Ariane 5

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Ariane 5

Ariane 5, ESA'nın en geliştirilmiş kargo roketidir. Son zamanlarda güvenilirliği de önemli ölçüde dikkatleri çekmiştir. 22 kez üst üste başarılı uçuş yapmıştır. Uzunluğu 54 yaklaşık metre çapı ise 5,4 metredir. Yüksüz ağırlığı yaklaşık 780 tondur.

Ariane 5 Ariane 4'ün genliştirilmiş versiyonudur. Ancak bu geliştirme süreci doğrudan olmamıştır. 1. kademe geliştirilmişi "G", 2. kademe "G+", 3. kademe "GS", 4. kademe "ECA" ve son olarak "ES" olarak geliştirilir.

Roket parçaları[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Ariane 5'in kriyojenik ana iticisi iki bölümden oluşur. Bu iki bölüm, toplam 130 ton ağırlık ve 30.5 metre yükseklik ile iki büyük yakıt tankı içerir. Bu tankların birinde sıvı oksijen ve diğerinde sıvı hidrojen bulunur. Bu itici yaklaşık 1130 tonluk itme gücü oluşturur.
  • İki tane olan katı roket güçlendiricilerin her biri yakıtla doluyken 277 ton civarında ağırlığında sahiptirler. Her biri 630 ton civarında kuvvet uygular.
  • İkinci aşama birinci aşamanın üstünde ve kargo bölümünün altındadır. Yakıt olarak azot tetroksit kullanır.

Ariane 5 Uçuşları[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Tarih
& Saat (UTC)
Uçuş (Vol) Yapılandırma Seri Numarası Yük Sonuç #
1996-06-04 12:34:06 V-88[1] 5G 501 Cluster Hata 1
1997-10-30 13:43:00 V-101 5G 502 MaqSat-H, TEAMSAT, MaqSat-B, YES Kısmi Hata[2] 2
1998-10-21 16:37:21 V-112 5G 503 MaqSat 3, ARD Başarı 3
1999-12-10 14:32:07 V-119 5G 504 XMM-Newton Başarı 4
2000-03-21 23:28:19 V-128 5G 505 INSAT-3B, AsiaStar Başarı 5
2000-09-14 22:54:07 V-130 5G 506 Astra 2B, GE-7 Başarı 6
2000-11-16 01:07:07 V-135 5G 507 PAS-1R, Amsat P3D, STRV 1C, STRV 1D Başarı 7
2001-03-08 22:51:00 V-140 5G 509 Eutelsat 28A, BSAT-2a Başarı 8
2001-07-12 22:58:00 V-142 5G 510 Artemis, BSAT-2b Kısmi Hata[3] 9
2002-03-01 01:07:59 V-145 5G 511 Envisat Başarı 10
2002-07-05 23:22:00 V-153 5G 512 Stellat 5, N-Star c Başarı 11
2002-08-28 22:45:00 V-155 5G 513 Atlantic Bird 1, Meteosat 8 Başarı 12
2002-12-11 22:22:00 V-157 5ECA 517 Hot Bird 7, Stentor Hata[4] 13
2003-04-09 22:52:19 V-160 5G 514 INSAT-3A, Galaxy 12 Başarı 14
2003-06-11 22:38:15 V-161 5G 515 Optus and Defence C1, BSAT-2c Başarı 15
2003-06-11 22:38:15 V-161 5G 515 Optus and Defence C1, BSAT-2c Başarı 16
2003-09-27 23:14:46 V-162 5G 516 INSAT-3E, eBird 1, SMART-1 Başarı 17
2004-03-02 07:17:44 V-158 5G+ 518 Rosetta Başarı 18
2004-12-18 16:26:00 V-165 5G+ 520 Helios 2A, Essaim 1, 2, 3, 4, PARASOL, Nanosat 01 Başarı 19
2005-02-12 21:03:00 V-164 5ECA 521 XTAR-EUR, Maqsat-B2, Sloshsat Başarı 20
2005-08-11 08:20:00 V-166 5GS 523 Thaicom 4 Başarı 21
2005-10-13 22:32:00 V-168 5GS 524 Syracuse 3A, Galaxy 15 Başarı 22
2005-11-16 23:46:00 V-167 5ECA 522 Spaceway F2, TELKOM-2 Başarı 23
2005-12-21 22:33:00 V-169 5GS 525 INSAT-4A, Meteosat 9 Başarı 24
2006-03-11 22:32:50 V-170 5ECA 527 Spainsat, Hot Bird 7A Başarı[5] 25
2006-05-26 21:09 V-171 5ECA 529 Satmex 6, Thaicom 5 Başarı[6] 26
2006-08-11 22:15 V-172 5ECA 531 JCSAT-10, Syracuse 3B Başarı[7] 27
2006-10-13 20:56:00 V-173 5ECA 533 DirecTV-9S, Optus D1, LDREX-2 Başarı[8] 28
2006-12-08 22:08:00 V-174 5ECA 534 WildBlue 1, AMC-18 Başarı[9] 29
2007-03-11 22:03 V-175 5ECA 535 Skynet 5A, INSAT-4B Başarı[10] 30
2007-05-04 22:29 V-176 5ECA 536 Astra 1L, Galaxy 17 Başarı[11] 31
2007-08-14 23:44 V-177 5ECA 537 Spaceway-3, BSAT-3A Başarı[12] 32
2007-10-05 22:02 V-178 5GS 526 Intelsat 11, Optus D2 Başarı[13] 33
2007-11-14 22:06 V-179 5ECA 538 Skynet 5B, Star One C1 Başarı[14] 34
2007-12-21 21:41 V-180 5GS 530 RASCOM-QAF 1, Horizons-2 Başarı[15] 35
2008-03-09 04:03 V-181 5ES 528 ATV-1 "Jules Verne" Başarı[16] 36
2008-04-18 22:17 V-182 5ECA 539 Star One C2, Vinasat-1 Başarı[17] 37
2008-06-12 22:05 V-183 5ECA 540 Turksat 3A, Skynet 5C Başarı[18] 38
2008-07-07 21:47 V-184 5ECA 541 Badr-6, ProtoStar I Başarı[19] 39
2008-08-14 20:44 V-185 5ECA 542 AMC-21, Superbird 7 Başarı[20] 40
2008-12-20 22:35 V-186 5ECA 543 Eutelsat W2M, Hot Bird 9 Başarı[21] 41
2009-02-12 22:09 V-187 5ECA 545 Hot Bird 10, NSS-9, Spirale A, Spirale B Başarı[22] 42
2009-05-14 13:12 V-188 5ECA 546 Herschel, Planck Başarı[23] 43
2009-07-01 19:52 V-189 5ECA 547 TerreStar-1 Başarı[24] 44
2009-08-21 22:09 V-190 5ECA 548 JCSAT-12, Optus D3 Başarı[25] 45
2009-10-01 21:59 V-191 5ECA 549 Amazonas 2, COMSATBw-1 Başarı[26] 46
2009-10-29 20:00 V-192 5ECA 550 NSS-12, Thor 6 Başarı[27] 47
2009-12-18 16:26 V-193 5GS 532 Helios 2B Başarı[28] 48
2010-05-21 22:01 V-194 5ECA 551 Astra 3B, COMSATBw-2 Başarı[29] 49
2010-06-26 21:41 V-195 5ECA 552 Arabsat-5A, COMS-1 Başarı[30] 50
2010-08-04 20:59 V-196 5ECA 554 Nilesat 201, RASCOM-QAF 1R Başarı[31] 51
2010-10-28 21:51 V-197 5ECA 555 Eutelsat W3B, BSAT-3b Başarı[32] 52
2010-11-26 18:39 V-198 5ECA 556 Intelsat 17, HYLAS 1 Başarı[33] 53
2010-12-29 21:27 V-199 5ECA 557 Koreasat 6, HispaSat-1E Başarı[34] 54
2011-02-16 21:50 V-200 5ES 544 ATV-2 "Johannes Kepler" Başarı[35] 55
2011-04-22 21:37 VA-201 5ECA 558 Yahsat 1A, Intelsat New Dawn Başarı 56
2011-05-20 20:38 VA-202 5ECA 559 ST-2, GSAT-8 Başarı[36] 57
2011-08-06 22:52 VA-203 5ECA 560 Astra 1N, BSAT 3c Başarı[37] 58
2011-09-21 21:38 VA-204 5ECA 561 Arabsat 5C, SES-2 Başarı[38] 59
2012-03-23 04:34 VA-205 5ES 553 ATV-3 "Edoardo Amaldi" Başarı[39] 60
2012-05-15 22:13 VA-206 5ECA 562 JCSAT-13, Vinasat-2 Başarı[40] 61
2012-07-05 21:36 VA-207 5ECA 563 EchoStar XVII, MSG-3 Başarı[41] 62
2012-08-02 20:54 VA-208 5ECA 564 INTELSAT 20, HYLAS 2 Başarı[42] 63
2012-09-28 21:18 VA-209 5ECA 565 Astra 2F, GSAT-10 Başarı[43] 64
2012-11-10 21:05 VA-210 5ECA 566 Eutelsat 21B, Star One C3 Başarı[44] 65
2012-12-19 21:49 VA-211 5ECA 567 Skynet 5D, MEXSAT-3 Başarı[45] 66
2013-02-07 21:36 VA-212 5ECA 568 Amazonas-3, Azerspace-1/Africasat-1a Başarı[46] 67
2013-06-05 21:52 VA-213 5ES 592 ATV-4 "Albert Einstein" Başarı[47] 68
2013-07-25 19:54 VA-214 5ECA 569 Alphasat I-XL, INSAT-3D Başarı[48] 69
2013-08-29 20:30 VA-215 5ECA 570 Eutelsat 25B / Es'hail 1, GSAT-7 Başarı[49] 70

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ "V88 Ariane 501" (fr). 1997. http://www.capcomespace.net/dossiers/espace_europeen/ariane/ariane5/AR501/V88_AR501.htm. 
  2. ^ "Ariane 502 - Results of detailed data analysis". ESA. 1998-04-08. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/Pr_14_1998_p_EN.html. 
  3. ^ "Ariane Launch Report: Ariane 5 failure investigation focuses on upper stage". Spaceflight Now. 2001-07-13. http://www.spaceflightnow.com/ariane/v142/010713followup.html. 
  4. ^ "Arianespace releases initial information on Flight 157". ESA. 2002-12-12. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/ESAB9X7708D_index_0.html. 
  5. ^ "First Ariane launch of 2006". ESA. 2006-03-12. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMAJ8MVGJE_index_0.html. 
  6. ^ "Ariane 5 ECA carries record payload mass to GTO". ESA. 2006-05-28. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMXIO9ATME_index_0.html. 
  7. ^ "Ariane 5 launches two telecommunications satellites". ESA. 2006-08-12. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMDW969PQE_index_0.html. 
  8. ^ "Fourth Ariane 5 launch of 2006". ESA. 2006-10-16. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEM3CTN7BTE_index_0.html. 
  9. ^ "Fifth Ariane 5 launch completes a busy year". ESA. 2006-12-09. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEM0XNG1GVE_index_0.html. 
  10. ^ "First Ariane 5 launch of 2007". ESA. 2007-03-12. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMLNAQ11ZE_index_0.html. 
  11. ^ "Ariane 5 – second launch of six in 2007". ESA. 2007-05-05. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMOPTU681F_index_0.html. 
  12. ^ "Arianespace boosts SPACEWAY 3 and BSAT-3a into orbit". Arianespace. August 14, 2007. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2007/08-14-07-Arianespace-boosts-SPACEWAY3.asp. 
  13. ^ "Arianespace boosts Intelsat 11 and Optus D2 into orbit". Arianespace. October 5, 2007. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2007/10-05-07-Arianespace-boosts_Intelsat.asp. 
  14. ^ "Ariane 5 - fifth launch of six in 2007". ESA. 2007-11-15. http://www.esa.int/esaMI/Launchers_Home/SEM9V953R8F_0.html. 
  15. ^ "Sixth successful Arianespace mission in 2007: RASCOM-QAF1 and Horizons-2 in orbit". Arianespace. December 21, 2007. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2007/12-21-07-Sixth-successful-Arianespace-mission.asp. 
  16. ^ "Mission Accomplished! Arianespace launches Jules Verne ATV to the International Space Station". Arianespace. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release-2008/03-09-08-Arianespace-launches-Jules-Verne-ATV-to-the-International-Space-Station.asp. 
  17. ^ "Arianespace orbits Star One C2 and VINASAT-1: Second successful launch in 2008". Arianespace. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release-2008/04-18-08-Arianespace-orbits-Star-One-C2-and-VINASAT-1-Second-successful-launch-in-2008.asp. 
  18. ^ "Successful dual launch for Arianespace: Skynet 5C and Turksat 3A in orbit; 25th successful launch in a row for Ariane 5". Arianespace. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release-2008/06-12-08-Successful-dual-launch-for-Arianespace.asp. 
  19. ^ "Another successful Arianespace launch: ProtoStar I and BADR-6 are in orbit". Arianespace. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release-2008/07-07-08-ProtoStarI-and-BADR-6-are-in-orbit.asp. 
  20. ^ "Another successful Arianespace launch: Superbird-7 and AMC-21 in orbit". Arianespace. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2008/08-14-08-Superbird7-AMC-21-launch.asp. 
  21. ^ "Two Eutelsat satellites are orbited by Arianespace on Ariane 5's 28th consecutive mission success". Arianespace. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2008/554.asp. 
  22. ^ "Ariane 5 begins 2009 with another successful launch at Arianespace's service". Arianespace. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2009/571.asp. 
  23. ^ "Arianespace launches two spacecraft on missions to explore the universe". Arianespace. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2009/594.asp. 
  24. ^ "Ariane 5 soars to another heavy-lift success in lofting the TerreStar-1 mobile communications satellite". July 1, 2009. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2009/609.asp. 
  25. ^ Ariane 5's fourth launch of 2009 orbits the JCSAT-12 and Optus D3 payloads for two key Arianespace Asian-Pacific customers "Ariane 5 soars to another heavy-lift success in lofting the TerreStar-1 mobile communications satellite". August 21, 2009. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2009/628.asp Ariane 5's fourth launch of 2009 orbits the JCSAT-12 and Optus D3 payloads for two key Arianespace Asian-Pacific customers. 
  26. ^ "Another Arianespace launch success and a new commercial record for Ariane 5". Arianespace. October 1, 2009. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2009/646.asp. 
  27. ^ "Ariane 5 delivers the NSS-12 and THOR 6 television broadcast satellites on Arianespace’s sixth mission of 2009". Arianespace. October 29, 2009. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2009/655.asp. 
  28. ^ "Arianespace delivers Helios 2B into Sun-synchronous polar orbit on Ariane 5's seventh flight of 2009". Arianespace. December 18, 2009. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2009/666.asp. 
  29. ^ "Arianespace’s double success: 50th Ariane 5 mission, 36th successful launch in a row - ASTRA 3B and COMSATBw-2 in orbit". Arianespace. May 21, 2010. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2010/05-21-2010-v194-launch-success.asp. 
  30. ^ "Mission accomplished! Arianespace orbits Arabsat-5A and COMS". Arianespace. June 26, 2010. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2010/06-26-2010-v195-launch-success.asp. 
  31. ^ "Arianespace Flight 196 orbits satellites for Africa and the Middle East". Arianespace. August 4, 2010. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2010/08-04-2010-v196-launch-success.asp. 
  32. ^ "Arianespace orbits satellites for Eutelsat and B-SAT". Arianespace. October 28, 2010. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2010/10-28-2010-v197-launch-success.asp. 
  33. ^ "Arianespace orbits INTELSAT 17 and HYLAS 1". Arianespace. November 26, 2010. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2010/11-26-2010-v198-launch-success.asp. 
  34. ^ "Arianespace 6 for 6 in 2010: Last mission of the year orbits Hispasat 1E and Koreasat 6". Arianespace. December 29, 2010. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2010/12-29-2010-v199-launch-success.asp. 
  35. ^ "Mission accomplished! ATV2 cargo vessel en route for the International Space Station". Arianespace. February 16, 2011. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2011/2-16-2011-mission-success.asp. 
  36. ^ "Arianespace launch for Asia and India ST-2 and GSAT-8 satellites in orbit". Arianespace. May 20, 2011. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2011/5-20-2011-va202-mission-success.asp. 
  37. ^ "A boost for direct broadcast satellites: ASTRA 1N and BSAT-3c/JCSAT-110R in orbit". Arianespace. August 6, 2011. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2011/8-6-2011_success.asp. 
  38. ^ "Arianespace launch a success: Arabsat 5C and SES-2 in orbit". Arianespace. September 21, 2011. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2011/9-21-2011-va204-mission-success.asp. 
  39. ^ "Mission accomplished! Arianespace launches ATV Edoardo Amaldi cargo vessel to the International Space Station". Arianespace. March 23, 2012. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2012/va205-success.asp. 
  40. ^ "Ariane 5 ECA rocket orbits JCSAT-13 and VINASAT-2". Arianespace. May 15, 2012. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2012/va206-success.asp. 
  41. ^ "Ariane launches communications, weather satellites". spacetoday.net. July 6, 2012. http://www.spacetoday.net/Summary/5669. 
  42. ^ "Arianespace launch a success: Ariane 5 ECA orbits INTELSAT 20 and HYLAS 2 satellites". Arianespace. August 2, 2012. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2012/va208-success.asp. 
  43. ^ "Arianespace launch a success: Ariane 5 ECA orbits Astra 2F and GSAT-10 satellites". Arianespace. September 28, 2012. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2012/9-28-2012.asp. 
  44. ^ "Arianespace launch a success: Ariane 5 ECA orbits Eutelsat 21B and Star One C3 satellites". Arianespace. November 10, 2012. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2012/va210-success.asp. 
  45. ^ "Ariane 5 ECA orbits Skynet 5D and Mexsat Bicentenario satellites: 10 years of success, 10 tons of performance, 10 launches in 2012". Arianespace. December 19, 2012. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2012/12-19-2012-va211-launch.asp. 
  46. ^ "Ariane 5 delivers a record payload and completes back-to-back successes for Arianespace's launcher family". Arianespace. February 7, 2013. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2013/1020.asp. 
  47. ^ "Mission accomplished! Arianespace launches ATV4 Albert Einstein cargo vessel to the International Space Station". Arianespace. June 5, 2013. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2013/6-5-2013-VA213-launch.asp. 
  48. ^ "Arianespace launch VA214: Mission accomplished! Ariane 5 ECA orbits Alphasat and INSAT-3D". Arianespace. July 25, 2013. http://www.arianespace.com/news-press-release/2013/7-25-2013-VA214-success.asp. 
  49. ^ "Arianespace delivers! EUTELSAT 25B/Es’hail 1 and GSAT-7 are orbited by Ariane 5". Arianespace. August 29, 2013. http://www.arianespace.com/news-mission-update/2013/1094.asp. 

Dış bağlantılar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

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