Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’nde Cumhuriyetçilik

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Cumhuriyetçilik, Amerika Birleşik Devletlerinin rehber siyasi ideolojisidir. Amerikan Devriminden itibaren Amerikan sivil düşüncesinin büyük bir kısmını meydana getirmiştir.[1] Merkezi değerler olarak özgürlük ve doğal hakları almaktadır; halkı topluca egemen kılmaktadır, monarşi, aristokrasi ve siyasi iktidarın akrabalık ile devredilmesine karşıdır, yurttaşların sivil görevlerini yerine getirmede bağımsız olmalarını beklemektedir ve siyasi yozlaşmaya karşıdır.[2] Amerikan cumhuriyetçiliği 18. yüzyılda Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'nin Kurucu Babaları tarafından oluşturulmuş ve uygulanmıştır. Onlar için, bir grup tarihçiye göre, "cumhuriyetçilik bir hükümet biçiminden daha büyük bir şeyi temsil ediyordu. Bir yaşama biçimi, özlü bir ideoloji, özgürlüğe teklifsiz bağlılık ve aristokrasiyi tümden ret."[3]

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ Robert E. Shalhope, "Toward a Republican Synthesis: The Emergence of an Understanding of Republicanism in American Historiography," William and Mary Quarterly, 29 (January 1972), pp. 49–80
  2. ^ Richard Buel, Securing the Revolution: Ideology in American Politics, 1789–1815 (1972)
  3. ^ Robert A. Divine, T. H. Breen, et al. The American Story (3rd ed. 2007) p. 147

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