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Patrici '''Gregori''' ({{dil-el|Γρηγόριος}}, {{dil-la|Flavius Gregorius}}, ö.647), [[Bizans İmparatorluğu]] [[Afrika Eksarhlığı|Afrika]] (modern [[Tunus]] ve doğu [[Cezayir]]) [[Eksarh]]ı. İktidarda bulunan [[Herakleios Hanedanı]]'nın akrabası olarak, keskin bir Kalkedon inancı taraftarıydı ve 646 yılında [[Monotelitizm]]i destekleyen İmparator [[II. Konstans]]'a karşı bir isyana önderlik etmiştir. Kısa bir süre sonra kendini imparator ilan etmiş, 647 yılında [[Dört Halife]] dönemi Müslüman istilası ile karşılaşmıştır. İstilaya gelenler ile yüzleşmiş ancak [[Sufetula]]'da mağlup olup, öldürülmüştür. Ölümünden sonra ve Müslümanların geri çekilmesinden sonra Afrika imparatorluk egemenliğine geri döndüğünde Bizans hakimiyetinin kurumları ağır şekilde tahrip olmuştu.
 
== Hayatı ==
Patrici Gregori'nin, imparator[[Herakleios]] (610-641 arası hükümdar) ve torunu [[II. Konstans]] (641-668 arası hükümdar) ile kan bağı vardı ve muhtemelen Herakleios'un kuzeni [[Nicetas (Herakleios'un kuzeni)|Niketas]]'ın oğluydu.<ref name="ODB">Hollingsworth (1991), p. 875</ref><ref name="DIR">Moore (1999)</ref>
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Gregory the Patrician was related by blood to Emperor [[Heraclius]] (r. 610–641) and his grandson [[Constans II]] (r. 641–668), and was possibly the son of Heraclius' cousin [[Nicetas (cousin of Heraclius)|Niketas]].<ref name="ODB">Hollingsworth (1991), p. 875</ref><ref name="DIR">Moore (1999)</ref> Gregory is first attested as [[Exarch of Africa]] ("''[[patrikios]]'' of Africa" in [[Theophanes the Confessor|Theophanes]]) in July 645,<ref name="ODB"/><ref name="PmbZ">Winkelmann et al. (2000), pp. 49–50</ref><ref name="PLRE">Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), p. 554</ref> but may have been appointed already under Heraclius.<ref name="DIR"/><ref>Pringle (1981), p. 46</ref>
==Biography==
Gregory the Patrician was related by blood to Emperor [[Heraclius]] (r. 610–641) and his grandson [[Constans II]] (r. 641–668), and was possibly the son of Heraclius' cousin [[Nicetas (cousin of Heraclius)|Niketas]].<ref name="ODB">Hollingsworth (1991), p. 875</ref><ref name="DIR">Moore (1999)</ref> Gregory is first attested as [[Exarch of Africa]] ("''[[patrikios]]'' of Africa" in [[Theophanes the Confessor|Theophanes]]) in July 645,<ref name="ODB"/><ref name="PmbZ">Winkelmann et al. (2000), pp. 49–50</ref><ref name="PLRE">Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), p. 554</ref> but may have been appointed already under Heraclius.<ref name="DIR"/><ref>Pringle (1981), p. 46</ref>
 
The Exarchate at this time was in internal turmoil due to the conflict between the mainly Orthodox [[Chalcedonian]] population and the supporters of [[Monotheletism]], an attempt at compromise between Chalcedonianism and [[Monophysitism]] devised and promoted by Heraclius in 638. In Africa, the latter was mostly advocated by refugees from [[Roman Egypt|Egypt]].<ref name="DIR"/> In an effort to lessen the tensions, in July 645 Gregory hosted a theological dispute in his capital [[Carthage]] between the Chalcedonian [[Maximus the Confessor]] and the Monothelite former [[Patriarch of Constantinople]], [[Patriarch Pyrrhus of Constantinople|Pyrrhus]]. Gregory helped to bring about a reconciliation between the two, and Pyrrhus re-embraced the Chalcedonian position.<ref name="ODB"/><ref name="DIR"/><ref name="PmbZ"/><ref name="PLRE"/> Over the next few months, several local [[synod]]s in Africa proceeded to condemn Monotheletism as [[heresy]].<ref name="ODB"/>
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