Twrch Trwyth

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Twrch Trwyth
Detail of Twrch Trwyth sculpture - geograph.org.uk - 915217.jpg
Twrch Trwyth heykeli (Tony Woodman)
Ölüm Severn Nehri
Çocuk(lar) 7
  • Grugyn Gwrych Ereint
  • Llwydawg Govynnyad
  • Twrch Lllawin
  • Gwys
  • Banw
  • Bennwig
  • bir adsız yaban domuzu

Twrch Trwyth (Galce'de "kralın domuzu"; Türkçe okunuşu: Torh TOYH),[1] Tanrı tarafından domuza çevirilen İrlandalı kral.[1] Twrch Trwyth'in babasının adı Taredd'di.[1] Kral Arthur mitolojisinde Culhwch, görevlerinden biri olarak Twrch Trwyth'i avlamak ve yaban domuzunun kulaklarının arasından bir tutam saç almak zorundaydı.[1] Dev Ysbaddaden, domuzun saçını kendi saçını taramak için talep etmişti.[1] Ancak sadece domuzu öldürmek ve saçını almak yeterli olmayacaktı: Ysbaddaden bu görev için başka şartlar getirdi.[1] Culhwch, domuzu özel bir tasma gerektiren Drudwyn, Aned ve Aethlem adlı köpeklerle avlamak zorundaydı.[1] Avda başarılı olmak için,[2] Culhwch ayrıca Mabon, Garselid, Cynedyr, Gwynn, Gwilenhin, Bwlch, Cyfwlch, Syfwlch ve son olarak, bazıları özel atlara binmesi gereken Arthur'un hizmetlerini aramak zorunda kaldı.[3]

Arthur'un savaşçıları İrlanda'da Twrch Trwyth'i buldu.[1] Twrch Trwyth'in savaşçıları olarak görev yapan yedi domuz yavrusu vardı (Kral Arthur mitolojisinde altısının adı "Grugyn Silver Bristle", "Llwydawg the Killer", Twrch Llawin, Gwys, Banw ve Benwig olarak verilmiştir).[1] Arthur'un adamları günler ve geceler boyunca Twrch Trwyth ve domuz yavrularıyla savaştı. Arthur'un adamlarının çoğu ve sonunda tüm domuz yavruları öldü.[1] Kral Athur'un adamları ve domuzların yavruları arasındaki savaş, Kral Arthur'un İrlanda'dan önce Galler'e, sonra da İngiltere üzerinden Cornwall'a gitmesini gerektirdi.[3] Sonunda, Arthur'un adamları domuzu bir nehirde tuzağa düşürdüler.[1] Kral Arthur'un adamları, Twrch Trwyth'i bir daha asla görülmemek üzere ortadan kaybolduğu denize sürmeyi başardılar.[1]

Nennius'un Historia Brittonum'un mirabilia bölümünde bahsettiği muhtemelen bu avdır.[4][1] Nennius, Arthur ve köpeği Cabal'ın Buelt ülkesinde Troynt adında bir yaban domuzu avladığını söylüyor.[4] Twrch Trwyth'in adı "kralın domuzu" anlamına gelir ve yaratık muhtemelen İrlanda efsanesindeki Ore Treith ile aynıdır.[5] Twrch Trwyth ayrıca bir Fransız efsanesinde Tortain'in kökeni olabilir ve hatta Ares'in oğlu Tor'un kökeni olarak öne sürülmüştür.[6]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Kullanılan kaynaklar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

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