John French (1. Ypres Dükü)

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John French

Mareşal John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl of Ypres KP, GCB, OM, GCVO, KCMG, ADC, PC (d. 28 Eylül 1852 – ö. 22 Mayıs 1925), Britanya Ordusu'nun bir subayı. II. Boer Savaşı'nda süvari birliğini kumanda etti. 1912'de Genelkurmay Başkanı oldu.

Kariyer başlangıcı[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

French’in ailesi, İrlanda'da önemli mülkleri bulunan French/De Freyne ailesiyle akrabaydı.[1][2] John French, Komutan John Tracy William French ve Margaret French'in oğlu olarak doğdu.[3][4] 1866'de Kraliyet Donanması'na katılmadan önce Harrow ve Portsmouth'ta eğitim gördü.[4][5]

Notlar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Heathcote, p. 130
  2. ^ "French Family of Frenchpark, and Cloonshanville Priory". French Family Association. 13 Eylül 2015 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 14 Mayıs 2013.  29. harf sırasında bulunan |başlık= parametresi line feed character içeriyor (yardım)
  3. ^ Bond & Cave 2009, p52
  4. ^ a b "John French, 1st Earl of Ypres". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Erişim tarihi: 5 Şubat 2012. 
  5. ^ "FRENCH, Sir John Denton Pinkstone, (1852–1925), 1st Earl of Ypres, Field Marshal". Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives. Erişim tarihi: 5 Şubat 2012. 

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

French'in kitapları[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Report of General Sir John French upon his inspection of the Canadian Military Forces. Ottawa, 1910.
  • The despatches of Sir John French: I Mons, II the Marne, III The Aisne, IV Flanders. London: Chapman & Hall, 1914.
  • The despatches of Lord French...And a complete list of the officers and men mentioned. London: Chapman & Hall, 1917.
  • The German and small nations: an interview with Lord French. London: J J Keliher & Co, 1917.
  • 1914. London: Constable & Co, 1919.
  • Some war diaries, addresses and correspondence. Ed. Maj The Hon Edward Gerald French (son). London: Herbert Jenkins, 1937.

Diğer kitaplar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Bond, Brian; Cave, Nigel (2009). Haig – A Reappraisal 70 Years On (essay on Haig and French by Ian Beckett). Pen & Sword. ISBN 184415887 |isbn= değerini kontrol edin: length (yardım). 
  • Cassar, George H. (1985). The Tragedy of Sir John French. University of Delaware Press. ISBN 0-87413-241-X. 
  • Chisholm, Cecil (1915). Sir John French: an authentic biography. London: Herbert Jenkins. 
  • Clark, Alan (1961). The Donkeys: a History of the BEF in 1915. Hutchison and Co. ISBN 978-0712650359. 
  • De Groot, Gerard (1988). Douglas Haig 1861–1928. Larkfield, Maidstone: Unwin Hyman. ISBN 978-0044401926. 
  • Dodsworth, Francis (1900). Major General J D P French. London: Soldiers of the Queen Library. 
  • French, Edward Gerald (son) (1931). The Life of Field Marshal Sir John French, First Earl of Ypres. London: Cassell & Co. 
  • French, Edward Gerald (son) (1936). French replies to Haig. London: Hutchinson & Co. 
  • French, Edward Gerald (son) (1960). The Kitchener-French dispute: a last word. Glasgow: William Maclellan. 
  • Goldman, Charles Sydney (1902). With General French and the cavalry in South Africa. London: Macmillan and co. 
  • Heathcote, Tony (1999). The British Field Marshals 1736–1997. Pen & Sword Books Ltd. ISBN 0-85052-696-5. 
  • Holmes, Richard (2004). The Little Field Marshal: A Life of Sir John French. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-84614-0. 
  • Jeffery, Keith (2006). Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson: A Political Soldier. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820358-2. 
  • Jerrold, Walter Copeland (1915). Field Marshal Sir John French: the story of his life and battles. London: W A Hammond. 
  • Maydon, John George (1901). French's Cavalry campaign in South Africa. London: C A Pearson. ISBN 978-1290667067. 
  • Napier, Robert M (1914). Sir John French and Sir John Jellicoe: their lives and careers. London: Patriotic Publishing Co. 
  • Neillands, Robin (2006). The Death of Glory: the Western Front 1915. London: John Murray. ISBN 978-0-7195-6245-7. 
  • Rae, Archibald (1914). General French and Admiral Jellicoe. London: Collins. 
  • Reid, Walter (2006). Architect of Victory: Douglas Haig. Edinburgh: Birlinn. ISBN 1-84158-517-3. 
  • Spears, Sir Edward (1930 (reprinted 1999)). Liaison 1914. Eyre & Spottiswood. ISBN 978-0304352289.  Tarih değerini gözden geçirin: |year= (yardım)
  • Tuchman, Barbara (1962). The Guns of August. Random House. ISBN 978-0345476098. 
  • Terraine, John (1960). Mons, The Retreat to Victory. Wordsworth Military Library, London. ISBN 1-84022-240-9. 
  • Terraine, John (1978). To Win a War. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0-304-35321-3. 
  • Walker, Jonathan (2012). The Blue Beast. Power & Passion in the Great War. Stroud: The History Press. ISBN 978-0-752465975. 
  • Wallace, Richard Horatio Edgar (1914). Field Marshal Sir John French and his campaign. London: George Newnes. 
  • Wallace, Richard Horatio Edgar (1914–1915). The standard history of the war, comprising the official despatches from General French and staff, with descriptive narrative. 4 vols. London: George Newnes. 
  • Woodward, David R (1998). Field Marshal Sir William Robertson. Westport Connecticut & London: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-95422-6. 
  • Wells, John (1987). The immortal Warrior Britain’s first and last battleship. Kenneth Mason. s. 148. ISBN 0-85937-333-9. 

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