Alabama valileri listesi

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      Demokratik (52)[a]       Democratic-Republican (3)       bağımsız (1)       Asker (1)[b]       Republican (7)[c]

#[d] Vali Term start Term end Party Lt. Governor[e][f] Terms[g]
1   William Wyatt Bibb 14 Aralık 1819 10 Temmuz 1820 Democratic-
Republican
None 12[h]
2 Thomas Bibb 10 Temmuz 1820 9 Kasım 1821 Democratic-
Republican
12[i]
3 Israel Pickens 9 Kasım 1821 25 Kasım 1825 Democratic-
Republican
2
4 John Murphy 25 Kasım 1825 25 Kasım 1829 Jackson
Democrat
2
5 Gabriel Moore 25 Kasım 1829 3 Mart 1831 Jackson
Democrat
12[j]
6 Samuel B. Moore 3 Mart 1831 26 Kasım 1831 Democratic 12[i]
7 John Gayle 26 Kasım 1831 21 Kasım 1835 Democratic 2
8 Clement Comer Clay 25 Kasım 1835 17 Temmuz 1837 Democratic 12[j]
9 Hugh McVay 17 Temmuz 1837 30 Kasım 1837 Democratic 12[i]
10 Arthur P. Bagby 30 Kasım 1837 22 Kasım 1841 Democratic 2
11 Benjamin Fitzpatrick 22 Kasım 1841 10 Aralık 1845 Democratic 2
12 Joshua L. Martin 10 Aralık 1845 16 Aralık 1847 Independent 1[k]
13 Reuben Chapman 16 Aralık 1847 17 Aralık 1849 Democratic 1
14 Henry W. Collier 17 Aralık 1849 20 Aralık 1853 Democratic 2
15 John A. Winston December 20, 1853 December 1, 1857 Democratic 2
16 Andrew B. Moore December 1, 1857 December 2, 1861 Democratic 2
17 John Gill Shorter December 2, 1861 December 1, 1863 Democratic 1
18 Thomas H. Watts December 1, 1863 May 1, 1865 Democratic 12[l]
19 Lewis E. Parsons June 21, 1865 December 13, 1865 Democratic 12[m]
20 Robert M. Patton December 13, 1865 July 24, 1868 Pre-War Whig 1[n]
Wager Swayne March 2, 1867 July 14, 1868 Military [o]
21 William Hugh Smith July 24, 1868 November 26, 1870 Republican None 1[p]
  Andrew J. Applegate[h]
22 Robert B. Lindsay November 26, 1870 November 17, 1872 Democratic Edward H. Moren 1[p]
23 David P. Lewis November 17, 1872 November 24, 1874 Republican Alexander McKinstry 1
24 George S. Houston November 24, 1874 November 28, 1878 Democratic Robert F. Ligon 2
None
25 Rufus W. Cobb November 28, 1878 December 1, 1882 Democratic None 2
26 Edward A. O'Neal December 1, 1882 December 1, 1886 Democratic 2
27 Thomas Seay December 1, 1886 December 1, 1890 Democratic 2
28 Thomas G. Jones December 1, 1890 December 1, 1894 Democratic 2
29 William C. Oates December 1, 1894 December 1, 1896 Democratic 1
30 Joseph F. Johnston December 1, 1896 December 1, 1900 Democratic 2
William D. Jelks December 1, 1900 December 26, 1900 Democratic 13[q]
31 William J. Samford December 1, 1900 June 11, 1901 Democratic 13[h]
32 William D. Jelks June 11, 1901 January 14, 1907 Democratic None 1+13[r][s]
Russell M. Cunningham
Russell M. Cunningham April 25, 1904 March 5, 1905 Democratic Acting as governor [t]
33 B. B. Comer January 14, 1907 January 17, 1911 Democratic Henry B. Gray 1
34 Emmet O'Neal January 17, 1911 January 18, 1915 Democratic Walter D. Seed, Sr. 1
35 Charles Henderson January 18, 1915 January 20, 1919 Democratic Thomas Kilby 1
36 Thomas Kilby January 20, 1919 January 15, 1923 Democratic Nathan Lee Miller 1
37 William W. Brandon January 15, 1923 January 17, 1927 Democratic Charles S. McDowell 1
Charles S. McDowell July 10, 1924 July 11, 1924 Democratic Acting as governor [u]
38 Bibb Graves January 17, 1927 January 19, 1931 Democratic William C. Davis 1
39 Benjamin M. Miller January 19, 1931 January 14, 1935 Democratic Hugh Davis Merrill 1
38 Bibb Graves January 14, 1935 January 17, 1939 Democratic Thomas E. Knight[h] 1
40 Frank M. Dixon January 17, 1939 January 19, 1943 Democratic Albert A. Carmichael 1
41 Chauncey Sparks January 19, 1943 January 20, 1947 Democratic Leven H. Ellis 1
42 Jim Folsom January 20, 1947 January 15, 1951 Democratic James C. Inzer 1
43 Gordon Persons January 15, 1951 January 17, 1955 Democratic James Allen 1
42 Jim Folsom January 17, 1955 January 19, 1959 Democratic William G. Hardwick 1
44 John M. Patterson January 19, 1959 January 14, 1963 Democratic Albert Boutwell 1
45 George Wallace January 14, 1963 January 16, 1967 Democratic James Allen 1
46 Lurleen Wallace January 16, 1967 May 7, 1968 Democratic Albert Brewer 12[h][v]
47 Albert Brewer May 7, 1968 January 18, 1971 Democratic Vacant 12[v][w]
45 George Wallace January 18, 1971 January 15, 1979 Democratic Jere Beasley 2
Jere Beasley June 5, 1972 July 7, 1972 Democratic Acting as governor [x]
48 Fob James January 15, 1979 January 17, 1983 Democratic George McMillan 1
45 George Wallace January 17, 1983 January 19, 1987 Democratic Bill Baxley 1
49 H. Guy Hunt January 19, 1987 April 22, 1993 Republican Jim Folsom, Jr.[y] 1+12[z]
50 Jim Folsom, Jr. April 22, 1993 January 16, 1995 Democratic Vacant 12[w]
48 Fob James January 16, 1995 January 18, 1999 Republican Don Siegelman[y] 1
51 Don Siegelman January 18, 1999 January 20, 2003 Democratic Steve Windom[aa] 1
52 Bob Riley January 20, 2003 January 17, 2011 Republican Lucy Baxley[y] 2
Jim Folsom, Jr.[y]
53 Robert J. Bentley January 17, 2011 Incumbent Republican Kay Ivey 2[ab]

Yaşayan eski valiler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

(Ağustos 2014 (2014-08) itibarıyla), six former governors were alive, the oldest being John M. Patterson (1959–1963, born 1921). The most recent death of a former governor was that of H. Guy Hunt (1987–1993), who died on January 30, 2009.

Vali Gubernatorial term (years in office) Doğum tarihi
John M. Patterson 1959–1963 27 Eylül 1921 (1921-09-27) (96 yaşında)
Albert Brewer 1968–1971 26 Ekim 1928 (1928-10-26) (89 yaşında)
Fob James 1979–1983
1995–1999
15 Eylül 1934 (1934-09-15) (83 yaşında)
Jim Folsom, Jr. 1993–1995 14 Mayıs 1949 (1949-05-14) (69 yaşında)
Don Siegelman 1999–2003 24 Şubat 1946 (1946-02-24) (72 yaşında)
Bob Riley 2003–2011 3 Ekim 1944 (1944-10-03) (73 yaşında)

Notes[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Includes four terms served by repeat governors and four terms served by acting governors.
  2. ^ The military governor is not included in the official numbering.
  3. ^ Includes one term served by a repeat governor.
  4. ^ Repeat governors are officially numbered only once; subsequent terms are marked with their original number italicized.
  5. ^ The office of Lieutenant Governor was created in the 1868 constitution,[1] abolished in the 1875 Constitution,[2] and recreated in the 1901 Constitution.[3]
  6. ^ Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  7. ^ The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
  8. ^ a b c d e Died in office.
  9. ^ a b c As president of the state senate, filled unexpired term.
  10. ^ a b Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  11. ^ Martin was a Democrat who opposed party leaders and ran as an independent.[4]
  12. ^ Arrested by Union forces soon after the American Civil War ended; he was released a few weeks later.[5]
  13. ^ Provisional governor appointed by the Union occupation; between Watts's arrest and Parsons's appointment, Alabama had no governor, instead being under direct rule of General George Henry Thomas.[6]
  14. ^ The U.S. Congress stripped Patton of most of his authority in March 1867, after which time the state was effectively under the control of Major General Wager Swayne.[7]
  15. ^ Military governor appointed during Reconstruction; though Patton was still officially governor, he was mostly a figurehead. The term start date given is the date of the first Reconstruction Act, which placed Alabama into the Third Military District; all references only say "March 1867"[7] and "when the Reconstruction Acts were passed".[8] The term end is also ambiguous, but it is assumed Swayne lost power when Alabama was readmitted to the Union.
  16. ^ a b Robert Lindsay was sworn into office on November 26, 1870, but William Hugh Smith refused to leave his seat for two weeks, claiming Lindsay was fraudulently elected, finally leaving office on December 8, 1870, when a court so ordered.[9]
  17. ^ Acting governor for 26 days. Jelks was president of the state senate when William J. Samford was out of state at the start of his term seeking medical treatment.[10]
  18. ^ As president of the state senate, filled unexpired term, and was subsequently elected in his own right.
  19. ^ The 1901 constitution increased term lengths from two to four years; Jelks' first term was filling out Samford's two-year term, and he was elected in 1902 for a four-year term.
  20. ^ Acting governor for nearly a year. Cunningham was lieutenant governor when William D. Jelks was out of state for medical treatment.[11]
  21. ^ Acting governor for two days. McDowell was lieutenant governor when William W. Brandon was out of state for 21 days as a delegate for the 1924 Democratic National Convention.[12]
  22. ^ a b Governor Lurleen Wallace left the state for 20 days for medical treatment; as lieutenant governor, Albert Brewer became acting governor on July 25, 1967. Wallace returned to the state later that day.[12][13]
  23. ^ a b As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  24. ^ Acting governor for 32 days. Beasley was lieutenant governor when George Wallace spent 52 days in Maryland for medical treatment following an assassination attempt while campaigning for President of the United States.[12]
  25. ^ a b c d Represented the Democratic Party.
  26. ^ Removed from office upon being convicted of illegally using campaign and inaugural funds to pay personal debts; he was later pardoned by the state parole board based on innocence.[14]
  27. ^ Represented the Republican Party.
  28. ^ Governor Bentley's second term expires on January 14, 2019; he will be term limited.

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ 1868 Const. art. V, § 1
  2. ^ 1875 Const. art. V, § 1
  3. ^ AL Const. art. V, § 112
  4. ^ "Alabama Governor Joshua Lanier Martin". National Governors Association. 29 Haziran 2011 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20110629004658/http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=8f2b224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Erişim tarihi: October 13, 2008.  [ölü/kırık bağlantı]
  5. ^ "Alabama Governor Thomas Hill Watts". National Governors Association. 29 Haziran 2011 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20110629115146/http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=ab1a8e0adaad2010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Erişim tarihi: October 13, 2008.  [ölü/kırık bağlantı]
  6. ^ "Alabama Governor Lewis Eliphalet Parsons". National Governors Association. 29 Haziran 2011 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20110629122616/http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=fd3b224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Erişim tarihi: October 13, 2008.  [ölü/kırık bağlantı]
  7. ^ a b "Alabama Governor Robert Miller Patton". National Governors Association. 29 Haziran 2011 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20110629122631/http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=7c0b224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Erişim tarihi: October 13, 2008.  [ölü/kırık bağlantı]
  8. ^ "Alabama Governor Robert Patton". Alabama Department of Archives & History. 14 Mart 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20150314080050/http://www.archives.state.al.us:80/govs_list/g_patton.html. Erişim tarihi: October 13, 2008. 
  9. ^ White, James Terry (1900). The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. James T. White & Company. s. 435. http://books.google.com/books?id=tt4DAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA435&dq=robert+lindsay+1870&ei=whGRR-P8IYSsiwG_gNW0Bw. Erişim tarihi: January 18, 2008. 
  10. ^ "Alabama Governor William Jelks". Alabama Department of Archives & History. 6 Kasım 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20141106061325/http://www.archives.state.al.us:80/govs_list/g_jelksw.html. Erişim tarihi: October 13, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Alabama Governor Russell Cunningham". Alabama Department of Archives & History. 11 Kasım 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://web.archive.org/web/20141111144510/http://www.archives.state.al.us:80/govs_list/g_cunnin.html. Erişim tarihi: October 13, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c "Alabama Governors". Alabama Department of Archives and History. 2 Mayıs 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. http://www.archives.state.al.us/govslist.html. Erişim tarihi: April 10, 2012. 
  13. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory (1979). Alabama Official and Statistical Register. Alabama Department of Archives & History. s. 17. http://books.google.com/books?ei=k_7eSMvdJZqmigG0tMlF&id=lrIuAAAAIAAJ&dq=alabama+acting+governor+brewer+lurleen+wallace&q=brewer&pgis=1#search. Erişim tarihi: September 28, 2008. 
  14. ^ Nossiter, Adam (12 June 1997). "Ex-Gov. Hunt of Alabama Cleared by Pardon Board". The New York Times: s. 18. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/06/12/us/ex-gov-hunt-of-alabama-cleared-by-pardon-board.html. Erişim tarihi: September 28, 2008. 

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