. Ara sıra meydana gelen sellerden korunmak için kazıklar üzerine kuruldu. Göller zamanla büyüdüklerinden orijinal kazıkların birçoğu şimdi su altındadır ve modern gözlemcilere her zaman bu şekilde oldukları yönünde yanlış bir izlenim bırakmaktadır.[3]

Siteler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Ülke[4] Seri Numarası[4] İsim[4] Konum[4] Koordinatlar[5] Kaplama alanı (Ha) Tampon bölge (Ha) Tahmini terk edilme tarihi (BC) [6]
İsviçre 1363-001 Ägelmoos Beinwil am See 47°16′43.047″K 8°12′27.44″D / 47.27862417°K 8.2076222°D / 47.27862417; 8.2076222 (Ägelmoos) 0.96 10.5 2000–1000
İsviçre 1363-002 Riesi Seengen 47°19′6.532″K 8°12′14.29″D / 47.31848111°K 8.2039694°D / 47.31848111; 8.2039694 (Riesi) 3.8 16.5 1500–500
İsviçre 1363-003 Vingelz / Hafen Biel/Bienne 47°7′55.585″K 7°13′24.3″D / 47.13210694°K 7.223417°D / 47.13210694; 7.223417 (Vingelz / Hafen) 0.6 18.4 3000–2500
İsviçre 1363-004 Dorfstation Lüscherz 47°2′55.464″K 7°9′0.22″D / 47.04874°K 7.1500611°D / 47.04874; 7.1500611 (Dorfstation) 3.4 75.1 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-005 Lobsigensee Seedorf 47°1′58.487″K 7°17′59.989″D / 47.03291306°K 7.29999694°D / 47.03291306; 7.29999694 (Lobsigensee) 1.1 27.6 3500–3000
İsviçre 1363-006 Rütte Sutz-Lattrigen 47°6′18.364″K 7°12′46.78″D / 47.10510111°K 7.2129944°D / 47.10510111; 7.2129944 (Rütte) 2.8 49.6 3000–2500
İsviçre 1363-007 Bahnhof Twann 47°5′43.915″K 7°9′27.74″D / 47.09553194°K 7.1577056°D / 47.09553194; 7.1577056 (Bahnhof) 2.5 18.5 4000–3000
İsviçre 1363-008 Strandboden Vinelz 47°2′21.059″K 7°6′33.56″D / 47.03918306°K 7.1093222°D / 47.03918306; 7.1093222 (Strandboden) 2.3 28.7 4000–2500
İsviçre 1363-009 Les Grèves Gletterens 46°54′19.098″K 6°55′46.37″D / 46.905305°K 6.9295472°D / 46.905305; 6.9295472 (Les Grèves) 2.62 2.4 3500–3000
İsviçre 1363-010 Spitz Greng 46°55′21.014″K 7°5′25.93″D / 46.92250389°K 7.0905361°D / 46.92250389; 7.0905361 (Spitz) 7.69 7.3 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 1500–500
İsviçre 1363-011 Môtier I Haut-Vully 46°57′0.889″K 7°5′19.87″D / 46.95024694°K 7.0888528°D / 46.95024694; 7.0888528 (Môtier I) 1.42 1.3 Neolithic
İsviçre 1363-012 Segelboothafen Murten 46°55′47.323″K 7°6′48.28″D / 46.92981194°K 7.1134111°D / 46.92981194; 7.1134111 (Segelboothafen) 2.83 4.7 3000–2500
İsviçre 1363-013 En Praz des Gueux Noréaz 46°47′39.2″K 7°2′12.7″D / 46.794222°K 7.036861°D / 46.794222; 7.036861 (En Praz des Gueux) 0.08 2.02 4000–3500
İsviçre 1363-014 Bellerive I Collonge-Bellerive 46°15′12.03″K 6°11′25.6″D / 46.2533417°K 6.190444°D / 46.2533417; 6.190444 (Bellerive) 2.4 8.87 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-015 Port Corsier 46°16′5.61″K 6°12′37.7″D / 46.268225°K 6.210472°D / 46.268225; 6.210472 (Port) 1.94 10.9 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-016 Bourg Versoix 46°16′52.29″K 6°10′14.63″D / 46.2811917°K 6.1707306°D / 46.2811917; 6.1707306 (Bourg) 3.03 15.93 1500–500
İsviçre 1363-017 Egolzwil 3 Egolzwil 47°10′56.55″K 8°0′59.36″D / 47.182375°K 8.0164889°D / 47.182375; 8.0164889 (Egolzwil 3) 0.65 56.82 5000–4000
İsviçre 1363-018 Seematte Hitzkirch 47°12′58.48″K 8°15′15.2″D / 47.2162444°K 8.254222°D / 47.2162444; 8.254222 (Seematte) 2.81 24.55 4000–2500
İsviçre 1363-019 Halbinsel Sursee 47°10′13.13″K 8°7′28.27″D / 47.1703139°K 8.1245194°D / 47.1703139; 8.1245194 (Halbinsel) 3.55 67.78 4000–3500, 2500–500
İsviçre 1363-020 Port-Conty Saint-Aubin-Sauges 46°53′25.42″K 6°46′14.73″D / 46.8903944°K 6.7707583°D / 46.8903944; 6.7707583 (Port-Conty) 1.04 7.03 4000–2000
İsviçre 1363-021 Les Argilliez Gorgier 46°54′11.8″K 6°47′23.61″D / 46.903278°K 6.7898917°D / 46.903278; 6.7898917 (Les Argilliez) 1.32 1.2 4000–3500
İsviçre 1363-022 L’Abbaye 2 Bevaix 46°55′34.54″K 6°49′50.56″D / 46.9262611°K 6.8307111°D / 46.9262611; 6.8307111 (L'Abbaye 2) 1.04 5.01 1040–986
İsviçre 1363-023 La Saunerie Milvignes 46°58′14.3″K 6°52′17.78″D / 46.970639°K 6.8716056°D / 46.970639; 6.8716056 (La Saunerie) 1.51 1.63 4000–3500, 3000–2000
İsviçre 1363-024 Les Graviers Milvignes 46°58′22.45″K 6°52′29.99″D / 46.9729028°K 6.8749972°D / 46.9729028; 6.8749972 (Les Graviers) 0.57 2.13 3500–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-025 Kehrsiten Stansstad 47°0′7.92″K 8°21′58.65″D / 47.0022°K 8.3662917°D / 47.0022; 8.3662917 (Kehrsiten) 1.26 5.14 4000–3000
İsviçre 1363-026 Weier I - III Thayngen 47°44′10.11″K 8°42′16.02″D / 47.7361417°K 8.70445°D / 47.7361417; 8.70445 (Weier I-III) 0.48 3.44 4000–3500
İsviçre 1363-027 Freienbach–Hurden Rosshorn Hurden 47°13′10.38″K 8°48′24.6″D / 47.21955°K 8.806833°D / 47.21955; 8.806833 (Hurden Rosshorn) 4.32 20.1 3500–3000, 2000–500
İsviçre 1363-028 Freienbach–Hurden Seefeld Hurden 47°12′43.05″K 8°48′8.22″D / 47.2119583°K 8.8022833°D / 47.2119583; 8.8022833 (Hurden Seefeld) 2.4 16.12 3500–2500
İsviçre 1363-029 Burgäschisee Ost Aeschi 47°10′7.33″K 7°40′20.48″D / 47.1687028°K 7.6723556°D / 47.1687028; 7.6723556 (Burgäschisee Ost) 0.3 90.69 4000–3500, 3000–2500
İsviçre 1363-030 Inkwilersee Insel Bolken/Inkwil 47°11′55.23″K 7°39′45.79″D / 47.198675°K 7.6627194°D / 47.198675; 7.6627194 (Inkwilersee Insel) 0.1 45.71 4000-3500, 3000–2500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-031 Feldbach (Seegubel) Kempraten/Feldbach, İsviçre 47°14′19.66″K 8°47′45.96″D / 47.2387944°K 8.7961°D / 47.2387944; 8.7961 (Feldbach) 7.5 15.5 4000–1000
İsviçre 1363-032 Rapperswil-Jona–Technikum Rapperswil 47°13′14.21″K 8°48′56.55″D / 47.2206139°K 8.8157083°D / 47.2206139; 8.8157083 (Technikum) 0.92 49.1 2000–1500
İsviçre 1363-033 Bleiche 2-3 Arbon 47°30′13.72″K 9°25′39.93″D / 47.5038111°K 9.4277583°D / 47.5038111; 9.4277583 (Bleiche 2-3) 2.37 5.84 3500–3000, 2000–1500
İsviçre 1363-034 Insel Werd Eschenz 47°39′18.87″K 8°52′1.19″D / 47.6552417°K 8.8669972°D / 47.6552417; 8.8669972 (Insel Werd) 2.8 44.08 4000–2500, 1500–500
İsviçre 1363-035 Egelsee Gachnang-Niederwil 47°33′30.45″K 8°51′46.8″D / 47.5584583°K 8.863°D / 47.5584583; 8.863 (Egelsee) 2.97 5.94 4000–3500
İsviçre 1363-036 Nussbaumersee Hüttwilen 47°36′53.3″K 8°48′55.05″D / 47.614806°K 8.8152917°D / 47.614806; 8.8152917 (Nussbaumersee) 3.66 16.86 5000–2500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-037 Pointe de Montbec I Chabrey 46°56′2.97″K 6°58′13.73″D / 46.9341583°K 6.9704806°D / 46.9341583; 6.9704806 (Pointe de Montbec I) 1.78 8.04 1500–500
İsviçre 1363-038 La Bessime Chevroux 46°53′14.48″K 6°53′35.57″D / 46.8873556°K 6.8932139°D / 46.8873556; 6.8932139 (La Bessime) 1.07 22.1 4000–3500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-039 Village Chevroux 46°53′33.4″K 6°54′5.37″D / 46.892611°K 6.9014917°D / 46.892611; 6.9014917 (Village) 1.54 38.4 3500–2000
İsviçre 1363-040 Stations de Concise Corcelles-près-Concise 46°50′47.16″K 6°42′57.51″D / 46.8464333°K 6.715975°D / 46.8464333; 6.715975 (Stations de Concise) 6.5 11.5 4000–2500
İsviçre 1363-041 Corcelettes Les Violes Grandson 46°49′4.99″K 6°40′5.27″D / 46.8180528°K 6.6681306°D / 46.8180528; 6.6681306 (Corcelettes Les Violes) 2.59 17.4 1500–500
İsviçre 1363-042 Les Roseaux Morges 46°30′54.16″K 6°30′30.17″D / 46.5150444°K 6.5083806°D / 46.5150444; 6.5083806 (Les Roseaux) 0.86 8.1 2000–1000
İsviçre 1363-043 Stations de Morges Morges 46°30′36.34″K 6°30′10.3″D / 46.5100944°K 6.502861°D / 46.5100944; 6.502861 (Stations de Morges) 2.12 7.91 2000–1000
İsviçre 1363-044 Chenevières de Guévaux I Mur, now Vully-les-Lacs 46°56′5.88″K 7°3′17.69″D / 46.9349667°K 7.0549139°D / 46.9349667; 7.0549139 (Chenevières de Guévaux I) 1.04 9.73 2000–1500
İsviçre 1363-045 Baie de Clendy Yverdon-les-Bains 46°46′48.62″K 6°39′12.77″D / 46.7801722°K 6.6535472°D / 46.7801722; 6.6535472 (Baie de Clendy) 1.87 38.7 4000–1500
İsviçre 1363-046 Le Marais Yvonand 46°47′57.64″K 6°45′11.82″D / 46.7993444°K 6.7532833°D / 46.7993444; 6.7532833 (Le Marais) 1.95 16.8 3500–2500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-047 Oterswil / Insel Eielen Zug 47°7′36.26″K 8°29′50.46″D / 47.1267389°K 8.49735°D / 47.1267389; 8.49735 (Oterswil/Insel Eielen) 0.45 10.82 3000–2000
İsviçre 1363-048 Riedmatt Zug 47°10′56.95″K 8°29′28.12″D / 47.1824861°K 8.4911444°D / 47.1824861; 8.4911444 (Riedmatt) 0.28 2.61 3500–2500, 1500–1000
İsviçre 1363-049 Sumpf Zug 47°10′57.99″K 8°28′41.78″D / 47.182775°K 8.4782722°D / 47.182775; 8.4782722 (Sumpf) 1.55 7.5 1500–500
İsviçre 1363-050 Erlenbach–Winkel Erlenbach 47°17′49.91″K 8°35′46.31″D / 47.2971972°K 8.5961972°D / 47.2971972; 8.5961972 (Winkel) 3.01 6.6 4000–1500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-051 Greifensee–Storen/Wildsberg Greifensee 47°21′37.8″K 8°40′51.51″D / 47.3605°K 8.680975°D / 47.3605; 8.680975 (Storen / Wildsberg) 9.59 11.7 4000–2500
İsviçre 1363-052 Meilen–Rorenhaab Meilen 47°15′50.14″K 8°39′36.82″D / 47.2639278°K 8.6602278°D / 47.2639278; 8.6602278 (Rorenhaab) 0.7 4.8 4000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-053 Wädenswil–Vorder Au Au, İsviçre 47°14′48.88″K 8°39′11.64″D / 47.2469111°K 8.6532333°D / 47.2469111; 8.6532333 (Vorder Au) 1.49 22.5 3500–1500
İsviçre 1363-054 Wetzikon-Robenhausen Wetzikon 47°20′9.05″K 8°47′8.16″D / 47.3358472°K 8.7856°D / 47.3358472; 8.7856 (Robenhausen) 0.92 155 4000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
İsviçre 1363-055 Zürich–Enge Alpenquai Zürich 47°21′52.06″K 8°32′19.47″D / 47.3644611°K 8.5387417°D / 47.3644611; 8.5387417 (Enge Alpenquai) 2.93 17.4 1500–500
İsviçre 1363-056 Grosser Hafner and Kleiner Hafner Zürich 47°21′58.19″K 8°32′38.66″D / 47.3661639°K 8.5440722°D / 47.3661639; 8.5440722 (Grosse Stadt Kleiner Hafner) 0.64 16.56 5000–1500, 1000–500
Avusturya 1363-057 Keutschacher See Keutschach 46°35′13.27″K 14°9′34.06″D / 46.5870194°K 14.1594611°D / 46.5870194; 14.1594611 (Keutschacher See) 0.21 132.5 4000–3500, 1000–500
Avusturya 1363-058 Abtsdorf I Attersee 47°53′40.96″K 13°32′1.07″D / 47.8947111°K 13.5336306°D / 47.8947111; 13.5336306 (Abtsdorf I) 1.1 91.43 1500–1000
Avusturya 1363-059 Abtsdorf III Attersee 47°53′35.56″K 13°31′59.34″D / 47.8932111°K 13.53315°D / 47.8932111; 13.53315 (Abtsdorf III) 0.22 91.43 4000–3000
Avusturya 1363-060 Litzlberg Süd Seewalchen am Attersee 47°56′3.66″K 13°33′16.99″D / 47.93435°K 13.5547194°D / 47.93435; 13.5547194 (Litzlberg Süd) 0.76 65.26 4000–3000
Avusturya 1363-061 See Mondsee 47°48′13.97″K 13°26′57.41″D / 47.8038806°K 13.4492806°D / 47.8038806; 13.4492806 (See) 1.22 0.97 3500–3000
Fransa 1363-062 Le Grand Lac de Clairvaux Clairvaux-les-Lacs 46°34′16.28″K 5°44′58.88″D / 46.5711889°K 5.7496889°D / 46.5711889; 5.7496889 (Le Grand Lac de Clairvaux) 15.2 103.05 4000–500
Fransa 1363-063 Lac de Chalain, rive occidentale Marigny, Doucier, Fontenu 46°40′19.726″K 5°46′34.84″D / 46.67214611°K 5.7763444°D / 46.67214611; 5.7763444 (Lac de Chalain, rive occidentale) 50.65 96.83 5300–600
Fransa 1363-064 Lac d’Aiguebelette, zone sud Aiguebelette-le-Lac, Saint-Alban-de-Montbel 45°32′36.02″K 5°48′16.85″D / 45.5433389°K 5.8046806°D / 45.5433389; 5.8046806 (Lac d’Aiguebelette, zone sud) 0.64 42.87 3000–2500
Fransa 1363-065 Baie de Grésine Brison-Saint-Innocent 45°44′11.857″K 5°53′8.43″D / 45.73662694°K 5.885675°D / 45.73662694; 5.885675 (Baie de Grésine) 4.09 31.5 1000–500
Fransa 1363-066 Baie de Châtillon Chindrieux 45°47′51.878″K 5°51′3.37″D / 45.79774389°K 5.8509361°D / 45.79774389; 5.8509361 (Baie de Châtillon) 0.91 7.6 1000–500
Fransa 1363-067 Hautecombe Saint-Pierre-de-Curtille 45°44′59.23″K 5°50′27.07″D / 45.7497861°K 5.8408528°D / 45.7497861; 5.8408528 (Hautecombe) 2.03 5.7 3500–3000
Fransa 1363-068 Littoral de Tresserve Tresserve 45°41′2.681″K 5°53′34.15″D / 45.68407806°K 5.8928194°D / 45.68407806; 5.8928194 (Littoral de Tresserve) 2.12 72.4 1000–500
Fransa 1363-069 Littoral de Chens-sur-Léman Chens-sur-Léman 46°19′16.068″K 6°15′21.42″D / 46.32113°K 6.25595°D / 46.32113; 6.25595 (Littoral de Chens-sur-Léman) 0.93 92.6 1500–500
Fransa 1363-070 Les Marais de Saint-Jorioz Saint-Jorioz 45°50′6.749″K 6°10′58.29″D / 45.83520806°K 6.1828583°D / 45.83520806; 6.1828583 (Les Marais de Saint-Jorioz) 0.49 4.3 4000–3500
Fransa 1363-071 Le Crêt de Chatillon Sévrier 45°51′37.4″K 6°9′19.8″D / 45.860389°K 6.1555°D / 45.860389; 6.1555 (Le Crêt de Chatillon) 1.07 8.2 1500–500
Fransa 1363-072 Secteur des Mongets Sévrier, Saint-Jorioz 45°51′11.714″K 6°9′4.64″D / 45.85325389°K 6.1512889°D / 45.85325389; 6.1512889 (Secteur des Mongets) 0.13 63.2 2000–1500
Almanya 1363-073 Wangen-Hinterhorn Öhningen 47°39′39.416″K 8°56′20.02″D / 47.66094889°K 8.9388944°D / 47.66094889; 8.9388944 (Wangen-Hinterhorn) 2.56 3.2 4000–2500, 1500–500
Almanya 1363-074 Hornstaad-Hörnle Gaienhofen 47°41′40.229″K 9°0′21.30″D / 47.69450806°K 9.005917°D / 47.69450806; 9.005917 (Hornstaad-Hörnle) 13.11 72.4 4000–2500
Almanya 1363-075 Allensbach-Strandbad Allensbach 47°42′35.132″K 9°4′47.33″D / 47.70975889°K 9.0798139°D / 47.70975889; 9.0798139 (Allensbach-Strandbad) 2.65 6.6 4000–2500
Almanya 1363-076 Wollmatingen-Langenrain Konstanz 47°40′29.582″K 9°7′13.32″D / 47.67488389°K 9.1203667°D / 47.67488389; 9.1203667 (Wollmatingen-Langenrain) 1.55 83.7 1000–500
Almanya 1363-077 Konstanz-Hinterhausen Konstanz 47°39′54.788″K 9°11′38.65″D / 47.66521889°K 9.1940694°D / 47.66521889; 9.1940694 (Konstanz-Hinterhausen) 4.15 4.12 4000–3500, 3000–2500
Almanya 1363-078 Litzelstetten-Krähenhorn 32 Konstanz 47°43′28.823″K 9°10′44.23″D / 47.72467306°K 9.1789528°D / 47.72467306; 9.1789528 (Litzelstetten-Krähenhorn 32) 7.51 47.92 3960–3805
Almanya 1363-079 Bodman-Schachen / Löchle Bodman-Ludwigshafen 47°48′52.11″K 9°2′23.11″D / 47.814475°K 9.0397528°D / 47.814475; 9.0397528 (Bodman-Schachen / Löchle) 5.34 14.1 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–1000
Almanya 1363-080 Sipplingen-Osthafen Sipplingen 47°47′35.304″K 9°6′7.29″D / 47.79314°K 9.102025°D / 47.79314; 9.102025 (Sipplingen-Osthafen) 4.61 6.23 3919–2417, 934–933
Almanya 1363-081 Unteruhldingen-Stollenwiesen Uhldingen-Mühlhofen 47°43′15.258″K 9°13′42.18″D / 47.720905°K 9.2283833°D / 47.720905; 9.2283833 (Unteruhldingen-Stollenwiesen) 4.22 4.52 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–500
Almanya 1363-082 Ödenahlen Alleshausen 48°7′9.163″K 9°38′27.54″D / 48.11921194°K 9.6409833°D / 48.11921194; 9.6409833 (Ödenahlen) 0.97 58.02 4000–3500
Almanya 1363-083 Grundwiesen Alleshausen 48°6′30.744″K 9°37′35.75″D / 48.10854°K 9.6265972°D / 48.10854; 9.6265972 (Grundwiesen) 0.54 3.42 3020–2700
Almanya 1363-084 Siedlung Forschner Bad Buchau 48°3′17.492″K 9°38′25.92″D / 48.05485889°K 9.6405333°D / 48.05485889; 9.6405333 (Siedlung Forschner) 3.54 285.14 1767–1480
Almanya 1363-085 Olzreute-Enzisholz Bad Schussenried 47°59′54.859″K 9°41′19.26″D / 47.99857194°K 9.6886833°D / 47.99857194; 9.6886833 (Olzreute-Enzisholz) 1.82 20.62 3000–2500
Almanya 1363-086 Schreckensee Wolpertswende 47°53′18.56″K 9°34′7.77″D / 47.8884889°K 9.568825°D / 47.8884889; 9.568825 (Schreckensee) 1.06 7.05 3651–3263
Almanya 1363-087 Ehrenstein Blaustein 48°24′38.707″K 9°55′23.68″D / 48.41075194°K 9.9232444°D / 48.41075194; 9.9232444 (Ehrenstein) 1.33 2.42 4000–3500
Almanya 1363-088 Pestenacker Weil 48°8′48.044″K 10°56′52.29″D / 48.14667889°K 10.9478583°D / 48.14667889; 10.9478583 (Pestenacker) 0.57 3.66 3495–3481
Almanya 1363-089 Unfriedshausen Geltendorf 48°8′32.359″K 10°57′4.28″D / 48.14232194°K 10.9511889°D / 48.14232194; 10.9511889 (Unfriedshausen) 0.79 7.69 3813–3535
Almanya 1363-090 Rose Island Feldafing 47°56′29.522″K 11°18′33.52″D / 47.94153389°K 11.3093111°D / 47.94153389; 11.3093111 (Rose Island) 15.16 34.3 5000–2500, 2000–500
İtalya 1363-091 Palù di Livenza – Santissima Polcenigo 46°1′18.268″K 12°28′52.13″D / 46.02174111°K 12.4811472°D / 46.02174111; 12.4811472 (Palù di Livenza – Santissima) 13.48 86.72 4766–4375, 3768–3538
İtalya 1363-092 Lavagnone Desenzano del Garda 45°26′11.094″K 10°32′14.68″D / 45.436415°K 10.5374111°D / 45.436415; 10.5374111 (Lavagnone) 6.04 14.45 2500–1000
İtalya 1363-093 San Sivino, Gabbiano Manerba del Garda 45°32′7.944″K 10°33′27.94″D / 45.53554°K 10.5577611°D / 45.53554; 10.5577611 (San Sivino, Gabbiano) 1.85 3.46 2500–1500
İtalya 1363-094 Lugana Vecchia Sirmione 45°27′30.121″K 10°38′36.8″D / 45.45836694°K 10.643556°D / 45.45836694; 10.643556 (Lugana Vecchia) 2.59 11.16 2500–1000
İtalya 1363-095 Lucone Polpenazze del Garda 45°33′3.326″K 10°29′17.19″D / 45.55092389°K 10.4881083°D / 45.55092389; 10.4881083 (Lucone) 7.66 68.2 5000–3500, 2500–1500
İtalya 1363-096 Lagazzi del Vho Piadena 45°6′27.544″K 10°23′34.71″D / 45.10765111°K 10.392975°D / 45.10765111; 10.392975 (Lagazzi del Vho) 2.77 18.46 2000–1500
İtalya 1363-097 Bande - Corte Carpani Cavriana 45°22′16.878″K 10°35′9.61″D / 45.371355°K 10.5860028°D / 45.371355; 10.5860028 (Bande - Corte Carpani) 7.33 36.4 2005–1959
İtalya 1363-098 Castellaro Lagusello - Fondo Tacoli Monzambano 45°22′9.343″K 10°38′3.13″D / 45.36926194°K 10.6342028°D / 45.36926194; 10.6342028 (Castellaro Lagusello - Fondo Tacoli) 1.23 59.04 2000–1000
İtalya 1363-099 Isolino Virginia-Camilla-Isola di San Biagio Biandronno 45°48′43.25″K 8°43′5.02″D / 45.8120139°K 8.7180611°D / 45.8120139; 8.7180611 (Isolino Virginia-Camilla-Isola di San Biagio) 3.79 25.07 5000–1000
İtalya 1363-100 Bodio centrale o delle Monete Bodio Lomnago 45°47′47.152″K 8°45′20.19″D / 45.79643111°K 8.7556083°D / 45.79643111; 8.7556083 (Bodio centrale o delle Monete) 1.67 28.55 2000–1000
İtalya 1363-101 Il Sabbione o settentrionale Cadrezzate 45°47′58.625″K 8°38′55.64″D / 45.79961806°K 8.6487889°D / 45.79961806; 8.6487889 (Il Sabbione o settentrionale) 1.18 9.61 2000–1000
İtalya 1363-102 VI.1-Emissario Viverone, Azeglio 45°25′5.743″K 8°1′22.44″D / 45.41826194°K 8.0229°D / 45.41826194; 8.0229 (VI.1-Emissario) 5.86 852.77 2000–1000
İtalya 1363-103 Mercurago Arona 45°44′1.709″K 8°33′7.6″D / 45.73380806°K 8.552111°D / 45.73380806; 8.552111 (Mercurago) 5.16 270.06 2000–1000
İtalya 1363-104 Molina di Ledro Ledro 45°52′26.857″K 10°45′54.05″D / 45.87412694°K 10.7650139°D / 45.87412694; 10.7650139 (Molina di Ledro) 0.78 2.31 1900–1300
İtalya 1363-105 Fiavé-Lago Carera Fiavè 45°59′24.346″K 10°49′51.55″D / 45.99009611°K 10.8309861°D / 45.99009611; 10.8309861 (Fiavé-Lago Carera) 10.7 73.92 4000–3500, 2000–1000
İtalya 1363-106 Belvedere Peschiera del Garda 45°27′22.705″K 10°39′30.31″D / 45.45630694°K 10.6584194°D / 45.45630694; 10.6584194 (Belvedere) 2.52 12.46 2500–1500
İtalya 1363-107 Frassino Peschiera del Garda 45°26′5.168″K 10°39′47.51″D / 45.43476889°K 10.6631972°D / 45.43476889; 10.6631972 (Frassino) 1.48 31.19 2000–1000
İtalya 1363-108 Tombola Cerea 45°10′46.348″K 11°12′40.5″D / 45.17954111°K 11.21125°D / 45.17954111; 11.21125 (Tombola) 1.51 123.76 1500–1000
İtalya 1363-109 Laghetto della Costa Arquà Petrarca 45°16′10.844″K 11°44′32.68″D / 45.26967889°K 11.7424111°D / 45.26967889; 11.7424111 (Laghetto della Costa) 1.56 6.52 2500–1500
Slovenya 1363-110 Kolišča na Igu, severna skupina Ig 45°58′32.318″K 14°31′46.19″D / 45.97564389°K 14.5294972°D / 45.97564389; 14.5294972 (Kolišča na Igu, severna skupina) 19.2 516.65 3000–1500
Slovenya 1363-111 Kolišča na Igu, južna skupina Ig 45°58′14.221″K 14°32′29.84″D / 45.97061694°K 14.5416222°D / 45.97061694; 14.5416222 (Količa na Igu, južna skupina) 26.1 516.55 5000–2500

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ a b UNESCO World Heritage Site - Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps
  2. ^ Maša Štiftar de Arzu, haz. (14 Ekim 2011). "Pile-dwellings in the Ljubljansko Barje on UNESCO List". Embassy Newsletter (Embassy of Slovenia in Washington). http://www.washington.embassy.si/fileadmin/user_upload/dkp_51_vwa/newsletter/october_2011/Embassy_s_Newsletter__2011_-_14_-_10_finale.pdf. 
  3. ^ Armando Mombelli, Lake dwellings reveal hidden past, SwissInfo.ch, 11 Kasım 2011
  4. ^ a b c d Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps, Locations 12 Ağustos 2011 tarihinde erişildi. Bazı koordinatlar, isabetli sonuçları verecek sitelerden elde edildi.
  5. ^ Konum ve koordinatlar Palafittes.org nominating documents-Revised executive summary adresinden alındı, 12 Ağustos 2011 tarihinde erişildi. Koordinatlar UTM'den çevrildi.
  6. ^ palafittes.org nomination documents accessed 14 August 2011