Anişininice

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Anişininice
Telaffuz Anishininiimowin
bölge Ontorio, Manitoba
Etnik köken Anişininiler
Konuşan sayısı 10,500  (2001)[1]
Dil aileleri
Dil kodları
ISO 639-3 ojs

Anişininice (kendilerince ᐊᓂᐦᔑᓂᓃᒧᐏᐣ, Anishininiimowin; noktasız: ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᒧᐏᐣ ; İngilizce Oji-Cree, Severn Ojibwa, Severn Ojibwe, Northern Ojibwa, Anishinini), Kanada'da Ontario eyaletinin kuzeyi ile Manitoba eyaletindeki Island Lake'de yaşayan Anişininiler tarafından konuşulan Algonkin dilleri ailesinin Anişinabe dilleri grubundan bir Kızılderili dilidir. 2006 sayımına göre konuşanı 12.605 kişidir ve bunları 8.480 kadarı evlerinde de konuşmaktadır[2].

Lehçeleri[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Anişininicenin lehçe ve şiveleri:[3][4]

A — Big Trout Area

Western Big Trout (Severn River System) = Ethnologue Severn River Ojibwa
Bearskin Lake
Big Trout Lake
Muskrat Dam
Sachigo Lake
Eastern Big Trout (Winisk River System) = Ethnologue Winisk River Ojibwa
Angling Lake
Kasabonika
Kingfisher Lake
Webequie
Wunnumin Lake

B — Deer Lake Area

Deer Lake
North Spirit Lake
Sandy Lake

Kaynaklar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  1. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/language/ojs
  2. ^ "Aboriginal languages". Statistics Canada. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-589-x/4067801-eng.htm. Erişim tarihi: 2009-10-05. 
  3. ^ J. Randolph Valentine, 1994, p. 415
  4. ^ J. Randolph Valentine, 1994, p. 117

Bibliyografya[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

  • Auger, Donald J.; Beardy, Tom; and Hudson, Joshua. 199X. Glossary of Legal Terms Translated into Oji-Cree (with Translation Back into English). Thunder Bay, Ont: Nishnawbe-Aski Legal Services Corp.
  • Baraga, Frederic. 1978. A Dictionary of the Otchipwe Language, Explained in English. A New Edition, by a Missionary of the Oblates. Part I, English-Otchipwe; Part II, Otchipwe-English. Montréal: Beauchemin & Valois. Reprint (in one volume), Minneapolis: Ross and Haines, 1966, 1973.
  • Beardy, Tom. 1996. Introductory Ojibwe: Parts One and Two in Severn Dialect. Thunder Bay: Native Language Instructors' Program, Lakehead University.
  • Bishop, Charles. 1981. "Territorial Groups Before 1821: Cree and Ojibwa." June Helm, ed., The Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6. Subarctic, pp. 158–160. Washington, D.C.: The Smithsonian Institution.
  • Bloomfield, Leonard. 1958. Eastern Ojibwa: Grammatical Sketch, Texts and Word List. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Canada. 1970. Linguistic and Cultural Affiliations of Canadian Indian Bands. Ottawa: Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Indian Affairs Branch.
  • De Beers Canada Inc. and Ojibway-Cree Cultural Centre. 2003. Mining and environmental terminology glossary English/Cree/Oji-Cree/Ojibway. Toronto, Ont: De Beers Canada.
  • Ellis, C.D.. 1983. Spoken Cree. Revised Edition. Edmonton: Pica Pica Press.
  • Fiero, Charles. 1976. "Style Manual for Syllabics." Barbara Burnaby, ed., Promoting Native Writing Systems in Canada, pp. 95–104. Toronto: OISE Press.
  • Jacasum, John Paul. 2005. English, Cree, Oji-Cree, and Ojibway Political Terminology Glossary. Timmins, Ont: Ojibway and Cree Cultural Centre ISBN 0-919523-80-3
  • Nichols, John. 1996. "The Cree Syllabary." Peter Daniels and William Bright, eds. The World's Writing Systems, pp. 599–611. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Nichols, John and Earl Nyholm. 1995. A Concise Dictionary of Minnesota Ojibwe. St. Paul: University of Minnesota Press.
  • ᐅᔥᑭᒪᓯᓇᐃᑲᓐ ᑲᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᒧᒪᑲᒃ Oshkimasina'ikan KaaAnihshinaapemoomakahk. 1988. Toronto: Canadian Bible Society. [New Testament in Roman orthography and Cree syllabics. Chapters in Sandy Lake Ojibwe: Luke, Acts, Philemon; other chapters in Pikangikam Ojibwe] ISBN 0-88834-301-1
  • Rhodes, Richard and Evelyn Todd. 1981. "Subarctic Algonquian Languages." June Helm, ed., The Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6. Subarctic, pp. 52–66. Washington, D.C.: The Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rogers, Edward. 1962. The Round Lake Ojibwa. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum.
  • Rogers, Edward and J. Garth Taylor. 1981. "Northern Ojibwa." June Helm, ed., The Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6. Subarctic, pp. 231–243. Washington, D.C.: The Smithsonian Institution.
  • Rogers, Jean. 1964. "Survey of Round Lake Ojibwa Phonology and Morphology." National Museum of Canada, Bulletin No. 194, Contributions to Anthropology, 1961–62, Part II, pp. 92–154. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada.
  • Sugarhead, Cecilia. 1996. ᓂᓄᑕᐣ / Ninoontaan / I Can Hear It: Ojibwe Stories from Lansdowne House Written by Cecilia Sugarhead. Edited, Translated and with a Glossary by John O'Meara. Winnipeg: Algonquian and Iroquoian Linguistics. ISBN 0-921064-14-4
  • Todd, Evelyn. 1970. A Grammar of the Ojibwa language: The Severn Dialect. PhD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
  • Upper, Mary and McKay, Modina. Acquisition of Oji-Cree As a First Language: A Preliminary Study of Children's Language Development, Phase 1. ONTERIS documents series, Ontario. Ministry of Education. Research and Information Branch,4263. 1984.
  • Upper, Mary and McKay, Modina. 1987. "The Acquisition of Oji-Cree as a First Language: A Preliminary Study." Freda Ahenakew and Shirley Fredeen, eds. Seventh Annual Native American Languages Institute: Our languages: Our survival: Proceedings, pp. 169–196. Saskatoon: Sask.: Saskatchewan Indian Languages Institute.
  • Valentine, J. Randolph. 1994. Ojibwe Dialect Relationships. PhD dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.
  • Valentine, Lisa Philips. 1990. Work to Create the Future You Want: Contemporary Discourse in a Severn Ojibwe Community. PhD dissertation. University of Texas, Austin.
  • Valentine, Lisa Philips. 1995. Making It Their Own: Severn Ojibwe Communicative Practices Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  • Walker, Willard. 1996. "Native Writing Systems." Ives Goddard, ed., The Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 17. Languages, pp. 158–184. Washington, D.C.: The Smithsonian Institution.
  • Wolfart, H. Christoph. 1973. "Boundary Maintenance in Algonquian: A Linguistic Study of Island Lake, Manitoba." American Anthropologist 75 (5): 1305-1323.
  • Wolfart, H. Christoph. "Les paradigmes verbaux ojibwa et la position du dialect de Severn." W. Cowan, ed., Actes du Huitième Congrès des Algonquinistes,pp. 188–206. Ottawa: Carleton University.
  • Wolfart, H. Christoph and Shrofel, Salina M. . "Aspects of Cree Interference in Island Lake Ojibwa." W. Cowan, ed., Actes du Huitième Congrès des Algonquinistes, pp. 156–167. Ottawa: Carleton University.