Vikipedi:Vikipedi'yi kaynak gösterme

Vikipedi, özgür ansiklopedi

Örnek[kaynağı değiştir]

Aşağıdaki örnek,

İntihal konusundaki Vikipedi maddesinin 31 Ağustos 2006 tarihinde saat 15:26'da (UTC) değiştirilen halini kaynak göstermek istediğiniz (ayrıntılar için sayfa geçmişine bkz.) ve maddeyi 2 Eylül 2006 tarihinde okuduğunuz var sayılıyor.

İntihal maddesi, Vikipedi, Özgür Ansiklopedi,

APA tarzı[kaynağı değiştir]

Amerikan Psikoloji Derneği (APA) tarzı kaynak gösterme: [1]

  • İntihal. (2006, 29 Ağustos). InWikipedia, Özgür Ansiklopedi. adresinden Şubat 13, 2006'da alınmış.

APA 5inci yayınında kaynak gösterimi için aşağıdaki kurallar geçerlidir

  • Ansiklopediler, sözlükler ve ek sözlükler de dahil, alıntı yapılmış kitaplar için, kitap ismi önüne In sözcüğü konulur. Yatık yazılmamıştır fakat onu takip eden kitap ismi yatık yazılır..
  • Kitap ismi cümle gibi yazılır. Cümledeki ilk kelime, üstüste iki noktadan sonra devam eden cümledeki ilk kelime, ve özel isimler büyük harfle başlatılır.
  • URL tam olarak kaynak gösterdiğiniz adrese gitmeli.
  • URL'den sonra herhangi bir noktalama işareti gelmez.
  • The term or article title appears in the author position. Use sentence case for multiple-word terms or titles, where you capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon, and proper nouns.

The proper in-text citation is ("Plagiarism," 2006) for a paraphrased passage or ("Plagiarism," 2006, para. #) if you directly quote the material. Note that para. # represents the paragraph number in the page where the information appears. If there are multiple headings on the page, it is also acceptable to place the subheading and then a paragraph number within that heading.

For example, proper in-text citation for a direct quote of less than 40 words is:

"Plagiarism is the use of another person’s work (this could be his or her words, products or ideas) for personal advantage, without proper acknowledgement of the original work" ("Plagiarism," 2006, "Definition," para. 1).

If the quoted material is more than 40 words, use the block quote format instead.

As another example, the proper in-text citation for a paraphrased passage is:

Plagiarism is stealing the works of others ("Plagiarism," 2006).

APA Style requires that you provide a separate reference entry for each term you are citing in your paper because 1) you must provide a URL for each term that goes directly to the term, and 2) you must provide the publication date for each term separately. However, if you are dicussing the "online encyclopedia" itself, not a term in the encyclopedia, you might need to reference the site itself. The proper citation of Wikipedia, the site, as referenced in APA 5th Edition Style is:

  • Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia. (2006, February 13). FL: Wikipedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved February 13, 2006, from

The in-text citation formation would be (Wikipedia, 2006).

MLA style[kaynağı değiştir]

Citation in MLA style, as recommended by the Modern Language Association:

  • "Plagiarism." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 22 Jul 2004, 10:55 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 10 Aug 2004 <>.

Note that MLA style calls for both the date of publication (or its latest update) and the date on which the information was retrieved. According to the most recent MLA booklet, there is now information required about any foundation involved. Also note that many schools/institutions slightly change the syntax. Another example:

  • "Plagiarism." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 22 July 2004 <>.

Be sure to double check the exact syntax your institution requires.

For citation of Wikipedia as a site, use:

MHRA style[kaynağı değiştir]

Citation in MHRA style, as recommended by the Modern Humanities Research Association:

  • Wikipedia contributors, 'Plagiarism', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 July 2004, 10:55 UTC, <> [accessed 10 August 2004]

Chicago style[kaynağı değiştir]

Citation in Chicago style:

  • Wikipedia contributors, "Plagiarism," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, (accessed August 10, 2004).

Note that the Chicago Manual of Style states that "Well-known reference books, such as major dictionaries and encyclopedias, are normally cited in notes rather than bibliographies."

CBE/CSE Style[kaynağı değiştir]

Citation in CBE/CSE style, as recommended by the Council of Science Editors:

  • Wikipedia contributors. Plagiarism [Internet]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia; 2004 Jul 22, 10:55 UTC [cited 2004 Aug 10]. Available from:

Citation to Wikipedia[kaynağı değiştir]

The Harvard Journal of Law and Technology has adopted the following format for citations to articles in Wikipedia:

  • [Signal] Wikipedia, [article], http://en.wikipedia/wiki/[article] [(optional other parenthetical)] (as of [date], [time] GMT).

Here is an example:

  • See Wikipedia, Bluebook, http://en.wikipedia/wiki/Bluebook (describing history and application of the Bluebook) (as of Mar. 21, 2006, 20:50 GMT).

This format derives from Rule 18.2 of volume 18 of the Bluebook, though the date parenthetical differs slightly. The parenthetical here is designed to specify the exact version of the article to which the author is referring, recognizing that articles can and do change often. The date and time used should correspond exactly to the latest version listed in the article's Wikipedia history page that states the proposition for which you are citing it. Use of GMT conforms to the timestamp format used in those history entries (e.g., use 24-hour notation to avoid AM/PM).

BibTeX girdisi[kaynağı değiştir]

 @misc{ wiki:###,
   author = "Wikipedia",
   title = "Plagiarism --- {W}ikipedia{,} The Free Encyclopedia",
   year = "2004",
   url = "",
   note = "[Online; accessed 22-July-2004]"

When using the LaTeX package url (\usepackage{url} somewhere in the preamble) which tends to give much more nicely formatted web addresses, the following may be preferred:

 @misc{ wiki:###,
   author = "Wikipedia",
   title = "Plagiarism --- {W}ikipedia{,} The Free Encyclopedia",
   year = "2004",
   url = "\url{}",
   note = "[Online; accessed 22-July-2004]"

AMA tarzı[kaynağı değiştir]

Amerikan Sağlık Örgütü:[2] tarafından tavsiye edilen şekliyle AMA tarzı kaynak gösterme.

Ayrıca bakınız[kaynağı değiştir]