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Dil Ailelerinin bölgesel gösterimi

Bu liste, dillerin, o dili ana dili olarak konuşan insan sayısına göre listesidir. Her dilin tanımı kendine özgü olduğundan, ortak deyimler bazı farklı kültürel standartlarla ve kendini tanımlama ile farklı dallara ayrılmıştır. Bunlar: İskandinav dilleri, Hintçe, Almanca, Afrikaner dili, Endonezya dili, Malezyaca, Hırvatça, Boşnakça ve Sırpça'dır.

Listede kullanılan yerel konuşmacı sayıları SIL Ethnologue tarafından desteklenmektedir.

100 milyondan çok yerel konuşanı olan diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]


Dil Ailesi Ethnologue(Tahmini)[1] Encarta(Tahmini)[2] Diğer Tahminler Sıra[3]
Mandarin Çin-Tibet Dil Ailesi,
Çince
845.234.000 800.000.000[4] Ethnologue]], 1999[5])/ 1151 milyon (982 yerel, 179 yabancı)[6] Ayrıca [[Birleşmiş Milletler]'in 6 resmi dilinden biridir. 1
İspanyolca Hint-Avrupa dil ailesi,
İtalik diller,
Roman dilleri,
Batı İtalik,
Gallo-İtalik,
İber-Kafkas,
Batı İber
329.000.000 358.000.000[7] Ethnologue]] 1999).[8]/ 2009'da 500 milyondan fazlaydı.[9] Ayrıca [[Birleşmiş Milletler]'in 6 resmi dilinden biridir. 2
İngilizce Hint-Avrupa dil ailesi,
Germen dilleri,
Batı Germen,
Anglo-Frizce,
İngiliz dilleri
328.000.000 350.000.000[10] Yabancı dil olarak konuşanlar dahil 508 milyon[11] Ayrıca Birleşmiş Milletler'in 6 resmi dilinden biridir. 3
Urduca Hint-Avrupa dil ailesi,
Hint-İran,
Hint-Aryan,
Merkez Bölge (İsrail),
Batı Hint Adaları,
Khariboli
182.000.000 Hindi,
60.600.000 Urdu
200.000.000 Hindi,[12]
40,000,000 Urdu[13]
487 milyon (Hintçe ve Urduca'nın tüm kollarıyla birlikte 366 milyon + 1999'da 120 milyon ikinci dil olarak konuşan [14])/ 484.5 milyon (258 milyon anadil olarak Hintçe, 422 milyon Hintçe ve Urduca'nın tüm kolları ile ve 51,5 milyon ikinci olarak konuşan ( 2001'deki Hindistan nüfus sayımına göre)[15] + 11 milyon Urduca konuşan Pakistan'da (1993'teki Pakistan'daki sayıma göre)[16])/ 552 milyon şuan(beklenen). 1,028 milyonda tüm kollarıyla birlikte 473,5 milyon Hintçe ve Urduca konuşan (Hindistan sayımına göre)(46%).[17] Pakistan'da 7.57%' Urduca konuşan.[18] Şuan Hindistan'ın nüfusu 1173 milyon[19] ve 168 million[20] Pakistan'ın şuanki nüfusu. (294.4 milyon Hintçeyi anadili gibi konuşur):Hindistan'ın 2001'deki sayımına göre 1,028 milyonun 422 milyonu Hintçe konuşur [21]. 4
Arapça Afro-Asyatik diller,
Sami dil ailesi
221.000.000* 150.000.000[22]

Yabancı dil olarak konuşanlar dahil 246 milyon (Ethnologue, 1999)[23] Ayrıca Birleşmiş Milletler'in 6 resmi dilinden biridir.
*Ethnologue 16 lehçenin hepsini katar. (Asya'da 144 milyon konuşan)

5
Bengalce Hint-Avrupa,
Hint-İran,
Hint-Ari
181.000.000 170.000.000[24] Yabancı dil olarak konuşanlar dahil 211 milyon. Bangladeş'te resmi dil (Ethnologue, 1999[25]) Hindistan'ın eyaleti olan Batı Bengal ve Tripura'da resmi dillerden biri. 6
Portekizce Hint-Avrupa dil ailesi,
İtalik diller,
Roman dilleri,
Batı-Roman,
Gallo-Roman,
İber-Kafkas,
Batı İber,
Galik-portekizce[26]
178.000.000 150.000.000[27] Ethnologue https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnologue%7CEthnologue], 1999[28]) Başka bir kaynağa göre de 220 milyon kişinin anadili, 20 milyon kişinin ikinci dili olmak üzere toplam 240 milyon kişi tarafından konuşulur[29] 7
Rusça Hint-Avrupa,
Slav,
Doğu Slav
144.000.000 160.000.000[30] Ethnologue https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnologue%7CEthnologue], 1999[31])/ Ayrıca Birleşmiş Milletler'in 6 resmi dilinden biridir.[32] 8
Japonca Ural Altay Dil Ailesi,
Altay Kolu,
tartışmalı
122.000.000 126.000.000[33] 130 milyon kişinin anadili, 2 milyon kişinin ikinci dili olmak üzere toplam 132 milyon kişi tarafından konuşulur 9

50 milyondan 100 milyona kadar yerel konuşanı olan diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dil Ailesi Ethnologue (tahminî)[1] Encarta (tahminî)[2] Diğer Tahminler Tahminî sıra[3]
Almanca Hint-Avrupa, Cermen, Batı Cermen 90,300,000 100,000,000[34] 101 milyon Anadil (82 milyon Almanya (Genel Almanca), 8 milyon Avusturya (Genel Almanca), 5 milyon İsviçre (Genel Almanca) ), 60 milyon ikinci dil Avrupa Birliği[35] + 5–20 milyon Dünya çapı. Almanya, Avusturya, İsviçre, Lihtenştayn, lüksemburg, Belçika ve Trentino-Alto Adige(italya)'de resmî dil 10
Cavaca Avustronezya, Malezya-Polinezya, Sunda-Sulawesi 84,600,000 70,000,550[36] Cava Adası (Endonezya),Batı Malezya, Surinam, Yeni Kaledonya 11
Pencapça Hint-Avrupa, Hint-İran, Hint-Aryan 78,300,000 70,000,000[37] İkisi de Batı Pençapça'nın 2 Lahnda lehçesini ve Saraiki diliyle birlikte 61-62 milyon sayar (2000 WCD) (Doğu Pençapça'yla (28 milyon) birlikte yaklaşık olarak toplam 90 milyon ). 12
Wu Çin-Tibet, Çince 77.200.000 90.000.000[38] Şangay; Cıciang Eyaleti'nin büyük bir kısmı; Güney Jiangsu Bölgesi; Anhui eyaletinin Xuancheng bölge düzeyinde şehri; Shangrao İdari Bölgesi, Guangfeng idari bölgesi ve Yushan İdari Bölgesi, Ciangşi eyaleti; Pucheng idari bölgesi, Fujian eyaleti; North Point, Hong Kong 13
Teluguca Dravid, Güney Merkez 69.800.000 Hindistan'ın eyaleti Andhra Pradeş'te resmi dil. Ayrıca önemli miktarda Hindistan'ın diğer kısımlarında, ABD , Birleşik Krallık, Avustralya, Güney Afrika, Kanada, Yeni Zelanda, Fiji, Malezya, Singapur, Mauritius, Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri & Bahreyn. 74,002,856 (2001 census)[39] 14
Marathice Hint-Avrupa, Hint-İran, Hint-Aryan,Güney 68.100.000 70.000.000[40] Hindistan sayımına göre 71,936,894
68 milyon Anadil ve 3 milyon yabancı dil olarak toplam 71 milyon
15
Fransızca Hint-Avrupa, İtalik, Roman, Batı-Roman, Gallo-Roman, Oil 67.800.000 70.000.000[41] 128 milyon “yerli ve anadili gibi konuşan" ( 64,473,140 Fransızlarla birlikte) ve 72 milyon "iki anadilli olarak". 200 milyondan fazla insan anadil veya ikinci dil olarak.[42][43] Fransızca İnternet en çok kullanılan sekizinci dil.[44][45][46] Ayrıca Birleşmiş Milletlerin 6 resmi dilinden biri.[32] 16
Vietnamca Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Vietic 68,600,000 60,000,000[47] 70 milyon yerli, yaklaşık 16 milyon ikinci dil = toplamda 86 milyon 17
Korece Yalıtık Dil 66.300.000 60.000.000[48] Güney Kore'de 49,000,000 (2010). Tüm ülkelerde 72,000,000 (2010 WA) 18
Tamilce Dravid 65.700.000 50,000,000[49] Hindistan'ın Tamil Nadu eyaletinde resmi dil, Hindistan önemli sayıda diğer kısımlarında, Malezya, Singapur, Sri Lanka, ABD, Birleşik Krallık, Avustralya, Güney Afrika, Kanada, Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri, Mauritius, Burma, Tayland, Endonezya ve Fiji Hindistan census:60,793,814
78 milyon[50]
19
İtalyanca Hint-Avrupa, İtalik, Roman 61.700.000 60.000.000[51] İtalya, İsviçre, San Marino ve Vatikan'da Resmi dil 20
Türkçe Altay dilleri, Türk dilleri, Oğuz dilleri 75.000.000[52] 77.000.000[53] Yabancı dil olarak konuşanlar dâhil 112,000,000. Türkiye ve KKTC'nin resmi dili olup; ayrıca Almanya, İsviçre, Bulgaristan, Fransa, Birleşik Krallık (İngiltere) ve Kosova'daki Türk nüfusu tarafından da konuşulur. 21
Kantonca Çin-Tibet, Çin 55,500,000 70,000,000[54] Hong Kong ve Makao'da resmi dil; Hong Kong, Makao, Guangdong Eyaleti, Çin ve denizaşırı çin topluluklarında konuşulur. 22

10 milyondan 50 milyona kadar yerel konuşanı olan diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dil Ailesi Ethnologue Tahmini[1] Encarta Tahmini Diğer Tahminler Tahminî sıra[3]
Peştuca Hint-Avrupa, Hint-İran, İran, Doğu İran 49,529,000[55] 26,811,657 Afganistan'da resmi dil.Pakistan'da yerli.İran ve Birleşik Arap Emirliklerinde önemli topluluklar toplumda 40-60 milyon.[56][56][57][58] 23
Tagalogca
(including Filipino)
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Philippine 48.9 milyon 17 milyon (2006) Official in Philippines (in the form of Filipino). Significant communities in Australia, Canada, People’s Republic of China (Hong Kong), Japan, Korea, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United States (California, Guam, Hawaii, Northern Mariana Islands).
~49 million native[kaynak belirtilmeli], ~51 million second language = ~100 million total
24
Guceratça Hint-Avrupa, Hint-İran, Hint-Aryan 46.5 milyon 46.1 milyon Official language in the Indian state of Gujarat and also spoken in Pakistan, Bangladesh, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia and in other states in India 25
Min Çin-Tibet, Çin 46,200,000 -- Southern Min: 49m, Northern Min 10.43m 26
Maithili Hint-AvrupaHint-İranHint-Aryan 45,000,000 24,191,900 27
Lehçe Hint-Avrupa, Slavic, West Slavic 40,000,000 44 million 28
Ukraynaca Hint-Avrupa, Slavic, East Slavic 39,400,000 47 million Yabancı dil olarak konuşanlar dahil 47,000,000 29
Malayca Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Malayic 39,100,000 23.6 million (2006) Official in Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore. Native to Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand. Significant communities in Australia, Bahrain.
18 million native, 270 million second language (includes the mutually intelligible Bahasa Indonesia)
30
Bhojpuri Hint-Avrupa, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan 38,500,000 26,254,000 31
Kannada Dravidian, Karnataka, Southern - India 38,400,000 38,400,000 38 million native, 9 million second language, = 47 million total 32
Xiang Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 36,000,000 33
Malayalam Dravidian, Kerala, Southern - India 35,706,000 35,706,000 Official Language in the Indian state Of Kerala. Also, significant communities in other parts of India, the United States, the UK, Australia, South Africa, Canada, New Zealand, Fiji, Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain. 74,002,856 (2001 census)[38] Indian census:33,066,392 34
Sundaca Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi 34,000,000 27 million Official in West Java (Indonesia) 35
Burmaca Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese 32,300,000 32,300,000 50-56 million total speakers, including 18 to 23 million as second language (Myanmar Language Commission) 36
Oriya Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan 31,700,000 32.3 million Oriya is an official language of India and is spoken by over 35 million people all over the world. Indian Census:33,017,446 37
Farsça Hint-Avrupa, Hint-İran, Iranian 31.3 million[59] 31.3 million [60] 63 million (Encyclopedia of Orient)[61] 59.4 million 2009 CIA Factbook (Afghan Persian, Iranian Persian and Tajiki are considered dialects of one language);[62][63][64][65][66]. ca. 60-70 million, as their mother tongue (2006 estimates)[67][68][69][70][71]. 38
Berberice (excluding Tuareg Berber) Afro-Asiatic, Berber 30,000,000 (Total of its constituent dialects and regional varieties: Central Atlas Tamazight, Tarifit, Tashelhit, Kabylian, Tashawit and others.[72]) -- Berber is a recognized national language in Algeria but is not official; Mali and Niger recognize Tuareg Berber as a national language; Berber is recognized to exist by Morocco's government and media but is neither official nor accepted in government offices and judiciary; Libyan government doesn't accept its existence as a language; Berber is unrecognized by Mauritanian and Tunisian governments. Large migrant communities in Europe of around 1.5 million, mainly in France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Italy, and Germany. 39
Hakka Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 30,000,000 -- 40
Hausa Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, West Chadic 24,200,000 24.2 million (2006) Official in Niger, official in Nigeria. Significant communities in Chad, Benin, Ghana, Sudan
24 million native, ~15 million second language, = ~39 million total
41
Azerice Altay, Türkçe, Oğuz 20.1 milyon[73][74]

Azerbaijani, Qashqai 1.5 milyon (1997)[75]

31.4 million[60] Yabancı dil olarak konuşanlar dahil 40 milyon. Azerbaycan Cumhuriyetinin resmi dili. Azerbaycan'da 9 milyon kişinin konuştuğu dildir. . 25–35 milyon yerli,Kaşkayca'yla birlikte (İran için veriler çok belirsiz); 8 milyon ikinci dil olarak (İran dışında); - 12,7 milyon (Irak 0.6 milyon (1982), Suriye 0.03 milyon (1961), Türkiye 0.53 milyon; Azerbaycan, Iran 17 milyon (2010) 24%[76][77];

Azerbaycan, kuzey 7.5 milyon (2007)[78]; Azerbaycan, kaşkayca 1.5 milyon (1997)[79];Azerbaycan,29.170 milyon[80]

42
Endonezce
(also known as Bahasa Indonesia)
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian 23.2 million 17.1 million national language in Indonesia
over 140 million second language speakers per Ethnologue. Almost 100% of the population of Indonesia speaks Bahasa Indonesia, a dialect of Malay.
43
Romence Hint-Avrupa, Italic, Romance 23,400,000 26,265,555 Official in Moldova, Romania, Serbia (Vojvodina). Significant communities in Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Spain, Ukraine.
26 million native,[2] 4 million second language. The total is about 30 million.[81]
44
Felemenkçe Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic 21,700,000 20 million (2006) 25 million[35][82] Official in Belgium, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Suriname. Significant communities in the United States, Canada, Australia, Indonesia, and South Africa (excluding Afrikaans). 45
Gan Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 21 million -- 48 million, 29 million in Jiangxi[83] 46
Tayca Kradai, Tai 46.3 million (2006) 46.1 million (2006) Encarta includes Northern, Northeastern and Southern Thai as well as Central whereas ethnologue Thai is just Central Thai
~31 million native (1983 SIL, 1990 Diller, 2000 WCD) (dated data), = ~60 million first and second language (2001 A. Diller). Includes Southern Thai, Northern Thai/Western Lao, but not Shan, Isan, or Lao.
47
Yorubaca Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid 20,000,000 20 million (2006) Official in Nigeria. 48
Sindhî Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan 19,720,000 19,720,000 (2006) Official in Pakistan, India. Significant communities in People’s Republic of China (Hong Kong), UK, Philippines Oman. 17 million native, 13 million second language, = 30 million total (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 49
Özbekçe Altaic, Turkic, Eastern Turkic 18,466,000 20.1 million (2006) Official in Uzbekistan. Native to Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan 50
İgbo Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Igboid 18 million 18 million Official in Nigeria
unknown number second language.
51
Saraiki Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan 19,720,000 19,720,000 (2006) Official in Pakistan, India. Significant communities in People’s Republic of China (Hong Kong), UK, Philippines Oman. 17 million native, 13 million second language, = 30 million total (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 52
Amharic Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South 17,413,000 17.4 million (2006) Official in Ethiopia. Significant communities in Israel.27 million native (32.7% Ethiopia [1994 census] and 2.7 million emigrants), 10% (7 million) as a second language = 34 million total 53
Nepali Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan 16,056,000 16,056,000 Official in Nepal, India (Sikkim). Significant communities in Bhutan.approx. 30 million in Nepal, 16 million as native tongue and 15 million as a second language (2006) 54
Kürtçe Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern 10,600,000 Kurdish is absent from Encarta's list of "Languages Spoken by More Than 10 Million People" Official in Iraq. Native to Armenia, Iran, Syria, Turkey. Significant communities in Germany, Lebanon. Some sources estimate there to be approximately 40 million Kurdish speakers 30 million only in the mideast.[84] 55
Cebuano Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines 15.8 million 15 million (2006) Native to Philippines
18.5 million native, ~11.5 million second language, = 30 million total (2000 census)
56
Assamca Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan 15,334,000 15,374,000 Official in India (Assam). Significant communities in Bhutan and Bangladesh. Assamese is spoken and/or understood by almost everyone in the state of Assam. Assam had a population of 26.7 million in 2003-04. So, Assamese has another 8-10 million second language speakers. Assamese is also understood and spoken widely in Arunachal Pradesh, which has a population of 1.1 million. These are mostly second or third language speakers. Various tribes in Nagaland, with a population of 2 million, use Nagamese, a variant of Assamese, for communication. Thus, a total of approximately, 28-30 million people speak and understand Assamese. 57
Madagaskarca Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Bornean, Barito 15 million 10.5 million (2006) Official in Madagascar. Significant communities in Mayotte.
17 million
58
Macarca Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Ugric 14,500,000 14.5 million (2006) Official in Hungary, Serbia (Vojvodina), Slovenia, Austria. Significant communities in Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, United States, Israel
14 million native (1995)
59
Zhuang Kradai, Tai 14 million 14 million Official in People's Republic of China (Guangxi)
14 million native (1992), unknown number second language
60
Maduraca Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi 13,694,000 13,694,000 Native to Indonesia (Originally Java, Madura) 61
Seylanca Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan 15,650,000 15.6 million (2006) Official in Sri Lanka. Significant communities in United Arab Emirates
13 million native, 2.6 million second language, = 15.6 million total (1993)
62
Sırpça Indo-European, Slavic, South 10.5 million (In Countries where it is official language: Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro). Significant communities (2.5 million) in Croatia, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, ABD, Austria, Germany, France and Australia. 13 million (worldwide 2010) Up to 11 million more with Serbian as Second Language - Total 24 million 63
Yunanca Indo-European, Greek 12 million 12 million Official in Greece, Cyprus. Significant communities in Albania, Australia, Canada, Egypt, France, Georgia, Germany, Italy, Russia, South Africa, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
12 million (2004), up to 10–12 million more second language
64
Fula/Fulfulde Niger-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian ~13 million (all varieties) 11,428,700 Official in Niger, Nigeria. National language in Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal. Significant communities in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Sierra Leone. 65
Çekçe Indo-European, Slavic, West Slavic 12 million (2006) 12 million (1990 WA). Official in Czech Republic. 66
Shona Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu 7,000,000 14 million National language of Zimbabwe. Significant communities in Botswana, Mozambique.
15 million native, 1.8 million second language, = 16–17 million total, including Ndau, Manyika (2000 A. Chebanne)
67
Oromo Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East Cushitic split into different dialects in their consideration 17.2 million (2006) National language of Ethiopia. Significant communities in Kenya
24 million native (31.6% of Ethiopia [1994 census]), ~2 million second language, = 26 million total (1998 census)
68

/ref> || 26,811,657 ||

1 milyondan 10 milyona kadar yerel konuşanı olan diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dil Ailesi Resmi Durumda olarak veya Nüfusun %1'inden fazlası tarafından konuşulan yerler SIL Tahmini[85] Konuşan Sayısı Tahmini Sıra[3]
Somalice Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East Cushitic Official in Somalia. Native to Ethiopia, Kenya, Kenya, Djibouti. Significant communities in Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the United States, Yemen, and Japan. 10-16 milyon yerel ve at least 500,000 second-language speakers.milyon (2004 WCD) 9.8 milyon (2006) 69
Zuluca Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Lesotho, Swaziland 9.6 milyon (2006) 9.6 milyon native, ~16 milyon ikinci dil, = ~25 milyon toplam (1996 census) 70
Quechua Quechuan Official in Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru. Significant communities in Argentina 8.3 milyon (2006) 10.4 milyon, all varieties 71
Kazakça Altay, Türkçe, Kuzeybatı, Güney Kazakistan'da resmî dil. Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti'nde konuşma dili (Xinjiang), Rusya, Moğolistan, Türkmenistan, Özbekistan 8.2 milyon (2006) 12 milyon 72
Tibetçe Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Tibeto-Kanauri Official in People's Republic of China (Tibet Autonomous Region and part of Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu). Significant communities in India 7.1 million (2006) 7.6 million 73
Çevaca (Nyanja) Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in Malawi, Zambia. Significant communities in Mozambique, Zimbabwe. 9.3 million native (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk), 0.4 million second language (1999 WA), = 9.7 million total 74
Haitian Creole Indo-European, Romance, Creole Official in Haiti. Significant communities in Bahamalar, Canada (Quebec), Cuba, Cayman Islands (UK), Dominican Republic, France (Guadeloupe), United States (Connecticut, Florida, New Jersey, Massachusetts, New York). 7.4 million (2006) 12 million (2005) 75
Beyaz Rusça Indo-European, Slavic, East Slavic Official in Belarus. Significant communities in Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Poland, Russia 10.2 million (2006) 9.1 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 76
Lombard Indo-European, Romance Native to Italy -- 5 million Western Lombard + 3 million Eastern Lombard + others = 9.13 million (Ethnologue 2006) 77
İsveççe Indo-European, Germanic, North National language of Sweden. National language in Finland. ~10 million (2006) 8.8 million (1986), ~10 million (2005) 78
Akan Niger-Congo, Kwa National language in Ghana 7 million (2006) 8.3 million native, ~1 million second language, = ~10 million total (2004 SIL) 79
Tshiluba Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu National language of Congo-Kinshasa 7.8 million native, 0.7 million second language, = 8.5 million total (1991 UBS). Includes 1.5 million Kiluba. 80
Ilokano Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines Philippines. Significant communities in United States (Hawaii). 8 million (2006) 7.7 million native (2000 census), ~2.3 second language = 10 million total 81
Uygurca Altaic, Turkic, Southeastern, Eastern Official in People's Republic of China (Xinjiang). Significant communities in Kazakhstan 7.6 million (2006) 7.6 million 82
Napolice Indo-European, Romance Native to Italy -- 7.5 million native 83
Bulgarca Indo-European, Slavic, South Official in Bulgaria. Significant communities in Moldova, Ukraine, the Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, ABD 9 million (2006) 7.7 million in Bulgaria (2005) and ~1 million abroad = 8.5 million native 84
Arnavutça Indo-European, isolate Official in Albania, KosovoSignificant communities in Greece ,Montenegro , Macedonia, Italy. 7.6 million 3.6 million (data from Albania) 85
Ruandaca Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in Rwanda. Significant communities in Congo-Kinshasa, Uganda 7.3 million (1998) 86
Kmerce Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Khmer 7,039,200 8 million (2006) Official in Cambodia. Significant communities in Thailand, United States (California), Vietnam
14 million native, 1 million second language, = 15 million total (2004)
87
Xhosa Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Lesotho 6.9 million (2006) 7.2 million (1996 census) 88
Beluci Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian Native to Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan. Significant communities in Oman, United Arab Emirates 7 million (2006) 7.0 million (1998) 89
Hiligaynon Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines Philippines 7 million (2006) 6.9 million (2000 census), est. 4.1 million second language = ~11 million total 90
Afrikanca Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Namibia, Botswana, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and United Kingdom. 6.0 million (2006) 6.0 million native, 10.3 million second language, = 16 million total (1996 census) 91
İbranice Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, North Central Official in Israel. Significant communities in ABD (New York, California) and Canada (Ontario, Montreal). 5.5 million (2006) Up to 10 million speakers including second language speakers. 92
Hırvatça Indo-European, Slavic, South Official language in; Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. Significant communities in Austria, Germany, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia. 6.2 million (1996) Up to 7-8 million speakers including second language speakers. 93
Tigrinya Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South Official in Eritrea, Ethiopia 5.1 million (2006) 4.5 million in Ethiopia (6% of population (1994 census)), ~2.25 million in Eritrea (50% of population (CIA)), = 6.75 million native, 146,934 as second language (1994 census), = 6.9 million total 94
Katalanca Indo-European, Romance Official and Native to Andorra, Spain (Balearic Islands, Catalonia, Valencia, Aragon (La Franja), France (Pyrénées-Orientales), Italy (Alghero). 6.6 million (2006) 6.7 million native, ~5 million second language, = ~12 million total (1996) (includes Valencian) 95
Minangkabau Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Malayic Indonesia (Sumatra) 6.5 million (2006) 6.5 million (1981 Moussay) (dated data) 96
Türkmence Altaic, Turkic, Southwestern, Eastern Official in Turkmenistan. Significant communities in Afghanistan, Iran. 6.4 million (2006) 6.4 million (1995) 97
Kongo Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu National language in Angola, Congo-Brazzaville (Kituba), Congo-Kinshasa. 4.7 million (2006) 8.7 million, all varieties, including Yombe and creolized Kituba (1986–2002) (dated data) 98
Tacikçe Indo-European, Indo-Iranian Official in Tajikistan. Significant communities in Uzbekistan 4.4 million. 7.9-17 million native (estimates vary due to lack of official data, moreover these exclude Tajiks of Afghanistan) 99
Makhuwa Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Major language of Mozambique. Significant communities in Tanzania 2.5 million (2006) 6.4 million, all varieties, including Lomwe 100
Santali Austro-Asiatic, Munda Official in India 6.2 million (2006) 6.2 million (1997) 101
Ermenice Indo-European, isolate Official in Armenia. Significant communities in Russia, ABD, Georgia, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, France and Turkey. 6 million (2006) 6.7 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk, etc.) 102
Moğolca Altaic, Mongolian Official in People's Republic of China (Inner Mongolia), Mongolia 5.7 million (2006) 5.7 million 103
Bhili Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan India 1.3 million (2006) 5.6 million, all varieties (1994). Includes 1.6 million Wagdi, etc. 104
Danca Indo-European, Germanic, North Official in Denmark, Faroe Islands (Denmark). Significant communities in Germany (Southern Schleswig) and Greenland. 5.3 million (2006) 5.5 million (2009) 105
Fince Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Finnic Official in Finland. Significant communities in Sweden and Estonia. 6.1 million (2006) 5.4 million (1993) 106
Tatarca Altaic, Turkic, Northwestern, Northern Official in Russia (Tatarstan). Significant communities in Bashkortostan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan 5.7 million (1989 USSR census),[86][87] at least 5.34 million (2002 census: ethnic Tatars in Russia only)[88] 107
Gikuyu Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Major language of Kenya 5.4 million (2006) 5.3 million (1994 I. Larsen BTL) 108
Slovakça Indo-European, Slavic, West Slavic Official in Slovakia and Vojvodina district of Serbia. 5.6 million (2006) 5.0 million (1990 WA) 109
More Niger-Congo, Gur National language of Burkina Faso 5.1 million (2006) ~5 million (1991) 110
Guarani Tupi Official in Paraguay. Significant communities in Argentina. 5.1 million (2006) 4.9 million (1995) 111
Swahili Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya, Tanzania. Significant communities in Comoros, Mayotte, Oman 5 million (2006) ~5 million native, ~80 million second language 112
Southern Quechua Quechuan Official in Peru, Bolivia ~5,000,000 113
Kirundi Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in Burundi. 4.9 million (1986) (dated data) 114
Sesotho (southern) Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in Lesotho, South Africa. 4.9 million (1996 census) 115
Sicilyaca Indo-European, Italic, Romance Official in Sicily, Italy 4.83 million (2000) 116
Romani Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Significant communities in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Macedonia, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Turkey, and the United States 3.1 million (2006) 4.8 million, all varieties, including Domari (data for Vlax 2002–2004; for Domari 2000 WCD). 117
Norveççe Indo-European, Germanic, North Official in Norway. Significant communities in the United States. 5 million (2006) 4.7 million (2006, Statistics Norway) 118
Pahari-Potwari Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Pakistan: Areas of Pakistani administered Kashmir e.g. Mirpur District, Rawalpindi. Dialects include Pahari (Dhundi-Kairali), Pothwari (Potwari), Chibhali, Pindiwali, Punchhi (Poonchi), and Mirpuri.[89] (Mirpuri can also refer to Mirpur Punjabi, a Lahnda language. Pahari-Potwari is related to Punjabi. 4.7 million, all varieties 119
Tibetçe Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Bodic Official in People's Republic of China (Tibet, Qinghai, parts of Sichuan, Gansu) 1.3 million (2006) 4.6 million, all varieties 120
Kanuri Nilo-Saharan, Saharan Official in Niger, Nigeria. Significant communities in Chad (Kanembu) 4.4 million native, 0.5 million second language, = 4.9 million total (data mostly from 1985) (dated data) 121
Kashmiri Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Official in and native to India. 4.5 million (2006) 4.6 million (1997) 122
Bikol Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines Philippines 3.3 million (2006) 4.5 native, all varieties (2000 census), unknown number second language 123
Yi Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Burmic Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti 4.2 million (2006) 7.8 million ethnic Yi (2000 census) 124
Gürcüce Kartvelian Official in Georgia. Significant communities in Israel. 4.1 million (2006) 4.2 million (1993 UBS) 125
Qusqu-Qullaw Quechuan Official in Peru (Cusco and Puno departments) Also spoken in Bolivia, Argentina 4 million 126
Tswana Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in Botswana, South Africa. National language of Namibia 4 million (2006) 4.4 million native, 200,000 second language, = 4.6 million total (1993 Johnstone) (dated data) 127
Umbundu Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu National language of Angola ~4 million native, unknown number second language (1995 WA) 128
Konkani Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Official in India (Goa).Significant communities in Uttara Kannada, Dakshina Kannada. 6 million (2006) ~4 million (1999 WA) 129
Balinese Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Bali-Sasak Indonesia (Bali, Lombok) 3.8 million (2006) 3.9 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 130
Northern Sotho (sePedi) Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Botswana 3.7 million (1996 census) 131
Luyia Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Kenya 3.6 million (2006) 3.6 million (1989 census) (dated data) 132
Wolof Niger-Congo, Atlantic National language in Mauritania, Senegal. Significant communities in The Gambia. 3.4 million (2006) 3.6 million native (2002), unknown number second language 133
Buginese Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, South Sulawesi Indonesia 3.5 million native, 0.5 million second language, = ~4 million total (1991 SIL) 134
Luo (Dholuo) Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Nilotic Kenya 3.4 million (2006) 3.5 million (1994 I. Larsen BTL) (dated data) 135
Maninka Niger-Congo, Mande National language of Guinea, Mali. Significant numbers in Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone. 2.5 million (2006) 3.3 million, all varieties 136
Mazanderani Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western Iranian İran 3.3 million (2006) 3.3 million (1993) (dated data) (numbers may be confused with or include Gilaki) 137
Gilaki Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western Iranian İran 3.3 million (2006) 3.3 million (1993) (dated data) (numbers may be confused with or include Mazanderani) 138
Shan Kradai, Tai Myanmar 3 million (2006) 3.3 million 139
Tsonga Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in South Africa. Significant communities in Mozambique, Swaziland. 3.2 million (2006) 3.3 million (1989, 1996) (dated data) 140
Galician Indo-European, Romance. Official in Galicia, Spain. 3.2 million (2006) 3.2 million (1986) (data dated) 141
Lao Kradai, Tai Official in Laos. Native to Thailand. 3.2 million (2006) ~19 million Lao-Phutai dialects (including Isan) (data dated) 142
Sukuma Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Tanzania 5 million (2006) 3.2 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 143
Yiddish Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic official in Russia (Jewish Autonomous Oblast) Significant communities in Belarus, Israel, Latvia, Ukraine, ABD. 469,000 3.2 million 144
Jamaican Creole Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic, Creole Jamaica. Significant communities in Panama, Costa Rica 2.8 million (2006) 3.2 million (2001) 145
Piemonteis Indo-European, Italic, North Italy (official in the Piedmont region), Argentina 3.1 million (2000) 3.1 million (2000), might not include speakers in Latin America 146
Kırgızca Altaic, Turkic, Northwestern, Southern Official in Kyrgyzstan. Native to Tajikistan 3.1 million (2006) 3.1 million (1993 UBS) (dated data) 147
Waray-Waray Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines Philippines 2.4 million 3.1 native (2000 census), unknown number second language 148
Ewe Niger-Congo, Kwa Official in Togo. National language of Ghana. 2.5 million (2006) 3.1 million native, 500,000 second language, = 3.6 million total (2003) 149
South Bolivian Quechua Quechuan Official in Bolivia, also spoken in Argentina 3,637,500 (ethnologue)sout 150
Litvanca Indo-European, Baltic Official in Lithuania. Significant communities in Latvia. 4 million (2006) 3.1 million (1998) 151
Boşnakça Indo-European, Slavic, South Official language in; Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. Significant communities in Serbia. 1,8 milion (1996) 2,300,000 152
Luganda Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Major language of Uganda 3.0 million native (1991 census), ~1 million second language (1999 WA), = ~4 million total 153
Lusoga Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Major language of Uganda, official status unclear/pending +/- 3 million native speakers (2002 census), +/- 100,000 second-language speakers (dated data) 154
Acehnese Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Malayic Indonesia 3 million (2006) ~3 million (1999 WA) 155
Kimbundu Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu National language of Angola ~3 million (1999 WA) 156
Hindko Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Pakistan 2.5 million (2006) ~3 million (1993) (dated data) 157
Ibibio-Efik Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Cross River Efik official in Nigeria 1.5 million (2006) ~3 million, including Anaang (1990; 1998 B. Connell) (dated data) 158
Rajbangsi Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan India 3.0 million (1991 census) 159
Venetian Language Indo-European, Latin languages, North-Eastern Italy 3.0 million (2009) 160
Garhwali Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan India 2.9 million (2000) 161
Bambara Niger-Congo, Mande National language of Mali 2.8 million native, 10 million second language, = 13 million total 162
Hmong Hmong-Mien China. Significant communities in France (French Guiana), Laos, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, United States (Minnesota, Wisconsin, California), Vietnam, Thailand 7.8 million (2006)
~4 million (Lemoine, 2005)
163
Ometo Afro-Asiatic, Omotic Ethiopia 2.8 million, all varieties, including Welayta (1998 census) 164
Indian Sign Language Language isolate (Sign language) Bangladesh, India, Pakistan 2.7 million in India, plus unknown number in Bangladesh, Pakistan (2003). Same language as Pakistani Sign Language 165
Betawi creole Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Creole Indonesia 2.7 million (1993 Johnstone) 166
Karen Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Karenic Myanmar, Thailand, India 2.6 million, all varieties (dated data) 167
Gondi Dravidian India 2.6 million (1997) 1689
Senoufo Niger-Congo, Gur National language of Mali. Native to Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire. 2.6 million, all varieties (1991, 1993, 2001) 169
Kalenjin Nilo-Saharan, East Sudanic, Nilotic Kenya 2.5 million (1989 census) 170
Kumauni Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan India 2.4 million in India (1998) 171
Kamba Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Kenya 2.4 million native, 600,000 second language, = 3.0 million total (1989 census) 172
Luri Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western Iranian Iran 2.4 million (1999, 2001) 173
K'iche' Mayan Guatemala 2.3 million (2000 SIL) 174
Kapampangan Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines Philippines 2.3 million (2000 census) 175
Bemba Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu National language of Zambia 2.2 million (2006)
3.6 million native, unknown number second language (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk)
176
Central Aymara Aymaran Official in Bolivia, Peru. Significant numbers in Argentina. 2.2 million Central Aymara (1987) 177
Tiv Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid Nigeria 2.2 million native, unknown number second language (1991 UBS) 178
Brahui Dravidian Pakistan, Afghanistan 2.2 million 179
Gbaya Niger-Congo, Ubangian Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa 2.2 million, all varieties, including Ngbaka (2000 WCD) 180
Zarma Nilo-Saharan, Songhai Official in Niger 2.2 million (1998) 181
Baoulé Niger-Congo, Kwa Côte d'Ivoire 2.1 million (1993 SIL) 182
Dogri Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Official in India (Jammu and Kashmir states) 2.1 million (1997) 183
Lingala Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu National language of Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa. 2.1 million native (2000 WCD), 7 million second language in Congo-Kinshasa (1999 WA), unknown additional second-language speakers in Congo-Brazzaville, = 9+ million total. According to Britannica (2005 Yearbook) more than 36 million people speak Lingala as lingua franca. 184
Sasak Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi Indonesia 2.1 million (1989) 185
Kurux Dravidian India, Nepal 2.1 million (1997) 186
Mundari Austro-Asiatic, Munda India 2.1 million (1997) 187
Dinka Nilo-Saharan, East Sudanic, Nilotic Southern Sudan 2+ million 188
Slovence Indo-European, Slavic, South Slavic Official in Austria, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia. 2.0 - 2.5 million consisting of the population of Slovenia (1991 census) plus minorities in Austria, Croatia, Hungary and Italy; several hundred thousand (100 000 - 200 000) in US, Canada, Argentina and Australia 189
Batak Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Northern Sumatra Indonesia 2 million (2006)
~6.2 million, all varieties (c. 1991 UBS) (dated data). Includes Toba, Dairi, Simalungun, etc.
190
Makedonca Indo-European, Slavic, South Official in Republic of Macedonia , also sizeable communities in Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, Germany, United States, Australia, Canada. 2.0 million (1995)[90] 191
Buyei Kradai, Tai China ~2 million (1990 census) 192
Beti-Pahuin Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Major language of Gabon, Equatorial Guinea. Significant communities in Cameroon, São Tomé and Príncipe. ~2 million. Includes Fang, Ewondo, etc. 193
Zazaki Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western Iranian Türkiye 1.5–2.5 million (all dialects) (1998 Paul) 194
Occitan Indo-European, Romance France, Italy, Spain, Monaco 1,939,000 193
Tulu Dravidian India 1.9 million (1997) 194
Ligurian Indo-European, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Italic Italy, France, Monaco 1,920,848 195
Sidamo Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East Cushitic Ethiopia 1.9 million native, 100,000 second language, = 2.0 million total (1998 census) 196
Bashkir Altaic, Turkic, Northwestern, Northern Official in Russia (Bashkortostan) 1.9 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 197
Yao Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Malawi, Tanzania, Mozambique ~1.9 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 198
Chuvash Altaic, Turkic Official in Russia (Chuvashia) 1.8 million native, 200,000 second language, = 2.0 million total (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 199
Ijaw (Izon) Niger-Congo, Ijoid languages Indigenous in Nigeria 1.8 million (all varieties) (Izon 1 million) 200
Fon Niger-Congo, Kwa National language of Benin Significant communities in Togo 1.7 million native (2000 Hoddenbagh), unknown number second language 201
SiSwati Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in South Africa, Swaziland. Significant communities in Lesotho 1.7 million (1996 census, 1993 Johnstone) 202
Latvian Indo-European, Baltic Official in Latvia. Significant communities in Australia, ABD, United Kingdom, Ireland, Brazil. 1.6 million[91] 203
Nyankore Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Uganda 1.6 million (1991 census) 204
Makasar Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi Indonesia 1.6 million native, 400,000 second language, = 2 million total (1989) 205
Gusii Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Kenya 1.6 million (1994 I. Larsen BTL) 206
Khandeshi Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan India 1.6 million (1997) 207
Ndebele Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in South Africa. National language of Zimbabwe. 1.6 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 208
Chin Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman Myanmar, India 1.6 million (1990 BAP, 1996 UBS). All varieties, but not including Mizo etc. 209
Limburgish Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic, Meuse-Rhenish Official in the Netherlands as a regional language. Spoken in Belgium and Germany without official status. 1.6 million 210
Vlax Romani Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania, Albania, Colombia, Hungary 1.5 million 211
Sara Nilo-Saharan, Central Sudanic, Bongo-Bagirmi National language of Chad. Significant communities in Central African Republic. 1.5 million native, all varieties, large number second-language speakers (dated data) 212
Pangasinan Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines Philippines 1.5 million (2000 census) 213
Tonga Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Zambia, Zimbabwe 1.5 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 214
Lampung Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi Indonesia ~1.5 million (1981 Wurm and Hattori) 215
Sardinian Indo-European, Romance Official in Italy (Sardinia) ~1.5 million (1977 M. Ibba, Rutgers University) 216
Scots Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic, Anglo-Frisian, Old English, Scots Scotland, Significant communities in Northern Ireland ~1.5 million native (General Register Office for Scotland, 1996) 217
Dong Kradai, Kam-Sui China 1.5 million 218
Mende Niger-Congo, Mande National language of Sierra Leone 1.5 million native, unknown number second language (1987 UBS) 219
Tày Kradai, Kam-Tai, Tai Vietnam 1.5 million in Vietnam (1999 census) 220
Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan, isolate Meksika 1.4 million (all varieties) (dated data) 221
Afar Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East Cushitic Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti 1.4 million (1998 census) 222
Dagbani Niger-Congo, Gur National language of Ghana 1.4 million, including Kusaal, Mampruli (2004 SIL) 223
Koli Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan India, Pakistan 1.4 million, all varieties (some data dated) 224
Chiga Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Uganda 1.4 million (1991 census) 225
Çeçence Caucasic, Nakh Official in Russia (Chechnya). 1.33 million (2002 census) 226
Tumbuka Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in Malawi. Significant communities in Zambia 1.3 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 227
Iu Mien Hmong-Mien, Yao Çin 1.3 million, all varieties (1995 Wang and Mao) 228
Meru Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Kenya 3.0 million (2009 Kenya census BTL) (dated data) 229
Gogo Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Tanzania ~1.3 million (1992 UBS) (dated data) 230
Teso Nilo-Saharan, East Sudanic, Nilotic Uganda. Significant communities in Kenya 1.3 million (1991 census) 231
Meithei Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman Official in India (Manipur) 1.3 million (1997) 232
Tamang Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman Nepal 1.3 million 233
Makonde Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Tanzania, Mozambique 1.3 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 234
Bai Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, unclassified Çin 1.2 million (2003) 235
Tuareg Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Southern Official in Niger. National language of Mali. 1.2 million (1991–1998) 236
Mandinka Niger-Congo, Mande National language of Senegal. Significant communities in Gambia, Guinea-Bissau. 1.2 million (2002) 237
Jula Niger-Congo, Mande Native to Burkina Faso, Significant communities in Côte d'Ivoire ~1.2 million native, 3–4 million second language 238
Temne Niger-Congo, Atlantic National language of Sierra Leone ~1.2 million native, 200,000 second language, = ~1.4 million total (1989 J. Kaiser) 239
Haya Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Tanzania ~1.2 million (1991 UBS) 240
Serer Niger-Congo, Atlantic National language of Senegal. Significant communities in Gambia. 1.2 million (2002) 241
Beja Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic or isolate Sudan, Eritrea 1.2 million (1982 SIL) 242
Nyamwezi Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Tanzania 1.2 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 243
Abron Niger-Congo, Kwa Ghana 1.2 million (2003) 244
Alur Nilo-Saharan, East Sudanic, Nilotic Congo-Kinshasa, Uganda 1.2 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 245
Sena Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Mozambique, Malawi 1.2 million, all varieties 246
Azande Niger-Congo, Ubangian Congo-Kinshasa, Southern Sudan, Central African Republic 1.1 million (dated data) 247
Walloon Indo-European, Romance Belçika 1.1 million (1998) 248
Anyi Niger-Congo, Kwa Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana 1.2 million (1993 SIL) 249
Malvi Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan India 1.1 million (1997) 250
Kinaray-a Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines Philippines 1.1 million native (2000 census) 251
Soninke Niger-Congo, Mande National language in Mali, Mauritania, Senegal. Significant communities in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia. 1.10 million (1991) 252
Ho Austro-Asiatic, Munda India 1.08 million (1997) 253
Estonca Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Finnic Official in Estonia 1.08 million (1989 census) 254
Nyakyusa Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Tanzania, Malawi 1.05 million (1992 UBS) 255
Gwari Niger-Congo, Nupe Nigeria 1.05 million (1991 SIL, 2002 SIL) 256
Lugbara Nilo-Saharan, Central Sudanic, Moru-Madi Congo-Kinshasa, Uganda 1.04 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk, 1983 SIL) 257
Baskça Language isolate, Basque Country and Navarre (Spain) and Northern Basque Country (France) Official in Basque Country, Spain 1.03 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk, 1983 SIL) 258
Naga Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman Hindistan 1.03 million, all varieties (1997) 259
Susu Niger-Congo, Mande National language of Guinea. Significant communities in Sierra Leone. 1.03 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 260
Tausug Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippine Philippines Significant communities in Indonesia (Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah) 1.02 million native (2000 census) 261
Chokwe Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu National language of Angola. Significant communities in Congo-Kinshasa 1.01 million (1990 UBS) 262
Kabardeyce Caucasic, Circassian Official in Russia (Kabardino-Balkaria). Significant communities in Karachay-Cherkessia, Turkey 1.01 million (1993 UBS, 2001 Johnstone and Mandryk) 263
Ryūkyū Japonic, Ryūkyūan Japonya 1.01 million, all varieties (2000 WCD) 264
Magindanaw Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippine Philippines 1.0 million native (2000 census), unknown number second language 265
Maranao Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippine Philippines 1.0 million native (2000 census) 266
Ancash Quechua Waywash Resmi olarak Peru 1.0 million speakers 267

100,000'den 1 milyona kadar yerel konuşanı olan diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dil Ailesi Resmi Durumda olarak veya Nüfusun %1'inden fazlası tarafından konuşulan yerler Konuşan Sayısı Notlar
Welsh Indo-European, Celtic, Brythonic Official in Wales Also spoken by isolated populations in Argentina and England and United States. Around 750,000 speakers, though estimations run up to one million speakers Wales: 611,000[92]
England: 150,000[93]
Chubut, Argentina: 5,000[94]
Songe Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Congo-Kinshasa ~1 million (1991 WA)
Rejang Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi Endonezya ~1 million (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Bini Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Edoid Official in Nigeria ~1 million (1999 WA)
Ebira Niger-Congo, Nupe Nijerya ~1 million (1989 J. Adive)
Pnar Mon-Khmer Jaintia Hills, Khasi Hills Meghalaya, India 200,000-250,000
Dagaare Niger-Congo, Gur National language of Ghana. Significant communities in Burkina Faso. ~1 million (2003)
Gujari Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Afganistan, Hindistan, Pakistan 0.99 million (2000 WCD)
Tharu Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan Nepal 0.99 million, all varieties
Venda Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu Official in South Africa 0.96 million (1996 census)
Arakanese Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman Myanmar, Bangladesh 0.95 million (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk)
Mauritian Creole French-based creoles spoken in Mauritius; no official status 806,000
Tetum Austronesian languages, Timor Leste, West Timor 800,000
Yucatán Maya Mayan, Yucatecan, Yucatec-Laca Mexico, Belize 705,000
Ossetic Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern Iranian, Northeastern Spoken in Russia Official in North Ossetia, South Ossetia), Georgia, Turkey ~700,000
Ndonga Bantu Spoken in Namibia, Angola 690,000
Kwanyama Niger-Congo Angola, Namibia 671,000
Mari Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Finno-Permic, Finno-Volgaic Russia (Official in Mari El) 600,569
Réunion Creole French-based creoles spoken in Réunion; no official status 600,500
West Frisian Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic, Anglo-Frisian, Frisian Official in the Netherlands (Friesland). 600,000 fluent speakers in 2004
700,000 (Ethnologue 1976)
Avar North Caucasian (disputed), Northeast Caucasian, Avar-Andic Official in Russia's Republic of Dagestan Also spoken in the rest of Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkey ~600,000
Friulian Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian İtalya ~600,000
Lozi Niger-Congo Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe 550,000
Udmurtça Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Finno-Permic, Permic Russia (Official in Udmurtia), Kazakhstan 550,000
Kalmukça Altaic (controversial), Mongolic, Kalmyk-Oirat Spoken in Russia (Kalmykia), China, Mongolia 518,500
American Sign Language French Sign Language family No official status, used in ABD, Canada and Guatemala. Also used in varying degrees in Philippines, Singapore, Hong Kong, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Chad, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Mauritania, Kenya, Madagascar and Zimbabwe. 100,000 to 500,000 in the USA[95]
Breton Indo-European, Celtic, Brythonic Native in Brittany, no official status ≤ 500,000
Erzya Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Finno-Permic, Finno-Volgaic, Mordvinic Spoken in Russia ~500,000
Maltese Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South Central Official in Malta, European Union. Significant communities in Australia, Canada, United Kingdom and Gibraltar ~500,000
Moksha Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Finno-Permic, Finno-Volgaic, Mordvinic Russia (Mordovia) ~500,000
Zapotec Oto-Manguean, Zapotecan Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla, Guerrero) Also spoken in ABD ~500,000
Fiji Hindi Indo-European Fiji, Australia, New Zealand, ABD, Canada 460,000
Fijian Malayo-Polynesian Fiji, Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom, other Pacific Islands 455,000
Sureth ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ leššānā Suryāyā or Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac Neo-Aramaic Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, North Central Official in Iraq. Significant communities in ABD (Chicago, California, Sweden, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, Syria ) and Canada (Ontario, . 0.42 million (2006)Şablon:Failed verification Up to 3.6 million speakers including second language speakers. Mostly those from Mesopotamia
Lezgince Northeast Caucasian, Lezgic Spoken in Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan 450,000
Hakha-Chin Sino-Tibetan Burma, India, Bangladesh 446,264
Limbu Sino-Tibetan official in Nepal, India (Sikkim), significant communities in Bhutan, Assam (India) 441,633
Mapudungun language isolate Significant communities in Chile, Argentina 440,000 (ethnologue)
Dargin Caucasian (geographical convention), North (disputed), Northeast Spoken in Dagestan, Russia 439,000
İnguşça Caucasian (disputed), North (disputed), Northeast, Nakh, Vainakh (Chechen-Ingush) Spoken in Russia (Ingushetia, Chechnya) 415,000
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan, Aztecan, General Aztec, Huasteca Meksika 410,000
Karaçay-Balkarca Altaic, Turkic, Kypchak, Kypchak-Cuman Official languages of Russian areas of Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia 400,000
Buryat Altaic, Mongolic, Northern Mongolia, China, Russia 400,000
Sranan Tongo Creole language Official in Surinam, significant communities in the Netherlands ~400,000
Western Huasteca Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan, Aztecan, General Aztec, Huasteca Meksika 400,000
Corsican Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian Native in Corsica. 402,000-100,000
Aklanon Austronesian, Borneo-Philippines, Central Philippine, Visayan, Western Visayan, Aklan, Native in the Philippines. 394,545
Luxembourgish West Central German group of High German languages Official in Luxembourg 390,000
Dhivehi Indo-Aryan Official in the Maldives. Also spoken in the island of Minicoy in Union territory of Lakshadweep, India which was formerly a part of the Maldives. 379,200
Samoan Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian (MP), Nuclear MP Official in Samoa and American Samoa (United States) 370,337
Sakha Altaic, Turkic, Northern Turkic Russia 363,000
Awngi Afro Asiatic, Cushitic, Central Ethiopica (Agew Awi Zone, Amhara Region) 356,980
İrlandaca Indo-European, Celtic, Goidelic Official in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, spoken by communities in the United States, Canada and Australia. 350,000
Komi Uralic, Permic Spoken in Russia (Komi Republic, Perm Krai 350,000
Mingrelian Kartvelian Georgia, Spoken in Georgia 500 000
Mazahua Oto-Manguean, Oto-Pamean, Otomian Meksika 350,000
Papiamento Portuguese Creole Official in Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, and the Netherlands (in Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and elsewhere by immigrants from these six island) 329,000
Pontic Greek Indo-European, Greek Greece, Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkey 324,535
Japanese Sign Language Sign language no official status 320,000 signers
Icelandic Indo-European, Germanic, North Official in Iceland. Small community in Gimli, Manitoba, Canada. 310,000
Wayuu Arawakan, Maipuran, Northern Maipuran, Caribbean Significant communities in Colombia, Venezuela 305,000 (ethnologue)
Aromanian Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Romance Greece, Albania, Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria, Macedonia 300,000-700,000
Adigece Caucasian (disputed), North Caucasian (disputed), Northwest Caucasian, Circassian Official in Russia's Republic of Adygea, Significant communities in the rest of Russia, Turkey, Jordan, Syria, Israel, Macedonia, Iraq 300,000
Lazca South Caucasian Turkey, Georgia, Germany, Adjaria, Greece 300,000-500,000
Wanka Quechua Quechuan Official in Peru 300,000
Garifuna Arawakan, Carib Honduras, Belize, Guatemala 300,000
French Sign Language French Sign Language family used in France, no official status. French Sign Language is related to Dutch Sign Language (NGT), German Sign Language (DGS), Flemish Sign Language (VGT), Belgian-French Sign Language (LSFB) Irish Sign Language (ISL), American Sign Language (ASL), and Quebec Sign Language (LSQ). 80,000 - 300,000 signers
Kodava Takk Dravidian Kodagu, Karnataka, India 300,000
Kumukça Altaic, Turkic, Kypchak, Kypchak-Cuman Russia Dagestan 282,000
Nàmá Khoisan, Khoe, Khoekhoe, North Khoekhoe Official in Namibia. 250,000
Central Huasteca Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan, Southern Uto-Aztecan, Aztecan, General Aztec, Aztec Meksika 200,000
Tuvaca Altaic, Turkic, Northeastern Mongolia, Russia, China 200,000
Kenyan Sign Language French Sign Language Family Kenya ~200,000
Miskito Misumalpan Nicaragua, Honduras 183,400
Navajo Na-Dené, Athabaskan, Southern Athabaskan United States (Arizona, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico) 178,000
Maori Austronesian, Oceanic, Tahitic languages Official language of New Zealand/Aotearoa 165,000 fluent speakers (New Zealand Census, 2006. Statistics New Zealand).
British Sign Language BANZSL, Sign Language Birleşik Krallık 140,000
Amis Austronesian Tayvan 137,651
Ngäbere Chibchan, Guaymi Spoken in Panamá 133,092 (1990 Panama Census)
Dzongkha Sino-Tibetan Bhutan, Sikkim 130,000
Hererro Niger-Congo Namibia, Botswana 130,000
Chamula Tzotzil Mayan, Cholan-Tzeltalan, Tzeltalan Meksika 130,000
Abhazca Northwest Caucasian, Abkhaz-Abaza Georgia, Abkhazia, diasporal communities elsewhere about 125,000
Highland Puebla Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan, Southern Uto-Aztecan, Aztecan, General Aztec, Aztec Meksika 125,000
Highland Totonac Totonacan, Totonac Meksika 120,000
Lak North Caucasian, Northeast Caucasian Russia (Southern Dagestan) 120,000
Orizaba Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan, Southern Uto-Aztecan, Aztecan, General Aztec, Aztec Meksika 120,000
P'urhépecha Language isolate Mexico Michoacán ~120,000
Tahitian Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian (MP), Central-Eastern MP, Eastern MP, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Eastern Polynesian, Central East Polynesian, Tahitic France (French Polynesia) 120,000
Karelian Uralic Rusya 118,000
Komi-Permyak Uralic Rusya 116,000
Pardhan Gondi No official status, spoken in India 116,919
Franco-Provençal Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian (SIL), Oïl (SIL), SoutheasternŞablon:Dn (SIL) Italy, Switzerland, France ~113,000
Tongan Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central Eastern Malayo-Polynesian... Official in Tonga, significant communities in New Zealand 105,319
Bachajón Tzeltal Mayan, Cholan-Tzeltalan, Tzeltalan Meksika 100,000
Ladino Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Spanish İsrail, Türkiye 109,000
Gilbertese Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central Eastern, Eastern... Official in Kiribati 102,000
Spanish Sign Language Sign language İspanya more than 100,000 signers
Mezquital Otomi Oto-Manguean, Otopamean, Otomian Mexico and the United States 100,000
Ulster Scots Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic, Anglo-Frisian, Old English, Scots, Ulster Scots Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland 100,000

10,000'den 100,000'e kadar konuşanı olan diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dil Ailesi Resmi Durumda olarak veya Nüfusun %1'inden fazlası tarafından konuşulan yerler Konuşan Sayısı
Tabasaran Northeast Caucasian, Lezgian Rusya (Güney Dağıstan) 95,905
Mexican Sign Language Sign language no official status 87,000-100,000 signers
Mara Sino-Tibetan, Kuki-Chin(Central) India- Official in Mara Autonomous District Council and Chin state, Myanmar 94,000
Atayal Austronesian Tayvan 84,330
South Estonian Uralic Estonya 80,000
Altayca Altaic, Turkic Rusya, Moğolistan, Çin 71,600
Võro Uralic, Baltic-Finnic South Estonian Estonya 70,000
Nogayca Altaic, Turkic Rusya 67,800
Faroese Indo-European, Germanic, North Official in the Faroe Islands. 60,000 - 80,000
Santiago del Estero Quichua Quechuan Spoken in Argentina 66,000 (ethnologue)
Paiwan Austronesian Tayvan 61,000
Chamorro Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian (MP), Nuclear MP, Sunda-Sulawesi United States (Guam, Northern Mariana Islands) 60,000+
Hakasça Altaic Rusya ~60,000
Scottish Gaelic Indo-European, Celtic, Goidelic Resmi olarak İskoçya. 58,652 speakers. Although 92,400 people aged three and over in Scotland had some Gaelic language ability in 2001[96]
Thai Sign Language Sign Language Tayland 56,000
Ojibwe Algonquian Canada and northern United States 55,000
Leonese Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Iberian, Leonese, İspanya ve Portekiz 55,000
Kalaallisut Eskimo-Aleut, Inuit Official in Denmark (Greenland) 54,000
Kashubian Indo-European, Slavic, West Slavic, Pomeranian Polonya 53,000
Quebec Sign Language Sign Language Canada (Quebec) 50,000-60,000
Cree Algonquin Kanada ve ABD 50,000
Eastern Bolivian Guaraní/Western Argentine Guaraní Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Guaraní (I) Resmi olarak Bolivya, ve ayrıca Arjantin'de 48,974 (ethnologue)
Cook Islands Maori Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian (MP), Central-Eastern MP, Eastern MP, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Eastern Polynesian, Central East Polynesian, Tahitic New Zealand (Cook Islands) 42,669
Ticuna Language isolate Peru, Brezilya, Kolombiya 40,000
Meänkieli Dialect of Finnish, Baltic-Finnic, Uralic İsveç 40,000—70,000
Aguaruna Jivaroan Resmi olarak Peru 38,290 (2000 WCD)
Bunun Austronesian Tayvan 38,000
Romansh Indo-European, Romance Resmi olarak İsviçre 35,000 native
Rutul Northeast Caucasian Rusya, Azerbaycan +30,000
Ladin Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Rhaetian İtalya 30,000
Inuktitut Eskimo-Aleut, Inuit Official in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories in Canada ~30,000
Llanito Indo-European, Romance, Germanic, West Germanic Vernacular of Gibraltar. Although widely understood in the surrounding Campo de Gibraltar area, in Spain. 30,000 (Ethnologue 2006)
Evenki Altaic, Tungusic Rusya, Çin, Moğolistan 29,000
Nenets Uralic Rusya 27,273
Mbyá Guaraní Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Guaraní (I) Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay 27,000
Siyuca Siouan-Catawban, Siouan, Mississippi Valley, Dakotan ABD, Canada 26,300
Wichí Lhamtés Vejoz Mataco-Guaicuru Arjantin 25,000 (ethnologue)
Asháninka Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine Resmi olarak Peru 23,750 - 28,500 (2000 SIL)
Huichol Uto-Aztecan Mexico (Nayarit, Zacatecas, Jalisco) 20,000
Taba Austronesian Endonezya 20,000
Warao Warao Venezuela, Guyana 18,000 (ethnologue)
Nivaclé Mataco-Guaicuru Paraguay 18,200 (ethnologue)
Agul Northeast Caucasian, Lezgian Rusya, Azerbaycan 17,373 (1989 Census)
Kaiwá Brezilya 15,512 (Ethnologue)
Cherokee Iroquoian, Southern Iroquoian ABD (Oklahoma) 15,000-22,000
Northern Sami Uralic Norway, Finland, Sweden 15,000—20,000
Sanskritçe Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan chiefly India, but also Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal; Used in religious practices in Hinduism. 15,000 native speakers (2001 Indian census)
Mirandese Indo-European,Italic,Romance,Italo-Western,Gallo-Iberian,Ibero-Romance,West Iberian, Astur-Leonese Portekiz 15,000
Tsez North Caucasian Rusya 15,000
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay Mataco-Guaicuru Arjantin 15,000 (ethnologue)
!Kung Khoisian Namibia, Angola 15,000
Norwegian Sign Language Sign Language Norveç 4,000-15,000
Tuamotuan Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian... France (French Polynesia) 14,400
Auslan BANZSL, Sign Language Avustralya 100,000
South Ucayali Ashéninka Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine Resmi olarak Peru 13,000
Yaghnobi Eastern Iranian Tajikistan 12,500
South African Sign Language Sign Language Güney Afrika 12,200
Pajonal Ashéninka Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine Resmi olarak Peru 12,000
Pichis Ashéninka Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine Resmi olarak Peru 12,000
Khanty Uralic Rusya 12,000
Chiripá Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Guaraní (I) Brezilya, Paraguay 11,500 (ethnologue)
Chayahuita Cahuapanan Resmi olarak Peru 11,384 (2000, WCD)
Tuvaluan Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Samoic, Ellicean Tuvalu, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, New Zealand 10,670
Aragonese Indo-European, Romance Aragon, Spain. Luenga propia 10,000 native, 30,000-50,000 with some knowledge (Dated data)
North Frisian Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic, Anglo-Frisian, Frisian Germany (recognized minority language in Nordfriesland) 10,000 (Ethnologue)
Míkmawísimk Eastern Algonquian Kanada ve ABD About 10,000

1,000'den 10,000'e kadar konuşanı olan diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dil Ailesi Resmi Durumda olarak veya Nüfusun %1'inden fazlası tarafından konuşulan yerler Konuşan Sayısı
Yupikçe Eskimo-Aleut ABD (Alaska) ~10,000
İsrail İşaret Dili İşaret Dili İsrail ~10,000
Şorca Altay Rusya 9,800
Zunice Yalıtılmış Diller ABD (New Mexico ve Arizona) Zuñi pueblo 9,651
Huambisa Jivaroan Peru 9,333 (2000 WCD)
Lakotaca Siouan-Catawban, Siouan, Mississippi Valley, Dakotan, Sioux ABD 8,000-9,000
Çukçice Chukotko-Kamchatkan Rusya 7,742
Huitotot Bora-Huitoto, Huitoto-Ocaina Resmi olarak Peru ve ayrıca Kolombiya'da 7,378-8,162 (Adelaar, 2004)
Southern Aymara Aymaran Resmi olarak Peru ve ayrıca Brezilya'da 7,212 (2001 SIL)
Ucayali-Yurúa Ashéninka Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine Resmi olarak Peru ve ayrıca Brezilya'da 7,212
Megleno-Romanian Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Romance Yunanistan, Romanya, Makedonya 5,000-12,000
Veps Uralic Rusya 6,355
Western Desert Language Pama-Nyungan Avustralya 6,103 (Ethnologue)
Flemish Sign Language Sign Language Belçika (Flanders and Brussels-Capital Region) 6,000
Perené Ashéninka Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine Resmi olarak Peru 5,500
Achuar-Shiwiar Jivaroan Resmi olarak Peru, ve ayrıca Ekvator'da 5,000
Cashibo-Cacataibo Panoan Peru 5,000 (Ethnologue, 1999)
Finnish Sign Language Sign Language Finlandiya 5,000 (tahminî)
Dolgan Altay Rusya ~5,000
Saisiyat Austronesian Tayvan 4,750
Rapa Nui (Easter Islander) Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central Eastern, Eastern, Oceanic, Central-Eastern, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East, Polynesian, Nuclear Polynesian, Eastern Polynesian Şili (Rapa Nui (Easter Island)) 4,650
!Xóõ Khoisian Namibia, Botswana 4,200
Ajyíninka Apurucayali Arawakan, Maipuran Resmi olarak Peru 4,000
Akhvakh Northeast Caucasian Rusya (Dağıstan) 3,500
Koryak Chukotko-Kamchatkan Rusya 3,019
Jaqaru Aymaran Resmi olarak Peru 3,009
Candoshi-Shapra Language Isolate Resmi olarak Peru 3,000 (1991, SIL)
Yague Peba-Yaguan Resmi olarak Peru 3,000-4,000 (dated)
Kala Lagaw Ya Pama-Nyungan Australia 3,000-4,000
Khinalug Northeast Caucasian languages Azerbaijan 1,500 ~ 4,000
Ludic Uralic Rusya (Karelia) 3,000
İnyuikçe Aleut Kanada 3,500
Mansice Uralic Russia Khantia-Mansia 3,184
Carolinian Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central Eastern, Eastern, Oceanic, Central-Eastern, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic United States Official in Northern Mariana Islands 3,000
Kernewek (Cornish) Indo-European, Celtic, Insular Celtic, Brythonic Southwest England 3,000
Warlpiri Pama-Nyungan Australia 3,000
Godoberi Northeast Caucasian Russia (Dagestan) 3,000
Murui Huitoto Witotoan, Witoto, Witoto Proper, Minica-Murui Resmi olarak Peru, ve ayrıca Kolombiya'da 2,900 (SIL, 1995)
Bora Witotan Resmi olarak Peru ve ayrıca Kolombiya'da 2,828
Saterland Frisian
(East Frisian)
Indo-European, Germanic, West Germanic, Anglo-Frisian, Frisian Germany (recognized minority language in Saterland, East Frisia) 2,250
11,000 (Ethnologue)
Kven Uralic Norway 2,000-8,000
Cashinahua Panoan Resmi olarak Peru ve ayrıca Brezilya'da 2,000
Inuinnaqtun Aleut Kanada 2,000
Lule Sami Uralic İsveç, Norveç 2,000
Esperanto Constructed language Vocabulary from Romance and Germanic languages; phonology from Slavic languages International auxiliary language 200 to 2000 N.B. Because it is an international language, most speakers speak it as a second language. Estimates of total number of speakers tend to fall around 2 million.[97]
Arrernte Pama-Nyungan Avustralya 1,500
Manx Gaelic Indo-European, Celtic, Goidelic Isle of Man 1,750
Minica Huitoto Witotoan Resmi olarak Peru, ve ayrıca Kolombiya'da 1,705 (2000 WCD)
Selkup Uralic Russia (Yamalia) 1,570
Culina Arauan Resmi olarak Peru ve ayrıca Brezilya'da 1,303
Chipaya Uru-Chipaya Resmi olarak Peru 1,200
She Hmong-Mien Çin 1,200
Çikasovca Muskogean ABD 1,000
Walmajarri Pama-Nyungan Avustralya 1,000
Koro Tibeto-Burman India (Arunachal Pradesh, East Kameng) 800-1200
Istro-Romanian Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Romance Hırvatistan 560-1,000

1,000'den az konuşanı olan diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dil Ailesi Resmi Durumda olarak veya Nüfusun %1'inden fazlası tarafından konuşulan yerler Konuşan Sayısı
Osmanlıca Altay-Türkî Türkiye 900
Norfuk Creole Norfolk Island, Pitcairn Islands 616
Ketçe Dené-Yeniseian Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai) 550
Kildin Sami Uralic Russia (Murmansk Oblast, Karelia) 500
Nganasanca Uralic Russia (Taymyria) 500
Southern Sami Uralic İsveç, Norveç 500
Inari Sami Uralic Finlandiya 400
Skolt Sami Uralic Finland, Russia (Karelia) 400
Mlabri Austroasiatic Tayland, Laos <400
Ingrian Uralic Russia (Ingria) 300
Pirahã Muran Amazon Nehri, Brezilya resmi değil 300
Washo Hokan United States (Washoe County, Nevada) 252[98]
Komançice Uto-Aztecan United States (Oklahoma) 200
Hinukh Northeast Caucasian Russia (Dagestan) 200
Livonian Uralic Latvia (Livonia) 150
Tobian Trukic Palau (In the states of Hatohobei and Sonsorol and in the southern areas of Palau) ≥100
Enets Uralic Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai) 70
Pitkern (Or Pitcairnese) Creole Pitcairn Island (and New Zealand) ≥70
Manchu Altaic Northern China (Heilongjian province), Southern Russia ≥60
Kawésqar Fuegian Şili <22
Pite Sami Uralic İsveç, Norveç 20
Ume Sami Uralic İsveç, Norveç 20
Votic Uralic Rusya ≥20
Kayardild Pama-Nyungan Avustralya <10
Hiren Waywash Peru 6
Ter Sami Uralic Russia (Murmansk Oblast) 2[99]
Yaghan Fuegian Şili 1

Büyük Diller[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Ana madde: Büyük Diller

The following are the largest ISO 639 macrolanguages, which in different sources may be counted as either one or several languages.

Ayrıca bakınız[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ a b c "Etnoloji". SIL Haley. http://www.ethnologue.org/ethno_docs/distribution.asp?by=size. 
  2. ^ a b c "Encarta Dictionary". Microsoft Encarta 2006. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/dictionaryhome.aspx. Erişim tarihi: 2009-11-16. 
  3. ^ a b c d Ranking by Mean Average of the two estimates (Encarta and Ethnologue)
  4. ^ "Modern Çince - Sözlükler - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1481582983/Modern_Standard_Chinese.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  5. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=CHN
  6. ^ "Dünyanın en çok konuşulan 30 dili". Krysstal.com. http://www.krysstal.com/spoken.html. Erişim tarihi: 2011-01-9. 
  7. ^ "İspanyol - Sözlükler - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861781790/Spanish.html. Erişim tarihi: 2011-01-09. 
  8. ^ Ethnologue - 1999 WA--source for the second figure)
  9. ^ la-moncloa.es (V International Congress on Spanish Language), UNAM and Instituto Cervantes ("El Mundo" news)
  10. ^ "English definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861789540/English.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  11. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=ENG
  12. ^ "Hindi definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861721270/Hindi.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  13. ^ "Urdu definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861767768/Urdu.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  14. ^ ^Ethnologue, 1999
  15. ^ "Census of India - Statement 1". Censusindia.gov.in. http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_Data_Online/Language/Statement1.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  16. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=urd
  17. ^ "Census of India - Statement 1". Censusindia.gov.in. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_Data_Online/Language/Statement1.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  18. ^ http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/statistics/other_tables/pop_by_mother_tongue.pdf
  19. ^ "India Statistics - Statistical analysis, data information and facts about India". Indiastat.com. http://www.indiastat.com/. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  20. ^ "Population Census Organization". Statpak.gov.pk. http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  21. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_Data_Online/Language/Statement1.htm
  22. ^ "Arabic definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861689162/Arabic.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  23. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=arb
  24. ^ "Bangla definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861812718/Bangla.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  25. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=BNG
  26. ^ Galik-portekizce
  27. ^ "Portuguese definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861758655/Portuguese.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  28. ^ "Ethnologue 14 report for language code:POR". Ethnologue.com. http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=POR. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  29. ^ "IOL Diário - Somos 240 milhões de falantes". Diario.iol.pt. 2008-07-16. http://diario.iol.pt/sociedade/lingua-portuguesa-portugues-ensino-governo-alunos/972503-4071.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  30. ^ "Russian definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861770985/Russian.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  31. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=RUS
  32. ^ a b Contributor: flamiejamie (2008-06-26). "Top 10 Most Spoken Languages In The World". Listverse. http://listverse.com/miscellaneous/top-10-most-spoken-languages-in-the-world/. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  33. ^ "Japanese definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861766410/Japanese.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  34. ^ "German definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861706344/German.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  35. ^ a b "Europeans and Languages". European Commission. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_237.en.pdf. Erişim tarihi: 2007-02-18. 
  36. ^ "Javanese definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861711446/Javanese.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  37. ^ "Punjabi definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861779420/Punjabi.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  38. ^ "Wu definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861758362/Wu.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  39. ^ "Census of India - Statement 4". Censusindia.gov.in. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_Data_Online/Language/Statement4.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  40. ^ "Marathi language". Encarta dictionary. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx?lextype=3&search=marathi. Erişim tarihi: 11 February 2010. 
  41. ^ "French definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861790461/French.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  42. ^ Posted by 데이빛 / Mithridates (2008-10-15). "French in 9th place with 200 million French speakers in the world / 200 millions de francophones dans le monde". Page F30. http://www.pagef30.com/2008/10/french-in-9th-place-with-200-million.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  43. ^ "200 million French speakers in the world - La France en Australie". Ambafrance-au.org. http://www.ambafrance-au.org/france_australie/spip.php?article2223. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  44. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau". Internetworldstats.com. 2009-09-30. http://internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  45. ^ Jacques Leclerc (2009-11-02). "Francophonie (Qu'est-ce que la?)". Tlfq.ulaval.ca. http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/francophonie/francophonie.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  46. ^ "Cheer up French speakers, you’re not alone". France24. 2008-10-28. http://www.france24.com/en/20081018-cheer-french-speakers-francophone-francophonie-nadeau. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  47. ^ "Vietnamese language". Encarta dictionary. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx?lextype=3&search=vietnamese. Erişim tarihi: 11 February 2010. 
  48. ^ "Korean definition - Dictionaries - MSN Encarta". Uk.encarta.msn.com. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861720823/Korean.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  49. ^ "Tamil language". Encarta dictionary. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx?lextype=3&search=tamil. Erişim tarihi: 11 February 2010. 
  50. ^ "Top 30 Language Spoken in the World by Number of Speakers". Krysstal.com. http://www.krysstal.com/spoken.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  51. ^ "Italian language". Encarta dictionary. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx?lextype=3&search=italian. Erişim tarihi: 11 February 2010. 
  52. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=TRK
  53. ^ "Turkish language". Encarta Dictionary. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx?lextype=3&search=turkish. Erişim tarihi: 11 February 2010. 
  54. ^ "Cantonese language". Encarta Dictionary. http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx?lextype=3&search=cantonese. Erişim tarihi: 11 February 2010. 
  55. ^ "Pashto, Northern". SIL International. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. June 2010. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=pbu. Erişim tarihi: 2010-09-18. "49,529,000 possibly total Pashto in all countries." 
  56. ^ a b "Pashto". Omniglot.com. http://www.omniglot.com/writing/pashto.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2010-10-25. "The exact number of Pashto speakers is not known for sure, but most estimates range from 45 million to 55 million." 
  57. ^ Penzl, Herbert; Ismail Sloan (2009). A Grammar of Pashto a Descriptive Study of the Dialect of Kandahar, Afghanistan. Ishi Press International. ss. 210. ISBN 0923891722, 9780923891725. http://books.google.com/books?id=zvRePgAACAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Erişim tarihi: 2010-10-25. "Estimates of the number of Pashto speakers range from 40 million to 60 million..." 
  58. ^ Thomson, Gale (2007). Countries of the World & Their Leaders Yearbook 08. 2. European Union: Indo-European Association. ss. 84. ISBN 0787681083, 9780787681081. http://books.google.com/books?id=A6vQ-x7V-bYC&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Erişim tarihi: 2010-10-25. 
  59. ^ "www.ethnologue.com". www.ethnologue.com. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=fas. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  60. ^ a b http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=1257013011437361
  61. ^ Persian language in Encyclopedia of Orient
  62. ^ R. Khanam, "Encyclopaedic ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia: J-O, Volume 2", Global Vision Publishing Ho, 2005. pg 730:"The Standard Tajiki dialect is mutually intelligble with the Persian of Iran and the Dari of Afghanistan and is increasingly being called either Farsi-Tojiki or Farsi (Persian)"
  63. ^ David Levinson, Karen Christensen, "Encyclopedia of modern Asia", Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002. pg 50: "The most important modern languages of the Iranian family are (West Iranian) Persian (Farsi, Dari, and Tajiki), Tati, Baluchi, Zaza, and numerous unwritten "
  64. ^ Bernard Lewis, "The Middle East: a brief history of the last 2,000 years",Simon and Schuster, 1995. pg 247: "Persian- Zaban-i Farsi, the language of the province of Fars, or Pars, from which the Greek and hence the Western names of the country are derived -- was spoken and written in Iran (the ancient name of the country), and in a zone extending eastward into Central Asia, in regions now included in Afghanistan and in the republic of Tajikistan. Tajik and also Dari, one of the two languages of Afghanistan (the other is Pashto, also of Iranic family), are variants of Persian
  65. ^ Bernard Lewis,"The multiple identities of the Middle East", Schocken Books, 1998. ISBN-0805241728, 9780805241723 pg. 55: "Apart from Iran, Persian has official status in two other countries; in Afghanistan, where the local form of Persian is known as Dari, and in the former soviet Republic of Tajikistan.
  66. ^ 2009 CIA Factbook: Iran:[1][2] (Persian and Persian dialects 58%) (38.514), Afghanistan [3], Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50% (14.1), Tajikistan 79.9% (5.8 million), Uzbekistan (4.7% 1 million),
  67. ^ Iran 36 M (51%) - 46 M (65%) [4], Afghanistan 16.369 M (50%), Tajikistan 5.770 M (80%), Uzbekistan 1.2 M (4.4%)
  68. ^ Svante E. Cornell, "Uzbekistan: A Regional Player in Eurasian Geopolitics?", European Security, vol. 20, no. 2, Summer 2000.
  69. ^ Richard Foltz, "The Tajiks of Uzbekistan", Central Asian Survey, 15(2), 213–216 (1996).
  70. ^ Karl Cordell, "Ethnicity and Democratisation in the New Europe", Published by Routledge, 1999. Excerpt from pg 201: "Consequently, the number of citizens who regard themselves as Tajiks is difficult to determine. Tajikis within and outside of the republic, Samarkand State University (SamGU) academic and international commentators suggest that there may be between six and seven million Tajiks in Uzbekistan, constituting 30% of the republic's 22 million population, rather than the official figure of 4.7%(Foltz 1996;213; Carlisle 1995:88).
  71. ^ Lena Jonson, "Tajikistan in the New Central Asia", Published by I.B.Tauris, 2006. pg 108: "According to official Uzbek statistics there are slightly over 1 million Tajiks in Uzbekistan or about 4% of the population. The unofficial figure is over 6 million Tajiks. They are concentrated in the Sukhandarya, Samarqand and Bukhara regions."
  72. ^ [5]
  73. ^ Azerbaycanlı, South 12.6 milyon Johnstone and Mandryk 2001 (Irak 0.6 milyon (1982), Suriye 0.03 milyon (1961), Türkiye (0.5) milyon) [6]
  74. ^ Azerbaijani, North 7.5 milyon 2007
  75. ^ [7]
  76. ^ [8]Azerbaijani, Iran 17 million (2010) 24%
  77. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=azb
  78. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=azj
  79. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=qxq
  80. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-clusters.php?peo2=126
  81. ^ The Latin Union reports 28 million speakers for Romanian, out of whom 24 million are native speakers of the language: Latin Union - The odyssey of languages: ro, es, fr, it, pt; see also Ethnologue report for Romanian
  82. ^ "Het Nederlandse taalgebied" (Dutch). Taalpeil. 31 December 2006 tarihinde özgün kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20061231075139/http://taalunieversum.org/taalpeil/het_nederlandse_taalgebied.html. Erişim tarihi: 2007-02-18. 
  83. ^ http://ling.cass.cn/fangyan/dituji/LANGUAGE%20ATLAS%20OF%20CHINA.html The population of Gan speakers is 48 million
  84. ^ http://www.omniglot.com/writing/kurdish.htm
  85. ^ Microsoft Encarta 2006, Languages Spoken by More Than 10 Million People. Archived 2009-10-31.
  86. ^ Народы и языки Российской Федерации. статистика(Rusça)
  87. ^ "Ethnologue 14 on Tatar (version 15 gives data obviously invompatible with this and the next shown source)". Ethnologue.com. http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=TTR. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  88. ^ Народы и языки Российской Федерации. Статистика(Rusça)
  89. ^ Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. "Ethnologue Report for Pahari-Potwari." Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  90. ^ "Ethnologue: Macedonia". Web.archive.org. 1999-04-21. http://web.archive.org/web/19990421103931/www.sil.org/ethnologue/countries/Mace.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  91. ^ "Latvian". Ethnologue. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=lav. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  92. ^ "2004 Welsh Language Use Survey: the report - Welsh Language Board". http://www.byig-wlb.org.uk/english/publications/publications/332.doc. Erişim tarihi: 2010-05-23. 
  93. ^ United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "Refworld | World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - United Kingdom : Welsh". UNHCR. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/topic,463af2212,488f25df2,49749c8cc,0.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-05-23. 
  94. ^ "h2g2 - Y Wladfa - The Welsh in Patagonia". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A1163503. Erişim tarihi: 2010-05-23. 
  95. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code: ase". Ethnologue.com. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ase. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  96. ^ "News Release - Scotland's Census 2001 - Gaelic Report" from General Registrar for Scotland website, 10 October 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2007.
  97. ^ "Esperanto FAQ: Part 5". Esperanto.net. http://www.esperanto.net/veb/faq-5.html. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  98. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. 2007-07-17. http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=99&county_id=&mode=state_tops&zip=&place_id=&cty_id=&a=&ea=&order=a&ll=all. Erişim tarihi: 2010-03-16. 
  99. ^ "Sami languages disappears". Barents Observer. 19 Feb 2010. http://www.barentsobserver.com/sami-languages-disappears.4749497-116321.html. Erişim tarihi: 2 May 2010. 

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