Praetorian Prefect

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Praetorian Prefect, Roma İmparatorluk muhafızlarının liderine verilen bir unvandır. Roma İmparatorluğu tarihi boyunca imparatorun seçimi gibi birçok siyasi olayda etkili olmuşlardır. Bu makam İmparator Constantine döneminde kaldırılmıştır. Tarih boyunca görev yapmış prefect'ler şunlardır:

Prefect Görev süresi İmparator
Publius Salvius Aper MÖ 2 – ?? Augustus
Quintus Ostorius Scapula MÖ 2 – ?? Augustus
Publius Varius Ligur[1]  ?? – ?? Augustus
Lucius Seius Strabo  ?? – 15 Augustus, Tiberius
Lucius Aelius Sejanus 1431 Tiberius
Quintus Naevius Sutorius Macro 3138 Tiberius, Caligula
Marcus Arrecinus Clemens 3841 Caligula
Lucius Arruntius Stella[2] 3841 Caligula
Rufrius Pollio 4143 Claudius
Catonius Justus 4143 Claudius
Rufrius Crispinus 4350 Claudius
Lucius Lusius Geta 4750 Claudius
Sextus Afranius Burrus 5062 Claudius, Nero
Lucius Faenius Rufus 6265 Nero
Gaius Ophonius Tigellinus 6268 Nero
Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus 6568 Nero
Cornelius Laco 6869 Galba
Plotius Firmus 6969 Otho
Licinius Proculus 6969 Otho
Publius Sabinus 6969 Vitellius
Alfenius Varus 6969 Vitellius
Junius Priscus 6969 Vitellius
Arrius Varus 6970 Vespasian
Marcus Arrecinus Clemens[3] 7071 Vespasian
Tiberius Julius Alexander[4] 69 – ?? Vespasian
Titus Flavius Vespasianus[5] 7179 Vespasian
Lucius Julius Ursus[6] 8183 Domitian
Cornelius Fuscus 8187 Domitian
Lucius Laberius Maximus[6] 8384 Domitian
Casperius Aelianus 8494 Domitian
Norbanus 9496 Domitian
Titus Petronius Secundus 9496 Domitian
Casperius Aelianus 9698 Nerva
Sextus Attius Suburanus 98101 Trajan
Tiberius Claudius Livianus 101 – ?? Trajan
Publius Acilius Attianus[7]  ?? – 119 Trajan, Hadrian
Servius Sulpicius Similis 112119 Trajan, Hadrian
Gaius Septicius Clarus 119121 Hadrian
Quintus Marcius Turbo 119 – ?? Hadrian
Marcus Petronius Mamertinus 139143 Hadrian, Antoninus Pius
Marcus Gavius Maximus 136156 Hadrian, Antoninus Pius
Gaius Tattius Maximus 156159 Antoninus Pius
Fabius Cornelius Repentinus 159 – ?? Antoninus Pius
Furius Victorinus 160168 Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius
Macrinius Vindex  ?? – ?? Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Bassaeus Rufus 168177 Marcus Aurelius
Publius Tarrutenius Paternus 168182 Marcus Aurelius, Commodus
Sextus Tigidius Perennis  ?? – 185 Commodus
Titus Longaeus Rufus 185188 Commodus
Publius Atilius Aebutianus 185188 Commodus
Marcus Aurelius Cleander 188190 Commodus
Lucius Julius Vehilius Gratus Julianus 190191 Commodus
Regillus 190191 Commodus
Quintus Aemilius Laetus 191193 Commodus, Pertinax, Didius Julianus
Flavius Genialis 193193 Didius Julianus
Tullius Crispinus 193193 Didius Julianus
Flavius Juvenalis 193197 Didius Julianus, Septimius Severus
Decimus Veturius Macrinus 193197 Didius Julianus, Septimius Severus
Gaius Fulvius Plautianus 197205 Septimius Severus
Quintus Aemilius Saturninus 200200 Septimius Severus
Aemilius Papinianus 205212 Septimius Severus, Caracalla
Quintus Maecius Laetus 205212 Septimius Severus, Caracalla
Valerius Patruinus 211216 Caracalla
Gnaeus Marcius Rustius Rufinus 211216 Caracalla
Marcus Oclatinius Adventus 216217 Caracalla
Marcus Opellius Macrinus[8] 216217 Caracalla
Ulpius Julianus 217218 Macrinus
Julianus Nestor 218218 Macrinus
Julius Basilianus 218218 Elagabalus
Valerius Comazon Eutychianus 218219 Elagabalus
Antiochianus 219222 Elagabalus
Titus Messius Extricatus 219222 Elagabalus
Flavianus 222222 Alexander Severus
Geminius Chrestus 222222 Alexander Severus
Domitius Ulpianus 222223 Alexander Severus
Titus Lorenius Celsus 223225 Alexander Severus
Marcus Aedinius Julianus 223225 Alexander Severus
Lucius Domitius Honoratus 225228 Alexander Severus
Lucius Didius Marinus 225228 Alexander Severus
Marcus Attius Cornelianus 230235 Alexander Severus
Gaius Attius Alcimus Felicianus 230235 Alexander Severus
Julius Paulus 228235 Alexander Severus
Publius Aelius Vitalianus  ?? – 238 Maximinus Thrax
Philip the Arab  ?? – ?? Gordian III
Gaius Julius Priscus  ?? – ?? Philip the Arab
Silvanus  ?? – ?? Gallienus
L. Petronius Taurus Volusianus 261 – 267 Gallienus
Callistus (aka Ballista) 260 – 261 Macrianus, Quietus
Marcus(?) Aurelius Heraclianus 267 – ?? Gallienus
Julius Placidianus @ 270 – 275 (?) Aurelian
Florianus  ?? – ?? Tacitus
Carus  ?? – ?? Probus
Aper, L. Flavius(?) 282 (?) – 284 Carus, Numerian
Aristobulus  ?? – ?? Numerian
Aristobulus  ?? – ?? Diocletian
Afranius Hannibalianus  ?? – ?? Diocletian
Constantius Chlorus  ?? – ?? Diocletian
Asclepiodotus  ?? – ?? Diocletian
Rufius Volusianus  ?? – ?? Maxentius
Publius Cornelius Anullinus  ?? – ?? Maxentius

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ The existence of Varius Ligur is disputed, and is only inferred from a single passage by Cassius Dio, who identifies him as Valerius Ligur. Modern historians suggest that, if Valerius Ligur was a prefect at all, he may have been mistaken for a man named Varius Ligur, who seems to have been a more likely candidate for the office. See Bingham (1997), p42.
  2. ^ Wiseman, Timothy Peter (1991). Death of an Emperor: Flavius Josephus (Exeter Studies in History). Northwestern University Press. ss. p59, 62. ISBN 978-0859893565. 
  3. ^ Son of Marcus Arrecinus Clemens, who was Praetorian prefect under emperor Claudius
  4. ^ Whether Tiberius Julius Alexander held the office of Praetorian prefect is disputed, and rests on a fragment from a recovered papyrus scroll. If he did held the post, he may have done so during the Jewish wars under Titus, or during the 70s as his colleague in Rome. See Lendering, Jona. "Tiberius Julius Alexander". http://www.livius.org/jo-jz/julius/alexander.html. Erişim tarihi: 2007-09-06. 
  5. ^ Son of Vespasian, the later emperor Titus
  6. ^ a b Syme, 66
  7. ^ Syme, 67
  8. ^ The later emperor Macrinus.