Seçim hilesi

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Seçim hilesi, seçimlere yasa dışı yapılan müdahalelere verilen ad. Desteklenen adayın oylarını artırarak, rakip adayın oylarını azaltarak veya her iki şekilde de yapılabilir. Hangi davranışların seçim hilesi sayıldığı ülkeden ülkeye değişiklik göstermektedir.

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Genel[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Lehoucq, Fabrice. "Electoral fraud: Causes, types, and consequences." Annual review of political science (2003) 6#1 pp. 233–56.
  • Schaffer, Frederic Charles. The hidden costs of clean election reform (Cornell University Press, 2008)
ABD
  • Argersinger, Peter H. "New perspectives on election fraud in the Gilded Age." Political Science Quarterly (1985) 100#4 pp. 669–87[1]
  • Campbell, Tracy. Deliver the Vote: A History of Election Fraud, An American Political Tradition, 1742 2004 (Basic Books, 2005)
  • Fackler, Tim, and Tse-min Lin. "Political corruption and presidential elections, 1929–1992." Journal of Politics 57 (1995): 971–93.[2]
  • Mayfield, Loomis. "Voting Fraud in Early Twentieth-Century Pittsburgh," Journal of Interdisciplinary History (1993) 29#1 59–84[3]
  • Morris Jr., Roy. Fraud of the Century: Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Tilden, and the Stolen Election of 1876 (2007)[4]
  • Summers, Mark Wahlgren. Party Games: Getting, Keeping, and Using Power in Gilded Age Politics (2003)[5]
  • Summers, Mark Wahlgren. The Era of Good Stealings (1993), covers corruption 1868-1877
  • Sydnor, Charles. Gentlemen Freeholders: Political Practices in Washington's Virginia (1952), 18th century
Almanya
  • Anderson, Margaret Lavinia. Practicing Democracy: Elections and Political Culture in Imperial Germany (2000)[6]
  • Ziblatt, Daniel. "Shaping Democratic Practice and the Causes of Electoral Fraud: The Case of Nineteenth-Century Germany." American Political Science Review (2009) 103#1 pp. 1–21.
Avustralya
  • McGrath, Amy. The Forging of Votes, Tower House Publications, Kensington, NSW (1994)
  • McGrath, Amy. Frauding of Elections, Tower House Publications and H.S. Chapman Society, Brighton-le Sands, NSW (2003)
  • McGrath, Amy. (The Frauding of Votes, Tower House Publications, Kensington, NSW 1996)
  • Perry, Peter John. Political Corruption in Australia: A Very Wicked Place? (Ashgate Pub Limited, 2001)
Birleşik Krallık
  • Gash, Norman. Politics in the Age of Peel: A Study in the Technique of Parliamentary Representation 1830–1850 (1953)
  • O'Gorman, Frank. Voters, Patrons and Parties: The Unreformed Electoral System of Hanoverian England, 1734–1832 (Oxford, 1989).
  • Harling, Philip. "Rethinking "Old Corruption," Past & Present (1995) No. 147 pp. 127–58[7]
  • Namier, Lewis Bernstein. The structure of politics at the accession of George III (London: Macmillan, 1957)
  • O'Leary, Cornelius. The elimination of corrupt practices in British elections, 1868–1911 (Clarendon Press, 1962)
Fransa
  • Ebhardt, Christian. "In Search of a Political Office: Railway Directors and Electoral Corruption in Britain and France, 1820-1870." Journal of Modern European History (2013) 11#1 pp. 72–87.
Kanada
  • Atkinson, Michael M., and Gerald Bierling. "Politicians, the public and political ethics: Worlds apart." Canadian Journal of Political Science (2005) 38#4: 1003.
Latin Amerika
  • Hartlyn, Jonathan, and Arturo Valenzuela, "Democracy in Latin America since 1930," in Leslie Bethell, ed. Latin America: Politics and Society since 1930 (1998), 3–66.
  • Molina, Iván and Fabrice Lehoucq. "Political Competition and Electoral Fraud: A Latin American Case Study," Journal of Interdisciplinary History (1999) 30#2 pp. 199–234[8]
  • Posada-Carbó, Eduardo. "Electoral Juggling: A Comparative History of the Corruption of Suffrage in Latin America, 1830–1930." Journal of Latin American Studies (2000). pp. 611–44.
  • Ricci, Paolo. "‘Beheading’, Rule Manipulation and Fraud: The Approval of Election Results in Brazil, 1894–1930." Journal of Latin American Studies (2012) 44#3 pp. 495–521.
  • Silva, Marcos Fernandes da. "The political economy of corruption in Brazil." Revista de Administração de Empresas (1999) 39#3 pp. 26–41.
Türkiye
  • Meyersson, Erik. "Is Something Rotten In Ankara’s Mayoral Election? A Very Preliminary Statistical Analysis" (2014)[9]
  • Meyersson, Erik. "Trouble in Turkey’s Elections" (2014)[10]
  • Meyersson, Erik. "Capital Fraud in Turkey? Evidence from Citizen Initiatives" (2014)[11]

Özel[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Peter H. Argersinger (1986). "New Perspectives on Election Fraud in the Gilded Age". Political Science Quarterly. The Academy of Political Science. Cilt 100, s. 669–87. 
  2. ^ "Political Corruption and Presidential Elections, 1929–1992" (PDF). Repositories2.lib.utexas.edu. 4 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından (PDF) arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 2015-05-29. 
  3. ^ Loomis Mayfield (1993). "Voting Fraud in Early Twentieth-Century Pittsburgh". The Journal of Interdisciplinary History. The MIT Press. Cilt 24, s. 59–84. 
  4. ^ "Fraud of the Century: Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Tilden, and the Stolen Election of 1876 eBook: Roy Morris Jr". Amazon.com. 9 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 2015-05-29. 
  5. ^ Mark Wahlgren Summers (Author). "Party Games: Getting, Keeping, and Using Power in Gilded Age Politics: Mark Wahlgren Summers: 9780807855379". Amazon.com. Erişim tarihi: 2015-05-29. 
  6. ^ "Practicing Democracy: Elections and Political Culture in Imperial Germany: Margaret Lavinia Anderson: 9780691048543". Amazon.com. 17 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 2015-05-29. 
  7. ^ Philip Harling (May 1995). "Rethinking "Old Corruption"". Past & Present. Oxford University Press. Cilt 147, s. 127–58. 
  8. ^ "Political Competition and Electoral Fraud: A Latin American Case Study" (PDF). Libres.uncg.edu. 21 Şubat 2014 tarihinde kaynağından (PDF) arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 2015-05-29. 
  9. ^ "Is Something Rotten In Ankara's Mayoral Election? A Very Preliminary Statistical Analysis". Erikmeyersson.com. 2014-04-01. 16 Temmuz 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 2015-05-29. 
  10. ^ "Trouble in Turkey's Elections". Erikmeyersson.com. 2014-04-06. 26 Ağustos 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 2015-05-29. 
  11. ^ "Capital Fraud in Turkey? Evidence from Citizen Initiatives". Erikmeyersson.com. 2014-04-11. 18 Mart 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 2015-05-29.