Yeni sanayileşen ülkeler

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Yeni sanayileşen ülkeler

Yeni sanayileşen ülkeler (YSÜ) terimi, siyaset bilimciler ve ekonomistler tarafından dünyadaki birçok ülkeyi tanımlamada kullanılan bir sosyoekonomik sınıflandırmadır.

Yeni sanayileşen ülkeler, ekonomileri gelişmiş bir ülkenin statüsüne ulaşmayan ancak makroekonomik anlamda hızlı ekonomi ve sosyal kalkınma ile diğer gelişmekte olan ekonomilerden ayrılan ülkelerdir. Bu terim ilk kez 1970'lerde Dört Asya Kaplanı olan Hong Kong, Güney Kore, Singapur ve Tayvan için gelişmekte olan ülkelerin hızla gelişerek gelişmiş ülkeler haline gelmesini tanımlamak amacıyla kullanılmıştır.[1]

YSÜ ülkeleri[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Çeşitli yazarlar ve uzmanlar tarafından belirtilen YSÜ ülkeleri listesi.[2][3][4][5]

Bölge Ülke GSYİH (SAGP)
(milyon dolar, 2015 IMF)[6]
Kişi başına GSYİH (SAGP)
(dolar, 2015 IMF)[7]
Gelir eşitsizliği (GINI) 2008–09[8] İnsani
Gelişme
Endeksi
(İGE, 2015)[9]
Reel GSYİH büyüme oranı (2015) Kaynaklar
Afrika  Güney Afrika 723.5 13,165 63.1 0.666 (orta) 1 [3][4][5]
Kuzey Amerika  Meksika 2,227.2 17,534 48.3 0.756 (yüksek) 2.5 [2][3][4][5]
Güney Amerika  Brezilya 3,192.4 15,615 54.7 0.755 (yüksek) -3 [2][3][4][5]
Asya  Çin 19,392.4 14,107 45.3 0.727 (yüksek) 6.8 [3][4][5]
 Endonezya 2,842.2 11,126 36.8 0.684 (orta) 4.8 [3][4][5]
 Filipinler 741.0 7,254 46.1 0.678 (orta) 6.5 [2][3][4][5]
 Hindistan 7,965.2 6,162 32.5 0.609 (orta) 7.4 [3][4][5]
 Malezya 815.6 26,315 46.2 0.779 (yüksek) 4.7 [3][4][5]
 Tayland 1,108.1 16,097 40 0.726 (yüksek) 3.5 [2][3][4][5]
Kıtalararası  Türkiye 1,588.8 20,438 39 0.761 (yüksek) 4.0 [3][4][5]

Not: Yeşil renkli hücreler endekste yüksek bir değer ya da en iyi performansı gösterirken sarı renkli hücreler ise tersini işaret etmektedir.

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Japan and the Newly Industrialized Economies
  2. ^ a b c d e Paweł Bożyk (2006). "Newly Industrialized Countries". Globalization and the Transformation of Foreign Economic Policy. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. s. 164. ISBN 0-7546-4638-6. https://books.google.com/books?id=iuHsIuez5qoC. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Mauro F. Guillén (2003). "Multinationals, Ideology, and Organized Labor". The Limits of Convergence. Princeton University Press. ss. 126 (Table 5.1). ISBN 0-691-11633-4. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k David Waugh (2000). "Manufacturing industries (chapter 19), World development (chapter 22)". Geography, An Integrated Approach (3rd bas.). Nelson Thornes Ltd.. ss. 563, 576–579, 633, and 640. ISBN 0-17-444706-X. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k N. Gregory Mankiw (2007). Principles of Economics (4th bas.). ISBN 0-324-22472-9. 
  6. ^ "Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP". IMF. 23 Ağustos 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20160823125757/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2015&ey=2015&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=subject&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=65&pr1.y=8&c=512%2C668%2C914%2C672%2C612%2C946%2C614%2C137%2C311%2C962%2C213%2C674%2C911%2C676%2C193%2C548%2C122%2C556%2C912%2C678%2C313%2C181%2C419%2C867%2C513%2C682%2C316%2C684%2C913%2C273%2C124%2C868%2C339%2C921%2C638%2C948%2C514%2C943%2C218%2C686%2C963%2C688%2C616%2C518%2C223%2C728%2C516%2C558%2C918%2C138%2C748%2C196%2C618%2C278%2C624%2C692%2C522%2C694%2C622%2C142%2C156%2C449%2C626%2C564%2C628%2C565%2C228%2C283%2C924%2C853%2C233%2C288%2C632%2C293%2C636%2C566%2C634%2C964%2C238%2C182%2C662%2C453%2C960%2C968%2C423%2C922%2C935%2C714%2C128%2C862%2C611%2C135%2C321%2C716%2C243%2C456%2C248%2C722%2C469%2C942%2C253%2C718%2C642%2C724%2C643%2C576%2C939%2C936%2C644%2C961%2C819%2C813%2C172%2C199%2C132%2C733%2C646%2C184%2C648%2C524%2C915%2C361%2C134%2C362%2C652%2C364%2C174%2C732%2C328%2C366%2C258%2C734%2C656%2C144%2C654%2C146%2C336%2C463%2C263%2C528%2C268%2C923%2C532%2C738%2C944%2C578%2C176%2C537%2C534%2C742%2C536%2C866%2C429%2C369%2C433%2C744%2C178%2C186%2C436%2C925%2C136%2C869%2C343%2C746%2C158%2C926%2C439%2C466%2C916%2C112%2C664%2C111%2C826%2C298%2C542%2C927%2C967%2C846%2C443%2C299%2C917%2C582%2C544%2C474%2C941%2C754%2C446%2C698%2C666&s=PPPGDP&grp=0&a=. Erişim tarihi: 21 Ağustos 2016. 
  7. ^ "Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP". IMF. 23 Ağustos 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20160823125809/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2015&ey=2015&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=16&pr1.y=7&c=512%2C668%2C914%2C672%2C612%2C946%2C614%2C137%2C311%2C962%2C213%2C674%2C911%2C676%2C193%2C548%2C122%2C556%2C912%2C678%2C313%2C181%2C419%2C867%2C513%2C682%2C316%2C684%2C913%2C273%2C124%2C868%2C339%2C921%2C638%2C948%2C514%2C943%2C218%2C686%2C963%2C688%2C616%2C518%2C223%2C728%2C516%2C558%2C918%2C138%2C748%2C196%2C618%2C278%2C522%2C692%2C622%2C694%2C156%2C142%2C624%2C449%2C626%2C564%2C628%2C565%2C228%2C283%2C924%2C853%2C233%2C288%2C632%2C293%2C636%2C566%2C634%2C964%2C238%2C182%2C662%2C453%2C960%2C968%2C423%2C922%2C935%2C714%2C128%2C862%2C611%2C135%2C321%2C716%2C243%2C456%2C248%2C722%2C469%2C942%2C253%2C718%2C642%2C724%2C643%2C576%2C939%2C936%2C644%2C961%2C819%2C813%2C172%2C199%2C132%2C733%2C646%2C184%2C648%2C524%2C915%2C361%2C134%2C362%2C652%2C364%2C174%2C732%2C328%2C366%2C258%2C734%2C656%2C144%2C654%2C146%2C336%2C463%2C263%2C528%2C268%2C923%2C532%2C738%2C944%2C578%2C176%2C537%2C534%2C742%2C536%2C866%2C429%2C369%2C433%2C744%2C178%2C186%2C436%2C925%2C136%2C869%2C343%2C746%2C158%2C926%2C439%2C466%2C916%2C112%2C664%2C111%2C826%2C298%2C542%2C927%2C967%2C846%2C443%2C299%2C917%2C582%2C544%2C474%2C941%2C754%2C446%2C698%2C666&s=PPPPC&grp=0&a=. Erişim tarihi: 21 Ağustos 2016. 
  8. ^ "GINI Index Data Table". World Bank. 23 Ağustos 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20160823125829/http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI. Erişim tarihi: 21 Ağustos 2016. 
  9. ^ "HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2015". United Nations. 17 Haziran 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20160617072031/http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr_2015_statistical_annex.pdf. Erişim tarihi: 21 Ağustos 2016.