Genç Sten Sture

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Genç Sten Sture (İsveççeSten Sture den yngre) (1493–3 Şubat 1520), Kalmar Birliği döneminde İsveç'in naibi olarak görev yapan İsveçli bir asilzadeydi.[1][2][3] ancak diğerleri İsveç'in çıkarlarını savunacak bir ulusal lider istedi. Sture ailesi, 1470'lerde Birlik karşıtı fraksiyonu temsil etmek için ortaya çıktı. Karl Knutsson'un 1470'te ölümü üzerine, yeğeni Yaşlı Sten Sture (en) vekil seçildi ve Stockholm dışındaki Brunkeberg Muharebesi (en)'nda Christian'ın güçlerini yendi. İsveç, sonraki 40 yıl boyunca neredeyse naipler tarafından yönetildi, ancak bazı İsveç kodamanlarının Christian'ı desteklemesiyle iç çekişmeler yaşandı. Genç Sten Sture (en) 1512'de naip olduğunda, İsveç'in bağımsızlığını ilan etmeye karar verdi, ancak güçlü Başpiskopos Gustav Trolle buna karşı çıktı. Trolle'u görevden aldı ve bu da hem kilise hem de Kalmar Birliği adına bir Danimarka saldırısına yol açtı. 1520'de Danimarka Kralı II. Christian, Sten Sture'ı öldürdü, Stockholm'e girdi ve af vaatlerine rağmen, Stockholm Kan Banyosu'nda Sture'un önde gelen destekçilerinden 82'sini idam etti. Eylemleri, İttihatçı karşıtı İsveçlileri, özellikle Dalarnalıları, Danimarkalıları kovmuş olan Sten Sture'un dul eşinin yeğeni I. Gustav'nın arkasında toplanmaya teşvik etti. 1523'te bağımsız bir İsveç'in Kralı I. Gustav seçildi ve Kalmar Birliği feshedildi.

Sten Sture the Younger'ın 1880'de Carl Gustaf Hellqvist tarafından hayal edildiği gibi Mälaren Gölü'nün buzunda ölümü
Çağdaş bir portrede naip ve karısı

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ "Sten Sture d.y." Historiesajten. 1 Mart 2006 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 1 Ağustos 2020. 
  2. ^ Elgán, Elisabeth (2015). Historical dictionary of Sweden (3. bas.). Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-1442250703. 
  3. ^ Pierre, Jan (2016). The Oxford handbook of Swedish politics (1. bas.). Oxford, Birleşik Krallık: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0198803119. 

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