Davud'un Kabri

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Davud'un Kabri
İbraniceקבר דוד המלך
Jerusalem Tomb of David BW 1.JPG
Konum Kudüs, İsrail
Koordinatlar 31°46′18″K 35°13′46″D / 31.77170°K 35.22936°D / 31.77170; 35.22936
Tür Mezar
Tarihçe
Kültür(ler) Eyyübiler, İbraniler, Bizanslılar, Haçlılar

Kral Davud'un Kabri (İbranice: קבר דוד המלך‎), 12. yüzyılda başlayan bir geleneğe göre İsrail Kralı Davud'un defin yeri olarak kabul edilen yer. Tarihçilerin ve arkeologların çoğu, siteyi Kral Davud'un gerçek defin yeri olarak görmemektedir.[1]

Kudüs'teki Zion Dağı'nda, yirminci yüzyılın başlarında inşa edilmiş olan Dormition Manastırı yakınlarında yer alır. Mezarın, bir Bizans kilisesi veya geç Roma Dönemi Sinagogu olarak kabul edilen eski Hagia Zion'un kalıntılarının zemininde yer aldığı düşünülmektedir. Bina Diaspora Yeshiva tarafından yönetilmekedir.

Eskiden bir cami olan yapı, 1948'de İsrail Devleti'nin kurulmasını takiben bir sinagog haline getirildi; o tarihten sonra İsrail Diyanet İşleri Bakanlığı, siteyi İsrail'in ilk dini alanına dönüştürme sürecine başladı.[2] Sitede Yahudi ibadethanesi kuruldu ve siteye Yahudi dini sembolleri eklendi.[3] 1948'den 1967'deki Altı Gün Savaşı'na kadar İsrail'deki en kutsal Yahudi bölgesi olarak kabul edildi.[4]

Son yıllarda Yahudi eylemciler ve Hristiyan inananlar arasındaki gerilim artmaktadır.[1][5][6]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ a b Isabel Kershner, Mass on Mount Zion Stirs Ancient Rivalries, New York Times, May 26, 2014
  2. ^ Breger, Reiter & Hammer 2009, s. 105: "Director General Kahana was obliged to contend with the problematic nature of the Tomb's status. Immediately after the war he initiated a long series of religious ceremonies that brought about a radical change in the status of King David's Tomb and served to encourage Jewish control of the Tomb structure, in the absence of any official decision by the State of Israel. This endeavor was roundly condemned by various official Israeli bodies from its earliest stages."
  3. ^ Breger, Reiter & Hammer 2009, s. 106: "Particularly vexing was the matter of the status and definition of King David's Tomb, an issue that was the focus of disagreements and conflicting interests even within the Ministry. On the one hand, it was Kahana himself who initiated extensive Jewish prayer activity at the site, with the goal of eradicating the Muslim past of King David's Tomb. He saw to the placement of numerous Jewish symbols in and around the Tomb, aimed at demonstrating the political-religious change that had taken place at the site and impressing this fact upon visitors. with the concurrence of the Ministry's architectural advisor, Meir Ben Uri, the phrase "David King of Israel Lives and Endures" was painted over the niche above the tombstone, while large oil-burning candelabra were hung nearby."
  4. ^ Doron Bar, “Holocaust Commemoration in Israel During the 1950s: The Ho- locaust Cellar on Mount Zion,” Jewish Social Studies: History, Culture, Society n.s. 12, no. 1 (Fall 2005): 16–38"The development of Mount Zion and David’s Tomb as the holiest site in the State of Israel occurred immediately after the end of the 1948 war, when pilgrims frequented the previously inaccessible tomb...Still, it seems that the main reason for the cellar’s decline in popularity was the geopolitical change that followed the Six Day War of 1967. The outcome of the war and the reclamation of the Jewish holy places in the Old City of Jerusalem resulted in the steady decline in the status of David’s Tomb and the Holocaust Cellar"
  5. ^ Eetta Prince-Gibson, Jewish Radicals Disrupt Greek Orthodox Pentecost Prayer in Jerusalem, Calling Worshipers 'Evil', Haaretz, Jun 21, 2016
  6. ^ Yair Ettinger, Police Evacuate Scores of Jewish Activists Barricading in King David’s Tomb Hardline Jews barricade inside flash-point religious site, attempting to prevent Christian prayer service., Haaretz, Jun 01, 2015