Malankara Ortodoks Süryani Kilisesi

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Malankara Ortodoks Süryani Kilisesi[1] ya da Hint Ortodoks Kilisesi[2] Hindistan'ın Kerala eyaletinde bulunan ve Oryantal Ortodoksluk geleneğine bağlı olan otosefal[3][4] bir kilisedir. Üyeleri kendilerini bölgede misyonerlik faaliyetleri sürdürmüş olan Aziz Tomas'a ithafen Aziz Tomas Hristiyanları olarak tanımlarlar.

Notlar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Thomas Arthur Russell (2010). Comparative Christianity: A Student's Guide to a Religion and Its Diverse Traditions. Universal-Publishers. s. 40. ISBN 978-1-59942-877-2. 26 Aralık 2016 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Malankara (Hint) Ortodoks Kilisesi'ne literatürde çok farklı isimler altında rastlamak mümkündür. 
  2. ^ John; Anthony McGuckin (Kasım 2010). The Encyclopedia Of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, 2 Volume Set. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwells. s. 878. ISBN 978-1-4443-9254-8. The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, also known as Indian Orthodox Church, is one of the major and oldest churches in India. The church is believed to have been founded by the Apostle St. Thomas in 52 
  3. ^ Lucian N. Leustean (2010). Eastern christianity and the cold war, 1945-91. New York: Routeledge Taylor&Francis Group. s. 317. ISBN 0-203-86594-4. India has two main Orthodox churches, the autocephalous Malankara Syrian Church and autonomous Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church under jurisdiction of Syrian Patriarchate. However, in 1912 there was a split in the community when one part declared itself an autocephalous church and announced the re-establishment of the ancient Catholicosate of the East in India. This was not accepted by those who remained loyal to the Syrian Patriarch. The two sides were reconciled in 1958 when the Indian Supreme Court declared that only the autocephalous Catholicos and bishops in communion with him had legal standing. But in 1975 the Syrian Patriarch excommunicated and deposed the Catholicos and appointed a rival, an action that resulted in the community splitting yet again. On 21 January 1995 the Supreme Court of India stated the existence of one orthodox church in India divided into two groups and recognised spiritual authority of the Syrian Patriarchate, acknowledging at the same time the rights of the autocephalous Church 
  4. ^ Fahlbusch; Lochman; Mbiti; Pelikan (November 2010). The Encyclopedia Of Christianity, Volume 5 S-Z. Gittingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck&Rupercht. s. 285. ISBN 978-0-8028-2417-2. The autocephalous Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church is governed by Holy Episcopal Synod of 24 Bishops presided over by His Holiness Moran Mar Baselios Mar Thoma Didimos catholicos of the east