Hala Sultan Tekkesi

Vikipedi, özgür ansiklopedi
Şuraya atla: kullan, ara
Hala Sultan Tekkesi
Temel bilgiler
Yer Flag of Cyprus.svg Larnaka, Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
İnanç İslam
Mimari
Tamamlanma tarihi 647-649
Özellikler

Hala Sultan Tekkesi Kıbrıs'ın en ünlü tekkesidir. Larnaka'da Tuz Gölü yakınlarında bulunan, Kıbrıs'ın yedinci ve onuncu yüzyıllar arasında Emevi halife Muaviye'nin gönderdiği İslam (Arap) askerlerince adaya düzenlenen seferler sırasında Muhammed peygamberin halası ve süt annesi olan Hala Sultan’ın (Ümmü Haram) vefat ettiği noktada, M. 647-649 yılları arasında inşa edilmiştir.

Osmanlı İmparatorluğu döneminde, özellikle 18. yüzyıldan itibaren padişah ve kıdemli devlet erkanı tarafından bakım ve onarımı üstlenerek, eklenen yapılarla bir külliyeye dönüştürülmüş olup, tekke şeklinde anılmaya devam etmektedir. Birleşmiş Milletler ve diğer bağışlarla Tekkenin islahatı yakın dönemde tamamlanmıştır.

Türbeyle ilgili, üzerinde havada asılı duran siyah bir göktaşı efsanesi vardır.

Önemi[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Kıbrıs Türk Müslümanları tarafından kutsal bir yer olarak tanılan cami,[1][2][3] bütün Müslümanlar tarafından da, çağdaş laik kaynaklara göre, saygı değer olarak tanınmaktadır.[4][5][6][7] Kıbrıs'ın çevere ve kültürel zenginlikleri ile ilgili bir değerlendirmede, Tennessee Üniversitesinde kıdemli Fulbright bilgini olan Profesör George E. Bowen, alıntısında Hala Sultan Tekke'sine Müslümanlar için dünyanın üçüncü en kutsal yeri olarak hitap etmiştir.[8] Kıbrıs'daki Birleşmiş Milletler Kalkınma Programı[9] ve Kıbrıs idaresinin Antikalar Dairesi dahil,[10] bu görüş başkalarınca da tekrarlanmıştır.[11][12][13][14] Diğerlerince dördüncü en kutsal yer olarak tanımlanır.[15][16][17] Mevkiin bölünmüş adanın Yunan gayri-Müslim tarafında kalması sonucu, mevkiye ziyaretler çok yoğun değildir.[18]

Osmanlı döneminde, Larnaka sahillerinden geçen Osmanlı bayraklı gemiler bayraklarını yarıya indirip, Hala Sultan'ı selamlamak için top ateş ederlerdi.[19]

Galeri[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Boyle, Kevin; Juliet Sheen (October 1997). "Cyprus". Freedom of religion and belief: a world report. London: Routledge. ss. 286–293. ISBN 0-415-15977-6. LCCN 97224015. http://books.google.com/books?id=MFUZkWWgOtMC. "The tomb is said to be revered by Turkish Cypriots as the 'third holiest site in Islam'" 
  2. ^ "Study of building stones and mortar from Hala Sultan Tekke mosque". Hellenic Society for Archaeometry. May 16, 2003. 2008-09-17 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. https://web.archive.org/web/20080917202114/http://www.archaeometry.gr/oldv/symposium2003/pages_en/abstracts/papers/mortars/mortar8.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2007-06-19. "Hala Sultan Tekke, near Larnaka, is a holy site in Islam and the most important one for Cypriot Muslims." 
  3. ^ Financed Restoration of Church and Mosque on Cyprus Supports Cultural Heritage and Tolerance, USAID Press Office, July 5, 2002. "Hala Sultan Tekke, one of the holiest sites in Islam, is the most important religious location for Cypriot Muslims."
  4. ^ Purcell, Hugh Dominic (1969). Cyprus. Praeger. s. 367. http://books.google.com/?id=9HK6AAAAIAAJ&q=. "At the end of 1965, the National Guard had taken over the shrine of Hala Sultan Tekke, a place of small strategic importance. From May 1966 they prevented all Moslem access to it, so that Mehmet Dana, Mufti of Cyprus, could exploit the misuse of one of the holiest places in the world of Islam." 
  5. ^ Syneleusis, Hellēnikē Koinotikē; Hypourgeio Paideias; Grapheion Dēmosiōn Plērophoriōn (1963). Cyprus Today. Public Information Office, Cyprus. s. 16. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=g_tWAAAAMAAJ&dq. "As such, it is one of the holiest sites in Islam and the most important religious location for Turkish Cypriots and other Muslims living in Cyprus." 
  6. ^ J magazine (Inflight magazine for Jazeera Airways), Ink Publishing, 2008. Retrieved: 23-02-2009: "Hala Sultan Tekke (or Mosque of Umm Haram)...is one of Islam's holiest sites."
  7. ^ "Egyptian professor to renovate ancient mosque of Hala Sultan". Arabic News. 2002-07-30. http://www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/Day/020730/2002073046.html. Erişim tarihi: 2009-03-15. "One of the most revered sites of Islam." 
  8. ^ Bowen, George E. (April 3, 2001). "Assessing the Isle of Cyprus". Patrick S. O'Brien on the University of Tennessee server. http://notes.utk.edu/bio/unistudy.nsf/0/3ed1a6838771b4f485256fc4005d54a1?OpenDocument. Erişim tarihi: 2006-11-12. "Three historic churches and monasteries are within the city. Just outside the city is the location of the Hala Sultan Tekke Mosque, the third holiest place for Muslims in the world." 
  9. ^ "Hala Sultan Tekke: Where East Meets West". Issue 1. United Nations Development Programme. Spring 2006. http://www.undp-act.org/main/data/Articles/E-NEWSLETTER/IS1_story5.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2006-11-12. "Islam's third sacred holy site after the Ka'ba and the Prophet Mohammad's grave in Mecca, and among the greatest cultural heritage monuments of the world, Hala Sultan Tekke, or Umm Haram, has long been the destination of Muslim pilgrims from Cyprus and the Middle East." 
  10. ^ "Monuments: Hala Sultan Tekke". Republic of Cyprus, Ministry of Communications and Works; Department of Antiquities. 2005. http://www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/DA/DA.nsf/All/18513FF955C9F917C225719900332619?OpenDocument. Erişim tarihi: 2006-03-06. "The Muslim mosque of Hala Sultan is located in the center of a spectacular garden at the west bank of the Salt Lake, about 6 km southwest of Larnaca. It is the main Muslim pilgrimage site of Cyprus and the third most important holy place of Islam." 
  11. ^ Drayton, Penny (January 1993). "Aphrodite's island". Wood & water 2 (41).  Cited by: Trubshaw, Bob (February 1993). "The Black Stone - the Omphalos of the Goddess". Mercian Mysteries (14). http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/edge/blstone.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2006-11-12. "In Cyprus is another highly venerated Islamic site - the third most important after Mecca and Medina - the Hala Sultan Tekke. This, too, has a black rock, said to have fallen as a meteorite as part of the tritholon over the shrine. The shrine is to a woman - the aunt and foster mother of Prophet Mohammed" 
  12. ^ Daniel, Geoff; John Oldfield; Christine Oldfield (2004). Landscapes of Cyprus. Sunflower. s. 36. ISBN 1-85691-229-9. 
  13. ^ The Story of Hala Sultan Tekke, University of Arizona: Center for Middle Eastern Studies, "The Mosque of Umm Haram is the chief Muslim shrine on the island of Cyprus and an important holy site for the entire Muslim world... The Hala Sultan Tekke is the third most revered site of pilgrimage in the Muslim world." Retrieved: 23-02-2009
  14. ^ Papalexandrou, Nassos. Hala Sultan Tekke, Cyprus: An Elusive Landscape of Sacredness in a Liminal Context, Journal of Modern Greek Studies, Volume 26, Number 2. Johns Hopkins University Press, (October 2008) pp. 251-281. "Der Parthog calls it the "third most holy space in Islam" (1995:222–223)"
  15. ^ Khatchatourian, Khadijah Tara. (2006) Hala Sultan Tekke, Spohr Publishers, "The Hala Sultan Tekke is fourth in importance to the Muslim world". Retrieved: 23-02-2009
  16. ^ "The Cultural Heritage of Cyprus: Part XIII. The Shrine of Hala Sultan Tekke". The Blue Beret. pg.5. Public Information Office of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus. June 2003. http://www.unficyp.org/media/Blue%20Beret%20-%20pdf%20files/2003/BB-06-June%202003.pdf. Erişim tarihi: 2006-03-06. "Not just the holiest Muslim shrine in Cyprus, Hala Sultan Tekke is one of the holiest shrines in the Islamic world, after Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem." 
  17. ^ Galatariotou, Catia (2004). The Making of a Saint. Cambridge University Press. s. 62. ISBN 0-521-39035-4. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=QUDFu-JTIPMC. "It is also worth remembering that the tekke of Um-Harram (Hala Sultan tekke) near Larnaka was one of the holy places which every Muslim was expected to visit as a pilgrim, ranking only fourth in importance after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem" 
  18. ^ Worpole, Ken; Larraine Worpole (2003). Last Landscapes. Reaktion Books. s. 42. ISBN 1-86189-161-X. 
  19. ^ Charalambous, Charlie (20 December 2005). "Restored Mosque Brings Hope for Cyprus Ethnic Divide". Arab News. http://www.arabnews.com/?page=9&section=0&article=74998&d=25&m=12&y=2005. Erişim tarihi: 2007-09-13.