Tikal

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Şuraya atla: kullan, ara
Tikal Milli Parkı*
UNESCO Dünya Mirası

Tikal Temple1 2006 08 11.JPG
Tikal Tapınağı 47 metre yüksekliğindedir.
Ülke  Guatemala
Tür Karma
Kriter i, iii, iv, ix, x
Referans 64[1]
Bölge** Latin Amerika ve Karayipler
Koordinatlar 17°13′19″K 89°37′25″B / 17.22194°K 89.62361°B / 17.22194; -89.62361
Tescil bilgisi
Tescil 1979  (3. Oturum)
* Dünya Mirası resmî listesi.
** UNESCO resmî sınıflandırması.

Tikal, bugünkü Guatemala'daki yağmur ormanlarındaki Peten ilinin kuzeybatısında bulunan en büyük Maya kenti ve tören merkezidir. Güney düzlüklerindeki öteki Maya merkezleri gibi Tikal da orta oluşum döneminde (M.Ö. 900-300) küçük bir köydü. Geç oluşum döneminde (M.Ö. 300-M.S. 100) büyük piramit ve tapınakların yapılmasıyla önemli bir tören merkezi haline geldi. Klasik dönemde büyük saraylar, piramitler, alanlar yapıldı. Maya hiyeroglif yazısı ve karmaşık takvim sistemi ortaya çıktı, anıtsal heykeller ve vazo resimleriyle üstün bir Maya sanatı gelişti.

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Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-tr.svg Vikigezgin'de Tikal gezi rehberi