Planaryalar

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Planaryalar
Bedford's Flatworm.jpg
Bilimsel sınıflandırma
Âlem: Animalia
Alt âlem: Eumetazoa
Üst şube: Platyzoa
Bölüm: Bilateria
Şube: Platyhelminthes
Sınıf: Turbellaria
Familya: Planariidae
Takımlar
Dış bağlantılar
Commons-logo.svg Wikimedia Commons'ta Planaryalar ile ilgili çoklu ortam belgeleri bulunur.
Wikispecies-logo.svg Wikispecies'te Planaryalar ile ilgili detaylı taksonomi bilgileri bulunur.

Planaryalar, (ya da Latince Turbellaria) Yassısolucanlar şubesine ait genellikle küçük
(<1 - 60cm) ve serbest yaşayan üyeleri kapsayan bir sınıftır.

Günümüzde karışık (polifiletik) bir grup olarak Acoela ve Nemertodermata olarak ayrılmıştır.

Hareketleri sillerle sağlanan canlılardır. Çoğunluğu etçildir. Çoğu türleri denizlerde ve tatlısularda bulunurken, bazıları nemli yerlerde de yaşayabilirler. Planaryalar hermafrodit oldukları için eşeyli üreyebilirler aynı zamanda rejenerasyonla eşeysiz de üreyebilirler. Planaryada merkezi sinir sistemi bulunur. Serbest yaşarlar.(parazit değil)Dolaşım sıvısı yoktur.Sahip olduğu kasların(sirkular kaslar,parenkimal kaslar,longitudinal kaslar,faringeal kaslar)hareketi vücut boşluğundaki maddelerin iletimini sağlar.Vücutları segmentsizdir.

Kitaplar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Abramson, C. I., Kirkpatrick, D. E., Bollinger, N., Odde, R., & Lambert, S. (1999). Planarians in the classroom: Habituation and instrumental conditioning. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Sheiman, I. M., & Tiras, K. P. (1996). Memory and morphogenesis in planaria and beetle. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.

Makaleler[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Abramson, C. I. (1990). Classical conditioning. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Alvarado, Alejandro Sánchez, "Quick Guide – Planarians" Current Biology Vol. 14 (R737-8), No. 18 (Retrieved online)
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  • Mason, P. R. (1973). Size and other factors determining planarian behaviour: Journal of Biological Psychology Vol 15(2) Dec 1973, 8-13.
  • Mason, P. R. (1975). Chemo-klino-kinesis in planarian food location: Animal Behaviour Vol 23(2) May 1975, 460-469.
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  • Nazaryan, O. A. (1973). Retention of traces of previous experience in planaria after regeneration: Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatel'nosti Vol 23(1) Jan-Feb 1973, 120-125.
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  • Pescetto, G., & Dettore, D. (1981). Negative phototaxis and conditioning in the planarian Dugesia dorotocephala: Rivista di Neurobiologia Vol 10(2) Apr-Jun 1981, 287-295.
  • Peters, A., Streng, A., & Michiels, N. K. (1996). Mating behaviour in a hermaphroditic flatworm with reciprocal insemination: Do they assess their mates during copulation? : Ethology Vol 102(3) Mar 1996, 236-251.
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  • Raffa, R. B., Stagliano, G. W., Ross, G., Powell, J. A., Phillips, A. G., Ding, Z., et al. (2008). The kappa -opioid receptor antagonist nor-BNI inhibits cocaine and amphetamine, but not cannabinoid (WIN 52212-2), abstinence-induced withdrawal in planarians: An instance of 'pharmacologic congruence': Brain Research Vol 1193 Feb 2008, 51-56.
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  • Umeda, S., Stagliano, G. W., & Raffa, R. B. (2004). Cocaine and kappa -opioid withdrawal in Planaria blocked by D-, but not L-, glucose: Brain Research Vol 1018(2) Aug 2004, 181-185.
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  • Vreys, C., Schockaert, E. R., & Michiels, N. K. (1997). Unusual pre-copulatory behaviour in the hermaphroditic planarian flatworm, Dugesia gonocephala (Tricladida, paludicola): Ethology Vol 103(3) Mar 1997, 208-221.
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