Corbenic

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Corbenic (değişik kaynaklarda Carbonek, Corbenot, Corbenich(e), Corbierc, Corbyn, Orberique olarak geçen), Arthur efsanesindeki Kutsal Kase'yi barındıran Kase kalesinin adıdır. Genellikle Balıkçı Kral olarak bilinen Kâse Bekçisinin büyülü bir alanıdır. Kalenin açıklamaları farklı kaynaklarda büyük farklılıklar gösterir ve ilk olarak Galahad'ın doğum yeri olduğu Lancelot-Grail döngüsünde bu isimle görünür. Vulgate, Post-Vulgate ve Malory'deki Grail Kalesi. Listenois veya Garip Diyar'da, Arimathealı Joseph'in takipçileri Alan ve Joshua ve kardeşlerin Hıristiyanlığa dönüştüğü Kral Calafes tarafından inşa edildi. Kâse, kalenin içindeki Macera Sarayı'nda tutuldu. Joshua, Corbenic'in ilk kralıydı, onu Arthur'un saltanatı sırasında kral olan Aminadap, Carcelois, Manuel, Lambor, Pellehan ve Pelles izledi. Pelles, kızı Elaine (Galahad'ın annesi) ve oğlu Eliezier ile Corbenic'te yaşıyordu. Diğer sakinler arasında Sir Ulphyne ve Sakat Kral vardı.

In Chrétien de Troyes ' Perceval, Grail Hikayesi (c. 1190), söz ilk eserlerinden biri Kase, bu kalesi olarak bilinen varlık dışında hiçbir ad verilir Fisher King . Daha sonraki çalışmalarda olduğu gibi, hikayenin orijinal Kâse kahramanı Perceval'in onu yalnızca davet edildiğinde ziyaret etmesi ve yıllarca aramasına rağmen bir daha bulamaması nedeniyle , kaleye Kelt Öteki Dünya'nın nitelikleri (dışarıdan görünmezliği ve görünüşte değişen yerleri dahil) verilir. Tarihi boyunca bir süre, Büyücü Tanabos, Corbenicin'i öyle bir büyüledi ki, oraya kaç kez gitmiş olursa olsun, şans eseri olmadıkça, kimse onu bulamazdı. Nadiren gelen ziyaretçileri genellikle Pelles ile yemek yer ve Kâse Alayı'na tanık olurlardı. Yıllar boyunca Lancelot, Gawain, Lamorat, Hector, Gaheris ve Palamedes gibi şövalyeler tarafından ziyaret edildi. Kâse Alayı ve Kâse Sorusunun önemi bu romanlarda biraz şüpheli olsa da, ziyaret eden şövalyeler genellikle Kâse'nin ne olduğunu anlayamadılar. Lancelot, birkaç ziyareti sırasında Elaine'i kaynayan bir küvetten kurtardı, bir yılanı öldürdü ve bir delilik döneminden kurtuldu. Gawain (Arthur'un zamanında Corbenic'i ziyaret eden ilk şövalye), şehvetli gözleri Kâse'den ve onu taşıyan güzel bakireden çekildikten sonra aşağılanarak kovuldu.

Wolfram von Eschenbach'ın Chrétien'e dayanan Parzival'inde, Kâse kalesinin adı Munsalväsche'dir ( ortaçağ geleneğinde Katalonya'daki Montserrat dağının adıyla ilişkilendirilen Monsalvat'ın yorumu ). Orada, kale, Kâse'yi (burada değerli bir taş) dış dünyadan koruyan gizli bir tapınak şövalyeleri topluluğunun evidir. Galahad, Perceval ve Bors, Korbenik'teki Kâse Görevini tamamladılar ve orada Arimathealı Joseph'in (veya oğlu Josephus) düzenlediği kutsal bir ayine katıldılar. Beyaz Helain, Küçük Arthur, Meraugis, Claudin, Lambeguez, Pinable ve Persides'ın izlemesine izin verildi. Kâse, Galahad tarafından Sarras'a götürüldükten sonra, Kâse Kalesi büyülerini kaybetti, ancak İngiltere'yi işgal ettiğinde onu yerle bir eden Charlemagne zamanına kadar ayakta kaldı.

Gelen Perlesvaus Perceval devamında, bu Ruh Şato adlandırılır, ancak ilk olarak Eden olarak adlandırıldı. Kâse, kalenin Perceval'in kötü amcası tarafından fethedildiği sırada kaybolduğu, kalenin Kâse Şapeli'nde diğer kutsal emanetlerle birlikte tutulur. Daha eski bir Kâse geleneğinin parçası olan ancak Vulgate Döngüsü'nden sonra yazılan Chretien'in Perceval'inin üçüncü devamı, Corbenic'i Balıkçı Kral'ın krallığı olarak adlandırarak Vulgate romanslarının etkisini gösterir. Balıkçı Kral'ın ölümünden sonra Perceval'e düştü. Perceval bir inzivaya çekildiğinde, onu Maronne Kralı'na bağışladı. Vulgate Estoire del Saint Graal, Corbenic'in Keldani dilinde "kutsal gemi" anlamına geldiğini iddia ediyor. Cors benoit Fransızca'da "kutsanmış beden" anlamına geldiğinden, Fransız yazarın bir kaynak için Keldani dilini ziyaret etmesine pek gerek yoktu. R. S. Loomis (Grail, 242-4) yazarların cor benoit'i ("kutsanmış boynuz") cors benoit ile karıştırdıklarını düşündü ve ismin en sonunda Gal edebiyatında Kutsanmış Bran'ın sahip olduğu sihirli boynuza geri döndüğünü öne sürdü. Ancak J. D. Bruce, Picardy'de, Vulgate Queste'nin yazarının yaşadığına inandığı manastırdan çok uzak olmayan Corbeni adında bir kasabanın varlığına dikkat çekti (Bruce, 394n).

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