Halk Partisi (İspanya)

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Halk Partisi
Partido Popular
Kısaltma PP
Genel başkan Mariano Rajoy
Genel sekreter María Dolores de Cospedal
Kurucu Manuel Fraga Iribarne
Kuruluş tarihi 20 Ocak 1989
Merkez c/ Genova, 13 28004 Madrid
Üyelik  (2013) 865,761[1]
İdeoloji Muhafazakârlık[2][2][3]
Liberal muhafazakârlık[4]
Hristiyan demokrasi[2][3]
Ekonomik liberalizm[3]

İspanyol birlikçiliği[5]
Siyasi pozisyon Merkez sağ'dan[6][7][8][9]
Sağa[10][11][12][13]
Uluslararası üyelik Uluslararası Demokrat Birliği,
Merkeziyetçi Demokrat Enternasyonal
Avrupa üyelik Avrupa Halk Partisi
Resmî renkleri      Gök Mavisi
Temsilciler Kongresi
134 / 350
Senato
145 / 266
Avrupa Parlamentosu
16 / 54
Bölgesel Parlamentolar
338 / 1.268
Bölgesel Hükümetler
7 / 19
İnternet sitesi
pp.es

Parti logosu (2008-2015).

Halk Partisi (İspanyolca: Partido Popular, PP), İspanya'daki muhafazakâr[2][14] ve Hristiyan demokrat[15][16] bir siyasî partidir. İspanya siyasetindeki dört büyük siyasi partiden biridir.

Liderler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Başkanlar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Genel Sekreterler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

İspanya Başbakanları[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Seçim sonuçları[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Cortes Generales[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Seçim Oy Sandalye Lider Sonuç
Oy  % # Kongre Senato
1989 5,285,972 25.8 #2
107 / 350
78 / 208
José María Aznar PSOE azınlık
1993 8,201,463 34.8 #2
141 / 350
93 / 208
PSOE azınlık
1996 9,716,006 38.8 #1
156 / 350
112 / 208
PP azınlık
2000 10,321,178 44.5 #1
183 / 350
127 / 208
PP çoğunluk
2004 9,763,144 37.7 #2
148 / 350
102 / 208
Mariano Rajoy PSOE azınlık
2008 10,278,010 39.9 #2
154 / 350
101 / 208
PSOE azınlık
2011 10,866,566 44.6 #1
186 / 350
136 / 208
PP çoğunluk
2015 7,236,965 28.7 #1
123 / 350
124 / 208
Yeni seçim
2016 7,941,236 33.0 #1
137 / 350
130 / 208
PP azınlık

Avrupa Parlamentosu[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Seçim Oy Sandalye Aday
Oy  % #
1989 3,395,015 21.4 #2
15 / 60
Marcelino Oreja
1994 7,453,900 40.1 #1
28 / 64
Abel Matutes
1999 8,410,993 39.7 #1
27 / 64
Loyola de Palacio
2004 6,393,192 41.2 #2
24 / 54
Jaime Mayor Oreja
2009 6,670,377 42.1 #1
24 / 54
2014 4,098,339 26.1 #1
16 / 54
Miguel Arias Cañete

Bakınız[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dış bağlantılar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Gómez, Carolina (17 July 2013). "El censo del PP frena su crecimiento coincidiendo con el 'caso Bárcenas'". Cadena Ser. http://cadenaser.com/programa/2013/09/17/hoy_por_hoy/1379375411_850215.html. Erişim tarihi: 22 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  3. ^ a b c Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010), Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared, Ashgate, ss. 159, ISBN 978-0-7546-7840-3, https://books.google.com/books?id=K79sdX-amEgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=hlousek+kopecek&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OCpiT_68OoaChQejzNGiCA&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=people%27s%20party%20spain&f=false, "From its original emphasis on a 'united and Catholic Spain', in the 1980s and 1990s it gradually evolved under the leadership of José Maria Aznar into a pragmatically-oriented conservative formation, with Christian democratic and, even more strongly, economically liberal elements." 
  4. ^ Annesley, Claire (2005), A Political And Economic Dictionary Of Western Europe, Routledge, ss. 260 
  5. ^ Balibrea Enríquez, Mari Paz (2007) (Spanish). Tiempo de exilio: Una mirada crítica a la modernidad española desde el pensamiento republicano en el exilio. Montesinos. s. 40. ISBN 9788496831469. https://books.google.com/books?id=c4R1J7AyuIEC&lpg=PP1&hl=es&pg=PA40#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  6. ^ Jansen, Thomas; Van Hecke, Steven (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer Science & Business Media. s. 53. ISBN 9783642194146. https://books.google.no/books?id=kXEA8XGdEb8C&lpg=PP1&hl=no&pg=PA53#v=onepage&q&f=false. ""The right-wing Conservative AP was now transformed into a party of the centre-right: it was renamed People's Party (Partido Popular, PP) in the spring of 1989."" 
  7. ^ Newton, Michael T. (1997). Institutions of Modern Spain: A Political and Economic Guide. Cambridge University Press. s. 200. ISBN 9780521575089. https://books.google.no/books?id=K_ii-Rx5tBgC&lpg=PA207&dq=partido%20popular%20centre-right&hl=no&pg=PA200#v=onepage&q&f=false. ""Since the 're-launch' of 1989, the party has established itself clearly as a party of the centre-right..."" 
  8. ^ Meyer Resende, Madalena (2014). Catholicism and Nationalism: Changing Nature of Party Politics. Routledge. s. xix. ISBN 9781317610618. https://books.google.no/books?id=s1yvBAAAQBAJ&lpg=PP1&hl=no&pg=PR19#v=onepage&q&f=false. ""In 1989 the AP transformed into the Partido Popular (PP) – a coalition of center-right forces..."" 
  9. ^ Matuschek, Peter (2004). "Who Learns from Whom: The Failure of Spanish Christian Democracy and the Success of the Partido Popular". Steven Van Hecke, Emmanuel Gerard. Christian Democratic Parties in Europe Since the End of the Cold War. Leuven University Press. s. 243. ISBN 9789058673770. https://books.google.no/books?id=QJ6x8zmRAaEC&lpg=PP1&hl=no&pg=PA243#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  10. ^ Ferreiro, Jesus; Serrano, Felipe (2001). Philip Arestis; Malcolm C. Sawyer. haz. The economic policy of the Spanish Socialist governments: 1982–1996. Edward Elgar Publishing. s. 155. ISBN 1843762838. https://books.google.com/books?id=YrRCyAXu64oC. Erişim tarihi: 2015-01-30. 
  11. ^ Encarnación, Omar G. (2008). Spanish Politics: Democracy After Dictatorship. Polity. ss. 61–64. ISBN 0745639925. https://books.google.com/books?id=F1wWKJVaZeIC. Erişim tarihi: 2015-01-30. 
  12. ^ Íñigo-Mora, Isabel (2010). Cornelia Ilie. haz. Rhetorical strategies in the British and Spanish parliaments. John Benjamins Publishing. s. 332. ISBN 9027206295. https://books.google.com/books?id=c077NeSGvXwC. Erişim tarihi: 2015-01-30. 
  13. ^ DiGiacomo, Susan M. (2008). Sharon R. Roseman; Shawn S. Parkhurst. haz. Re-presenting the Fascist Classroom: Education as a Space of Memory in Contemporary Spain. SUNY Press. s. 121. ISBN 0791479013. https://books.google.com/books?id=cF4GVDXb4b0C. Erişim tarihi: 2015-01-30. 
  14. ^ Ersson, Svante; Lane, Jan-Erik (1998). Politics and Society in Western Europe (4th bas.). SAGE. s. 108. ISBN 978-0-7619-5862-8. https://books.google.com/books?id=Qw62oX96310C&pg=PA108. Erişim tarihi: 17 August 2012. 
  15. ^ Magone, José María (2003). The Politics of Southern Europe: Integration Into the European Union. Greenwood Publishing Group. s. 145. ISBN 978-0-275-97787-0. https://books.google.com/books?id=KOj2BwVxczUC&pg=PA145. 
  16. ^ Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Ashgate. s. 136. https://books.google.com/books?id=K79sdX-amEgC&pg=PA136.