İkinci nesil video oyunu konsolları

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İkinci nesil oyun konsolları, 1976 yılında Fairchild Channel F model konsolun piyasaya sürülmesiyle başlar. Bu dönem bir diğer ismi ile erken 8-bit çağı veya 4-bit çağı olarak ifade edilir. Bu dönem, oyun konsolları tarihçesi bakımından, milyonlarca insanın bilgisayar oyunlarına alışkanlık edinmesi veya tanışmasını sağlayan en önemli dönemlerden biri olup 1983 yılına kadar sürmüştür.

Döneme damgasını vuran ürün Atari firmasının piyasaya sürüdğü Atari 2600 model oyun konsoludur. Aynı dönemin diğer popüler konsolları, Intellivision , Odyssey 2 ve Colecovision ürünleridir.

Karşılaştırma[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Konsol ismi Fairchild Channel F Atari 2600 Magnavox Odyssey² Intellivision Atari 5200
Konsol Channelf.png Atari2600a.JPG Videopac-pete-screen-800px.jpg Intellivision - gi 1326971.jpg Atari 5200 SuperSystem White BG.jpg
Piyasa çıkış tarihi
  • US August 1976
  • US October 1976
  • JP October 1983
  • EU December 1982
  • US November 1982
Media Cartidge Cartridge and Cassette, available via special 3rd party attachment) Cartridge Cartridge Cartridge
En çok satan oyunlar listesi N/A Pac-Man, 7 milyon [1][2] N/A Astrosmash (1 million)[3] N/A
Aksesuarlar N/A
  • The Voice
  • Chess Module
  • Keyboard component (cancelled)
  • Entertainment Computer System
  • Intellivoice
N/A
CPU Fairchild F8

1.79 MHz (PAL 2.00 MHz)

MOS Technology 6507

1.19 MHz

Intel 8048 8-bit microcontroller

1.79 MHz

General Instrument CP1610

894.886 kHz

Custom MOS 6502C

1.79 MHz (not a 65c02)

Bellek 64 bytes, 2 kB VRAM (2×128×64 bits) (within a MOS Technology RIOT chip): 128 bytes (additional RAM may be included in the game cartridges) CPU-internal RAM: 64 bytes

Audio/video RAM: 128 bytes

1456 bytes main RAM 16 kB main RAM
Video
  • 102 × 58 pixels visible
  • 8 colors
  • 160 x 192 resolution
  • 128 colors (NTSC)
  • 104 colors (PAL)
  • 160×200 resolution (NTSC)
  • 16-color fixed palette; sprites use 8 colors
  • 4 8×8 single-color user-defined sprites
  • 12 8×8 single-color characters; 64 shapes built into ROM BIOS;
  • 4 quad characters;
  • 9×8 background grid; dots, lines, or blocks
  • 159x96 pixels (159x192 display on a TV screen, scanlines being doubled)
  • 16 color palette, all of which can be on the screen at once
  • 8 sprites.
  • 320×192 resolution,
  • 16 (out of 256) on-screen colors per scan line with 256 colors capable of being displayed at once.
Audio Mono audio with:
  • 500 Hz, 1 kHz, and 1.5 kHz tones (can be modulated quickly to produce different tones)
Mono Mono audio with:
  • 24-bit shift register, clockable at 2 frequencies
  • noise generator
Mono audio with:
  • three channel sound
  • one noise generator
Mono audio with:
  • 4-channel sound
Konsol ismi Vectrex Emerson Arcadia 2001 ColecoVision Bally Astrocade Sega SG-1000
Konsol Vectrex.jpg EmersonArcadia2001.gif ColecoVision.jpg Sega SG-1000 Bock.jpg
Çıkış Tarihi
  • US November 1982
  • EU May 1983
  • JP June 1983
  • US August 1982
  • EU May 1982
  • JP July 15, 1983
Media Cartridge Cartridge Cartridge and Cassette, available with Expansion #3 Cartridge and cassette/Floppy, available with ZGRASS unit Cartridge and Cassette (SG-3000)
[[En çok satan oyunlar listesi] N/A N/A Donkey Kong (pack-in) N/A N/A
Geriye dönük uyumluluk N/A N/A Compatible with Atari 2600 Via Expansion #1 N/A N/A
Aksesuarlar N/A N/A
  • Expansion #1
  • Expansion #2
  • Expansion #3
  • Roller Controller
  • Super Action Controller Set
  • ZGRASS unit
N/A
CPU Motorola 68A09

1.5 MHz

Signetics 2650 CPU

3.58 MHz

Zilog Z80A

3.58 MHz

Zilog Z80

1.789 MHz

NEC 780C (clone of Zilog Z80)

3.58 MHz for NTSC, 3.55 MHz for PAL

Bellek 1 kB main RAM 512 bytes 8 kB main RAM

16 kB VRAM

4k (up to 64k with external modules in the expansion port) 16 kB Main RAM

16 kB VRAM

Video Built in vector CRT
  • 128x208 / 128x104
  • 8 Colours
  • 256x192 resolution
  • 32 sprites
  • 16 colors
  • Resolution: True 160x102 / Basic 160x88 / Expanded RAM 320x204
  • Colors: True 8* / Basic 2
  • 256x192 resolution
  • 32 sprites
  • 16 colors
Audio Mono (built in speaker) Mono audio with:
  • Single Channel "Beeper"
  • Single Channel "Noise"
Mono audio with:
  • 3 tone generators
  • 1 noise generator
Mono audio with:
  • 3 voices
  • noise/vibrato effect
Mono Audion with
  • 4-channel sound
  • 3 sound generators, 4 octaves each,
  • 1 white noise generator

Kaynaklar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]