Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3. Salisbury Markisi

Vikipedi, özgür ansiklopedi
Gezinti kısmına atla Arama kısmına atla
Salisbury Markizi
Birleşik Krallık Başbakanı
Görev süresi
25 Haziran 1895 - 11 Temmuz 1902
Hükümdar
Yerine geldiği Archibald Primrose
Yerine gelen Arthur Balfour
Görev süresi
25 Temmuz 1886 - 11 Ağustos 1892
Hükümdar Kraliçe Victoria
Yerine geldiği William Ewart Gladstone
Yerine gelen William Ewart Gladstone
Görev süresi
23 Haziran 1885 - 28 Ocak 1886
Yerine geldiği William Ewart Gladstone
Yerine gelen William Ewart Gladstone
Kişisel bilgiler
Doğum 3 Şubat 1830(1830-02-03)
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, İngiltere
Ölüm 22 Ağustos 1903 (73 yaşında)
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, İngiltere
Partisi Muhafazakâr
İmzası

Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3. Salisbury Markizi,

Britanyalı devlet adamıdrı. Toplam on üç yıl boyunca üç kez başbakan olarak görev yaptı. Kendisi dışişleri bakanı olarak hareket etti. "Muhteşem yalnızlık" politikasını sürdürerek, işbirliklerinden veya ittifaklardan kaçındı. Dışişleri bakanı olarak Berlin Kongresi'nde başrol oynadı.

Ayrıca bakınız[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Konuyla ilgili yayınlar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Adonis, A. Making Aristocracy Work: The Peerage and the Political System in Britain, 1884–1914 (1993).
  • Benians, E.A. et al. eds. The Cambridge History of the British Empire Vol. iii: The Empire - Commonwealth 1870–1919' (1959) p. 915 and passim; coverage of Salisbury's foreign and imperial policies; online
  • Bentley, Michael. Lord Salisbury's World: Conservative Environments in Late-Victorian Britain (2001). online edition20 Nisan 2010 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  • Lord Blake and H. Cecil (eds.), Salisbury: The Man and His Policies (1987).
  • Bright, J. Franck. A History of England: Period V. Imperial Reaction Victoria 1880–1901 (vol 5, 1904); detailed political narrative; 295pp; online19 Ağustos 2020 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.; also another copy4 Mart 2017 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  • Brumpton, Paul R. Security and Progress: Lord Salisbury at the India Office (Greenwood Press, 2002) online edition18 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  • Cecil, Algernon. British Foreign Secretaries 1807-1916 (1927) pp 277–314. online
  • Cecil, C. Life of Robert, Marquis of Salisbury (4 volumes, 1921–32). online
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, (Ed.) (1911). "Salisbury, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11. bas.). Cambridge University Press. ss. 72–76.  This is a long biography, written in the context of 1911, with a Conservative point of view.
  • Cooke, A.B. and J. Vincent, The Governing Passion: Cabinet Government and Party Politics in Britain, 1885–86 (1974).
  • Grenville, J. A. S., Lord Salisbury and Foreign Policy: The Close of the Nineteenth Century (1964).
  • Jones, A. The Politics of Reform, 1884 (1972).
  • Kennedy, A. L. Salisbury 1830–1903: Portrait of a Statesman (1953).
  • Gibb, Paul. "Unmasterly Inactivity? Sir Julian Pauncefote, Lord Salisbury, and the Venezuela Boundary Dispute." Diplomacy and Statecraft 16#1 (2005): 23–55.
  • Gillard, D.R."Salisbury's African Policy and the Heligoland Offer of 1890," The English Historical Review, Vol. LXXV, 1960.
  • Thomas P. Hughes, "Lord Salisbury's Afghan Policy," The Arena, Vol. VI, 1892.
  • Jones, Andrew, and Michael Bentley, ‘Salisbury and Baldwin’, in Maurice Cowling. ed., Conservative Essays (Cassell, 1978), pp. 25–40.
  • Langer, William L. The Diplomacy of Imperialism: 1890–1902 (2nd ed. 1950), a standard diplomatic history of Europe
  • Lowe, C. J.Salisbury and the Mediterranean, 1886–1896 (1965).
  • Marsh, P. The Discipline of Popular Government: Lord Salisbury's Domestic Statecraft, 1881–1902 (1978).
  • Millman, R. Britain and the Eastern question, 1875–1878 (1979).
  • Otte, T. G. "A question of leadership: Lord Salisbury, the unionist cabinet and foreign policy making, 1895–1900." Contemporary British History 14#4 (2000): 1–26.
  • Otte, T. G. "'Floating Downstream'? Lord Salisbury and British Foreign Policy, 1878–1902", in Otte (ed.), The Makers of British Foreign Policy: From Pitt to Thatcher (Palgrave, 2002), pp. 98–127.
  • Paul, Herbert. A History of Modern England (vol 5, 1906), covers 1885–1895. online
  • Penson, Lillian M. "The Principles and Methods of Lord Salisbury's Foreign Policy." Cambridge Historical Journal 5#1 (1935): 87-106. online.
  • Roberts, Andrew. Salisbury: Victorian Titan (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1999), a standard scholarly biography; 940pp
  • Ryan, A. P. "The Marquis of Salisbury' History Today (April 1951) 1#4 pp 30-36; online.
  • Searle, G. R. (2004). A New England?: Peace and War 1886–1918. Oxford U.P. ISBN 9780198207146. 8 Eylül 2020 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 1 Ekim 2020. 
  • Shannon, Richard The Age of Disraeli, 1868–1881: The Rise of Tory Democracy (1992).
  • Shannon, Richard The Age of Salisbury, 1881–1902: Unionism and Empire (1996). 569pp.
  • Smith, Paul. 'Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-, third marquess of Salisbury (1830–1903)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edn, October 2009, accessed 8 May 2010.
  • Steele, David. Lord Salisbury: A Political biography (1999). online edition18 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  • Steele, David. "Three British Prime Ministers and the Survival of the Ottoman Empire, 1855–1902." Middle Eastern Studies 50.1 (2014): 43–60.
  • Wang, Shih-tsung. Lord Salisbury and Nationality in the East: Viewing Imperialism in Its Proper Perspective (Routledge, 2019).
  • Warren, Allen. "Lord Salisbury and Ireland, 1859–87: Principles, Ambitions and Strategies." Parliamentary history 26.2 (2007): 203–224.
  • Weston, C. C. The House of Lords and Ideological Politics: Lord Salisbury's Referendal Theory and the Conservative Party, 1846–1922 (1995).

Tarih yazımı[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Ellenberger, Nancy W. "Salisbury" in David Loades, ed. Reader's Guide to British History (2003) 2:1153–55
  • Goodlad, Graham, "Salisbury as Premier: Graham Goodlad Asks Whether Lord Salisbury Deserves His Reputation as One of the Great Victorian Prime Ministers," History Review #49. 2004. pp 3+. online20 Nisan 2008 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  • Lowry, Donal. The South African War Reappraised (Manchester UP, 2000).
  • Roberts, Andrew. "Salisbury," History Today, (Oct 1999), Vol. 49 Issue 10, p45-51

Ana kaynaklar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Paul Smith (ed.), Lord Salisbury on Politics. A Selection from His Articles in the Quarterly Review, 1860–83 (Cambridge University Press, 1972).
  • John Vincent (ed.), A Selection from the Diaries of Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby (1826–93) between September 1869 and March 1878 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1994).
  • R. H. Williams (ed.), Salisbury–Balfour Correspondence: Letters Exchanged between the Third Marquess of Salisbury and his nephew Arthur James Balfour, 1869–1892 (1988).
  • Harold Temperley, and Lillian M. Penson, eds; Foundations of British Foreign Policy from Pitt (1792) to Salisbury (1902); Or, Documents, Old and New (1938) online edition12 Ocak 2005 tarihinde Wayback Machine sitesinde arşivlendi.
  • Robert Cecil Salisbury. Essays by the Late Marquess of Salisbury (1905) online
  • Temperley, Harold and L.M. Penson, eds. Foundations of British Foreign Policy: From Pitt (1792) to Salisbury (1902) (1938), primary sources pp 365 ff online

Dış bağlantılar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Şablon:Wikisource author

Önce gelen:
Archibald Primrose
Birleşik Krallık Başbakanı
25 Haziran 1895–11 Temmuz 1902
Sonra gelen:
Arthur Balfour