Athelstan

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Æthelstan
Æthelstan, Aziz Cuthbert'e kitap sunuyor.[1]
Athelstan.jpg
İngilizlerin Kralı
Hüküm süresi 927 – 27 Ekim 939
Önce gelen Kendisi (Anglo-Saksonların Kralı olarak)
Sonra gelen I. Edmund
Anglo-Saksonların Kralı
Hüküm süresi 924–927
Taç giymesi 4 Eylül 925
Önce gelen Yaşlı Edward ya da Ælfweard
Sonra gelen Kendisi (İngilizlerin Kralı olarak)
Hanedan Wessex Hanedanı
Babası Yaşlı Edward
Annesi Ecgwynn
Doğum yaklaşık 893/895
Ölüm 27 Ekim 939
Gloucester
Defin Malmesbury Abbey

Æthelstan ya da Athelstan Eski İngilizce: Æþelstan, Æðelstān; c. 894 – 27 Ekim 939), 924 ile 927 yılları arasında Anglo-Saksonların Kralı ve 927 ile 939 yılları arasında İngilizlerin Kralı.[a] Kral Yaşlı Edward ve ilk karısı Ecgwynn'ın oğludur. Modern tarihçiler onu İngiltere'nin ilk kralı ve en büyük Anglo-Sakson krallardan biri olarak belirtirler. Hiçbir zaman evlenmemiştir ve yerine baba bir kardeşi I. Edmund geçmiştir.

Notlar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Büyük Alfred öncesi dokuzuncu yüzyıl Batı Sakson kralları tarihçiler tarafından genellikle Wessex ya da Batı Sakson Kralları olarak adlandırılırlar. 880lerde, Mercia Lordu Æthelred, Batı Sakson Lordluğunu kabul etmiştir. Alfred, Anglo-Saksonların Kralı diye yeni bir unvan oluşturmuş böylece Viking idaresinde olmayan bütün İngiliz halkına yeni bir idare algısı vermiştir. Bu 927 yılına kadar sürdü, Æthelstan Viking şehri York'u feth edince, bütün İngiltere'ye hükmettiğinin anlaşılması için yeni bir unvan olan rex anglorum (İngilizlerin Kralı) oluşturdu. "Englalonde" (İngiltere) terimi kullanıma geç 10, erken 11. yüzyılda girmişti.[2]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Foot, Æthelstan: The First King of England, pp. 155–156
  2. ^ Dokuzuncu yüzyıl kayıtlarında Batı Sakson kralları kendilerini Lapidge'de bulunan Wessex Kralı olarak tanımlamışlardır, et al, ed., Blackwell Encyclopaedia; Keynes, "Rulers of the English", pp. 513–515; Higham and Ryan, Anglo-Sakson World, p. 8

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

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Dış bağlantılar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Athelstan
Wessex Hanedanı
Doğumu: yaklaşık 893/895 Ölümü: 27 Ekim 939
Resmî unvanlar
Önce gelen
Yaşlı Edward ya da
Ælfweard
Anglo-Saksonların Kralı
924–927
York'un Feth Edilmesi
York'un Feth Edilmesi İngilizlerin Kralı
927 – 27 Ekim 939
Sonra gelen
I. Edmund